D. cognitive theory Question 14 of 40 0.0/ 2.5 Points According to the cognitive theory of avoidance, a subject learns to expect: • A. that no shock will occur if a response is made. • B. that shock will occur if no response is made. • C. Both a and b • D. Neither a nor b Question 15 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Learned helplessness is likely to develop if: • A. controllable shocks are preceded by uncontrollable shocks. • B. uncontrollable shocks are preceded by controllable shocks. • C. Either a or b • D. Neither a nor b Question 16 of 40 0.0/ 2.5 Points On a variable interval schedule, reinforcement is MOST likely after: • A. a short interresponse time. • B. a long interresponse time. • C. rapid responding. • D. steady responding. Question 17 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Behavioral momentum can be measured as a behavior’s: • A. forcefulness. • B. duration. • C. rate of occurrence. • D. resistance to change. Question 18 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points The __________ of avoidance indicates that subjects learn to expect that if they respond, no aversive event will occur, and if they do not respond, an aversive event will occur. • A. two-factor theory • B. behavioral momentum theory • C. learned helplessness theory
• D. cognitive theory Question 19 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points If a telemarketer makes many calls and occasionally gets someone to buy his product, this is an example of a: • A. fixed ratio schedule. • B. variable ratio schedule. • C. fixed-interval schedule. • D. variable-interval schedule. Question 20 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points If a person working at her computer keeps checking her email and occasionally gets a message from a friend, this is similar to a: • A. fixed ratio schedule. • B. variable ratio schedule. • C. fixed-interval schedule. • D. variable-interval schedule.