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Technical Details –

Technical Details – Components for Incandescent Lamps Dimmability of electronic converters Dimmed operation VS converters can be operated with phase-cutting trailing-edge dimmers. Some converters can additionally be operated with phase-cutting leading-edge dimmers (see table on page 326). The dimmer is connected to the primary side between mains and converter. It is possible to connect several converters to one dimmer (whereby the dimmer's minimum and maximum load must be observed). The dimmer-converter system should be subjected tofunction and noise development tests prior to installation. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Mains Harmonics Maximum values are observed in accordance with EN 61000-3-2. Interference The requirements of EN 55015 must be met for luminaires with converters for operating low-voltage halogen lamps. Vossloh-Schwabe converters are designed and manufactured to ensure these requirements are satisfied provided the installation instructions regarding the interference voltage at the connection terminals and electromagnetic interference fields up to 300 MHz are observed. Additional information Wiring Temperature To ensure good radio interference suppression and the greatest possible operating safety, the following points should be observed when installing electronic converters: • Conductors between the EST and the lamp (HF conductors) must be kept short (reduction of electromagnetic interference). • Mains and lamp conductors must be kept separate and if possible should not be laid in parallel to one another. The distance between HF conductors and mains conductors should be as large as possible, ideally > 5 cm. (This prevents the induction of interference between the mains and lamp conductors). • The mains conductor within the luminaire must be kept short (to reduce the induction of interference). • The mains conductor must not be laid too close to the EST (this is especially important in the event of through-wiring). • Mains and lamp conductors must not be crossed. Should this be impossible to avoid, conductors should be crossed at right angles to one another (to avoid inducing interference between mains and HF conductors). • Should conductors be wired through metal parts, such conductors must always be additionally shielded (e.g. with an insulating sleeve or grommet). Reference point temperature tc The safe operation of electronic converters is dependent on the maximum permissible temperature not being exceeded at the measuring point. Vossloh-Schwabe has determined a casing temperature measuring point – tc max. – on all converter casings. To avoid shortening the service life or diminishing operating safety, the stipulated maximum temperature must not be exceeded at this tc point. This point is determined by testing the converter during normal, IEC-standardised operation at the specified ambient temperature (ta), which is also indicated on the type plate. As both the design-related ambient temperature and the converter's inherent heat, as determined by the installed load, are subject to great variation, the casing temperature should be tested at the tc point under real installation conditions. Ambient temperature t a The ambient temperature – as specified on every converter – denotes the permissible temperature range within the luminaire or at the place of installation. 320

Technical Details – Components for Incandescent Lamps Reliability Service life of 50,000 hrs at reference point temperature tc, whereby a switching cycle of 165 minutes on and 15 minutes off is assumed. Failure rate: ≤ 0.2%/1,000 hrs In order to achieve the average service life, the maximum temperature (t c max.) must not be exceeded at the tc point. 1 Emergency lighting VS electronic converters cannot be used for emergency lighting purposes as they are unsuitable for DC voltage operation. Electromagnetic Transformers Owing to the low internal impedance of electromagnetic transformers, high currents can occur in the event of a short-circuit on the secondary side, which can lead to the transformer being destroyed. For this reason, IEC 61558-1 differentiates between three types of transformer: Transformers without short-circuit resistance These transformers require external protection to prevent excessive temperatures being generated. At Vossloh-Schwabe, these transformers are marked with the symbol "not short-circuit proof safety transformer". To protect against current overload during overload or short-circuit operation, Vossloh-Schwabe recommends installing a fuse on the primary side. As an aid to the user, the rating of this fuse is stated on the type plate in accordance with IEC 60127. The installed primary-side fuse should be easily accessible so that it can be readily replaced at any time. Transformers with (limited) short-circuit resistance These transformers feature a safety device that prevents excessive temperatures being generated. Electromagnetic transformers with thermal cut-outs afford a limited degree of short-circuit resistance and do not need to be additionally fused. VS safety transformers of limited short-circuit resistance are designed to safely cut out in the event of overload or short-circuit, but not to restart automatically after cooling off. The transformer must first be disconnected from the mains (i.e. switched off and on) before it can be restarted. The thermal cut-outs are dimensioned to ensure that the maximum permissible winding temperature of 225 °C (transformers of thermal class B) or 240 °C (F) or 260 °C (H) is not exceeded in the event of overload or short-circuit. Transformers with (unlimited) short-circuit resistance These transformers are designed to ensure that fixed maximum temperatures are not exceeded in the event of overload or short-circuit. This type of safety transformer is not in common use within the lighting industry due to the relatively large dimensions it needs to meet the overload and short-circuit requirements. All transformers will function perfectly and meet the requirements of the standard after the overload or shortcircuit has been eliminated. In addition to the above, there are also so-called failsafe transformers that are rendered permanently inoperative in the event of improper use, but do not pose a threat to the user or the surroundings. Vossloh-Schwabe does not provide this type of isolation transformer. All Vossloh-Schwabe transformers are tested for compliance with the safety requirements of European standard EN 61558 regarding creepage and air clearance distances, the winding temperature and the maximum permissible ambient temperature (t a). Protection symbols 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 321

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    Contents 5 Transformers for Low-vol

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    1 PUMA Headquarters Porsche Museum

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    2 Ballasts for Discharge Lamps For

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    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas

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    2 Ignitors and Accessories for Disc

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    2 Lampholders for Discharge Lamps E

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    Lampholders for Discharge Lamps E27

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    Lampholders for Discharge Lamps E40

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    Lampholders Fassungen für for Entl

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    Lampholders for Discharge Lamps GY9

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    Lampholders for Discharge Lamps RX7

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    Lampholders for Discharge Lamps K12

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    3 Electronic Ballasts for TC and T

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    3 Lampholders and Accessories for T

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    3 Lampholders and Accessories for T

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    3 Starter Holders and Terminal Bloc

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    Starter Holders and Terminal Blocks

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    4 Parallel Capacitors Parallel capa

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    5 Transformers for Low-voltage Halo

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    Transformers for Low-voltage Haloge

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    5 Lampholders for Halogen Incandesc

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    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

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    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

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    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

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    Subsidiaries Subsidiaries Adress Ph