7 months ago



WALT WHITMAN: THE IMMORTAL LEAVE OF GRASS People emigrated to America to sell their labor and save some money. They wanted a happier life, which meant to them a home with a flower-bed, some well-fed and bred horses. Hardly any of them brought books along - except, maybe, the Bible. The first of the Whitmans, a Dutch émigré, also brought the Bible. He was the sire of a dynasty in which it was a generally accepted fact that the life stories of saints exhausted the list of interesting information one could have acquired, had one even managed to read all the books in the world. The Bible was kept on the table close to the holy images. In the evenings, it was read out loud. Everybody in the family knew the Bible by heart. Decades later, Walt Whitman's researchers, having analyzed parallel repetitions in his verse and tropes, peculiar of Oriental poetry, would shrug and point out the Bible as the first, if not the only, literary school of the great American poet. They would also mention folk ballads and long émigré recitals to the accompaniment of the banjo (their rhythms could be easily traced in Leaves of Grass). As a matter of fact, even today Walt Whitman remains a puzzling phenomenon to most literary historians, as mysterious and even illogical as a rose bush that has grown overnight in a potato field. The poet's childhood was typical of his time and country. As the custom dictated, the future author of Leaves of Grass was named after the breadwinner - Walter. Walter Whitman, Jr. was destined to build homes on Long Island, fix roofs and make doors for stables, fitting them with burglarproof locks. At least, that was what he was expected to do (there were nine children in the family and the destiny of each was determined from the very beginning). His parents didn't have the slightest notion that their eldest son would ignore the family plans, let alone change his first name to Walt, and that at age 36 he would publish a book of verse, entitled Leaves of Grass, which would immortalize the name of the Whitman's. Europe was on the eve of horrible wars and stormy revolutions. Europe saw hundreds of thousands of her children off on their long émigré voyages to America. People were hastily leaving Europe for the New World, looking for peace and prosperity. However, nothing across the Atlantic heralded these benefits. In America, close to four million black slaves were sweating and toiling, in a country of twenty-five million. They were like a tightly packed barrel of gunpowder, ready to explode any minute and tear the New World to shreds. The Republican Party had just been formed. An Illinois lawyer by the name of Abraham Lincoln was delivering his first speeches and taking part in debates in front of whirling crowds. The whole country, it seemed, had become a disturbed anthill. One could very easily get lost in that multilingual hubbub. Walt Whitman's at that