Question 4 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Rapid, steady responding is MOST typical of performance on a: • A. fixed ratio schedule. • B. variable ratio schedule. • C. fixed-interval schedule. • D. variable-interval schedule. Question 5 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points After training an avoidance response, response blocking can: • A. lead to aggression. • B. help to produce extinction of the avoidance response. • C. produce an increase in avoidance responses. • D. lead to increased fear of the CS. Question 6 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points According to two factor theory, the procedure of response blocking or flooding: • A. works because the subject's expectations about the consequences of failing to respond are changed. • B. works because the fear eliciting properties of the CS are extinguished. • C. works because flooding produces a drastic stimulus change. • D. should not work. Question 7 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Playing the lottery is an example of behavior maintained by a: • A. fixed ratio schedule. • B. variable ratio schedule. • C. variable-interval schedule. • D. concurrent schedule. Question 8 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points In a fixed interval 60 second schedule, the delivery of a reinforcer: • A. depends only on the passage of time. • B. occurs only if the subject responds rapidly. • C. requires at least one response. • D. always occurs precisely 60 seconds after the last reinforcer.
Question 9 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points On a variable-ratio schedule, reinforcement is MOST likely after: • A. a long interresponse time. • B. a pause in responding. • C. one reinforcer has just been delivered. • D. None of the above Question 10 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Learned helplessness has been observed in: • A. dogs. • B. cockroaches. • C. the spinal cord. • D. All of the above Question 11 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points If an animal doubles its response rate on a variable-interval schedule, the rate of reinforcement: • A. will double. • B. will not change. • C. will usually increase slightly. • D. will decrease. Question 12 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points __________ is a theory that has been applied to many aspects of human behavior, in particular the treatment of depression and in performance associated with sports and academics. • A. Two-factor theory • B. Behavioral momentum • C. Learned helplessness • D. Avoidance Question 13 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points The __________ of avoidance states that avoidance involves learning to fear a previously neutral stimulus, and responding to escape that stimulus. • A. two-factor theory • B. behavioral momentum theory • C. learned helplessness theory •