Views
4 months ago

VS_2017

Technical Details –

Technical Details – Components for Discharge Lamps Circuit diagrams for metal halide lamps (HI) and high-pressure sodium lamps (HS) with electronic ballasts (EB) Electromagnetic Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Test circuit for thermally protected ballasts Electromagnetic ballasts for HI and HS Lamps As the lamp manufacturer's reference values regarding lamp current and voltage are generally identical for metal halide (HI) and high-pressure sodium lamps (HS) of the same lamp wattage and the impedance values required for the ballast are also identical, the same ballasts can frequently be used for both lamp types. It should be remembered that HI lamps react sensitively to impedance deviations from the rated value with appreciable colour changes. Vossloh-Schwabe ballasts therefore comply with the lamp's narrower tolerances. Moreover, ballasts remain below the maximum peak DC value for HI lamps. This value is not specified for HS lamps; instead, the maximum stated start-up current must not be exceeded. In order to keep the temperature of the luminaires and the electrical values of the lamps within tolerable limits, the impedance of the ballasts must remain constant over the entire service life. A so-called service life test (test of thermal durability) provides proof of this requirement having been met. HI and HS lamps constitute a special case in terms of thermal testing. In rare cases, a safety risk can occur at the end of the service life of lamps fitted with external bulbs. The safety risk is caused by the so-called lamp rectifier effect, which can lead to overheating of ballasts, ignitors, lampholders and conductors and can therefore destroy the luminaire. Against this background, the luminaire standard EN 60598-1 "luminaires; part 1: general requirements and tests" has been supplemented by tests concerning this safety risk. As a result, since 1 September 2002, it has been illegal to market luminaires that do not comply with the new regulations. This means luminaires need to be fitted with thermal protection that prevents a luminaire from overheating in the event of this malfunction. In this respect, it is recommended to use VS ballasts with temperature switches that have already been tested using this circuit. Electromagnetic ballasts for HM lamps Even in the event of major mains fluctuations (92–106% of the rated voltage), the ballast must not fall short of the no-load voltage specified by the lamp manufacturer nor exceed a fixed short-circuit current. The startup current must be high enough to ensure that at least 90% of the lamp's operating voltage is achieved within 15 minutes. 84

Technical Details – Components for Discharge Lamps Power reduction with HS and HM lamps The lamp wattage can be reduced by operating the ballast at a higher impedance value, higher than the rated value. The lamp manufacturer's specifications must be observed in doing so to avoid shortening the lamp's service life. The lamps should be started at the ballast's rated impedance and only switched down to reduced operation after a period of at least five minutes. The impedance value can be altered by using an additional ballast (high-effort option) or by using a switch-able ballast (low-cost option). These ballast models can be switched using either a modern, time-controlled electronic power reduction switch, which is equipped with an additional control conductor (230 V), or a power reduction switch with a constant incentive rate setting (no control conductor). The construction of power reduction switches with control conductors differs according to the selected increase in impedance. Power reduction with switchable ballasts Ballast type Tested with Mains voltage System output 100% Reduced system output Reduced luminous flux W W % % (approx. values) U-NaHJ 70/40% HS 70 230, 50 83 50 60 55 U-NaH 100/40% HS 100 230, 50 114 67 58 55 U-NaH 150/40% HS 150 230, 50 160 98 61 55 U-NaH 250/40% HS 250 230, 50 271 150 55 50 U-NaH 400/250.805 HS 400 230, 50 421 253 60 50 Q 80/50.596 HM 80 230, 50 90 55 61 55 Q 125/80.611 HM 125 230, 50 134 89 65 55 U-Q 250/150.438 HM 250 230, 50 274 164 60 55 U-Q 400/250.437 HM 400 230, 50 422 267 65 55 Example: Osram lamp, type NAV, HQL Start-up switches As high-pressure lamps operate with a start-up phase, the lamp's full luminous flux will only be reached after completion of this start-up period. In the event of disconnection from the mains, this start-up phase is dependent on the lamp's temperature. If an additional source of light is desired or required for this start-up period for safety-relevant applications, it is possible to switch on an auxiliary lamp with the help of a start-up switch. There are two types of start-up switches: • AS 1000 K for superimposed ignition systems. This switch monitors the lamp's operating voltage. If this is below a defined value (approx. 60% of the lamp's luminous flux), an auxiliary lamp is switched on. • AS 1000 K A10 for pulse ignition systems and electronic ballasts. This model switches the auxiliary lamp off after a defined period of time (10 minutes), after which the high-pressure lamp will have reached the desired illumination level. Lamp family Typical start-up time Typical restart time (mains interruption at lamp operating temperature) HS 3 min. 5 min. HI / C-HI 3 min. 10 min. HM 4–5 min. 4–5 min. LS 10 min. 5 min. Switching to reduced power using additional impedance (second ballast) Switching to reduced power using a switchable ballast (ballast with tapping points) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 85

  • Page 1 and 2:

    Component Systems for Lighting Appl

  • Page 3 and 4:

    Contents 5 Transformers for Low-vol

  • Page 5 and 6:

    1 PUMA Headquarters Porsche Museum

  • Page 7 and 8:

    2 Ballasts for Discharge Lamps For

  • Page 9 and 10:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Electr

  • Page 11 and 12:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Cord G

  • Page 13 and 14:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Contro

  • Page 15 and 16:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Contro

  • Page 17 and 18:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas

  • Page 19 and 20:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Compac

  • Page 21 and 22:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Standa

  • Page 23 and 24:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas

  • Page 25 and 26:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas

  • Page 27 and 28:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas

  • Page 29 and 30:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas

  • Page 31 and 32:

    Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas

  • Page 33 and 34: Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas
  • Page 35 and 36: Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Compac
  • Page 37 and 38: Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas
  • Page 39 and 40: Ballasts for Discharge Lamps Ballas
  • Page 41 and 42: 2 Ignitors and Accessories for Disc
  • Page 43 and 44: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 45 and 46: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 47 and 48: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 49 and 50: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 51 and 52: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 53 and 54: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 55 and 56: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 57 and 58: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 59 and 60: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 61 and 62: Ignitors and Accessories for Discha
  • Page 63 and 64: 2 Lampholders for Discharge Lamps E
  • Page 65 and 66: Lampholders for Discharge Lamps E27
  • Page 67 and 68: Lampholders for Discharge Lamps E40
  • Page 69 and 70: Lampholders Fassungen für for Entl
  • Page 71 and 72: Lampholders for Discharge Lamps GY9
  • Page 73 and 74: Lampholders for Discharge Lamps Par
  • Page 75 and 76: Lampholders for Discharge Lamps RX7
  • Page 77 and 78: Lampholders for Discharge Lamps K12
  • Page 79 and 80: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 81 and 82: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 83: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 87 and 88: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 89 and 90: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 91 and 92: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 93 and 94: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 95 and 96: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 97 and 98: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 99 and 100: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 101 and 102: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 103 and 104: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 105 and 106: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 107 and 108: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 109 and 110: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 111 and 112: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 113 and 114: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 115 and 116: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 117 and 118: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 119 and 120: Technical Details - Components for
  • Page 121 and 122: 3 Electronic Ballasts for TC and T
  • Page 123 and 124: Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La
  • Page 125 and 126: Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La
  • Page 127 and 128: Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La
  • Page 129 and 130: Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La
  • Page 131 and 132: Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La
  • Page 133 and 134: Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La
  • Page 135 and 136:

    Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La

  • Page 137 and 138:

    Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La

  • Page 139 and 140:

    Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La

  • Page 141 and 142:

    Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La

  • Page 143 and 144:

    Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La

  • Page 145 and 146:

    Electronic Ballasts for TC and T La

  • Page 147 and 148:

    3 Electromagnetic Ballasts for TC a

  • Page 149 and 150:

    Electromagnetic Ballasts for TC and

  • Page 151 and 152:

    Electromagnetic Ballasts for TC and

  • Page 153 and 154:

    Electromagnetic Ballasts for TC and

  • Page 155 and 156:

    Electromagnetic Ballasts for TC and

  • Page 157 and 158:

    3 Lampholders and Accessories for T

  • Page 159 and 160:

    Lampholders and Accessories for TC

  • Page 161 and 162:

    Lampholders and Accessories for TC

  • Page 163 and 164:

    Lampholders and Accessories for TC

  • Page 165 and 166:

    Lampholders and Accessories for TC

  • Page 167 and 168:

    Lampholders and Accessories for TC

  • Page 169 and 170:

    Lampholders and Accessories for TC

  • Page 171 and 172:

    Lampholders and Accessories for TC

  • Page 173 and 174:

    3 Lampholders and Accessories for T

  • Page 175 and 176:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 177 and 178:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 179 and 180:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 181 and 182:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 183 and 184:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 185 and 186:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 187 and 188:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 189 and 190:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 191 and 192:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 193 and 194:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 195 and 196:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 197 and 198:

    Lampholders and Accessories for T L

  • Page 199 and 200:

    3 Starter Holders and Terminal Bloc

  • Page 201 and 202:

    Starter Holders and Terminal Blocks

  • Page 203 and 204:

    Starter Holders and Terminal Blocks

  • Page 205 and 206:

    Starter Holders and Terminal Blocks

  • Page 207 and 208:

    Starter Holders and Terminal Blocks

  • Page 209 and 210:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 211 and 212:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 213 and 214:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 215 and 216:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 217 and 218:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 219 and 220:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 221 and 222:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 223 and 224:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 225 and 226:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 227 and 228:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 229 and 230:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 231 and 232:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 233 and 234:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 235 and 236:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 237 and 238:

    4 Parallel Capacitors Parallel capa

  • Page 239 and 240:

    Parallel Capacitors Parallel Connec

  • Page 241 and 242:

    Parallel Capacitors Parallel Connec

  • Page 243 and 244:

    Technical Details - Capacitors for

  • Page 245 and 246:

    Technical Details - Capacitors for

  • Page 247 and 248:

    Technical Details - Capacitors for

  • Page 249 and 250:

    Technical Details - Capacitors for

  • Page 251 and 252:

    Technical Details - Capacitors for

  • Page 253 and 254:

    5 Transformers for Low-voltage Halo

  • Page 255 and 256:

    Transformers for Low-voltage Haloge

  • Page 257 and 258:

    Transformers for Low-voltage Haloge

  • Page 259 and 260:

    5 Lampholders for Halogen Incandesc

  • Page 261 and 262:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 263 and 264:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 265 and 266:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 267 and 268:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 269 and 270:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 271 and 272:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 273 and 274:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 275 and 276:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 277 and 278:

    Lampholders for Halogen Incandescen

  • Page 279 and 280:

    5 Lampholders for General-service I

  • Page 281 and 282:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 283 and 284:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 285 and 286:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 287 and 288:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 289 and 290:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 291 and 292:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 293 and 294:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 295 and 296:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 297 and 298:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 299 and 300:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 301 and 302:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 303 and 304:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 305 and 306:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 307 and 308:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 309 and 310:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 311 and 312:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 313 and 314:

    Lampholders for General-service Inc

  • Page 315 and 316:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 317 and 318:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 319 and 320:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 321 and 322:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 323 and 324:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 325 and 326:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 327 and 328:

    Technical Details - Components for

  • Page 329 and 330:

    6 Emergency Lighting Modules for TC

  • Page 331 and 332:

    Emergency Lighting Modules for TC a

  • Page 333 and 334:

    Technical Details - Emergency Light

  • Page 335 and 336:

    Technical Details - Emergency Light

  • Page 337 and 338:

    Technical Details - Emergency Light

  • Page 339 and 340:

    Technical Details - Emergency Light

  • Page 341 and 342:

    1 2 3 4 5 Energy Management & Contr

  • Page 343 and 344:

    Components for the UL Market GX10 L

  • Page 345 and 346:

    Components for the UL Market G13 Pu

  • Page 347 and 348:

    Components for the UL Market 1 2 3

  • Page 349 and 350:

    General Technical Details Product d

  • Page 351 and 352:

    General Technical Details The follo

  • Page 353 and 354:

    General Technical Details Protectio

  • Page 355 and 356:

    General Technical Details Protectio

  • Page 357 and 358:

    Glossary A A type, B type capacitor

  • Page 359 and 360:

    Glossary R Reference ballast Specia

  • Page 361 and 362:

    Reference Numbers Ref. No. Type Pag

  • Page 363 and 364:

    Reference Numbers Ref. No. Type Pag

  • Page 365 and 366:

    Reference Numbers Ref. No. Type Pag

  • Page 367 and 368:

    Reference Numbers Ref. No. Type Pag

  • Page 369 and 370:

    Reference Numbers Ref. No. Type Pag

  • Page 371 and 372:

    Reference Numbers Ref. No. Type Pag

  • Page 373 and 374:

    Subsidiaries Subsidiaries Adress Ph