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PS400 Cognitive Psychology Exam 6&7 Answers (Ashworth College)

n When you're attempting

n When you're attempting to remember what you did last night, this would be an __________ memory task that taps into __________. Question options: explicit; episodic explicit; semantic implicit; episodic implicit; semantic Questio 6 2.5 / 2.5 n points According to the levels of processing approach, which one of these ways would result in the deepest level of processing for the word "flower?" Question options: Repeating the word "flower" over and over again to yourself Producing as many rhyming words as you could for flower, such as power Thinking about how you loved to pick flowers with your grandmother in her garden Spending more time processing the word, regardless of how it is processed Questio 7 2.5 / 2.5 points n __________ memory is memory for personally experienced events, while __________ memory refers to knowledge about the world. Question options: Semantic; episodic Episodic; semantic Implicit; explicit Questio 8 2.5 / 2.5 n points Memory tests that assess how experiences and events have an influence on our behavior without consciously being recalled are termed: Question options: recognition tests. recall tests. implicit memory tests. explicit memory tests. Questio 9 2.5 / 2.5 n points According to the encoding variability hypothesis __________, and the locus of this effect is at __________. Question options: distributed repetition should be better than massed repetition; encoding, rather than retrieval distributed repetition should be better than massed repetition; retrieval, rather than encoding massed repetition should be better than spaced repetition; encoding, rather than retrieval massed repetition should be better than spaced repetition; retrieval, rather than encoding Questio 10 2.5 / 2.5 points n Research on the long-term retention of knowledge learned through formal instruction leads to the conclusion that retention depends on the length of time over which initial learning takes place. According to your text, this is another instance of the powerful mnemonic benefits of: Question options: distributed repetition. a deep level of processing. subjective organization. visual imagery.

Questio 11 2.5 / 2.5 n points Which of these combinations of repetition/rehearsal would lead to the BEST memory? Question options: Massed/elaborative Distributed/elaborative Distributed/maintenance Massed/maintenance Questio 12 2.5 / 2.5 n points __________ refers to the processes involved in the acquisition of material. Question options: Explicit memory Retrieval Storage Encoding Questio 13 2.5 / 2.5 n points What do Conway, Cohen, & Stanhope's (1991) findings indicate about long-term retention of knowledge learned in a cognitive psychology class? Question options: Concepts were forgotten more rapidly than names. There was a strong relationship between student confidence and level of retention for course material knowledge. Recall performance was better than recognition performance. Knowledge of research methods material showed little decline over the retention interval. Questio 14 2.5 / 2.5 points n Memory for well-learned skills, like riding a bike, is termed: Question options: procedural memory. semantic memory. episodic memory. explicit memory. Questio 15 2.5 / 2.5 n points __________ refers to how many times an item of information is experienced, while __________ refers to how that item is thought about internally. Question options: Rehearsal; repetition Repetition; rehearsal Massed practice; distributed practice Maintenance rehearsal; elaborative rehearsal Questio 16 2.5 / 2.5 n points Implicit memory is tested by: Question options: word-fragment completion. recognition. cued recall. free recall. Questio 17 2.5 / 2.5 n points Distributed practice is to massed practice as __________ is to __________.

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