generally tormenting one another. To preserve what’s left of her sanity, Alice has decided to try to convince the youngsters to get along. She promises them that she will take them to a funny movie if they will work together to clean their playroom in under thirty minutes. Which of the preconditions for reducing conflict does this illustrate? A. one-on-one interactions between in-group and out-group members and an informal setting B. the reduction of frustration and a common goal C. a neutral setting and role differentiation D. interdependence and a common goal Question 5 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Citizens are outraged at an unpopular government policy, and in many parts of the country they have taken to the streets to protest. Results of research on the “long, hot summer” would lead you to predict that in the ________ would be least likely to fill the streets in protest. A. winter, residents of Minneapolis, Minnesota B. fall, residents of Houston, Texas C. summer, residents of Chicago, Illinois D. winter, residents of Atlanta, Georgia Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Based on what your text reports, which of the following conditions of punishment is most likely to deter violent criminals? A. Punishment is fair. B. Punishment is severe. C. Punishment is prompt and severe. D. Punishment is prompt and certain. Question 7 of 20 0.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following is false? A. Across cultures, men have been found to be more aggressive than women in everyday life. B. Gender differences exist in aggression, particularly in response to provocation (e.g., an insult). C. When aggression is indirect (nonphysical), females may be as aggressive as males. D. Females tend to feel more guilt and anxiety over aggressive behavior than males do. Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Who is least likely to experience a reduction in prejudice? A. Jason, who does a favor for Pablo B. Margo, who has participated in a program to increase her empathy and perspective-taking ability C. Gina, who asks LaToya to do a favor for her D. George, who participates in a jigsaw classroom Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to social-psychological research (e.g., Bower & Hilgard, 1981), what are the “ideal conditions” for punishment to be an effective deterrent to violence? Punishment must be A. prompt and severe. B. prompt and certain. C. severe and certain. D. fair and certain. Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Researchers use a person’s reluctance to get too close to a person from another group as a measure of discrimination. This is known as A. micro aggression. B. social distance. C. ethnocentrism. D. social identity.
Question 11 of 20 0.0/ 5.0 Points Chris is very concerned because her Implicit Association Test results show that she responded more slowly when fat faces were paired with positive words. She’s concerned this represents that she is implicitly biased against fat people. What might some psychological scientists tell her to make her feel better? A. The IAT may reveal cultural stereotypes and not personal stereotypes. B. The IAT predicts behavior in most people, so she should be worried about how she will now interact with an overweight friend. C. These IAT results also predict she has negative implicit attitudes toward the elderly. D. A self-fulfilling prophecy is created now that she knows her IAT results. Question 12 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Stereotypes are harmful to the extent they A. exist. B. are overgeneralized to members of a group. C. are based on experience. D. reduce cognitive effort. Question 13 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Why is empathy training a good antidote to aggression? Empathy makes it A. harder to derogate our victims. B. easier to think about the consequences of our actions. C. easier to reduce cognitive dissonance. D. harder to reduce cognitive dissonance. Question 14 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The bogus pipeline is an instrument that was developed to measure attitudes that are otherwise difficult to measure because A. of motivations to give a socially desirable response. B. the attitudes in question are negative rather than positive. C. the attitudes in question are D. participants feel ambivalent about the issue in question. Question 15 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The Pygmies of Central Africa and the Arapesh of New Guinea live in peace and harmony, while European history consists of one war after the other. Formerly peace-loving, the Iroquois became a fierce and aggressive Native American tribe in the seventeenth century. These examples illustrate that A. in humans, innate behavioral patterns—including aggression—are infinitely malleable and modifiable. B. frustration often contributes to aggression in otherwise peaceable societies. C. there are strong regional differences in the endorsement of aggression as a solution to social problems. D. humans, lacking inhibitory mechanisms, must rely on cultural norms to curb aggression. Question 16 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Based on research presented in the text, who would likely have the highest salary on the professional hockey team? A. Mark, who is very aggressive and who has spent the most time in the penalty box this year B. Simon, who is somewhat aggressive but is considered to be a very nice guy C. Alan, who is aggressive, but has scored the fewest goals on the team D. John, who is not at all aggressive and is considered the nicest person on the team by the fans