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Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Page Ref: 58 Topic:

Page Ref: 58 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Applied Answer: b. may still experience emotional distress. 3.1-24. What is the primary focus of the field of developmental psychopathology? 1. Understanding how critical incidents in childhood affect people as adults. 2. To understand what is within the range of normal development so as to have a better understanding of what is abnormal. 3. To discover and improve the environmental factors that can contribute to a child later developing a mental illness. 4. Understanding how disorders develop over time. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-24 Page Ref: 59 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: b. To understand what is within the range of normal development so as to have a better understanding of what is abnormal. 3.1-25. Which of the following most accurately describes the notion of different viewpoints of abnormal behavior? 1. Each viewpoint accurately describes the causes and symptoms of 2-3 different disorders. 2. Each viewpoint offers its own explanation of abnormal behavior. 3. All viewpoints are equally valid. 4. Only the biological viewpoint has been studied experimentally. Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-25 Page Ref: 59 Topic: Viewpoints for Understanding the Causes of Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: b. Each viewpoint offers its own explanation of abnormal behavior. 3.1-26. Dr. Simon, a psychiatrist, takes a biopsychosocial viewpoint of psychopathology. Which of the following treatments is he most likely to suggest for Julia’s current state of depression? 1. Intense psychotherapy

2. A prolonged vacation 3. A combination of psychological therapy and antidepressant drugs 4. Family therapy and a change in her work environment Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-26 Page Ref: 60 Topic: Viewpoints for Understanding the Causes of Abnormal Behavior Skill: Applied Answer: c. A combination of psychological therapy and antidepressant drugs 3.1-27. The disorders first recognized as having biological bases are best characterized as disorders that 1. involved significant damage to brain tissue. 2. were characterized by neurochemical imbalances. 3. did not cause neurological damage. 4. resulted from contact with other animal species. Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-27 Page Ref: 60 Topic: The Biological Viewpoint and Biological Causal Factors Skill: Factual Answer: a. involved significant damage to brain tissue. 3.1-28. Which of the following is true? 1. Most mental disorders are caused only by psychological factors. 2. Most mental disorders have a simple biological explanation. 3. Most mental disorders are caused by neurological damage. 4. Most mental disorders are not caused by neurological damage. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-28 Page Ref: 60 Topic: The Biological Viewpoint and Biological Causal Factors Skill: Factual Answer: d. Most mental disorders are not caused by neurological damage. 3.1-29. The site of communication between two neurons is the 1. synapse.