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DIGITAL EXCLUSIVE CONTENT Solitary bees There is much interest in the activities of bees lately. Cereal and seed companies have jumped on this band wagon and in retail outlets, bee hotels are a hot commodity. However, buyer beware as instead of helping bees to survive and rise in numbers, some of these products may be helping the already declining population to decline even further. There are over 350 species of solitary bees in Saskatchewan and there are many plants and crops that rely on these bees for pollination. These species of bees do not live in hives as honeybees do but instead tend to nest in small cavities of decaying wood. Due to habitat loss and even further depleted areas of native grassland, these solitary bee species are under threat. There is also a lot of pesticide use in the province which also is contributing to declining numbers of bees. Anything we can do to increase suitable habitat would help to change the ability for more bees to survive. Planting wildflowers in your landscape that will attract solitary bees is a good start. Species like bergamot, black-eyed Susan, goldenrod, purple prairie clover, smooth aster and yellow evening primrose will all help to attract these tiny little critters. Building a bee house will also help to create good habitat for these bees. It is really simple to do this yourself. A wooden box that is open to one or both sides filled with blocks of wood or small logs with holes drilled that are 10 cm deep and in a variety of diameters ranging from 2 to 10 mm is as complex as it gets. Ensure you remove any residual sawdust and face the house in the sun facing east or south with no vegetation in front of the house. It is a good idea to place them at least a metre above the ground. The care the bee house needs is minimal. If birds are attacking the tunnels then simply attach a piece of chicken wire across the front of the house to Monday, April 16, 2018 • Last Mountain Times protect the bees. In winter, the house should be placed in a dry, unheated shed or alternatively protect the entrances with a piece of plywood or heavy tarp. The pupae that are overwintering in the house need to be cold but dry for the winter months. If at the end of the summer you still have cells which have remained in a walled-up condition, these cells will be dead and should be removed and destroyed. HORTICULTURE PAT HANBIDGE SASKATOON, SK These solitary bees might include bumblebees, mason bees and even leaf-cutter bees and they prefer to make individual nest cells for their larvae. However, by building a “bee house” it allows them to colonize in one area. This will benefit the amount of pollination you will get in your garden simply be creating a suitable habitat for solitary bees. These solitary bees are harmless and not aggressive and also often are predators of smaller insects. Please do not hop on the latest lucrative bandwagon and purchase most of the commercially made bee houses that are available. Many of them are expensive, and sadly inadequate for the bees as they do not provide sufficient protection from wet weather; the hole size is too large and have splinters inside; there is no solid back wall so are simply open-ended wind tunnels or may be of a material which causes condensation and the growth of moulds. -Patricia Hanbidge is a horticulturist with the Saskatoon School of Horticulture. She can be reached at 306‐931‐GROW(4769); by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or check out their website at www.saskhort.com Sask Volleyball Booster Juice Sask Cup results Results from the weekend of April 7th and 8th 14U, 16U, and 18U Men, and 17U and 18U Women Booster Juice Sask Cups featuring 86 teams from across the province. 18U Men Saskatoon The hometown Saskatoon HVC 18U defeated the Swift Current Junior Sundogs 25-23, 25-11 to win the Booster Juice Sask Cup #2 on Sunday. The Saskatoon HVC 17U took third after a victory over the Prince Albert Volleyball Club Smashing Bananas. The Saskatoon JCVC Red 17U topped the Lloydminster Rustlers for fifth. In Tier 2, the Melville Vipers beat the Meadow Lake Heat 17U for first, while the Saskatoon JCVC Black 17U defeated the Red Bear VC for third. The next action for 18U Men is the Provincial Volleyball Championships May 4-6 in Saskatoon and Warman. 16U Men Prince Albert The Regina Volleyball Club Green 16U defeated the Meadow Lake Heat 16U 25-16, 25-14 to take Booster Juice Sask Cup #2 in Prince Albert. The Prince Albert Volleyball Club Smashing Bananas Black 16U edged Thunderchild First Nation to take third. In Division 2, the Battleford VC Thunder 16U took first after a victory over the Yorkton Bongos, while the Anaheim ACVC finished third after topping the Waldheim Green Machine. The next action for 16U Men is the Provincial Volleyball Championships April 20th-22nd in Saskatoon and Warman. 14U Men Prince Albert The Yorkton Bongos edged the hometown Prince Albert Volleyball Club Smashing Bananas Gold 28-26, 25-19 to win the 14U Men Booster Juice Sask Cup #2 on Sunday. The Saskatoon JCVC Red 14U took third after a win over the Regina Volleyball Club Green 14U. The next action for 14U Men is the Provincial Volleyball Championships April 27th-29th in Saskatoon and Warman. 18U Women Regina Briercrest VC came back to defeat the Saskatoon HVC 8-25, 25-19, 15-13 to win Division 1 in the 18U Booster Juice Sask Cup #3 on Sunday in Regina. The Muenster VC took third after a win over the Lloydminster Rustlers VC. In Division 2, the Lloydminster Renegades came back to defeat the Rose Valley VC for first, while the Esterhazy Heat held on to beat the Waldheim United VC for third. The Lanigan Prairie Selects finished 8th in Division 2. The next action for 18U Women is the Provincial Volleyball Championships in Saskatoon and Warman. 17U Women Warman The Saskatoon Smash won their third Sask Cup of the season on Sunday, after defeating the Regina QCVC Royal Purple in the Booster Juice Sask Cup #3 final 25-12, 25-14 in Warman. The Oxbow Black Knights took third after a win over the Lloydminster Rustlers VC. In Division 2, the Rose Valley VC defeated the Estevan Extreme for first, while the Saskatoon JCVC Black topped the St Walburg Storm for third. The next action for 17U Women is the Provincial Volleyball Championships May 4th-6th in Saskatoon and Warman. 17 -Sask Volleyball CONTINUED from PAGE 17 receptor molecules. “Even though the antibody we developed is highly efficient and looks promising for breast cancer therapy, it still leaves about 20 per cent of the tumour resistant to the treatment,” said Freywald. “So while the antibody drug would prolong a patient’s survival, there is a high chance the tumour will regrow and spread. An additional problem is that not all triple negative breast cancer patients would produce a high qauntity of receptor molecules on the surface of their tumour to be targeted by the antibody. The challenge is twofold, Freywald added. “We need to identify patients with the accessible CSR molecules because they are the patients who will benefit. And we need a method to deal with the resistant cells in the tumour. Overall, this is a powerful project that should bring us to a very effective, targeted therapeutic approach for treating this cancer.” With support of the specialized laboratories of the Saskatchewan Centre for Cyclotron Sciences, operated by the Fedoruk Centre at the U of S, Price has produced a new type of chelator—a molecule that binds strongly to a radioactive metal and attaches it to an antibody, which can then be injected into a patient to seek out and “light up” diseased tissue.