5.0/ 5.0 Points What is the term for the degree of awareness an infant displays to both internal and external stimulation? A. Rhythm B. Attention C. Sensitive period D. State Question 5 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points By the age of __________ months, babies can move themselves in different directions. A. 4 B. 6 C. 9 D. 12 Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points What is the term for the reflex that scientists feel represents a leftover response that humans inherited from their nonhuman ancestors? A. Babinski B. Rooting C. Swimming D. Moro Question 7 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The “visual cliff” study indicates that most infants in the age range of __________ months cannot be coaxed to cross the “cliff.” A. 6 to 14 B. 5 to 12 C. 12 to 14 D. 8 to 14 Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points What is a specific, but limited, time usually early in an organism’s life, during which the organism is particularly susceptible to environmental influences relating to some particular facet of development? A. Latent period B. Sensitive period C. Critical period D. Plasticity period Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points What principle means that we would likely develop visual abilities (located in the head) well before we master the ability to walk (closer to the end of the body)? A. Independence of systems B. Hierarchical integration C. Cephalocaudal D. Proximodistal Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Due to malnutrition, a child’s stomach, limbs, and face may swell with water so that the child actually appears chubby, but in fact the child is suffering from: A. nonorganic failure to thrive. B. rickets. C. marasmus. D. kwashiorkor. Question 11 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points SIDS strikes about __________ infants in the U.S. each year.
A. 2500 B. 10,000 C. 100,000 D. 1,000,000 Question 12 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The developmental researcher(s) who conducted the classic study regarding the “visual cliff” was/were: A. Pavlov. B. Skinner. C. Bandura. D. Gibson & Walk. Question 13 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points As William is laying his infant down in the crib at bedtime, he gently removes his hand from the back of the baby’s head and neck, and the baby thrusts its arms outward appearing to grasp onto something. This is known as the __________ reflex. A. Moro B. Babinski C. startle D. swimming Question 14 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points When does the greatest increase in height and weight occur? A. In the womb during gestation B. During the first year of life C. During toddlerhood D. During adolescence Question 15 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The researcher Robert Fantz discovered that: A. newborn infants prefer to look at simple stimuli rather than complex stimuli. B. when given a choice of visual stimuli, newborn infants do not show a preference. C. newborn infants prefer to look at complex stimuli rather than simple stimuli. D. newborn infants are too young to concentrate on visual stimuli; therefore, it is impossible to measure their preference. Question 16 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points At what age does the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians suggest that babies can start eating solid food? A. 6 months B. 8 months C. 10 months D. 12 months Question 17 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The condition of having an improper amount and balance of nutrients is called: A. starvation. B. malnutrition. C. obesity. D. undernutrition.