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VS_2017

Technical Details –

Technical Details – Components for Fluorescent Lamps Mechanical mounting Surface Solid, flat surface for good heat dissipation required. Avoid mounting on protruding surfaces. Mounting location Electronic ballasts must be protected against moisture and heat. Installation in external luminaires: water protection rate of ≥ 4 (e.g. IP54 required) Fastening Heat transfer With M4 screws in the designated holes If the ballast is destined for installation in a luminaire, sufficient heat transfer must be ensured between the ballast and the luminaire casing. Electronic ballasts should be mounted with the greatest possible clearance to heat sources or lamps. During operation, the temperature measured at the t c point of the ballast must not exceed the specified maximum value. Supplement for independent electronic ballasts Mounting position Any Clearance Surface Min. of 0.10 m from walls, ceilings, insulation Min. of 0.10 m from other electronic ballasts Min. of 0.25 m from sources of heat (lamp) Solid; device must not be allowed to sink into insulation materials Technical specifications Operating voltage range AC: 220 to 240 V (±10%) DC: please observe the specifications on the individual product pages Ignition time Preheat time Leak current ELXe ballasts t < 0.5 seconds (instant start) ELXc and ELXd ballasts t = 0.5 or 1.5 to 2.5 seconds (warm start) ≤ 0.5 mA per electronic ballast Product features Overheating VS EBs for fluorescent lamps are not protected against overheating Overvoltage protection AC: up to 48 hours at UNAC = 320 V DC: no disorders occur with input voltages of up to UNDC 285 V. UNDC voltages in excess of 288 V destroy the ballast. Shutdown of defective lamps During starting operation, the electronic ballast will detect whether a lamp is connected. If no lamp is present, the ballast will cancel the starting operation. Deactivated lamps or interrupted electrodes are detected and lead to the high-frequency supply being switched off after an unsuccessful ignition attempt. Changing a lamp during operation will lead to the high-frequency supply being switched off. 212

Technical Details – Components for Fluorescent Lamps EOL effect Up to now, it has not been possible to conclusively reproduce the end-of-life effect under laboratory conditions. However, it can be qualitatively described for fluorescent lamps as follows: when the emitter material of the cathode (i.e. the filament in conventional bi-pin lamps) has been fully consumed or has otherwise lost its emitting power, the emission of electrons is hampered, which leads to a voltage drop at the cathode. Frequent cold starts accelerate active emitter loss. Operating a lamp with a constant current (an electronic ballasts (EB) provides a nearconstant current) results in high dissipation losses that also cause the lamp base and lampholder to heat up and can even cause damage to both. This is often referred to as the EOL effect; from an electrical point of view, this is manifested in the so-called "partial rectifier effect". The EOL cut-out ensures that a ballast is safely switched off and the lamp base does not overheat at the end of a lamp's service life. EN 61347-2-3:2011 + AC:2011 describes three possible tests. The first are now in widespread use and are described in more detail here. The third test is not conducted at VS. 1. EOL Test 1 (61347-2-3:2011 + AC:2011 17.2) Asymmetric pulse test 2. EOL Test 2 (61347-2-3:2011 + AC:2011 17.3) Asymmetric power test 3. EOL Test 3 (61347-2-3:2011 + AC:2011 17.4) Exposed filament test The first two tests attempt to simulate the rectifier effect: • Test 1 pulse switching of rectifying effect • Test 2 by applying a DC voltage that is constantly higher than required by the lamp. 1 2 3 4 5 VS EBs are capable of suitably assessing the altered voltage signal in comparison to normal operation so as to meet EOL requirements. Protection against transient mains peaks Values are in compliance with EN 61547 (interference immunity) (1 kV for AC and 0.5 kV for DC and control conductors). Electrical installation Wiring The wiring between the mains, electronic ballast and lamp must comply with the respective circuit diagram. Note: with ELXe models, one side of the lamp electrode is never connected to the electronic ballast. The electronic ballast must be earthed using a toothed washer or similar (protection class I, ignition help, compliance with RFI/BCI standards). To ensure compliance with RFI-suppression limits, mains conductors should not be wired in parallel to high-frequency carrying lamp conductors; maximum clearance should be ensured and all conductors marked with an * must be kept short. As a general rule, a maximum conductor length should not be exceeded when using conventional conductors (see table on page 221–223 for precise details). Luminaire must be tested for compliance with the RFI suppression limits stipulated by EN 55015. Conductors must not exceed 3 m in length in the event of master-slave operation. Dimmable electronic ballasts are unsuitable for master/slave operation. 6 7 8 9 10 213

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    Contents 5 Transformers for Low-vol

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    1 PUMA Headquarters Porsche Museum

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    2 Ballasts for Discharge Lamps For

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    2 Lampholders for Discharge Lamps E

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    Technical Details - Components for

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    3 Electronic Ballasts for TC and T

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    3 Electromagnetic Ballasts for TC a

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    3 Lampholders and Accessories for T

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    Lampholders and Accessories for TC

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    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

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    5 Lampholders for General-service I

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    6 Emergency Lighting Modules for TC

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    Components for the UL Market GX10 L

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    General Technical Details Product d

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    Glossary A A type, B type capacitor

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    Subsidiaries Subsidiaries Adress Ph