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Talk a Lot Foundation

Talk a Lot Foundation Course List of Common Weak Forms in Spoken English • In spoken English we often use the weak forms of function words instead of the strong forms to make the sound spine stand out more clearly. This is true of Standard Pronunciation, dialects, and accents • The weak form is often made by replacing the vowel sound in the strong form with a Schwa sound: uh • Most function words that have weak forms are monosyllabic – they have only one syllable • If we use strong forms when we should use weak forms, we sound too formal and it is more difficult for people to understand us, because the sentence stress is incorrect. Communication is reduced • If a function word comes at the end of a sentence we usually use its strong form, rather than its weak form, e.g. “What are you looking for?” ( for ) or, “Who are you writing to?” ( too ) • If we want to show emphasis or contrast, we can vary the intonation by using strong forms where we would normally use weak forms, e.g. “What did you think of the book?” ( yoo ) articles & determiners weak strong prepositions weak strong a uh ei about uh bau_ uh baut an uhn an as uhz az any uh nii e nii at uh_ at some sm sum by b bai such sch such for f for that th_ that from frm from the thi or th thee of uhv ov verb “be” & auxiliary verbs weak strong am uhm am are uh ar out au_ aut to t too with w with be bi bee pronouns weak strong been bin or bn been he hi or i hee is uhz iz her h or uh her was wz woz him im him were w wer his iz hiz do duu or d doo I uh ai does dz duz it i_ it had hd or uhd had its uh_s its has hz or uhz haz me mi mee have hv or uhv hav my m mai can kn kan our ar auw could kd kuud she sh shee must mst or ms must their th their shall shl shal them thm them should shd shuud there th their will uhl wil they th thei would wd wuud us uhz us we wi or w wee conjunctions weak strong you y yoo and uhn and your y yor because b kz bi koz but b_ but if uhf if or uh or than thn than Talk a Lot Foundation Course English Lesson 3 Page 10 199

Talk a Lot Foundation Course Instructions: each card shows the sounds of one syllable from this sentence. Sound out each syllable, then put the cards in order. Cut-Up Clear Alphabet Sentence – Example The chef is boiling some potatoes in a saucepan. th She Fsboy ling sm p Tei teu zi n Sor spn. A B C 1 spn n teu 2 …………………………….. ling …………………………….. Fsboy …………………………….. She 3 zi p Sor 4 Tei th sm Talk a Lot Foundation Course English Lesson 5 Page 5 200

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