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8 months ago

Understanding School in Germany

Im Buch »Schule in Deutschland verstehen. Grundwissen für Eltern« geht es um zwei Themen, die alle Familien mit Kindern früher oder später betreffen: Schule und Berufswahl. Diese Fragen kommen den meisten Eltern sicherlich bekannt vor: Wie kann ich mein Kind vor Beginn der Schule und während der Schulzeit unterstützen? Welche Rolle spielen wir als Eltern bei der Berufswahl unseres Kindes? Welche Rechte und Pflichten haben wir als Eltern? Was passiert nach der Schule? 100 kurze und verständliche Texte enthalten Antworten auf diese und weitere Fragen. Dieses Buch zeigt die vielen Möglichkeiten auf, wie Eltern mit der Schule zusammenarbeiten können. Es ist einfach zu lesen und enthält 20 kurze Kapitel. Jedes Kapitel enthält 5 wichtige Informationen zu einem Thema. Außerdem gibt es konkrete Tipps und zusätzliche Informationsquellen. Das Buch kann bei Elternveranstaltungen, Elternabenden an Schulen sowie in der außerschulischen Elternbildung eingesetzt werden. »Schule in Deutschland verstehen« gibt es mittlerweile in insgesamt sechs Sprachfassungen: Arabisch, Deutsch, Englisch, Persisch, Russisch und Türkisch.

Report cards and marks

Report cards and marks are like traffic lights: You must take their signals seriously. 11.1 The marks for German, mathematics, and English are particularly important. These are called core subjects (Kernfächer) or primary subjects (Hauptfächer). They are more important than other subjects. Core subjects carry more weight in the report card (Zeugnis) and more hours are devoted to their instruction. The marks (Schulnoten) received for core subjects are mainly determinative of whether or not a child will pass on to the next year or which type of secondary school he or she will attend. Therefore, you should pay particular attention to your child’s marks in these core subjects. 11.2 The mark received in the subject associated with your child’s career choice is important. The core subjects are important for all professions and then there are particular subjects that are important for particular careers. Example 1: Your daughter would like to become a police officer. She will need good marks in German, mathematics, English, and physical education. Example 2: Your son’s dream job is to be a chemist or pharmacist. He will need good marks in German, mathematics, English, and chemistry. 11.3 A ”3” in your child’s report card can be a sign of success. Example I: Businesses (enterprises or companies) not only look at the most current report card, but also earlier report cards from prior years. Why? If a business sees that an applicant had a ”5” in mathematics two years ago, a ”4” a year ago, and now has a ”3”, this is an indication that the pupil is making an effort. Thus, a ”3” can be a good mark. In this case, this indicates that the child is capable of learning. Example II: An applicant has the marks ”3” and ”4” in his or her report card. However, he or she is very outgoing and does volunteer work, for example he or she mediates disputes, tutors others in the community, or is a coach at a local sports club. Some companies find such activities just as important as marks. They prefer to hire applicants that are active in the community. At these companies, this can mean that the chances for getting a job may not be so good for the best pupil in the class who has done nothing else, but learn for school. … 46 …

11.4 There is more in a report card than just marks. Typically your child’s social behaviour (Sozialverhalten) and work habits (Arbeitsverhalten) are assessed and reported in the report card along with other marks. These are sometimes called general conduct marks (Kopfnoten). They assess how well a pupil applies him or herself (work habits) and conducts him or herself socially (social behaviour). These marks are called ”Kopfnoten” in German (literally translated as head notes), because they used to be reported at the top of the report card. General conduct marks are important when pupils apply for training positions or for a place at higher education institutions. Many companies find general conduct marks informative because they reveal information about a person’s character. Social behaviour and work habit assessments are not the same for each federal state. In some states, general conduct is assessed as a mark and in others it is expressed in a written statement, and sometimes both can be found. What are some examples of what is being assessed? Work habits (Arbeitsverhalten) Paying attention during lessons Participating in class Completing homework Turning in assignments Organisation and attention to detail Reliability Social behaviour (Sozialverhalten) Behaviour in the face of a conflict Acceptance of responsibility Willingness to help Ability to reach an agreement and follow rules Participating in the organisation of matters within the class 11.5 Caution! Report cards have their own language. There are pitfalls associated with the language contained in report cards. It is easy to be misled if German is not your native language. At initial glance, there are some sentences that sound positive, but in reality they reveal problems. Example I: ”Your child is very quiet in class.” This means that your child seldom participates in class. Example II: ”Work habits meet expectations”. This sentence means that your child’s work habits are assessed with a ”3”. This means that your child needs to put in more effort. … 47 …

Schule in Deutschland verstehen (englische Sprachfassung)
Ins Blaue fahren oder Wie man auf Reisen Ideen findet - Bachelorarbeit Beatrice Dommenz