Views
1 week ago

Damming at gunpoint (Burmese Version)

u&ifjynfe,ftwGif;

u&ifjynfe,ftwGif; Ta&umwmESifhoufqdkifonfh EdkifiHa&;ta=umif;&yfrsm; Todk@jzifh jrefrmjynf&Sd obm0t&if;tjrpfrsm; wifydk@a&mif;csa&;ESifh ,if;a'orS rGefESifh u&ifvufeufudkifawmfvSefa&;tiftm;pkwkd‹ukd &Sif;ypfEdkif&eftwGuf yl;aygif; vkyfaqmifcJh=uavonf? 1989-ckESpfarvwGif jrefrmhwyfrawmfOD;pD;csKyf AdkvfcsKyfrSL;}uD;oef;a&$onf xdkif;EdkifiH odk‹oGm;a&muf vnfywfcJ h+yD;/ xdkif;'k0ef}uD;csKyf y&mzwfvifzgyef'l; (Prapath Limphapandu) tm; jrefrmjynfe,fpyfa'oudk tvsiftjref&Sif;ypfvdka=umif;ESifh ESpfOD;ESpfzuf tjyeftvSef tusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;yl;aygif;vkyfaqmifvdka=umif; ajymqdkcJhonf? Global Witness atmufwdkbm 2003 ckESpf xdk@aemuf jrefrmppftpdk;&onf xdkif;ukrÜ%Drsm;udk autJef,l ESifh rGefjynfopfygwD e,fajrtwGif;&Sd opfrsm;tm; 1989-ckESpfrS 1992-ESpftxd ckwfvSJcGihfðycJhavonf? wcsdefwnf;rSmyif jrefrmhwyfrawmfonf t"duxdk;ppf}uD;rsm;jzifh autJef,l ESifh rGefjynf opfygwDwdk@. tcdkiftrm ajcukwfpcef;rsm;tm; xdk;ppfqifwdkufcdkufum e,fajrpdk;rdk;a&; udk ðyvkyfcJ havonf? odk@jzifh rGefjynfopfygwD NMSPonf (1995) ckESpfwGif ppftpdk;&ESifh typftcwf&yfpJ&ef oabmwlvdkufavsmvkduf&onf? Txdk;ppfrsm;a=umifh u&ifjynfe,ftwGif;&Sd u&ifvlxktrsm;tjym; xdkif;EdkifiHodk‹ 'kuQonfrsm;tjzpf xGufajy;a&muf&Sdvm=uonf? ,cktcsdefwGif xdkif;EdkifiH&Sd e,fpyf 'kuQonfpcef;rsm;xJwGif 'kuQonf 120 000 cef@&Sdaeonf? aorif;wrefa&umwm 25

1992=ckESpf rwdkifrD zmyGefa'o u&ifwdk‹. xdef;csKyfrSkatmuf&Sd oHvGifjrpf 1992-ckESpf tpydkif;txd xdkif;-jrefrme,fpyfESifh xdpyfv#uf&Sdonhf zgyGefc±dkif wckvHk;udk autJef,lrS xdef;csKyfxm;v#uf&Sdonf? zgyGefc±dkif.{&d,mrSm pwk&ef; uDvdkrDwm 6&22.540 (odk@) pwk&ef;rdkif 2595.5&3 us,f0ef;onf? Te,fajrESifh qufpyfv#uf&Sdonfh xdkif;EdkifiHbufrS e,fajrrsm;rSm r,fa[mifapmifjynfe,fjzpfonf? xdkif;EdkifiH&Sd oHvGiftrsKd;om; O,smOfESifh oHvGif awm±dkif;wd&dp>mefrsm;cdkatmif;&mae&m xdef;odrf;a&;pcef;ESifhvnf; xdpyfv#uf&Sdonf? autJef,l tkyfcsKyfa&; 9 t& zgyGefc±dkiftm; ®r@e,f(3)®rŒe,ftjzpf zG J@pnf;xm;onf? vlaom/ 'G,fvdk;ESifhbl;odk®r@e,frsm;jzpf=uonf? T®r@e,frsm;udk c±dkiftwGif;&Sd ajrmufzufrS awmifzuffodk@ oG,fwef;vsuf&Sdonfh awmifwef;&Snf (3)ckudk tajccH+yD; zGJ@pnf;cJhjcif;jzpfonf? oHvGifjrpftaemufbufurf;. ae&mtrsm;pkrSm bl;odk ®r@e,fxJwGif&Sdonf? Tae&m onf xdkif;-jrefrme,fpyf u&ifjynfe,fxJwGif &Sdjcif;jzpf.? Tae&mwGif trsm;pk aexdkif=uolrsm;rSm wdkif;&if;om;u&ifvlrsKd;rsm;jzpfonf? 1985-ckESpf aumufcHcJhonfh pm&if;t& zgyGefc±dkifxJwGif vlOD;a& 10& 000 &Sdonf? obm0t&if;tjrpfrsm; zg yGefc±dkiftwGif; oHvGifjrpfurf;yg; oJaomifjyiftygt0if pdef;vef;pdkajyI us,f ajymonfh opfawmrsm;&Sdavonf? Topfawmrsm;xJwGif tzdk;wef u|ef;opf trsm;tjym; &Sdavonf? ,if;a=umifh Topfawmrsm;udk “a&$u|ef;opfawm”[lI ac:a0:orkwf=uonf? +Adwdo# udkvdkeDacwfwGif u|ef;opfonf jrefrmjynfrSEdkifiHjcm;odk@ wifydk@a&mif;csonfh t"du obm0t&if;tjrpfwckjzpfcJhonf? a&$ESifhowWKrsm;udkvnf; wifydk@a&mif;cscJh ygonf? 9 autJef,lwGif ynma&;/ usef;rma&;/ pdkufysKd;a&;/ umuG,fa&;/ w&m;a&;/ opfawm/ tcGef taumuf/ owWKwGif; tp&Sdonfh tkyfcsKyfa&;Xmersm;&Sdonf? 1992 ckESpfumvwGif zgyGefe,f trsm;pkrSm autJef,l. tkyfcsKyfa&;pepfatmufwGif&Sdaeonf? 26 u&ifjrpfacsmif;rsm;apmifh=unfhavhvma&;tzGJŒ

write_read_and_speak_the_pwo_karen_language
say_it_in_karen_vocabulary
say_it_in_karen_introduction
say_it_in_karen_book_3
say_it_in_karen_book_2
say_it_in_karen_book_1
pwo-burmese_dictionary
karen_vernacular_grammar
karen_grammar- klo tha nu
anglo_karen_dictionary_wade_
a_grammar_of_the_pwo_karen
a_manual_of_the_pwo_karen_dialect
a_dictionary_of_the_sgau_karen_language_wade_
a_grammar_of_the_sgaw_karen