B. your heart rate will decelerate. C. your parasympathetic nervous system will become active. D. physiological change won’t occur because it’s a false emotion. Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The Type A behavior that’s dangerous to health is A. frequent irritability. B. cynical hostility. C. a sense of time urgency. D. a highly reactive response to challenge. Question 7 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The modern era of stress research began A. when Julian Rotter published a monograph reporting the ways in which an internal or external locus of control influences a person’s health. B. when Susan Staples provided research evidence documenting the human response to environmental noise. C. when J. G. Courtney found that chronic work-related stresses were linked to colon and rectal cancers. D. when Hans Selye published a book detailing the ways in which heat, cold, toxins, and danger, disrupt the body’s equilibrium. Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points In addition to confession, another important way of letting go of negative emotions is A. forgiveness. B. rumination. C. revenge. D. dissociation. Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Schachter and Singer argued that two factors determine the experience of emotion. The two factors are A. cognitive interpretation and cultural influence. B. physiological arousal and how you interpret and explain that arousal. C. perception and attribution. D. physiological arousal and cultural rules. Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points An effective way to deal with thoughts and feelings that make you ashamed, worried, frightened, or sad is to A. suppress them. B. continue to think about them until they decrease. C. confess them to someone else. D. try not to think about them. Question 11 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points “This class drives me crazy, but I’m better off than my friends who aren’t in college.” This is an example of which coping strategy? A. Empathy B. Denial C. Avoidance D. Social comparison Question 12 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following emotions is a prototypical emotion? A. Compassion B. Jealousy C. Shame D. Happiness
Question 13 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Dahlia has been having chronic headaches and she is behind in all her classes. For the past six months, her job has been extremely stressful, but she doesn’t feel that she can quit because she needs the money for tuition. Her vulnerability to illness, such as chronic hypertension, has increased. According to Hans Selye, Dahlia is in the A. chronic stress phase. B. alarm phase. C. exhaustion phase. D. resistance phase. Question 14 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points When researchers showed students a series of computer-generated, fairly sex-neutral faces with a range of expressions morphing from angry to happy, the students consistently rated the angry faces as A. male. B. female. C. the opposite of the student’s own gender. D. the same as the student’s own gender. Question 15 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points There are some problems that can’t be solved, but we can change the way we think about the problem. What coping method is being used when a person says, “Well, I may have lost my accounting job, but I always did want a chance to work with people, and now I can find a job that allows me to do that”? A. Reappraising the situation B. Learning from the experience C. Making social comparisons D. Cultivating a sense of humor Question 16 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to the concept of facial feedback, when Noah complies with instructions to smile and look happy, it’s most likely that A. he will be unaffected because he is just pretending to be happy. B. he will begin to feel angry. C. his positive feelings will increase. D. his reaction will depend on his age. Question 17 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Baking bread, getting a massage, exercising, and mindfulness meditation techniques are all ways to A. replace the urgency of Type A behaviors with less intense Type B characteristics. B. move from emotion-focused coping styles into more effective problem-focused coping. C. cope with stress by taking time out and reducing the body’s physiological arousal. D. begin to develop the skills to create a stress-free life. Question 18 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points What has research shown about the stereotype that women are “more emotional” than men? A. Women feel everyday emotions more often than men. B. The opposite is true because men feel everyday emotions more often than women. C. The gender difference is more about how emotions are expressed than how they’re felt. D. Men are more likely to show sadness and guilt, whereas women are more likely to show fear and shame. Question 19 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points _______ emotions are reflected in the emotion words that young children learn first: happy, sad, mad, and scared.