Question 4 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following is NOT considered an age-related change in the physical apparatus of the eye of an elderly person? A. The retina of a 60-year-old person receives a third as much light as a 20-year-old person. B. The optic nerve becomes less efficient in transmitting nerve impulses to the brain. C. The lens of the eye becomes less transparent. D. The elderly are less able to distinguish colors. Question 5 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points All of the following are contributors to developing Alzheimer’s disease EXCEPT: A. predisposed genetic inheritance. B. high blood pressure or poor diet. C. viruses, dysfunctions of the immune system, and hormone imbalance. D. increased stress level. Question 6 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points All of the following reflect internal changes due to aging EXCEPT the: A. heart’s capacity to pump blood through the circulatory system to the brain is reduced and impeded by hardening and shrinking of blood vessels. B. reduction in gray matter makes the aging brain less efficient. C. respiratory system is less efficient with age. D. digestive system is less efficient pushing food through the system, which leads to constipation. Question 7 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points What is the name for the protein that forms the basic fibers of body tissue? A. Derma B. Ectoderm C. Membrane D. Collagen Question 8 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following is considered an expert who studies aging? A. Genealogist B. Gerontologist C. Oncologist D. Endocrinologist Question 9 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following aspects of memory loss involving information processing deficits has received the most research support? A. Memory declines due to changes in the ability to pay attention to and organize tasks involving memory skills. B. People in late adulthood having a different ability in inhibiting irrelevant information and thoughts which interfere with learning and recalling memorized information. C. The speed at which the elderly process information being slower, and perhaps contributing to slow reaction times in retrieving memories.
D. The elderly suffering neuron loss that inhibits their ability to hold and retrieve information. Question 10 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Memories that are related to general facts such as the names of the capitals of states or addition facts are called __________ memories. A. factual B. episodic C. semantic D. visual Question 11 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points The theory suggesting that overall processing speed declines in the peripheral nervous system with increasing age is called: A. pulmonary hardening theory. B. peripheral slowing hypothesis. C. generalized slowing hypothesis. D. decreased myelination theory. Question 12 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Memories from one’s own life are called __________ memories. A. visual B. implicit C. autobiographical D. explicit Question 13 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points On average, senior citizens spend almost __________% of their total expenditures on healthcare, which is more than twice the amount spent by younger individuals. A. 10 B. 13 C. 25 D. 30 Question 14 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Elderly people experience a decline in their taste and smell sensitivity because of all of the following EXCEPT: A. they have fewer taste buds on the tongue. B. they use too much salt on their food. C. their olfactory bulbs on the brain begin to shrivel. D. they no longer perceive food as appetizing. Question 15 of 40 0.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following is NOT related to the prevention and/or treatment of osteoporosis in women? A. Adequate exercise throughout life B. Adequate calcium intake throughout life C. Drug therapy with such medications as Fosamax D. Bone marrow replacement therapy Question 16 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points