Views
8 months ago

Damming at gunpoint (Burmese Version)

a&umwmwnfaqmufrnfhae&mw0dkuf&Sd tajctaetcsuftvufrsm; EdkifiHa&;t& 1995 ckESpfrwdkifrDumvY zgyGefa'ota&S@jcrf;wjcrf;vHk;jzpfonfh zgyGefc±dkif/ bl;odk®r@e,frSm u&ifckcHa&;tiftm;pk. vGwfajrmufe,fajrjzpfcJhonf? Te,fajrudk aus;&Gmtkyfpk 3-pktjzpf zG J@pnf;cJ honf? bGm;'J/ yef[dkufESifh acgylaus;&Gm tkyfpkrsm;jzpf=uonf? autJef,lu Te,fajrY w&m;a&;/ ynma&;/ usef;rma&;/ vlr_zlvHka&;/ opfawm/ pdkufysKd; a&;ponfjzifh u¾toD;oD;twGuf tkyfcsKyfa&;XmezG J@+yD; wm0ef,lpDrHtkyfcsKyfcJhonf? tkyfcsKyfa&;pepfwGif aus;&GmtqifhrSaeI c±dkiftqifh txd&Sdonf? 1992 ckESpfwGif etzwyfrsm;onf autJef,l.XmecsKyfudk xdk;ppfqifwdkufcdkufcJ honf? e*g;rif; ppfqifa&;pDrHudef;t& 1991 ckESpfwGif aus;&Gmrsm;tm; etzwyfrsm;u yxr OD;qHk;t}udrf t"rRa&$@ajymif;r_rsm;ðyvkyfcJhonf? a&$@ajymif;ae&mcsxm;onfh&GmrSm “aqmbGJ'J”&Gmjzpfonf? &Gmol&Gmom;tenf;i,fom TowfrSwfaus;&Gmodk@ oGm; a&muf aexdkif=uonf? trsm;tm;jzifh ‚wdk@onf jynfwGif;'kuQonf IDPs rsm; tjzpf om ykef;atmif;aexdkifcJh=uonf? Txdk;ppfumvtwGif; etzwyfonf zgyGefrS acgyl odk@ oGm;onfhvrf;udk jyefvnfjyifqifjcif;rsm; ðyvkyfcJ honf? (pmrsufESm 31 &Sd ajryHkudk =unfhyg?) ppfqifa&;+yD;onfhaemufydkif; 1992 ckESpfrS 1994 ckESpftxd Ta'owGif tajctae wif;rmr_ av#mhenf;vmonf? odk@&mwGif 1995 ckESpf autJef,l XmecsKyf rme,fyavm usqHk;+yD;aemuf etzwyfrsm;onf zgyGefc±dkifwckvHk;udk xdef;csKyfoGm;Edkifa&;twGuf &Gmol &Gmom; aus;vufvlxkrsm;udk acgyl/ azgxgESifh oD;rlxg wdk@wGif t"rRajymif;a&$@ ae&m csxm;jcif;rsm; ðyvkyfcJ honf? Tt}udrfrSmvnf; &Gmvlxktrsm;pkrSm owfrSwfxm;onfh ae&modk@ ajymif;a&$Œjcif;rðybJ/ awmwGif;Yom ykef;atmif;aexdkif=u&ef a&G;cs,f=uonf? ppftpdk;&. ppfqifa&;rsm;a=umifh autJef,ltzdk@ w&m;Oya't& ‚wdk@ðyvkyfaeus opfawmxdef;odrf;a&;vkyfief;rsm;udk aumif;rGefpGmrðyvkyfEdkifacs? odk@&mwGif 2002 ckESpf wGif zgyGefta&S@ydkif;e,fajrrsm;twGif; aexdkif=uonfh a'ocH vltpkta0;tcsKd@u ‚wdk@vkyfudkifpm;aomuf=uonfh ajr,mrsm;udk rdrdwdk@bmom xdef;odrf;oGm;a&; twGuf a&S;,cifuwnf;u &SdcJhonfh ‚wdk@tpOftvm vkyfenf;udkifenf;twdkif; e,fajrrsm;udk wdkif;wmowfrSwfjcif;rsm; ðyvkyfvm=uonf? rdrdwdk@ vltpkta0;twGuf xm;&Sdonfh opfawmrsm;tm; xdef;odrf;a&;udkvnf; ‚wdk@bmomowfrSwf+yD; xdef;odrf;apmifha&Smufvm=uonf? Oyrmtm;jzifh zgyGefc±dkif atmufydkif;e,fajr/ vlaom aorif;wrefa&umwm 61

a&umwmwnfaqmufrnfhae&mw0dkuf&Sd tajctaetcsuftvufrsm; ®r@e,ftwGif;&Sd av;cdkESifh vabmfaus;&Gmom;rsm;onf ajr,mawmawmif xdef;odrf;a&; twGuf ‚wdk@bmomðyvkyfEdkif&ef &Gmom;rsm; awG@qHkaqG;aEG;wdkifyif=u+yD;/ ajr,m opfawmenf;Oya'rsm;udk ‚wdk@oabmwlcsrSwfum/ ‚wdk@. ywf0ef;usif&Sd opfawm rsm; xdef;odrf;a&;twGuf vufawG@usifhoHk;=uonf? aus;&Gmtpnf;ta0;rS az:xkwf csrSwfvdkufonfh Tenf;Oya'rsm;rSm }uD;rm;onfhtwdkif;twmtjzpf opfckwf/ 0g;ckwfonfh udpPrsm;/ }udrfrsm;udkckwf+yD; jynfyodk@ xkwfa&mif;jcif;rsm;udkvnf; wm;jrpf avonf? odkŒaomftrSefwu,fwGifrl ukefoG,fa&;/ a&mif0,fa&;twGuf }udrf ckwf,lr_ onf Ta'otwGif;us,fus,fjyef‹jyefŒjzpfay:aecJhjyD;jzpfonf? vuf&SdvlOD;a&ESifh¤if;wdkY\ aexdkifpm;aomufrItajctae 1995 ckESpf up+yD; ppftpdk;&.xdk;ppfrsm;a=umifh Ta'owcGifwGif aexdkif=uonfh vlOD;a&rSm 'va[musqif;oGm;onf? oHvGifjrpfurf;ab;wGif aexdkifcJh=uol rsm;onf ,cktcsdefwGif xdkif;EdkifiH&Sd 'kuQonfpcef; (2)ckodk@ oGm;a&muf aexdkif=u+yD; jzpfonf? r,f&rdkESifh r,fvmtl; (,cif r,fac:cg;rSm&Sd) pcef;rsm;jzpfonf? tcsKd@&Gmol&Gm om;rsm;rSm awmifay:awmeufa'orsm;Y IDPs rsm;tjzpf ykef;atmif;aexdkif=u&ef a&G;cs,f =uonf? odk@aomfrsm;aomtm;jzifh zgyGef®r@ESifheD;eD;em;em;/ vrf;rsm;ESifh rvSrf;rurf; aexdkif =uaom &Gmol&Gmom;rsm;rSmrl etzppftpdk;&wyfrsm;tm; a&Smif&Sm;I r&Edkifaom a=umifh ‚wdk@ae+rJae&mYyif etzwyfrsm;. teD;uyfapmifh=unfhr_atmufwGif aexdkif =u&onf? zgyGefc±dkif ta&S@ydkif;a'otwGif; rlv 1995-ckESpfrwdkifrSDu aus;&Gm (85)&Gm&Sd+yD;/ ,ckqdkv#if Ta'otwGif; vltpkta0; (60)pkr#om usefawmhonf? Ttpkta0; rsm;teuf tdrfaxmifpk (9&3)/ vlOD;a& (5574)a,muf&Sdonfh vltpkta0; (40)rSm jynfwGif;'kuQonf IDPs rsm;jzpf=uonf? useftpkta0; (20)rSm etzppfwyf. xdef;csKyfr_ atmufwGif&Sdonfh aus;&Gmrsm;jzpf=uonf? Taus;&Gmrsm;teuf a&$@ajymif;ae&mcsxm;onfh acgyl (zgyGef®r@teD;)/ oD;rlxm (oHvGifjrpfurf;ab;)ESifh azgxg (zgyGef®r@. ta&SŒawmift&yf aus;&Gm(3)&Gm yg0ifonf? tpkta0;aus;&Gm(20). tdrfaxmifpkrSm (523)pk&Sd+yD;/ vlOD;a& pkpkaygif;rSm (2822 )OD;&Sdonf? ,if;a=umifh zgyGef 62 u&ifjrpfacsmif;rsm;apmifh=unfhavhvma&;tzGJŒ

No Holidays for the Burmese
Flow - Burmese - IUCN
The Progestogen IUD Factsheet - in Burmese
Burmese Language - RITELL
The Contraceptive Implant Factsheet - in Burmese
A Burmese Enchantment - Khamkoo
Burmese Sketches - Khamkoo
Burmese - the NSW Multicultural Health Communication Service
Burmese in CZ_Novak - Österreichisches Rotes Kreuz
Carbon footprints of Burmese teak versus Kebony Maple
A Burmese wonderland; a tale of travel in Lower and ... - Khamkoo
Lustig, Friedrich V. Burmese classical poems
SMALL DAMS
Indo-Burmese forests (PDF, 695 KB) - BirdLife International
59E59 BURMESE DAYS EBILL - 59E59 Theaters
DAM Catalogue6
Sand Dams
Conduits through Embankment Dams - Association of State Dam ...
Burmese - the NSW Multicultural Health Communication Service