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Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

2. There are other

2. There are other things besides this gene that can cause schizophrenia. 3. Most people with schizophrenia will have that gene. 4. A person with that gene may or may not become schizophrenic. Difficulty: 3 Question ID: 3.1-7 Page Ref: 55 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Conceptual Answer: d. A person with that gene may or may not become schizophrenic. 3.1-8. Childhood abuse is commonly seen in those who develop dissociative disorders later in life. Childhood abuse would best be described as a 1. necessary contributory cause. 2. proximal contributory cause. 3. reinforcing contributory cause. 4. distal contributory cause. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-8 Page Ref: 56 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior/Necessary, Sufficient, and Contributory Causes Skill: Conceptual Answer: d. distal contributory cause. 3.1-9. Karen was sexually abused by her father at the age of 5. She developed a severe separation anxiety reaction whenever her mother tried to leave. As an adult, Karen developed a dissociative disorder due to the same abuse. This is an example of how the same factor, in this case abuse, can be 1. both a sufficient and a necessary cause. 2. both a reinforcing contributory cause and a punishing contributory cause. 3. both a primary and a secondary process. 4. both a proximal and a distal causal factor. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-9 Page Ref: 56 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Applied

Answer: d. both a proximal and a distal causal factor. 3.1-10. A couple is in counseling. She states that she drinks because he rejects her. He states that he rejects her because she drinks. It appears that in this example of bidirectionality 1. the drinking is probably the actual predisposing cause for the problems in this marriage. 2. the rejection is probably the actual predisposing cause for the problems in this marriage. 3. the drinking and rejection influence and maintain each other. 4. the drinking and rejection are caused by another third variable unknown to the couple. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-10 Page Ref: 56–57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Applied Answer: c. the drinking and rejection influence and maintain each other. 3.1-11. A diathesis can best be described as a 1. proximal necessary cause. 2. sufficient cause. 3. contributory cause. 4. proximal causal factor. Difficulty: 3 Question ID: 3.1-11 Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Conceptual Answer: c. contributory cause. 3.1-12. A predisposition toward developing a disorder 1. necessarily is biological. 2. is called a diathesis. 3. increases the likelihood of developing any given disorder by 50%. 4. necessarily is a psycho-social stressor. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-12