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PS400 Cognitive Psychology Exam 4&5 Answers (Ashworth College)

Questio 5 2.5 / 2.5 n

Questio 5 2.5 / 2.5 n points The well-known limit on immediate memory — the "magic number 7 + 2" — was proposed by: Question options: George Miller. William James. Randall Engle. Atkinson and Shiffrin. Questio 6 2.5 / 2.5 n points The dominant mode of coding in immediate memory is: Question options: visual imagery. auditory coding. tactile coding. spatial coding. Questio 7 2.5 / 2.5 n points When irrelevant information is presented during the encoding of other material: Question options: it has no effect, as long as it's irrelevant. it enhances the processing of information in the phonological loop. it negatively impacts processing because it occupies the phonological loop. it negatively impacts processing by preventing use of visual processing Questio 8 2.5 / 2.5 points n The MOST conservative estimate of the limits on immediate memory is: Question options: 1 or 2. 3 or 4. 7. 9. Questio 9 2.5 / 2.5 n points The longest string of information (e.g., numbers, letters) that a person can immediately recall is called the: person's. Question options: short term store. sensory memory. retention interval. memory span. Questio 10 0 / 2.5 n points Acheson, Postle, and MacDonald assessed memory span as a function of word concreteness and phonological similarity. The found the expected phonological similarity effect and this effect __________ as a function of word concreteness, which provides evidence __________ the notion of a phonological store. Question options: varied; against varied; for did not vary; against did not vary; for

Questio 11 2.5 / 2.5 n points The Brown-Peterson task has been used to show that the duration of short-term memory is about: Question options: 5 seconds. 20 seconds. 1 minute. 30 minutes. Questio 12 2.5 / 2.5 n points The serial position effect refers to the finding that: Question options: memory is particularly good for items in the middle of a list. memory is particularly good for items at the beginning and at the end of a list. memory is particularly good for items at the beginning of a list but poor for items at the end. memory is particularly poor for items at the beginning of a list but good for items at the end. Questio 13 2.5 / 2.5 points n The MOST investigated component of Baddeley's working memory model is: Question options: the visuo-spatial sketchpad. the central executive. sensory memory. the phonological loop. Questio 14 2.5 / 2.5 n points Chunking in immediate memory: Question options: is affected by the rate at which the information is presented. demonstrates that STM is a separate memory location. is independent of previous experience with the stimuli. allows you to expand the duration of STM by 30 seconds. Questio 15 2.5 / 2.5 points n The modal model of memory: Question options: proposes two stages of memory processing. is a connectionist model. is a complex model of immediate memory. is an information processing model. Questio 16 2.5 / 2.5 points n Conway, Cowan, and Bunting (2001) conducted an experiment that looked at working memory capacity and the cocktail party phenomenon. What did they find? Question options: People who had more common names were less susceptible to the cocktail party phenomenon. People who had less common names were less susceptible to the cocktail party phenomenon.