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Skyler Wild - Final Chemistry Notebook

Table I Heats of

Table I Heats of Reaction at 101.3 kPa and 298 K Reaction ΔH (kJ)* CH 4 (g) + 2O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) + 2H 2 O() –890.4 C 3 H 8 (g) + 5O 2 (g) 3CO 2 (g) + 4H 2 O() –2219.2 2C 8 H 18 () + 25O 2 (g) 16CO 2 (g) + 18H 2 O() –10943 2CH 3 OH() + 3O 2 (g) 2CO 2 (g) + 4H 2 O() –1452 C 2 H 5 OH() + 3O 2 (g) 2CO 2 (g) + 3H 2 O() –1367 C 6 H 12 O 6 (s) + 6O 2 (g) 6CO 2 (g) + 6H 2 O() –2804 2CO(g) + O 2 (g) 2CO 2 (g) –566.0 C(s) + O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) –393.5 4Al(s) + 3O 2 (g) 2Al 2 O 3 (s) –3351 N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2NO(g) +182.6 N 2 (g) + 2O 2 (g) 2NO 2 (g) +66.4 2H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2H 2 O(g) –483.6 2H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2H 2 O() –571.6 N 2 (g) + 3H 2 (g) 2NH 3 (g) –91.8 2C(s) + 3H 2 (g) C 2 H 6 (g) –84.0 2C(s) + 2H 2 (g) C 2 H 4 (g) +52.4 2C(s) + H 2 (g) C 2 H 2 (g) +227.4 H 2 (g) + I 2 (g) 2HI(g) +53.0 KNO 3 (s) H 2 O K + (aq) + NO 3 – (aq) +34.89 NaOH(s) H 2 O Na + (aq) + OH – (aq) –44.51 NH 4 Cl(s) H 2 O NH 4 + (aq) + Cl – (aq) +14.78 NH 4 NO 3 (s) H 2 O NH 4 + (aq) + NO 3 – (aq) +25.69 NaCl(s) H 2 O Na + (aq) + Cl – (aq) +3.88 LiBr(s) H 2 O Li + (aq) + Br – (aq) –48.83 H + (aq) + OH – (aq) H 2 O() –55.8 *The ΔH values are based on molar quantities represented in the equations. A minus sign indicates an exothermic reaction. Most Active Least Active Table J Activity Series** Metals Nonmetals Most Active Li Rb K Cs Ba Sr Ca Na Mg Al Ti Mn Zn Cr Fe Co Ni Sn Pb H 2 Cu Ag Au F 2 Cl 2 Br 2 I 2 **Activity Series is based on the hydrogen standard. H 2 is not a metal. Least Active R5

Table K Common Acids Table N Selected Radioisotopes HCl(aq) Formula HNO 2 (aq) HNO 3 (aq) H 2 SO 3 (aq) H 2 SO 4 (aq) H 3 PO 4 (aq) H 2 CO 3 (aq) or CO 2 (aq) CH 3 COOH(aq) or HC 2 H 3 O 2 (aq) Name hydrochloric acid nitrous acid nitric acid sulfurous acid sulfuric acid phosphoric acid carbonic acid ethanoic acid (acetic acid) Nuclide Half-Life Decay Mode Nuclide Name 198 Au 2.695 d β – gold-198 14 C 5715 y β – carbon-14 37 Ca 182 ms β + calcium-37 60 Co 5.271 y β – cobalt-60 137 Cs 30.2 y β – cesium-137 53 Fe 8.51 min β + iron-53 220 Fr 27.4 s α francium-220 3 H 12.31 y β – hydrogen-3 131 I 8.021 d β – iodine-131 37 K 1.23 s β + potassium-37 42 K 12.36 h β – potassium-42 Table L Common Bases 85 Kr 10.73 y β – krypton-85 16 N 7.13 s β – nitrogen-16 Formula NaOH(aq) KOH(aq) Ca(OH) 2 (aq) NH 3 (aq) Name sodium hydroxide potassium hydroxide calcium hydroxide aqueous ammonia 19 Ne 17.22 s β + neon-19 32 P 14.28 d β – phosphorus-32 239 Pu 2.410 × 10 4 y α plutonium-239 226 Ra 1599 y α radium-226 222 Rn 3.823 d α radon-222 90 Sr 29.1 y β – strontium-90 Table M Common Acid–Base Indicators Approximate Indicator pH Range Color for Color Change Change methyl orange 3.1–4.4 red to yellow bromthymol blue 6.0–7.6 yellow to blue phenolphthalein 8–9 colorless to pink litmus 4.5–8.3 red to blue bromcresol green 3.8–5.4 yellow to blue thymol blue 8.0–9.6 yellow to blue 99 Tc 2.13 × 10 5 y β – technetium-99 232 Th 1.40 × 10 10 y α thorium-232 233 U 1.592 × 10 5 y α uranium-233 235 U 7.04 × 10 8 y α uranium-235 238 U 4.47 × 10 9 y α uranium-238 Source: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91 st ed., 2010–2011, CRC Press Source: The Merck Index, 14 th ed., 2006, Merck Publishing Group R6

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    38

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    The Learning Goal for this assignme

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    In the space below, write the unabb

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    Skyler Wild Name __________________

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    The Learning Goal for this Assignme

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    Atomic Size Define Atomic Size: The

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    Define Electronegativity: Electrone

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    Learning Goal for this section: Exp

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    Beta Particle Decay Beta decay is a

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    Inside the sun, fusion reactions ta

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    58 Chapter 7 Unit 3 Ionic and Metal

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    The Learning Goal for this assignme

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    Ion Charge? What is the charge on f

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    Here are some examples for you: Zn

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    The Learning Goal for this assignme

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    C 2 H 6 O Ethanol CH 3 CH 2 O Step

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    Name Formula Charge Dichromate Cr

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    Name Skyler Wild Date Example: Xeno

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    Trioxygen Chemical Name O 3 Chemica

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    Phosphorus Pentafluoride Chemical N

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    78 Finding Bond Angles, Shapes, and

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    case, we count two things stuck to

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    Unit 4 Chapter 22 Hydrocarbon Compo

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    84 https://www.bbc.co.uk/education/

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    Introduction to Organic Chemistry T

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    Carbon Prefix Alkane Name Chemical

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    Unit 5 Chapter 10 Chemical Quantiti

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    Learning Goal for this section: Des

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    Example: Converting between mass an

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    The Learning Goal for this assignme

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    Step 5 Balance the hydrogen atoms n

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    6) ___ 1 Mn(NO2)2 + ___ 1 BeCl2 __

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    The Learning Goal for this assignme

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    Single Disp ----------> A+BC x BOTH

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    Stoichiometry and Balanced Equation

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    Step 1: 200g C3H8 is equal to 4.54

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    Stoichiometry and balanced equation

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    Discussion Due to chemical equilibr

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    Stoichiometry Skyler Wild Molecu

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    Unit 6 Chapter 13 States of Matter

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    Name: Skyler W. Name: Jahrew P. Gra

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    Lesson #2: A Model for Liquids: Ess

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    The Learning Goal for this is: Stud

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    Then substitute them into the const

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    P1V1 = P2V2 T1 It is important to n

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    132 Unit 7 Chapter 16 Solutions The

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    The Time-Temperature Graph We are g

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    Step Two: solid ice melts Now, we c

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    Step Four: liquid water boils Now,

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    144 The following table summarizes

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    The Learning Goal for this assignme

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    Phase Diagram Information on a Phas

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    Heating Curve Information on a Phas

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    Unit 8 Chapter 19 Acid and Bases Th

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    The Learning Goal for this section

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    This would be a generic base: XOH -

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    HCl + H2O ⇌ H3O + + Cl¯ HCl - th

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    Several categories of substances ca

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    1. 2.82 2. 8.30 3. 0.00 4. 3.485 5.

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    The Learning Goal for this assignme

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    2. What is the oxidation number of

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    One point of concern: notice that e

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