A. Any type of communication is a language. B. All languages involve the making of sounds. C. Language allows a near infinite number of novel ideas to be communicated. D. Scientists are surprised that humans evolved to use language, because it probably wasn’t very beneficial for our prehistoric ancestors. Question 28 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points After greeting her relatives at the airport, Joey’s mother leaves him with his grandmother and gets the luggage. Eight-month-old Joey becomes fearful of the stranger holding him and begins to cry. This distress would be an example of A. insecure attachment. B. separation anxiety. C. avoidant attachment. D. sensorimotor thinking. Question 29 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to Noam Chomsky, the human brain contains an innate mental module called _______ that allows young children to develop language if they’re exposed to an adequate sampling of conversation. A. telegraphic speech B. universal grammar C. object permanence D. theory of mind Question 30 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Behavioral and social-cognitive learning theorists generally believe that gender socialization begins A. at the child’s birth or soon after. B. when the child comprehends speech. C. when children label themselves boys or girls. D. when children have developed a secure gender identity. Question 31 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points _______ is a method of child rearing in which the parent appeals to the child’s own abilities, sense of responsibility, and feelings for others in correcting the child’s misbehavior. A. Induction B. Power assertion C. Delay gratification D. Accommodation Question 32 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Today, a developmental psychologist studying moral development is likely to emphasize A. how children learn to regulate their own emotions and behavior. B. the distinct stages of moral development. C. the development of the universal human rights orientation. D. how young children lack a moral sense.
Question 33 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points _______ is a method of child rearing in which the parent appeals to the child’s own abilities, sense of responsibility, and feelings for others in correcting the child’s misbehavior. A. Induction B. Power assertion C. Delayed gratification D. Accommodation Question 34 of 40 0.0/ 5.0 Points Children’s gender schemas are most rigid during the ages A. two to three. B. five to seven. C. eight to twelve. D. thirteen to sixteen. Question 35 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which aspect of attachment was demonstrated by Margaret and Harry Harlow using rhesus monkeys as research subjects? A. Power assertion B. Insecure attachment C. Contact comfort D. Egocentrism Question 36 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Comparisons of hormone production in boys and girls show that A. before puberty, boys have higher levels of estrogen than do girls. B. from puberty on, boys and girls produce the same amounts of androgens and estrogens. C. before puberty, girls have higher levels of estrogen than do boys. D. from puberty on, boys produce more androgens and girls produce more estrogens. Question 37 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points The fundamental sense of being male or female, independent of whether a person conforms to the social rules of gender, is called A. gender typing. B. gender identity. C. gender schema. D. gender development. Question 38 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Tyrel is only five years old. He is angry at his brother and is about to hit him when he stops. According to Lawrence Kohlberg, it’s most likely that Tyrel didn’t hit his brother because he A. respects the rules of the house. B. doesn’t want to get into trouble. C. realizes that all human beings deserve to live without violence. D. wants to conform to the rules of the house.