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Noor Abid_2016-02-19

4.3 Qi (energy) flow in

4.3 Qi (energy) flow in the environment and site selection Building interior environments can be either healing or harmful to human’s health. It is important to realise that delivering the right energy (Qi) type into our interior is a key towards ‘healing atmospheres’. Fung- Shui explains that we need to understand the ‘Three powers’ of “Qi” in order to work with them and not against them when designing our buildings, and these include: -Heavenly Qi: Energy coming down from heaven which influences earth changes, such as weather and time. 84 - Earthly Qi: Earth reaction to heaven Qi, affecting mountains, rivers, and topography formation. 85 Invisible Qi however, involves both; Heaven and earth energy forces, that become integrated within the building once it’s constructed. This Qi can be accurately measured and therefore helping architects to make the right assumptions about the delivered energy and the level of comfort of each building during the early design stage. Site, on the other hand, becomes another factor that can either deliver a beneficial or harmful Qi, as it has the ability to allow and block Qi. An ideal building- site relationship (as suggested by Shui) is when the building takes ‘the arm chair position’ with a mountain or a building behind it at a reasonable distance (for security), and with low height buildings on each side (also at a reasonable distance), as well as facing good views. 88 - Human Qi: The personal life force of people, influenced by elements such as, culture, family history and education. Physical body is regarded as being made from earthly Qi, with a lot more complexity when compared with a physical object. 86 Visible and Invisible Qi: 87 Visible Qi is the type of energy force that can be predicted from the way tangible objects are placed around us. For instance, when looking at a T shaped road with a building on its end, we can tell that this building is going to receive a strong Qi coming from the long street. 84 Simona F. Manini, Feng Shui for Architecture (USA: Xlibris, 2004), 70 85 Ibid, 71,72 86 Ibid, 72 87 Ibid, 73,74 Figure 4.3 site building relationship as suggested by Feng- Shui By author modified from simona page 85 88 Judith Wendell, “Incorporating Feng Shui principals into building design,” Real Estate Weekly, May 16, 2007, 30 18

5.0 Precedents Study 5.1 Therme Vals, Switzerland, Peter Zumthor, 1996 -Sensory experience and self-mindfulness “Good architecture should receive the human visitor, should enable him to experience it and live in it, but should not constantly talk at him” 89 Self-mindfulness is developed through the control of light, and the use of masses, as they are organized in a way that provides expansion and compression to human’s body (experienced with movement). Hearing sense develops once peoples’ ears engage with the sound of water, footsteps, and voices. Touch is encouraged with the contrast of textures (human’s smooth skin against the building’s rough stone).The sense of smell, however, experiences the humid air first which then develops into a floral scent as moving towards the floral pool. Figure 5.1 Therme Vals exterior Additionally, the variation in pools’ temperatures and types add to the sensual experience value, as they continuously stimulate distinct feelings. Figure 5.2 Temperature gradient 89 Dean Hawkes, The Environmental Imagination: Technics and Poetics of the Architectural Environment (USA: Taylor and Francis, 2008), 215 Figure 5.3 body-form relationships 19

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