AN ABSTRACT IN ENGLISH
Family - Childhood - School
Erna will be 2 weeks before
Christmas on December 12th
1922 in "Senne II" (today
"Bielefeld-Sennestadt") - near
the Station "Kracks" - born.
She is the 11th and youngest
The Kronshage family lives and
works on a farm in the Senne
countryside between Bielefeld
and Paderborn - Germany.
The father works half day as a
carpenter in a factory.
This is the farmhouse,
in the Erna Kronshage
and later works.
This is how the house looks
On this family photo of
about 1930 you can see
Erna as 2nd from the left
As the youngest and
smallest in the family
Erna is "educated" by her
Erna is the "nest-hook"
and will surely spoiled ...
Erna is a good
Learning is fun.
This is how it looks
in 1935 in a
Work as a "house-daughter"
After school, Erna works as a
"house-daughter" at home on the
"House-daughter" was then an
activity for young women - up to
their own wedding.
Erna now has to work alone with
her parents on the farm.
The brothers become soldiers
because the war has begun - and
the older sisters now have their
She must reap potatoes.
And washes in the fountain
behind the house.
Suddenly, in the spring of 1940, the war
reached the Senne.
A lonely English pilot throws his bombs on a
large stately farm just 100 meters from Erna.
Erna is shocked because a neighbor of the
same age dies.
From the large family
Kronshage with the 10
siblings becomes a small
family, because Erna now
lives alone with the parents
She feels lonely.
She is longing for friends of
the same age with whom
she can chat.
Her parents are over forty
years older than she is.
For her alone the work is
She wants to go on holiday
Transfer to "Heilanstalt" Gütersloh
In October 1942, however, Erna Kronshage refused her
cooperation on the farm.
She curses with the parents and has no desire. She wants to
recover, because she feels ashamed of the heavy work.
Erna's mother must now report this sudden refusal to work
at a farmers' farm - this "blue-making" - a community nurse
- a so-called "Brown NS sister".
The "Brown Sister" ensures that Erna has to go
to a medical examination in the health office.
Here, Erna herself asks the doctor to come to
the Heilanstalt to Gütersloh to recover there
again in order to be able to work again.
A sister of Ernas had been briefly treated
there. She had recovered well after a
breakdown in 4 weeks there.
Erna also wanted to do the same to get fit
again - and she also wants to be treated
against the will of her parents.
The Gütersloh "Heilanstalt" was at that time a
"health factory" - consisting of several hospitals and
homes - with well over 1000 mentally disturbed
Nazi doctors and nurses have the say.
There are separate areas of women and men.
In Gütersloh the doctors perform an initial examination
Erna is excited. Such a situation makes them afraid.
But the Nazi doctors judge Erna's refusal to work on the
farm and their behavioral disorder as a severe mental
disorder called "schizophrenia."
• In this disorder reality, dream or imagination can no
longer be distinguished. Everything flows into one
• The real or imaginary experiences are scattered in a
schizophrenia as in many small pieces.
• Often you hear voices or even commands - but no one
actually speaks, and these are fantasies.
Erna is divided into a potato peeling group and
a working group in horticulture - she already
knows her from home.
In addition to the employment offer, artificially
epileptic convulsions are triggered to the
internal stress relief in people with
This is done with the "cardiacol", which is
injected into the arm flexion.
Afterwards, Erna feels completely dull and
confused and can hardly remember anything.
At the beginning of 1943, the director
of the Heilanstalt in Gütersloh applied
for a "sterility" according to the
"Hereditary Health Law", since
"schizophrenia" was then called
The father, however, submits several
But Erna Kronshage became "sterile"
after the decision of the Hereditary
Health Court in Hamm on 4 August
1943 in Gütersloh.
Due to an intervention in the
abdomen, Erna can no longer become
pregnant and does not get any
Deportation to the
"Heilanstalt" Tiegenhof near Gnesen
in the German occupied Poland
Emotionally disturbed people are "useless eaters" for the Nazis, who only
cost money - but bring nothing.
From 1939, Hitler had "ordered a brief trial" with them that these people
should be killed.
He pretends her death is best for her.
According to questionnaires, the people are selected for such a murder:
This includes 3 things:
• Who is the patient?
• How strong is the disease or disability?
• Can and will he work?
These murders are called "euthanasia" - the word comes from the Greek -
which means "beautiful death" in German.
In Gütersloh, patients are now
named who are now surplus
because their beds are needed
for war bombs:
Erna Kronshage is with 99 copatients
and has to leave
On 12.11.1943 she goes into a
special train over Hanover and
Berlin to the "Heilanstalt"
Tiegenhof - 630 km away -
near the city of Gnesen in
Gnesen – Poland
Original name before the
• Aerial photo of the
• Main house on a
jubilee book from
• Typical patient
pavilion in Dziekanka
Patients arriving in
treated with a killing
recipe from fat-free
foods with the help
of sleeping pills.
Erna Kronshage was killed on 20 February 1944 in Tiegenhof / Gnesen.
From the day of the arrival of Gütersloh to her death in the Tiegenhof it takes exactly 100 days ...
At the request of the parents the body Erna
Kronshages is moved to Senne II.
For this purpose, the coffin is approached 600
kilometers in a pack wagon of the Reichsbahn to
the shunting tracks of the station "Kracks".
The family secretly opens the coffin and notes
that no traces of violence are visible on the
On March 5, 1944, Erna Kronshage was buried in
the old cemetery in Senne II, today Sennestadt,
in the family grave.
Text of the newspaper's mourning reminder: far away from home suddenly and unexpectedly after a long, serious illness, our dear daughter, sister, sister-in-law, aunt,
cousin, and niece -ERNA- died at the age of twenty-two. Adolf Kronshage and Ms Anna, née Kleinebekel, are all deeply saddened by this. Senne II, Sende, Schildesche,
Elbing and in the field, in March 1944. Burial 5 March, in the afternoon 3 pm, from the funeral home, Senne II 6.
On 6 December 2012 a
"Stolperstein" is placed near the
birthplace of Erna Kronshage.
In the "Room of Names" the 1017
victims, who were sent from here to
the killing institutes, are thought of
in the hospital chapel in Gütersloh.
ERNA – Wikipedia (german)
ERNA – IN MEMORIAM (german)
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