High context Performance orientation Question 5 The key argument against the impact of leadership centers around the idea that: Question options: most leaders are simply not effective. social and environmental factors affect organizations more than leaders. culture and organizational rigidity do not allow leaders to make their mark. other managers impact organizations as much as leaders. Question 6 Which one of the following factors is the key element of most definitions of leadership effectiveness? Question options: employee satisfaction stakeholder needs focus on outcome financial measures Question 7 When a culture is high in uncertainty avoidance, people are likely to: Question options: search for absolute truths. expect their leaders to allow participation. rely on their community for information. have a short term orientation. Question 8 National organizational heritage refers to: Question options: the wealth of each organization. the culture of different organizations. the management styles based on national cultures. organizational events that shape national culture. Question 9 Individualistic cultures tend to: Question options: expect people to conform to social norms before they become independent. emphasize performance over social support. focus on individual achievement. value material goods. Question 10 Leaders from individualistic cultures would best be characterized by: Question options: engaging in team-oriented activities. seeking recognition.
demonstrating high levels of participation behaviors. employing supportive leader behaviors. Question 11 Tolerance of uncertainty refers to: Question options: how much uncertainty exists in the political system. how quickly managers make decisions. the extent to which employees rely on their manager for decision making. how comfortable people are with ambiguity Question 12 __________ is the degree to which a culture values fairness, generosity, caring and kindness. Question options: Uncertainty avoidance Humane orientation In-group collectivism Future orientation Question 13 According to research by Mintzberg, the job of a manager is characterized by: Question options: many cultural encounters. a wide variety of tasks and many interruptions. a series of well-defined activities that start with planning and end in controlling. political activities that are essential to being effective. Question 14 Determining span of control, reporting relationships, and degree of formalization and specialization are all elements of which function of how leaders shape organizational culture? Question options: developing strategies and structures influencing hiring decisions creating effective reward systems role modeling Question 15 People from high context cultures typically: Question options: rely on non-verbal cues and situational factors to communicate. rely on the written word and clearly stated statement to communicate. value leaders who take care of people. value leaders who focus on the task. Question 16 In the United States there is a 'population hourglass' whereby the largest percentage of the population is older baby boomers, the millennial generation is at the bottom and generation Xers are in the middle. The challenges arising from issues regarding the differences in these age groups represents which major factor fueling organizational change and their leaders? Question options: