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Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Page Ref: 57 Topic:

Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: b. is called a diathesis. 3.1-13. In the diathesis-stress model, a stressor is 1. a distal, sufficient cause of a mental disorder. 2. a necessary or contributory cause that is distal from the onset of symptoms. 3. a necessary or contributory cause that is proximal to the onset of symptoms. 4. a biological vulnerability. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-13 Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: c. a necessary or contributory cause that is proximal to the onset of symptoms. 3.1-14. In the diathesis-stress model, a diathesis is 1. a distal necessary or contributory cause of a mental disorder. 2. a sufficient cause that is distal from the onset of symptoms. 3. a necessary or contributory cause that is proximal to the onset of symptoms. 4. a biological vulnerability that virtually guarantees the development of the disorder. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-14 Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: a. a distal necessary or contributory cause of a mental disorder. 3.1-15. Suppose that low self-esteem is a diathesis for developing depression later in life. This means that 1. people who currently are depressed will have low self-esteem. 2. low self-esteem is a proximal trigger for depression. 3. people with low self-esteem have a predisposition for developing depression. 4. the psychological processes associated with low self-esteem will always trigger depression.

Difficulty: 3 Question ID: 3.1-15 Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Conceptual Answer: c. people with low self-esteem have a predisposition for developing depression. 3.1-16. The loss of a parent may be 1. a stressor. 2. a diathesis. 3. a diathesis and/or a stressor. 4. Neither a diathesis nor a stressor. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-16 Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: c. a diathesis and/or a stressor. 3.1-17. The additive model of the diathesis stress theory proposes that 1. people with a very high level of a diathesis may need a very large amount of stress to develop the disorder. 2. people with a very high level of a diathesis may need only a small amount of stress to develop the disorder. 3. someone with no diathesis will never develop the disorder. 4. someone with no genes for the disorder will never develop the disorder. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-17 Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: b. people with a very high level of a diathesis may need only a small amount of stress to develop the disorder. 3.1-18. A protective factor is 1. an influence that modifies a person’s response to environmental stressors. 2. an influence that modifies a person’s response to genetic problems.

Test-Bank-for-a-History-of-Modern-Psychology-5th-Edition-by-C-James-Goodwin-Test-Bank (1)