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Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

Test Bank Abnormal Psychology-16th Edition -James N. Butcher-Jill M. Hooley- Susan M Mineka

3. a distal causal

3. a distal causal factor for a mental disorder. 4. a biological makeup that makes people more resistant to stress. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-18 Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: a. an influence that modifies a person’s response to environmental stressors. 3.1-19. Ryan, age 8, was cut from the school soccer team. After the initial disappointment, he became a boy scout, which he really enjoyed. Now as an adult, when he did not get into graduate school, rather than become depressed, Ryan found a job in his field that he enjoys, and plans to try again later. This is an example of 1. a necessary and sufficient cause. 2. the diathesis-stress theory. 3. the interactive model of the diathesis-stress theory. 4. the steeling or inoculation effect of some stressful experiences. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-19 Page Ref: 57 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Applied Answer: d. the steeling or inoculation effect of some stressful experiences. 3.1-20. According to the text, which of the following has not been identified as a potential protective factor? 1. Exposure to moderate stressors 2. High intelligence 3. An introverted personality 4. A warm and supportive parent Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-20 Page Ref: 57–58 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Factual Answer: c. An introverted personality

3.1-21. When psychologists say that a person shows resilience, it means 1. the person has not been faced with significant stressors. 2. that regardless of the stresses the person faces, he or she will feel no emotional distress. 3. the person can successfully adapt and survive in threatening circumstances. 4. recovering from traumatic events without the need for psychological protective factors. Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-21 Page Ref: 58 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Conceptual Answer: c. the person can successfully adapt and survive in threatening circumstances. 3.1-22. Which of the following is an example of the phenomena that the term resilience has been used to describe? 1. Julie dreams of becoming a successful lawyer but never finished college. 2. After failing French the first time, Carl did not earn a passing grade when he took the course for a second time. 3. After his father died, Julio had a hard time maintaining responsibilities at work. 4. Following the events of September 11th, the children of PS100 in New York City were able to resume their studies and finish the school year without incident. Difficulty: 2 Question ID: 3.1-22 Page Ref: 58 Topic: Causes and Risk Factors for Abnormal Behavior Skill: Conceptual Answer: d. Following the events of September 11th, the children of PS100 in New York City were able to resume their studies and finish the school year without incident. 3.1-23. Resilient children 1. show resilience in all domains. 2. may still experience emotional distress. 3. usually have survived chronic maltreatment. 4. are increasingly rare. Difficulty: 1 Question ID: 3.1-23