Question 5 of 20 0.0/ 5.0 Points If a researcher is interested in getting information on the combat experiences of Vietnam War veterans who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the most appropriate research strategy would be to: A. begin at the experimental level. B. use the differential level of constraint. C. use the case-study method. D. begin at the naturalistic level. Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which type of psychological theory does Skinner's work epitomize? A. Deductive theory B. Inductive theory C. Functional theory D. Model Question 7 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points A study of test taking behavior under stressful conditions is most typical of which type of psychology? A. Behaviorism B. Psychoanalytic C. Functional structuralism D. Structural functionalism Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Mistaking the name of a phenomenon for the explanation of the phenomenon is called a: A. Barnum statement. B. nominal fallacy. C. similarity-uniqueness paradox. D. evaluative bias. Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points A major function of low-constraint research is to: A. test inductive causal inferences. B. establish a general proposition. C. test causal hypotheses. D. generate ideas. Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points A researcher comparing adult children of alcoholics and adults with non-drinking parents would be most likely to use a(n) __________ design. A. experimental B. differential C. naturalistic D. case study Question 11 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points "Research methods examinations are always easy; this is a research methods exam; therefore, this exam is easy" is an example of: A. intuition. B. rationalism. C. empiricism.
D. sick humor. Question 12 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The essence of science is: A. a logical way of acting. B. a logical way of thinking. C. laboratory equipment, statistical procedures, and computers. D. the applied products of science. Question 13 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Scientists are pervasive __________; that is, they constantly challenge accepted wisdom in their search for more complete answers. A. optimists B. skeptics C. pessimists D. laureates Question 14 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Correlational research is useful because it: A. allows us to predict the value of one variable from knowing the value of another. B. establishes causal relationships. C. can be applied to all research situations. D. does not require constrained procedures for measurement. Question 15 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Events such as personality, intelligence, stress, and memory are: A. avoided in scientific inquiry. B. rational ideas constructed by the researcher. C. accepted as true. D. facts from which scientific inferences can be drawn. Question 16 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Wilhelm Wundt's work was known as: A. structural functionalism. B. structuralism. C. functionalism. D. behaviorism. Question 17 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Theories are: A. either right or wrong. B. evaluated on the basis of being right or wrong. C. not open to verification. D. always tentative statements. Question 18 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Some of the theological constraints placed on empiricism by the medievals were weakened by: A. church authorities who believed that progress was important. B. the revival of classical and Islamic empirical science in the thirteenth century.