2.5/ 2.5 Points The finding that delay of feedback on slow positioning tasks does NOT have much of an effect on learning can be interpreted as: • A. evidence supporting the importance of reinforcement in motor learning. • B. evidence against the importance of reinforcement in motor learning. • C. evidence supporting the guidance hypothesis of motor learning. • D. evidence against the guidance hypothesis of motor learning. Question 25 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points According to Adams's two stage theory of motor learning, if knowledge of results (KR) is withdrawn late in training, one should observe: • A. a decrease in performance, back to the baseline level. • B. a decrease in performance, but some savings. • C. no change in performance. • D. further improvements in performance. Question 26 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Research on observational learning has shown an increase in actual suicides after suicides are seen: • A. in television soap operas. • B. in television news stories. • C. in movies on television. • D. All of the above Question 27 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points According to Adams's two stage theory of motor learning, when a person shifts from the verbal motor stage to the motor stage, the person has: • A. a fairly good perceptual trace • B. a fairly good motor trace. • C. Both a and b • D. Neither a nor b Question 28 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points “A person will imitate another when he expects to be rewarded for doing so.” This statement is MOST consistent with: • A. the theory that imitation is an innate tendency. • B. the theory that imitation is simple operant conditioning. • C. the concept of stimulus enhancement.
• D. Bandura’s theory of imitation. Question 29 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points A cat observes another cat escape from a puzzle box by pulling a string. When the observer cat is placed in the puzzle box for the first time, this cat quickly pulls the string and escapes. If the observer cat never had experience with string before, this behavior should be classified as an instance of: • A. social facilitation. • B. stimulus enhancement. • C. true imitation. • D. Either a or b Question 30 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Bandura and his colleagues have examined the effects of different factors in the treatment of children's fear of dogs. Which of the following factors was most important for the success of the therapy? • A. The presence of a model who interacted with a dog • B. A pleasant context (as opposed to a neutral context) • C. Mere exposure to a live dog • D. Both a and b were of about equal importance Question 31 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points When Meichenbaum and Goodman used modeling in the treatment of hyperactive or impulsive children, their goal was to teach the children: • A. not to speak in the classroom unless called upon. • B. not to get out of their seats without permission. • C. to give themselves verbal instructions while performing a task. • D. to give themselves reinforcers after completing a task. Question 32 of 40 0.0/ 2.5 Points Research findings suggest that when learning a new motor skill, using massed practice is: • A. better than using distributed practice. • B. worse than using distributed practice. • C. helpful early in training but not later in training. • D. about equally effective as using distributed practice. Question 33 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Which of the following is NOT necessary for imitation to occur, according to Bandura's theory? • A. Attention to the appropriate features of the model's behavior