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Codex

Codex

Narrative and Ritual in

Narrative and Ritual in the Codex Borgia A structural analysis of pages 29 to 46 of this Postclassic Mexican manuscript Samantha Gerritse Course: RMA thesis, 1046WTY, final draft Student number: 0814121 Supervisor: Prof. Dr. M.E.R.G.N. Jansen Specialization: Religion and Society Institution: Faculty of Archaeology Place and date: Delft, June 2013

Contents. Acknowledgements p. 5 I. 1. Introduction p. 6 1.1 General research problem p. 6 1.2 The Codex Borgia p. 7 1.3 Problems with pages 29 to 46 of the Codex Borgia p. 10 1.2 Research aims and questions p. 11 2. Mesoamerican Religion p. 13 2.1 Worldview p. 13 2.2 Calendars p. 17 2.3 Priests and public rituals p. 19 2.4 Divination p. 21 3. Theoretical Framework p. 24 3.1 Interpretation by analogy p. 24 3.2 Interpretation by narratology p. 27 4. Methodology p. 32 4.1 Analysis of the interpretations p. 32 4.2 Analysis through narratology p. 33 II. 5. Iconographical interpretations of pages 29 to 46 p. 36 5.1 An overview p. 36 5.1.1 Fábrega (1899) p. 38 5.1.2 Seler (1906; 1963) p. 41 5.1.3 Milbrath (1989) p. 49 5.1.4 Nowotny (1961; 1976; 2005) p. 55 5.1.5 Anders, Jansen, and Reyes García (1993a) p. 61 5.1.6 Byland (1993) p. 70 5.1.7 Boone (2007) p. 75 3 | Contents

  • Page 1: Narrative and Ritual in the Codex B
  • Page 5 and 6: Acknowledgements. I am grateful to
  • Page 7 and 8: order to be able to say something a
  • Page 9 and 10: the regions where they were encount
  • Page 11 and 12: their contents is agreed upon. A cl
  • Page 13 and 14: 2. Mesoamerican religion Before I s
  • Page 15 and 16: natural forces can be merged, and t
  • Page 17 and 18: 2.2 Calendars The various rituals t
  • Page 19 and 20: year-bearer. Due to the conjunction
  • Page 21 and 22: 2.4 Divination Rituals of the priva
  • Page 23 and 24: manuscript. What pages 29 to 46 wer
  • Page 25 and 26: interpretation. However, for pages
  • Page 27 and 28: (from a range of sources), the rela
  • Page 29 and 30: Character-bound focalization can al
  • Page 31 and 32: approaches the matter from another
  • Page 33 and 34: 1. Whether the interpretation is ba
  • Page 35 and 36: of events or separate rituals; or b
  • Page 37 and 38: often represents darkness. Another
  • Page 39 and 40: (months), of which each part is rel
  • Page 41 and 42: 5.1.2 Seler (1906; 1963) Biography
  • Page 43 and 44: identifications are often still use
  • Page 45 and 46: stellar being (Figure 16). Furtherm
  • Page 47 and 48: 37 The celestial temples reappear.
  • Page 49 and 50: 5.1.3 Milbrath (1989) Biography Sus
  • Page 51 and 52: All in all, Milbrath’s way of wor
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    Milbrath argues that four of the ei

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    5.1.4 Nowotny (1961; 1976; 2005) Bi

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    new way of reading of the pages. He

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    figures emerge. The Tezcatlipoca fi

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    5.1.5 Anders, Jansen, and Reyes Gar

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    information gathered especially fro

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    Priest (papa mayor) (Figure 29) (An

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    force of Xipe Totec is made into a

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    Lords. The Lords give the sacred el

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    incorporate this in their research

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    Borgia depicted on page 41, the oth

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    5.1.7 Boone (2007) Biography Elizab

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    Red celestial temples, and then nar

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    43 In the House of Sun and Maize is

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    (Batalla Rosado 2008, 409). The big

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    5.2 Discussion of interpretation pr

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    characters, Seler does not only see

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    would be better if Milbrath could s

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    perform the same act (for example t

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    explanatory. Therefore, overall, th

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    Figure 44. Indication of dates of a

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    on page 32: here the Tezcatlipocas

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    kept many of their traditions, stor

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    possible in order to get to the dee

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    mostly at the overall structure of

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    6.1.1 Time For the aspect of time,

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    For what could be said thus far, th

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    place within them seem not to be re

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    cases the temple is characterized b

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    On the right we again see a watery

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    events. When a theme for each event

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    depicted each time. Besides this, t

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    (Figure 60), who is also depicted a

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    instead of the Black Quetzalcoatl,

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    cases, be performed in another stat

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    Nowotny and Anders, Jansen, and Rey

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    have a relation with creator gods.

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    ituals that a king-to-be had to und

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    narrative structure we must be able

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    insights could be gained by looking

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    Mesoamerican ontology, as working f

  • Page 135 and 136:

    Personal homepage E.H. Boone: tulan

  • Page 137 and 138:

    Bal, M., 2009. Narratology. Introdu

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    Jansen, M.E.R.G.N., and G.A. Pérez

  • Page 141 and 142:

    Reyes García, L., 1990. El anillo

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    List of Figures, Tables, and Append

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    Figure 27: Temple of Heaven in the

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    Figure 54: Fire Serpent symbol in t

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    Appendix 1: . Codex Borgia pages 29

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    Page 46 150 | Appendix 1

  • Page 153 and 154:

    Page 44 152 | Appendix 1

  • Page 155 and 156:

    Page 42 154 | Appendix 1

  • Page 157 and 158:

    Page 40 156 | Appendix 1

  • Page 159 and 160:

    Cover 158 | Appendix 1

  • Page 161 and 162:

    Page 37 160 | Appendix 1

  • Page 163 and 164:

    Page 35 162 | Appendix 1

  • Page 165 and 166:

    Page 33 164 | Appendix 1

  • Page 167 and 168:

    Page 31 166 | Appendix 1

  • Page 169 and 170:

    Page 29 168 | Appendix 1

  • Page 171 and 172:

    Cipactonal: the woman of the first

  • Page 173 and 174:

    Tlaloc: the god of rain and lightni

  • Page 175 and 176:

    Appendix 3: 260-day calendar divide

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