A. open-ended B. multiple-choice C. Likert scale D. None of the above Question 16 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by: A. asking patients to describe their experiences. B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards. C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms. D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital. Question 17 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points What is the reason for this statement: "In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables"? A. Correlation coefficients are calculated. B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured. C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them. D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured. Question 18 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points What is the principle advantage(s) of low-constraint research? A. It is much easier to conduct than high-constraint research. B. You can maintain tighter controls on extraneous variables. C. You have the flexibility to adjust your focus depending on what you find. D. All of the above Question 19 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points One of the problems with replicating low-constraint research is that: A. researchers often don't clearly state all details of their procedures. B. researchers fear that their theories will be stolen if they give too many details. C. there is not enough money available for replications. D. replication studies are viewed as low-prestige research. Question 20 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n): A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.
B. analysis of variance (ANOVA). C. chi-square test. D. correlated t-test. End of part 1 Part 2 of 2 - 42.5/ 50.0 Points Question 21 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Which of the following is true? A. Larger samples tend to reduce the effects of sampling error. B. Larger samples tend to increase the effects of sampling error. C. Smaller samples avoid the effects of sampling error. D. Sample size doesn't affect the degree of sampling error. Question 22 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Multiple observers should be used in psychology when: A. observations are not completely subjective. B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations. C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient. D. the measure is unreliable. Question 23 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points After the statement of the problem has been clearly defined and the major variables identified, the next step in developing a research hypothesis is to: A. test the problem statement on research participants. B. operationally define the variables. C. analyze the data. D. interpret the results. Question 24 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points