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VS_2017

Technical Details –

Technical Details – Components for Discharge Lamps Electrical installation Wiring • The wiring between the mains, electronic ballast and lamp must comply with the respective circuit diagram. Note: the luminaire casing (metal) must be connected to the earth conductor. • The electronic ballast must be earthed using a toothed washer or similar (protection class I, compliance with RFI/BCI standards). • To ensure compliance with RFI suppression limits, mains conductors should not be wired parallel to lamp conductors and maximum clearance should be ensured. • After the installation of electronic ballasts, luminaires must be tested to ensure compliance with maximum values laid down in EN 55015. It is permissible to connect the protective conductor of the ballast by attaching the ballast to metal conductors that are connected to the protective conductor. In doing so, care must be taken to ensure the protective conductor is contacted in accordance with EN 60598. If, however, a ballast is fitted with a connection terminal for a protective conductor without through-wiring and if this is to be used to connect the protective conductor, this connection terminal may only be used for the ballast itself. Push-in terminals The used terminals can be connected using rigid or flexible conductors with a section of 0.75–2.5 mm² (K35 ballasts: 0.5–1.5 mm²). The stripped conductor length is 10–11 mm (K35 ballasts: 8.5–9.5 mm) for terminal grid 3.5 mm. Conductors must not be tin-plated. Error current Impulse-resistant leak-current protection must be installed. Distribute the luminaires to phases L1, L2 and L3; install tri-phase FI switches. If permissible, install FI switches with 30 mA leak current; connect no more than 15 luminaires as FI switches can be triggered at half the leak current value. Tri-phase connection of luminaires with EB • Prior to operating newly installed lighting systems: check the mains voltage is appropriate to the electronic ballast's mains voltage range (AC, DC). • The N-type conductor must be properly connected to all luminaires or ballasts. • Conductors can only be connected or disconnected if the ballast is disconnected from the mains. Attention: N-type conductors must never be disconnected individually or as the first element. • Insulation resistance test: from L to PE (L and N must not be connected) • The neutral conductor must be reconnected after completion of the test. Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Vossloh-Schwabe's electronic ballast range was developed in accordance with valid EMC standards (interference, interference immunity and mains harmonics) and specially designed to ensure safe compliance with the limiting values. It is assumed that any remarks regarding conductor wiring and conductor length in the instructions for installing electronic ballasts in luminaires or for independent ballasts will be observed. Compensation Luminaires with electronic ballasts do not need compensation (power factor 0.95). Selection of automatic cut-outs Dimensioning automatic cut-outs High transient currents occur when an EB is switched on because the capacitors have to load. Lamp ignition occurs almost simultaneously.This also causes a simultaneous high demand for power. These high currents when the system is switched on put a strain on the automatic conductor cut-outs, which must be selected and dimensioned to suit. Release reaction The release reaction of the automatic conductor cut-outs comply with VDE 0641, part 11, for B, C characteristics. 82

Technical Details – Components for Discharge Lamps No. of electronic ballasts (see table on page 81) The maximum number of VS ballasts applies to cases where the devices are switched on simultaneously. Specifications apply to single-pole fuses. The number of permissible ballasts must be reduced by 20% for multi-pole fuses. The considered circuit impedance equals 400 mΩ (approx. 20 m [2.5 mm²] of conductor from the power supply to the distributor and a further 15 m to the luminaire). Doubling circuit impedance to 800 mΩ increases the possible number of ballasts by 10%. Additional information Information on the installation of electronic ballasts for optimising EMC. To ensure good radio interference suppression and the greatest possible operating safety, the following points should be observed when installing electronic ballasts: • Conductors between the EB and the lamp (HF conductors) must be kept short (reduction of electromagnetic interference). • Mains and lamp conductors must be kept separate and if possible should not be laid in parallel to one another. The distance between HF and mains conductors should be as large as possible, ideally > 5 cm. (This prevents the induction of interference between the mains and lamp conductors.) • The mains conductor within the luminaire must be kept short (to reduce the induction of interference). • Devices must be properly earthed. EBs require secure contacts to the luminaire casing or must be earthed using a PE connection. This PE connection should be effected using an independent conductor to achieve better dissipation of the leak current. EMC improves at frequencies greater than 30 MHz. • The mains conductor must not be laid too close to the EB or the lamp (this is especially important in the event of through-wiring). • Mains and lamp conductors must not be crossed. Should this be impossible to avoid, conductors should be crossed at right angles to one another if at all possible. • Should conductors be wired through metal parts, such conductors must always be additionally shielded (e.g. with an insulating sleeve or grommet). Temperature Reference point temperature tc The safe operation of electronic ballasts is dependent on the maximum permissible temperature not being exceeded at the measuring point. Vossloh-Schwabe has determined a casing temperature measuring point – tc max. – on all EB casings. To avoid shortening the service life or diminishing operating safety, the stipulated maximum temperature must not be exceeded at this tc point. This point is determined by testing the converter during normal, IEC-standardised operation at the specified ambient temperature (ta), which is also indicated on the type plate. As both the design-related ambient temperature and the ballast's inherent heat, as determined by the installed load, are subject to great variation, the casing temperature should be tested at the tc point under real installation conditions. Ambient temperature ta The ambient temperature – as specified on every EB – denotes the permissible temperature range within the luminaire. Reliability and service life If the max. temperature at the tc reference point (as specified on the type plate and the technical documentation of the ballast) is not exceeded, the defined service life can be expected to be achieved, assuming a switching cycle of 165 minutes on and 15 minutes off. See table on page 81 for service life details. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 83

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    1 PUMA Headquarters Porsche Museum

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    2 Ballasts for Discharge Lamps For

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    Subsidiaries Subsidiaries Adress Ph