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Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

2. neurotransmitter. 3.

2. neurotransmitter. 3. nucleus. 4. vesicle. Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-29 Page Ref: 60 Topic: The Biological Viewpoint and Biological Causal Factors Skill: Factual Answer: a. synapse. 3.1-30. Which statement about neural communication is accurate? 1. All neurotransmitters increase the likelihood that the postsynaptic neuron will transmit a message. 2. The reason neural messages are transmitted from cell to cell is because they physically touch each other. 3. The part of the neuron that receives messages is called the synapse. 4. Neurotransmitters released into the synapse determine whether messages are sent from one neuron to another. Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-30 Page Ref: 61 Topic: The Biological Viewpoint and Biological Causal Factors Skill: Factual Answer: d. Neurotransmitters released into the synapse determine whether messages are sent from one neuron to another. 3.1-31. Neurotransmitters released into the synapse may be reuptaken into the axon endings from which they originated. One name for this process is: 1. retracing. 2. deactivation. 3. recapture. 4. inhibitory transmission. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-31 Page Ref: 61 Topic: The Biological Viewpoint and Biological Causal

Factors Skill: Factual Answer: b. deactivation. 3.1-32. Suppose the reuptake of a specific neurotransmitter were deficient and the deactivation enzymes associated with the neurotransmitter were also deficient. What effect would this have? 1. There would be more of the neurotransmitter in the synapse. 2. There would be less of the neurotransmitter in the synapse. 3. Since the two deficiencies would balance each other out, there would be no change in the levels of the neurotransmitter. 4. The neurons would become especially sensitive to the neurotransmitter. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-32 Page Ref: 61 Topic: The Biological Viewpoint and Biological Causal Factors Skill: Conceptual Answer: a. There would be more of the neurotransmitter in the synapse. 3.1-33. Reuptake of neurotransmitters is 1. the process by which neurotransmitters are repeatedly released into the synapse. 2. the process by which neurotransmitters are reabsorbed by the axon. 3. the process by which neurotransmitters stimulate the post-synaptic neuron to fire. 4. the process by which neurotransmitters are connected to hormones. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-33 Page Ref: 61 Topic: The Biological Viewpoint and Biological Causal Factors Skill: Conceptual Answer: b. the process by which neurotransmitters are reabsorbed by the axon. 3.1-34. Norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, and GABA are all 1. hormones that affect behavior. 2. catecholamines that inhibit nerve impulses.