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S04 Human Growth and Development II Exam 2 Answers (Ashworth College)

Question 4 of 20 5.0/

Question 4 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Even though there is a decline in the birth rate for U.S. teenagers, the rate of teenage pregnancy in the U.S. is __________ compared to other industrialized countries. A. 2 to 10 times higher B. 5 to 10 times higher C. 2 to 3 times lower D. 3 to 4 times lower Question 5 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following U.S. societal models views individual cultural identities as needing to be assimilated into a unified culture? A. Pluralistic society model B. Bicultural identity model C. Multicultural model D. Cultural assimilation (or melting pot) Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points In the last 10 years, the number of teenagers giving birth has __________ by __________. A. risen; 25% B. risen; 30% C. dropped; 30% D. dropped; 10% Question 7 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points All of the following are considered important influences in whether or not an adolescent suffers with major depression EXCEPT: A. genetic predisposition. B. having an alcoholic or depressed parent. C. feeling unpopular and rejected, and lacking in friends. D. divorce or breakup of the nuclear family. Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Groups of 2 to 12 people whose members have frequent social interactions with one another are called: A. peers. B. cliques. C. reference groups. D. cohorts. Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following adolescents is the most likely to develop a degree of autonomy at an early stage of adolescence? A. Japanese B. American C. Chinese D. Korean Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to Erikson, adolescents’ reliance on peers to help them define their identities and learn to form relationships is the link between the: A. industry-versus-inferiority stages. B. identity-versus-identity-confusion and intimacy-versus-isolation stages.

C. identity-versus-identity-confusion and industry-versus-inferiority stages. D. identity-versus-identity-confusion and generativity-versus-stagnation stages. Question 11 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points While dating is a part of a pattern of courtship that can potentially lead to marriage, it can also do all of the following EXCEPT: A. help adolescents to learn to establish intimacy with another individual. B. provide a form of entertainment. C. provide status and prestige, as well as help develop a sense of one’s own identity. D. establish sexual or gender identity/preference. Question 12 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to the text, the term “hooking up,” to adolescents, is: A. getting a cell phone. B. the installation of computer internet service. C. a vague term that covers everything involved in dating from kissing to sexual intercourse. D. a specific term meaning the use of the internet to gamble or play video games. Question 13 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points What term relates to the object of one’s sexual interest? A. Homosexuality B. Sexual orientation C. Heterosexuality D. Gender identity Question 14 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to James Marcia, the status of adolescents who commit to an identity without adequately exploring alternatives is called: A. identity diffusion. B. identity foreclosure. C. moratorium. D. identity achievement. Question 15 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Adolescents who are gay or lesbian find it difficult to date because of all of the following EXCEPT they: A. may face homophobic prejudice. B. find it hard to find partners because others who are gay or lesbian may not openly express their sexual orientation. C. may face harassment. D. do not fully accept or understand their own sexuality or sexual preference. Question 16 of 20