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Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Topic: Causes and Risk

Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Conceptual Answer: c. such knowledge might make both the prevention and cure of mental disorders possible. 3.1-2. Dr. Fox studies the causes of depression. In other words, she looks at factors that play a role in the ________ of depression. 1. etiology 2. epidemiology 3. prevalence 4. resiliency Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-2 Page Ref: 55 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: a. etiology 3.1-3. Etiology is 1. a condition that tends to maintain maladaptive behavior. 2. the causal pattern of a disorder. 3. a predisposition toward developing a disorder. 4. a condition that makes it less likely a person will experience the negative consequences of stress. Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-3 Page Ref: 55 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: b. the causal pattern of a disorder. 3.1-4. In order to develop chicken pox, one must be exposed to the virus that causes chicken pox. Note, however, that not everyone who is exposed to the virus is affected. In other words, the virus is a 1. risk factor. 2. necessary cause. 3. sufficient cause. 4. contributory cause.

Difficulty: 3 Question ID: 3.1-4 Page Ref: 55 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Applied Answer: b. necessary cause. 3.1-5. While having a gene for Parkinson’s disease guarantees that Parkinson’s disease will develop, this is not the only factor that can lead to Parkinson’s disease. In other words, the presence of the gene is a ________, but not a ________. 1. risk factor; sufficient cause 2. sufficient cause; necessary cause 3. necessary cause; risk factor 4. contributory cause; sufficient cause Difficulty: 3 Question ID: 3.1-5 Page Ref: 55 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Applied Answer: b. sufficient cause; necessary cause 3.1-6. If having a gene for Parkinson’s disease guarantees that Parkinson’s disease will develop, the presence of the gene can be described as a 1. risk factor. 2. necessary cause. 3. sufficient cause. 4. contributory cause. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-6 Page Ref: 55 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Applied Answer: c. sufficient cause. 3.1-7. Suppose that the presence of a particular gene is a necessary cause for the occurrence of schizophrenia. Which of the following statements is TRUE? 1. The gene is also a sufficient cause for the occurrence of schizophrenia.