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PS320 History and Systems of Psychology Exam 8 Answers (Ashworth College)

D. what we all could be

D. what we all could be if we realized our potential. Question 6 of 20 For Rogers and Maslow, the key goal of humanistic psychology was to: A. help people build moral character. B. help them realize their full potential. C. cure neurotic tendencies. D. improve behaviors, not subjective feelings. Question 7 of 20 The key value taught by humanistic psychologists was: A. authenticity. B. humility. C. ambition. D. good manners. Question 8 of 20 Until WW II, clinical psychology meant: A. application of psychology in hospitals. B. doing psychotherapy. C. administering mental tests. D. teaching mental hygiene. Question 9 of 20 Humanistic psychologists agreed with the ancient Greek humanists believing that: A. psychologists were more effective therapists than psychiatrists. B. high enrollment in Ph.D. psychology programs is important. C. objective knowledge of oneself through observing one’s own behavior is key to providing therapy. D. the values which are to guide human action must be found within the nature of human and natural reality itself. Question 10 of 20 Although they had different interests, in the 1930s, applied psychologists were inextricably linked to academic psychology. One reason for this link was: A. applied psychologists received training from academic psychologists. B. academic psychologists taught English. C. academic psychologists taught Linguistics. D. applied psychologists did not receive training from academic psychologists. Question 11 of 20 When the National Science Foundation (NSF) was created, social science was: A. specifically excluded. B. included with a ceiling on grant size. C. given its own foundation, the NSSF. D. reviewed. Question 12 of 20 The Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) was originally developed by the psychologist Henry Chauncey for Harvard President Conant to do which of the following? A. Test leadership and social skills so the meritocracy would become an aristocracy. B. Screen out the feebleminded and make colleges safe for democracy. C. Find the most intelligent youths to bring to Harvard to replace the elite ruling aristocracy with a meritocracy. Question 13 of 20 The interests of academic and professional psychologists were different and to some extent:

A. in competition. B. incompatible. C. related. D. like-minded. Question 14 of 20 Compared to most Americans, psychologists are politically: A. more conservative. B. in the center. C. more liberal. D. polarized. Question 15 of 20 According to Thomas Szasz's The Myth of Mental Illness: A. psychotherapy did a poor job curing the mentally ill. B. far fewer people were mentally ill than psychologists said. C. mental illness was caused by disordered genes. D. "mental illness" is just a label for people we find disturbing. Question 16 of 20 During WWII, industry in the U.S. faced problems that psychologists could help solve. One of these problems was: A. negotiations with unions. B. finding ways to increase happiness among workers and decrease depression. C. retaining workers and improving training and productivity of new workers, especially women. D. training women to stay at home and become good mothers while their husbands went to work in factories. Question 17 of 20 Academic psychologists feared the growing numbers of applied psychologists: A. because they wanted to claim psychology as a science B. would negotiate unions. C. would ruin the current reputation. D. since they might lose control of the association they founded. Question 18 of 20 Humanistic psychologists thus sought not to overthrow behaviorists and psychoanalysts, but to: A. build on their mistakes and go beyond them. B. improve behaviors, not subjective feelings. C. satisfy the concerns of psychiatrists. D. help people build moral character. Question 19 of 20 An important reason for adoption of the Boulder model of clinical training was to: A. satisfy the concerns of psychiatrists. B. give clinical psychologists separate and higher status than physicians. C. recognize the non-medical nature of psychotherapy. D. ensure high enrollment in Ph.D. psychology programs. Question 20 of 20 The need to provide vocational guidance to GIs in college created the field of __________ psychology. A. counseling B. clinical C. educational

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