An a priori artlang
THE GENERAL PLURAL The final type of plurality, the general, invokes every possible instance of a noun. It is used when making sweeping statements of fact along the lines of all men are brave. Final Consonant Changes (General Plural) r rryn l llyn d dryn nd ndryn rd rdyn ld ldyn dh dhryn ndh ndhryn rdh rdhyn ldh ldhyn gh ghryn ngh nghyn rgh rghyn m mmyn n nnyn s ssyn rm rmyn rn rnyn Note that, unlike the common plural, dual and complete plural, -gh becomes -ghryn not, as might be expected, - ghmyn. nadhryn (all) beautiful ones lammyn (all) milk droghryn (all) duties leommyn (all) flowers mydhryn (all) kings meghryn (all) girls bradhryn (all) tables mourryn (all) men dhrynnyn (all) languages lordhyn (all) strong ones droudhryn (all) dogs raghmyn (all) blood heornyn (all) eyes radhryn (all) people fheandryn (all) swords sdharryn (all) omens fhemmyn (all) noble ones sfhraunnyn (all) boys flessyn (all) bows scronnyn (all) warriors gaurnyn (all) lakes smaunnyn (all) harps gleannyn (all) hands soghryn (all) wood gordhyn (all) bears sedhryn (all) sweet ones gronnyn (all) iron massyn (all) brave ones hendryn (all) children mayannyn (all) mothers hessyn (all) green ones lermyn (all) cups hronnyn (all) brothers mayossyn (all) water Forced gender of the general plural is formed with the suffixes –eyen (male) and –ayen (female), replacing the final yn. Thus, nadhrayen all beautiful females, droudhreyen all male dogs, etc.
THE DIMINUTIVE AND AUGMENTATIVE Nouns of all number can be given additional prefixes to form a diminutive or an augmentative. The diminutive prefix is y- and the augmentative is prefix is a-. The meaning of these forms differs by the type of noun affected. Qualitative nouns have their quality softened in the diminutive (but not denuded) whilst the quality is intensified in the augmentative. Other nouns have their size, status or positive qualities reduced in the diminutive, whilst bolstered in the augmentative. There is little consistency in meanings between different nouns, the meanings being largely assumed through long use: ynadh prettiness anadh great beauty, radiance yndrogh a petty, trivial duty androgh a great or onerous duty ymydh a petty king amydh a great king ymbradh a small table ambradh a large table ydhryn a minor language, dialect adhryn a major language yndroudh a small dog or puppy androudh a large dog or hound yheorn a tiny eye aheorn a large eye yfheand a short sword afheand a greatsword yfhem gentility, good manners afhem regality ymfles a short bow amfles a longbow yngaurn a pond angaurn a great lake or inland sea ynglean a small hand anglean a large hand yngordh a small bear or bear cub angordh a large bear yngron soft iron angron hard iron or steel yhend a little child or an infant ahend an older child yhes light/pale greenness ahes intense greenness yhron a younger brother ahron an older brother ylam watery milk alam cream, creamy milk yleom a small flower aleom a large flower or bloom ymegh a little girl amegh a young woman ymour a little man or a dwarf amour a large man or giant ylordh moderate strength alordh great strength yragh weak blood aragh strong blood yradh a minor people or tribe aradh a major people or race ysdhar a small omen or sign asdhar a great omen or portent ysfhraun a little boy asfhraun a young man yscron an unseasoned warrior ascron a great or experienced warrior ysmaun a small harp or lyre asmaun a large harp ysogh soft wood asogh hard wood ysedh subtle perfume asedh powerful perfume ymas moderate bravery amas fearlessness ymayan ‘mama’ (term of endearment) amayan a grandmother ylerm a small cup or vessel alerm a chalice ymayos a drop of water amayos a body of water