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AN310 Cultural Anthropology Exam 8 Answers (Ashworth College)

World Bank requirements

World Bank requirements that lending countries adjust their spending away from social programs such as education and health are called: Question options: structural adjustment. positive reinforcement. structurism. adjustment of the project cycle. Question 5 / 5 points 6 In a case described in the textbook, anthropologists combined ethnographic data with data on the environment to provide risk assessments and improve service delivery to African: Question options: horticulturalists. refugees. pastoralists. internally displaced peoples. Question 5 / 5 points 7 Ken Saro-Wiwa was: Question options: influential in developing micro-credit schemes for women. the first indigenous leader to be employed by Shell Oil. an Ogoni martyr. the first African to work for the World Bank. Question 5 / 5 points 8 A case study of the Society of Muslim Women (SMW) in Kazakhstan found that: Question options: SMW's main approaches to dealing with wife abuse are counseling, shelter, and mediation. SMW sees domestic violence as a problem that the Islamic faith should address. Sheltering abused women fits with the Kazakhi custom of hospitality. All of the above Question 5 / 5 points 9 The male bias in development planning and projects refers to the: Question options: exclusion of women from many development projects. greater attention given to men's health problems than women's. tendency for development experts to emphasize the importance of schooling for boys more than for girls. greater number of men than women hired to work for the large development organizations like the World Bank. Question 5 / 5 points 10 Gerald Murray helped United States Agency for International Development address problems with reforestation projects in Haiti by: Question options: educating participants about the importance of the profit motive. improving cultural fit. involving women as participants. replacing the reforestation project with a health clinic. Question 5 / 5 points 11 Distributional development: Question options: considers GNP an important indicator of project success. emphasizes agricultural modernization. focuses on equity in the distribution of benefits. is based on trickle-down economic theory. Question 5 / 5 points 12 Investment in economic growth is the primary strategy of the United Nations' approach called: Question options:

human development. cultural transition. micro economic development. economic transfusion. Question 5 / 5 points 13 A challenging issue surrounding Palestinian refugees is: Question options: whether or not they should have the "right of return". how many refugees there actually are. whether they should have citizenship rights in the countries in which they now reside. All of the above Question 5 / 5 points 14 The newest and largest of Canada's provinces is: E Baffin Island. Question options: Kalaalit Nunaat. Northwest Territories. Nunavut. Question 5 / 5 points 15 Seventeenth century European ideas of secular rationalism and the inevitable advance of scientific thinking were the basis for which model of change? Question options: Modernization Human development Distribution-based development Diffusion Question 5 / 5 points 16 The first phase of the project cycle is: Question options: project implementation. project design. budget assessment. project identification. Question 17 5 / 5 points Life projects promote development through: Question options: more bilateral aid for projects. giving priority to local people's aspirations. emphasis on health care projects. emphasis on crossing the digital divide. Question 5 / 5 points 18 A major bilateral aid organization is: Question options: World Bank. United States Agency for International Development. United Nations. UNICEF. Question 5 / 5 points 19 The poorest country in the Western Hemisphere is: Question options: Mexico.