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Disley Guide 2017

Disley Guide 2017

1857, the Ram’s Head

1857, the Ram’s Head lost its coaching trade, but in the late 19th and early 20th centuries it became a popular venue for those visiting the area around Disley. In 1724, the Manchester to Buxton road became a turnpike road and was gradually improved. In the early 19th century, the original line of the road along Jacksons Edge Road and Buxton Old Road was re-routed to the present A6, making the journey as far as Whaley Bridge less of a challenge to horse drawn traffic. The opening of the Peak Forest Canal in 1797 brought the era of modern bulk transport to Disley. This encouraged the development of industry including Waterside Cotton Mill. In the early years of the 19th century, the village grew rapidly with many of the newcomers being employed at the mill. The mill survived the problems of the Cotton Famine between 1862 and 1865, but its location, relying on water transport to get its raw materials to the mill and the yarn to market, meant that it could not compete with rivals in the large towns. By 1890, the cotton mill had ceased production and in its place, a paper mill had opened up, an industry which is still carried on today at Waterside. When the first census was taken, Disley had 995 residents. By 1851, it had reached 2,225 and in 1881 the census recorded that there were 3,312 inhabitants. As a result of boundary changes, when part of Newtown was taken over by New Mills, the population fell to 2,260 in 1891. However, the population started to recover and with new 12

developments taking place in the 1960s and 1970s, had reached 4,295 in 2011. Thanks to the generosity of the Leghs and Orfords, a school room was built in the centre of the village in 1825, which was extended in 1837 to include an infants’ department. These buildings continued to serve as a village school until 1911 when the school moved to a new building. The Orfords also generously donated the Fountain in Fountain Square to provide the village with clean water. The stone came from a quarry on Jacksons Edge Road. By the middle of the 19th century, the railway network was spreading throughout the country. The first proposals for a line were made in 1852 and, in the following year, the Stockport, Disley and Whaley Bridge Railway was authorised by Parliament. Work on constructing the line started in 1854 and by the summer of 1857, it was opened as far as Whaley Bridge, reaching Buxton in 1863. The arrival of the railway provided Disley with a fast, reliable link to Manchester. A second railway line was built through Disley in 1902 by the Midland Railway Company, but for most of its length in Disley, it is in a tunnel, the vents of which can be seen around the golf course. It was during the last years of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century, that new housing began to be erected. Residential property around the railway station was in demand to serve commuters wishing to live in the country, yet be able to travel into Manchester for work. In the 1960s and 1970s, with the construction of houses on Chantry Road and The Ridgeway, the commuter population rapidly increased, encouraged by the regular train service and the growing level of car ownership. The last few years of the 19th century saw further changes in the village. Apart from the boundary changes in the 1880s, Disley became a Rural District Council within Cheshire in 1894, bringing with it a certain amount of self-government for the village. Disley lost its status as a Rural District Council when local government was reorganised in 1974, the village becoming part of Macclesfield, although it did retain some independence with the creation of Disley Parish Council. Changes took place once again in April 2009 when, whilst still maintaining its Parish Council status, Disley became part of Cheshire East Unitary Authority. 13

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