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S04 Human Growth and Development II Exam 1 Answers (Ashworth College)

The segregation of

The segregation of friendships according to gender occurs: A. in the U.S. only. B. only among separate racial groups. 1 ST CHOICE C. in almost all societies and in nonindustrialized societies. D. when boys are assigned one type of chore, and girls are assigned another type of chore. Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points What percentage of marriages in the U.S. remain intact? A. 75% B. 65% C. 50% D. 45% Question 7 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Children who grow up in which of the following families tend to have a stronger sense of extended family? A. Families headed by gay and lesbian parents B. Families headed by Caucasian American parents C. Families headed by Asian American parents D. Families headed by African American or Hispanic American parents Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to psychologist Kenneth Dodge, successful __________ proceeds through a series of steps that correspond to the child’s information processing strategies. A. status management B. conflict resolution C. social competence D. social problem solving Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points For the past three decades, there has been a significant: A. rise in the number of couples getting married. B. decline in the number of couples living together without getting married. C. decline in the number of couples getting married. D. decline in the number of same-sex couples living together. Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Immediately after a divorce, both children and parents may show several types of psychological maladjustment for a period that may last from: A. 1 to 2 years. B. 3 months to 3 years. C. 6 months to 2 years. D. 1 to 3 years. Question 11 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points What percent of gay men and lesbian women are parents? A. 5% B. 10% C. 15% D. 20% Question 12 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Eleven-year-old Tina characterizes herself as a smart, friendly person who is helpful to others. Tina’s views of herself are based on: A. her physical skills. B. psychological characteristics, inner traits that are more abstract. C. the desire to be popular with her friends. D. external activities relying on motor skills. Question 13 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

According to research by Vaillant & Vaillant, which of the following characteristics is most highly associated with adult success? A. High level of intelligence B. Family background C. Childhood industriousness D. Genetic predisposition Question 14 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Brenda owns a small bookstore that also serves as an art gallery for her artwork and that of some of her friends. While this business may never make Brenda wealthy, she admits that it has been her dream since she was an art student in college. Brenda appears to be motivated by: A. career consolidation. B. status. C. intrinsic motivation. D. extrinsic motivation. Question 15 of 20 0.0/ 5.0 Points HESITATED ON THIS ONE What was a conclusion developed by John Holland in his personality type theory? A. A person should choose a career based on certain personality characteristics. 1 ST CHOICE B. Certain personality types match well with certain careers. C. Career success will depend on the particular training of the person. D. Happiness in a career is dependent on a college education. Question 16 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to Robert Sternberg, fatuous love develops when __________ is (are) present. A. intimacy and decision/commitment B. infatuation C. passion and intimacy D. passion and decision/commitment Question 17 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points What type of motivation drives people to obtain tangible rewards such as money and prestige? A. Career consolidation B. Intrinsic motivation C. Extrinsic motivation D. Status Question 18 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points When did the fertility rate peak in the United States? A. After World War I, when each woman had 4.5 children B. After World War II, when each woman had 3.7 children C. After the Vietnam War, when each woman had 2.5 children D. Now, while the current rate is 2.1 children born to each woman Question 19 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Psychologist George Vaillant believed that a stage entered between the ages of 20 and 40, when young adults become centered on their careers is called: A. the realistic period. B. the fantasy period.