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7 months ago

Understanding School in Germany

Im Buch »Schule in Deutschland verstehen. Grundwissen für Eltern« geht es um zwei Themen, die alle Familien mit Kindern früher oder später betreffen: Schule und Berufswahl. Diese Fragen kommen den meisten Eltern sicherlich bekannt vor: Wie kann ich mein Kind vor Beginn der Schule und während der Schulzeit unterstützen? Welche Rolle spielen wir als Eltern bei der Berufswahl unseres Kindes? Welche Rechte und Pflichten haben wir als Eltern? Was passiert nach der Schule? 100 kurze und verständliche Texte enthalten Antworten auf diese und weitere Fragen. Dieses Buch zeigt die vielen Möglichkeiten auf, wie Eltern mit der Schule zusammenarbeiten können. Es ist einfach zu lesen und enthält 20 kurze Kapitel. Jedes Kapitel enthält 5 wichtige Informationen zu einem Thema. Außerdem gibt es konkrete Tipps und zusätzliche Informationsquellen. Das Buch kann bei Elternveranstaltungen, Elternabenden an Schulen sowie in der außerschulischen Elternbildung eingesetzt werden. »Schule in Deutschland verstehen« gibt es mittlerweile in insgesamt sechs Sprachfassungen: Arabisch, Deutsch, Englisch, Persisch, Russisch und Türkisch.

Compulsory school

Compulsory school attendance means: ALL children must attend school in Germany. 1.1 In Germany, school attendance is compulsory. In other countries, education is compulsory. Many countries have laws which require that children be given an education (also known as the compulsory requirement of a basic education (Bildungspflicht)). This means that all children must receive an education (instruction). It is up to the family to decide whether this occurs at school or at home. This is the case for example in Austria. Nevertheless, most families choose to send their children to school. In Germany, children must attend school! Compulsory school attendance can last for 12 or 13 years depending on individual German federal state law. However, many children finish their general secondary education after the 9th or 10th year. These children are nevertheless still required to attend school and attend a vocational school in order to receive career and vocational education and training. The other children continue on in school in order to obtain their Abitur (general certificate of education – advanced level) or Fachabitur (applied general certificate of education). In Germany, homeschooling (Hausunterricht) is only permitted in certain circumstances, for example when children must stay home because of a disability or illness (illness-related instruction). … 6 …

1.2 In Germany, all children are examined before attending school. Before starting to school, two important meetings will be held with you and your child: The language assessment meeting (Sprachstandserhebung) and the school physical examination (Schuleingangsuntersuchung) also known as the physical examination for enrolment (Einschulungsuntersuchung). You will receive an invitation to attend these important meetings via post. Language assessment (Sprachstandserhebung) Your child’s success at school is contingent on how well he or she can speak German. This is why this will be assessed. This is called a language assessment. This takes place in almost all German federal states (Bundesländer) about 1 to 2 years before your child is enrolled in school. If your child needs help with German, he or she will receive extra language tutoring (Sprachfördermaßnahmen) – either at child day-care (Kindertagestätte – KITA) or at preschool. School physical examination/physical examination for enrolment (Schuleingangsuntersuchung/Einschulungsuntersuchung) A paediatrician will examine your child shortly before school begins. Depending on the particular German federal state (Bundesland) either the Department of Health, the school, or the child day-care facility will be responsible for organising this. The examination will determine whether or not your child has developed normally for his or her age and whether he or she will be able to handle school. You should attend this examination so that the physician can ask you questions and immediately discuss the results of the examination with you. If your child needs help in any particular area, the physician will direct you to the appropriate agencies where you can get specialised support (Fördermöglichkeiten). 1.3 Generally your child begins school at the age of six. Compulsory school attendance applies to all children in Germany regardless of the passport they hold and their residency status. As a guide, keep this rule of thumb in mind: If my child will turn 6 years old before the school year begins, then he or she must enrol in school. There are borderline cases, however, where the family can decide whether or not their child will begin school a year earlier (at age 5) or a year later (at age 7). These cases usually concern the child’s birth date and development. … 7 …

Schule in Deutschland verstehen (englische Sprachfassung)
Ins Blaue fahren oder Wie man auf Reisen Ideen findet - Bachelorarbeit Beatrice Dommenz