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Understanding School in Germany

Im Buch »Schule in Deutschland verstehen. Grundwissen für Eltern« geht es um zwei Themen, die alle Familien mit Kindern früher oder später betreffen: Schule und Berufswahl. Diese Fragen kommen den meisten Eltern sicherlich bekannt vor: Wie kann ich mein Kind vor Beginn der Schule und während der Schulzeit unterstützen? Welche Rolle spielen wir als Eltern bei der Berufswahl unseres Kindes? Welche Rechte und Pflichten haben wir als Eltern? Was passiert nach der Schule? 100 kurze und verständliche Texte enthalten Antworten auf diese und weitere Fragen. Dieses Buch zeigt die vielen Möglichkeiten auf, wie Eltern mit der Schule zusammenarbeiten können. Es ist einfach zu lesen und enthält 20 kurze Kapitel. Jedes Kapitel enthält 5 wichtige Informationen zu einem Thema. Außerdem gibt es konkrete Tipps und zusätzliche Informationsquellen. Das Buch kann bei Elternveranstaltungen, Elternabenden an Schulen sowie in der außerschulischen Elternbildung eingesetzt werden. »Schule in Deutschland verstehen« gibt es mittlerweile in insgesamt sechs Sprachfassungen: Arabisch, Deutsch, Englisch, Persisch, Russisch und Türkisch.

My child will go to

My child will go to university. 15.1 Every university is different. There are innumerable courses of studies. When it comes to integrated career and vocational education and training (duale Ausbildung), it does not matter in which German federal state young people get their education. For example, training for office administrators has the same curriculum in Aachen, Berlin, or Zwickau. However, with universities this is different. Each German federal state is responsible for its universities. There are thousands of courses of studies (Studiengänge). Exactly how many there are is anyone’s guess because much happens each year with respect to courses. Even in the same or similar area of studies there are differences which can be important. Example: European studies are taught at many universities, however, the curricula can have different areas of focus: European history, education, culture, business, law, politics, or work in European Union institutions. 15.2 There are three types of academic degrees: Bachelor of Arts or Science, Master of Arts or Science and the Doctorate/(PhD). Germany used to have its own kind of academic degrees (akademische Abschlüsse). They were entitled Diplom, Magister, and Staatsexamen. However, some years ago Germany adopted the three internationally recognised academic degrees. These are: Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BSc) This is the first level of study. To be awarded this undergraduate degree, a person must study for a minimum period of three years. Master of Arts (MA) or Master of Science (MSc) This is the second level of study. To be awarded this graduate degree, a person must study for an additional two-year minimum period. Doctoral Degree/Doctorate (Dr)/(PhD) This is the third level. To be awarded this graduate degree, a person must study for yet another three-year minimum period and publish a dissertation (a scientific or academic paper). This course of studies usually takes longer than three years to complete. For law, medical, and teaching degrees, Germany still uses the Staatsexamen (this is similar to a bar or licensing exam). … 62 …

15.3 Trust is good, but verify! Not every higher education institution is accredited by the state. With nearly 20,000 courses of study, there are a few schools that are not accredited by the state. If a tertiary education institution is not accre d ited by the state, it can be difficult upon getting a degree to find a job, as many employers will not recognise it. Some education providers call themselves an Akademie (academy). This is not a legally protected term, unlike the terms Universität (university) or Hochschule (higher education institution). There are highly prestigious academies in Germany with accredited degree programmes, however, there are also academies that are not accredited by the state. Therefore, it is worth double-checking! 15.4 The Abitur secures the right to a place at university; however, there is the numerus clausus. Generally, in Germany every Gymnasium graduate has the right to study at a university/higher education institution. However, some courses of study are very popular. Many applicants vie for limited space in degree programmes and universities can’t accept all of them. Therefore, universities rank applicants according to their grade point average. This process is called numerus clausus or NC. This is a Latin term and means closing number. For example: A university has 600 spaces available for biology students. The 600 applicants with the best marks reported in their Abitur will be accepted into the programme. Now for our example let us say that the grade point average of the 600 applicants that were accepted into the programme was 1.8. This means that the numerus clausus is 1.8 this year for this subject. In other words, this means that anyone who has a grade point average beyond this mark would not be accepted into this programme at this university in this year. Thus, the numerus clausus may differ each year. … 63 …

Schule in Deutschland verstehen (englische Sprachfassung)
Ins Blaue fahren oder Wie man auf Reisen Ideen findet - Bachelorarbeit Beatrice Dommenz