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14-Clear-Alphabet-Dictionary

Talk a Lot Learn the

Talk a Lot Learn the Clear Alphabet Spelling and Sounds – Consonant Clusters 3. True Consonant Clusters “True” consonant clusters are phonetic because they are pronounced in the same way as they are spelled. For example, “br” in “bread” is pronounced in the same way as the phonemes that it represents: br . In true consonant clusters we pronounce all of the sounds. Note that the consonant clusters below in bold type are all good examples of when the consonant sound r is pronounced in an English word. This is helpful to know, because so often in spoken English the letter “r” in a word is not pronounced, since it’s only there to help make a vowel sound, for example in the words: “car”, “more”, and “your”. Here are some examples of true initial consonant clusters: c/cluster: sounds like: for example: my example(s): bl bl = blood, blend, black, blown ______________________= br br= = bright, bring, brush, brilliant ______________________= cl kl= = clear, close, clothes, clever ______________________= cr kr= = cry, crime, crow, crop, crumb ______________________= dr dr= = drink, drop, drive, drip, dreary ______________________= fl fl= = flannel, fly, fleece, flame, flow ______________________= fr fr= = frighten, from, frame, France ______________________= gr gr= = great, grape, grip, grime, grow ______________________= pr pr= = prove, provide, pray, princess ______________________= qu kw= = quite, queen, quick, quiet 1 ______________________= scr skr= = scream, script, scram, screw ______________________= sm sm= = small, smart, smelly, smooth ______________________= st st= = stay, stop, stink, stolen, sty ______________________= str str= = strange, stroppy, street, strict ______________________= tr tr= = tropical, trench, train, triumph ______________________= Here are some examples of true final consonant clusters: c/cluster: sounds like: for example: my example(s): ly lii= = only, lonely, truly, rarely ______________________ mp mp= = hump, bump, clamp, damp ______________________= mpt mpt= = exempt, contempt, dreampt ______________________= nch nch= = munch, lunch, bench, stench ______________________ nd nd= = end, stand, mend, ground ______________________ ndy n dii= = windy, candy, handy, sandy ______________________= ny nii= = tiny, meany ______________________ …and here are a couple that are neither initial nor final consonant clusters: 1 Although “qu” is technically a consonant and a vowel together, the sounds that it produces – kw – are both consonant sounds. For more fun worksheets, games and quizzes log onto www.englishbanana.com now! Talk a Lot Elementary English Banana.com 18.43 221

Talk a Lot Learn the Clear Alphabet Spelling and Sounds – Consonant Clusters c/cluster: sounds like: for example: my example(s): lv lv= = salvage, delve, shelves ______________________= ng nj= = orange, arrange, impinge ______________________= 4. Consonant Clusters Ending with z These are consonant clusters that end with the letter “s”, which represents the sound z= at the end of a plural noun, for example: c/cluster: sounds like: for example: my example(s): nts ntz= = plants, accounts, rents ______________________= rds dz= = records, birds, cards, chords ______________________= rs z= = colours, rivers, sisters ______________________= ts tz= = sweets, oats, boats ______________________ 5. Consonant Clusters in Compound Words In compound words, strange consonant clusters can occur, which are not “true” consonant clusters. This is because two separate words have been joined together to make a new word, meaning that the final consonant cluster from the first word has to sit side by side with the initial consonant cluster from the second word. Here are some examples: c/cluster: sounds like: for example: the two words are: tchb chb= = switchboard switch + board ffh fh= = cliffhanger cliff + hanger ndf ndf= = grandfather grand + father ndbr ndbr= = groundbreaking ground + breaking As we have seen, it is common when consonant sounds meet for elision or assimilation to take place (see also Connected Speech, p.11.4 of Talk a Lot Elementary Handbook). So, for example, we wouldn’t pronounce the whole mouthful of consonant sounds in the middle of “groundbreaking”: Graund brei king , because it would be too difficult in rapid speech to pronounce the final consonant cluster “-nd” next to the initial consonant cluster, “br”. On the contrary, we would automatically employ elision and lose the d sound, changing the word into: “groun-breaking” – Graun brei king – which is far easier to pronounce. For more fun worksheets, games and quizzes log onto www.englishbanana.com now! Talk a Lot Elementary English Banana.com 18.44 222

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