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PS400 Cognitive Psychology Exam 6&7 Answers (Ashworth College)

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Question options: encoding; retrieval effective; ineffective short-term memory; long-term memory semantic memory; episodic memory Questio 18 2.5 / 2.5 n points Which of the following types of processing would result in the BEST memory? Question options: Thinking about how many syllables are in the word you are trying to remember Thinking of a rhyming word Evaluating whether the word fits into a sentence Thinking about how the word relates to you Questio 19 2.5 / 2.5 points n Cepeda, Vuhl, Rohrer, Wixted, & Pashler (2008) found that the conditions leading to optimal recall were when __________; this __________ standard educational practice. Question options: original learning sessions are followed by a lengthy spacing interval, and then a review; is not original learning sessions are followed by a lengthy spacing interval, and then a review; is compressed original coverage of a topic is followed by minimally spaced studying; is not compressed original coverage of a topic is followed by minimally spaced studying; is Questio 20 2.5 / 2.5 points n A critical difference in prospective and retrospective memory is that: Question options: retrospective memory is explicit and prospective memory is implicit. in retrospective memory, there is typically an explicit cue to remember; in prospective memory there isn't. retrospective memory requires that a person "remember to remember"; prospective memory doesn't. only retrospective memory plays a role in action slips; prospective memory isn't involved. Section 2 Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 21 Some African languages allow two consonants to appear together at the beginning of a word (as in Nkomo); English does not allow this to occur unless the first consonant is an "s" (as in skull). This example illustrates a difference in the __________ of the two languages. Question options: morphology

syntax phonology semantics Questio 22 2.5 / 2.5 n points In their research with Kanzi and other bonobo chimps, Savage-Rumbaugh and colleagues have investigated whether language can be acquired in the form of: Question options: American Sign Language. Braille. motioning. lexigrams. Questio 23 2.5 / 2.5 n points The /t/ sound in the word "tip" has different phonetic properties than the /t/ sound in "tap." This demonstrates __________. In spite of this phenomenon, we tend to hear these words as __________. Question options: categorical perception; invariant categorical perception; variable coarticulation; variable coarticulation; invariant Questio 24 2.5 / 2.5 n points The term "mental lexicon" refers: Question options: primarily to the words of language. primarily to the rules of language. both to the words and to the rules of language. to neither the words nor the rules of language. Questio 25 2.5 / 2.5 n points Saffran, Aslin, and Newport (1996) presented infants with a continuous speech stream made up of four different three-syllable nonsense words, for a total of two minutes. Then they tested whether infants had picked up on "word boundaries" by presenting these nonsense words and new sequences. The infants showed a preference for __________, demonstrating that they __________. Question options: neither sequence; had picked up on the word boundaries of the original nonsense words neither sequence; had failed to pick up on the word boundaries of the original nonsense words listening to the new sequences; had picked up on the word boundaries of the original nonsense words listening to the new sequences; had failed to pick up on the word boundaries of the original nonsense words Questio 26 2.5 / 2.5 points n A __________ is the smallest unit of language that carries meaning. Question options: phone phoneme morpheme word

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