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Page 3 Jim Murdoch

Page 3 Jim Murdoch Professor Jim Murdoch joined the School of Law at the University of Glasgow after qualifying as a solicitor. He read Law as an undergraduate at Glasgow and has an LLM from the University of California at Berkeley. He was Head of the School of Law between 1996 and 2000. He has taught at the Universities of Mainz, Freiburg, Hamburg and Paris Ouest, and was a professeur stagiaire with the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe. He specialises in domestic and European human rights law. Professor Jim Murdoch is a regular participant in Council of Europe co-operation activities in Central and East European states and has developed a particular interest in non-judicial human rights enforcement mechanisms. Ralph Roche Ralph Roche studied at Trinity College Dublin and University College Dublin in Ireland. He is a solicitor, admitted in Northern Ireland and in England and Wales. He has long experience of working in human rights, including at the Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Northern Ireland. In 2004, he co-authored a book entitled “Commentary on the European Convention on Human Rights as applied in Bosnia and Herzegovina and at Strasbourg” which was published in English and the languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ralph Roche has worked for many years as a Council of Europe consultant in policing and human rights across the Europe. ■ This handbook was published in the framework of the Joint Programme between the European Union and the Council of Europe entitled “Reinforcing the fight against ill-treatment and impunity”.

The European Convention on Human Rights and Policing Page 4 Contents INTRODUCTION 7 POLICING AND THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS 10 The work of the Council of Europe and the European Convention on Human Rights 12 The European Convention on Human Rights – key principles of interpretation 13 The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 20 Conclusion 21 THE USE OF FORCE IN POLICING 22 Introduction 22 Discharging police responsibilities 24 The right to life: Article 2, European Convention on Human Rights 25 The prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment: Article 3, European Convention on Human Rights 33 DEPRIVATION OF LIBERTY 42 Deprivation of liberty and the European Convention on Human Rights 42 Protecting liberty and security of person: Article 5, European Convention on Human Rights 43 Conclusion 63