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JUNE 7, 2018 ISSUE No. 35 (1167)

Tel.: +38(044) 303-96-19,

fax: +38(044) 303-94-20

е-mail: time@day.kiev.ua;

http://www.day.kiev.ua

REUTERS photo

VADYM SVYRYDENKO WON BRONZE IN THE INDOOR ROWING AT THE INVICTUS GAMES 2017 IN TORONTO. IT WAS THE FIRST TIME A UKRAINIAN TEAM TOOK PART IN THE COMPETITIONS FOUNDED

BY PRINCE HARRY, WINNING 14 MEDALS. “WHEN PRINCE HARRY CAME UP TO US, HE SAID THE UKRAINIAN TEAM WAS FANTASTIC AND AMAZING,” SVYRYDENKO RECALLS

HOW TO BECOME “UNDEFEATED”

Vadym Svyrydenko speaks of rehabilitation through sport and veterans’ movement in Ukraine

Continued on pages 4, 5

Swedish

approach

to sustainable

development

Part I. Energy

and waste

Continued on page 2

Photo by Alla DUBROVYK-ROKHOVA, The Day

The objective: to destroy

Ukraine...

An Austrian

journalist

infuriated Putin

and made him

tell the truth.

Will they hear

it in Europe?

Continued on page 5

Sketch by Viktor BOGORAD


2

No.35 JUNE 7, 2018

DAY AFTER DAY

WWW.DAY.KIEV.UA

By Alla DUBROVYK-ROKHOVA, The Day

The world is supposed to overcome

hunger, poverty, violence, and

waste in 12 years. New York

City hosted a UN summit, September

25-27, 2015, convened as

a high-level plenary meeting of the

General Assembly, where 193 countries,

including Ukraine, adopted the

post-2015 development agenda and

determined 17 ambitious Sustainable

Development Goals (see Footnote), to

come into effect on January 1, 2016.

If all goes according to plan, these

193 countries – and, ideally, the rest of

the world – will turn into a man-centric

paradise. At present, it is obvious that

the Scandinavian countries, particularly

Sweden, are closer to it than the rest.

Sweden, like Ukraine, is a participant

in the United Nations Global Initiative

on Sustainable Development.

Within the framework of this

project, Ukraine’s UNDP organized

a five-day educational

visit to Sweden for

local administrative and central

government officials, members

of parliament and representatives

of specialized associations from

small towns, energy efficient cities,

and united territorial communities.

The Day’s reporter was among the visitors

and also carefully studied the

Swedish approach to sustainable development

and its specifics. Special emphasis

was placed on what Ukraine

could borrow from this experience today,

particularly in terms of energy independence

and waste management.

Sweden doesn’t buy a single cubic

meter of natural gas from its closest

neighbor, Norway, with its rich energy

resources. The oil crisis of 1973 taught

a lesson several Swedish generations

would remember: it’s best to rely on one’s

own resources and stay out of debt and

anyone else’s influence. Swedes are actively

working on finding alternative solutions

to domestic problems.

Sweden sustained a serious crisis

after oil prices soared in the 1970s and

currently receives almost all its electricity

from nuclear and hydropower

plants. Its public transport mostly uses

organic fuel. There are 2,057 hydropower

plants that supply 40 percent

of the energy required. The rest

is provided by nuclear power plants

and imported coal.

Its ambitious goal is to become

100 percent free of fossil fuel by 2040.

There is a special committee made up

of industrialists, academicians, farmers,

car manufacturers, government officials,

and experts. It is tasked with

working out reforms in the world’s first

oil-free economy, in a country with a population

of 10 million.

Swedes want thus to secure themselves

against possible cataclysms

when climate change ruins other

economies or lack of oil causes another

price jump on the world market.

A Swedish government official said:

“We want to get morally and technically

prepared for a world without oil. Our

plan is a response to global climate

change, increasing oil prices, and warnings

by experts that world oil resources

will start getting depleted soon.”

● WASTE DISPOSAL

Swedes are environmentally conscious,

relying on global estimates. Henrik

Selin, deputy director of the Swedish

Institute, a government organization

tasked with promoting Sweden internationally,

explains that environmental

aspirations and innovative ideas help his

country’s economic growth: “The more

greenery, the more well-being; this has

been proven by practice.” He cites statistics:

Sweden lowered greenhouse gas

emissions by 22 percent in 1990-2013

while increasing GDP by 58 percent. Environmental

dedication stimulates the

development of new technologies and the

output of goods for export with a high

added value. This is what secures economic

growth.

“We invented the zipper, heart rate

meter, and Skype. We’ve always been

fond of innovative ideas,” adds

Part I.

Energy

and waste

The first Swedish waste incineration plant was built in 1904.

Today, there are 32 such modern facilities that provide heating

for over 810,000 households and 250,000 private homes.

Mr. Selin. He is sure the reason is that

Swedes are taught to be creative from

childhood.

Lagom is a Swedish word you won’t

find it in any other language. It serves

to describe the entire Swedish nation. It

means just right, just enough, moderately.

Swedes build their daily life lagom,

without antics and excesses, but in a convenient

and comfortable manner. They

never heap their plates with food, but

will have several helpings if they feel like

it. They will never buy another car if they

don’t need it, even if they can easily afford

an expensive fashionable model.

Their home interiors are modest and

practical. This is what lagom and the

Swedish nation are all about. Swedes are

economic, practical, and very environmentally

minded. Come to think of it,

lagom means an ideal balance in one’s

life, when one can act naturally, without

exerting any extra efforts.

Jealous care of the environment is

one of the clauses of the Swedish code

of ethics. They want their environment

kept really clean, so it can be enjoyed

by the current and subsequent

generations. One could call them treehuggers,

but only in the good sense.

Proof of this is their waste disposal

program known as Pant. People are

paid for submitting sorted out waste

like plastic and glass bottles, whereas

in many countries sorting out waste is

regarded as an entertainment of sorts.

This Scandinavian approach appears

to be effective, considering that in

2012 almost 90 percent of aluminum

cans and polyethylene bottles were recycled

by waste disposal plants. Today,

only one percent of solid household

Photo by the author

Swedish approach

to sustainable development

FOOTNOTE

waste is transferred to landfill sites. In

some Swedish towns this waste is converted

into biofuel for cars.

Waste disposal techniques are interesting,

with newspapers converted into

paper, plastic containers into raw

materials for other plastic products,

food waste into biogas or soil (after a sophisticated

chemical treatment). Buses

and garbage trucks are usually propelled

by converted electricity or biogas. Wastewater

is purified so it becomes drinking

water. Special trucks ride up and down

city streets, collecting dumped household

electronic devices and hazardous waste

(chemicals and medical drugs).

● HOMES HEATED BY HUMAN

WARMTH, GARBAGE,

AND THE INTERNET

You won’t see a single home in

Sweden with as little as a crack in the

wall or plaster peeling off, let alone in

a state of disrepair. Most houses are

energy passive, heated by the incineration

of waste.

Since over 40 percent of all electricity

is consumed by heating and service

industries, low energy houses are one

way to decrease this consumption. They

are also known as energy passive houses

because they consume energy they already

have, like the warmth of the human

body, household electric appliances,

fixtures, and sunlight. Such

houses have been built across Sweden, including

Stockholm, Goteborg, Vasteras,

and Helsingborg. The first Nordic Ecolabel

36-apartment building appeared in

Stockholm in the spring of 2011. It

emits half the amount of carbon dioxide

compared to a conventional structure.

There are homes heated by the Internet

in Stockholm. The enterprising

Swedes realized that the World Wide

Web is more than cyberspace, that it is

a multitude of hardware, that the images

they see on their PC screens are provided

by a great many servers, most of

which are located at huge warehouses or

data centers. The heat emanated by these

servers keep homes warm in Stockholm.

Servers are kept in cool, dry tiled

rooms free of dust. These tiles can be removed

to reveal a multitude of cables.

These rooms contain thousands of computers

working round the clock seven

days a week, carrying out various tasks.

Air conditioners and ventilation systems

maintain the required temperature.

More often than not, the excessive heat

is removed from the premises and wasted.

However, heat is energy and Swedes

decided to use it in central heating.

In Stockholm, this project is

known as Stockholm Data Parks and is

implemented in collaboration with the

municipal authorities, Forum Varme,

and other companies. It was recently

joined by Ericsson and H&M data processing

centers.

This is how it works in most cases in

Stockholm. Cold water is pumped to a data

processing center where it is used to

keep the temperature low. The water gets

hot by keeping the air cool and is then

used to keep Forum premises warm. By

the end of 2018, Stockholm data centers

are expected to get enough heat to keep

2,500 apartments warm. By 2035, they

expect to secure 10 percent of heating

supply by using this technology.

According to Swedish data centers,

20,000 modern apartments need

only 10 MW, whereas a standard Facebook

data center consumes 120 MW.

***

The Swedish experience is unique.

However, a number of solutions to

problems are being implemented in

Ukraine. For instance, solid household

waste and biomass are being used in

central heating, adequate forest management

practiced, innovative businesses

supported, and even electric

highways built like those in Sandviken.

P.S.: The Editors would like to

express their gratitude to Ukraine’s

UNDP for offering an opportunity to

share the Swedish SDG experience

with the readers.

17 SUSTAINABLE

DEVELOPMENT GOALS

Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms

everywhere.

Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security

and improved nutrition and

promote sustainable agriculture.

Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote

well-being for all at all ages.

Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable

quality education and promote

lifelong learning opportunities

for all.

Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower

all women and girls.

Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable

management of water and

sanitation for all.

Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable,

sustainable, and modern

energy for all.

Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and

sustainable economic growth,

full and productive employment

and decent work for all.

Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure,

promote inclusive and sustainable

industrialization and foster

innovation.

Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and

among countries.

Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements

inclusive, safe, resilient,

and sustainable.

Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption

and production patterns.

Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat

climate change and its impacts.

Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use

the oceans, seas, and marine resources

for sustainable development.

Goal 15. Protect, restore, and promote

sustainable use of terrestrial

ecosystems, sustainably manage

forests, combat desertification,

and halt and reverse

land degradation and halt biodiversity

loss.

Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive

societies for sustainable

development, provide access to

justice for all and build effective,

accountable, and inclusive

institutions at all levels.

Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation

and revitalize the

Global Partnership for Sustainable

Development.


WWW.DAY.KIEV.UA

DAY AFTER DAY No.35 JUNE 7, 2018 3

By Boris SOKOLOV

Many in Russia regard the

approaching FIFA World

Cup as a disaster. With

reason as the Russian

authorities have decided

to do even better than their Soviet

predecessors who ordered Moscow,

Kyiv, Leningrad and other cities that

hosted the 1980 Summer Games

purged of all “suspect” and

“unwanted” elements. At the time,

dissidents, pickpockets and panhandlers,

prostitutes (except for those

under KGB control, meant to service

foreigners), beggars, and persons

with a criminal record were expelled

from these cities and kept away from

them for the summer. It was done so

the guests from abroad could see no

“birthmarks” of socialism, considering

that Soviet propaganda had

been assuring one and all that there

was no crime or prostitution in the

USSR, and that those few who voiced

their opposition to the regime were

mental cases.

In June 1977, the 11th Department

was attached to the Fifth Directorate

of the KGB. It was tasked with

“Chekist operations aimed at frustrating

subversive enemy actions and

[neutralizing] hostile elements during

the preparations for, and the

holding of, the Summer Games in

Moscow.” In fact, after the US, most

other Western countries, and a number

of Muslim states declared they

would boycott the Moscow Olympics

because of the Soviet invasion of

Afghanistan, the Chekists were happy

they would have less work to do.

Most children who lived in Moscow,

where the largest number of foreign

guests would gather, were sent to

Young Pioneers summer camps lest

they meet with foreigners and expose

themselves to the West’s pernicious

influence, asking for chewing gum

and ballpoint pens. Many residents

who weren’t dissidents and had no

criminal record were advised to spend

vacations somewhere away from

Moscow. Employers and managers of

industrial enterprises and various of-

Mundial 2018

Sketch by Andrii YERMOLENKO

fices and institutions willingly let

them go, following instructions from

“upstairs.”

As a result, the population of

Moscow was reduced several times

for the duration of the Games and the

Holiday

for some,

mop-up for

others

residents of suburbs had a hard time

getting to town as the number of

commuter buses and trains was also

reduced. This and imported foodstuffs

supplied to the retail network

(some of them never seen or tasted

before and then long after the

Games – at the time oil prices

were high and the State Treasury

kept receiving petrodollars)

alleviated the shortage

of provisions and

long lines in

Moscow just before

and during

the Olympics.

The authorities

didn’t want the

guests from abroad to

see any of this, lest they

call in question the well-being

of the Soviet people living under

a planned socialist economy.

Moscow residents would fondly refer

to the Games as “our yummy lie.”

Today, preparing for the FIFA

World Cup, the Russian authorities

have apparently borrowed much from

their Soviet counterparts’ experience.

For example, high school students in

Moscow and other host cities will be

encouraged to spend the period in

summer camps, away from town.

Those who stay will have a fifth school

term to keep them off the street. This

time it is not to protect them against

the West’s pernicious influence, but

for fear that the anti-government opposition

will try to stage anti-Putin

rallies in Moscow and other host cities

during the tournament. These rallies

are known to have actively involved

college and senior high school students

in the past.

Security arrangements are unprecedented

even compared with Soviet

times. So many threats, indeed!

Russian and foreign soccer fans (especially

guests from the UK). The Russian

police and FSB brass must be rubbing

their hands, smiling over the fact

that the Italian national team couldn’t

make it, so there will be no savage

tifosi. However, there are other problems,

considering that Russia has

many serious issues with the rest of

the world. There are likely to be

protest rallies against Russia’s aggression

against Ukraine and Syria,

demanding that Oleh Sentsov, currently

on termless hunger strike, and

other Ukrainian prisoners of the

Kremlin be released, pickets condemning

the Kremlin’s support of Assad,

the poisoning of the Skripals,

persecution of LGBT people, restrictions

on political rights and freedoms,

you name it. Also, ISIS and Al Qaeda

terrorists may well penetrate Moscow

under the guise of soccer fans. Russian

labor unions are threatening rallies

of protest against the State Duma’s

bill to prolong pension age.

In view of this, harsh restrictions

have been imposed on all rallies and

demonstrations. They will remain in

effect from the beginning of June until

the World Cup’s visitors leave the

Russian capital. One-man pickets are

actually banned, each requiring government

approval like all mass pickets

and rallies. This has never been practiced

and obviously runs counter to

the law, but law has long lost its meaning

for the Russian authorities. Formally,

this authorization is something

like event activity coordination, but

the fact remains that such events have

long been banned in downtown

Moscow. At best, they are allowed in

the outskirts. It will be also there that

soccer fans will be allowed to gather

and enjoy themselves. The idea of

turning part of the Moscow University

campus in Lenin Hills into a fan

zone leaves most university students

and lecturers anything but happy.

They are afraid that fans will damage

the environment, historic sites, and

university facilities. Also, a number

of students will have to finish the academic

year ahead of schedule and

leave their dorms to make room for security

forces that will be brought to

Moscow.

Several students have been arrested

by the police while taking exams,

on charges of “vandalism” – after

leaving the inscription “No To Fan

Zone!” in red on an advertising table.

The damage is assessed at 65,000

rubles (sic). And this is just the beginning.

There is no telling what will

happen toward the end of the tournament

when passions will be at a boiling

point.

Boris Sokolov is a Moscow-based

professor

By Ihor SIUNDIUKOV, The Day

Dialog or an act of intellectual capitulation?

On May 23-26, 2018, the

College of Bernardins in

Paris hosted a meeting of

highly regarded humanities

scholars, educational and

public figures from Ukraine (historian

Borys Gudziak, philosophers Heorhii

Kovalenko and Kostiantyn Sihov,

historian Oleh Turii, theologian

Yevstratii Zoria), Russia (cultural

scholar Nikolay Epplee, historians

Andrei Zubov, Irina Karatsuba, Nikita

Petrov, poet Olga Sedakova), and

France/the EU (historians Antoine

Arjakovsky, Corinne de France, Cecile

Vaissier, philosopher Wojciech Surowka,

comparative philologist Tatiana

Victorova). More details on the meeting

can be found at www.radiosvoboda.org.

The declared goal of the communicative

event was “to start a dialog on the

future reconciliation and development

of stable good-neighborly relations

between the two nations of Ukraine

and Russia.”

Our reader will probably say that

such statements are today utopian declarations

at best. And one must admit

that there are some reasons for such assessments.

At the same time, other

factors deserve to be mentioned as

well. The willingness to call things by

their right names should be the first

step on this long and thorny path. This

is really important. And the appeal of

the meeting’s participants, signed by

all three parties, reads: “We believe

that the occupation and subsequent illegal

annexation of Crimea by Russia

and the initiation by Russia of an

armed conflict in the Donbas are violations

of international and bilateral

treaties and the territorial integrity of

Ukraine. The end of the war and the

restoration of Ukraine’s sovereignty

throughout its territory is a prerequisite

for peace.” As we see, the formula

of “Russian aggression” is absent

here, and yet...

The participants of the meeting

identified the “general principles and

values on which our dialog is based: the

parties should be equal partners respecting

the state sovereignty and the

principle of the inviolability of borders

in Europe, the rule of law, the freedom

of conscience and dignity of each person.”

Scholars from Ukraine, the EU,

and Russia declared, in particular: “We

want to develop a new approach to the

study of historical facts offering a narrative

of the events which should be as

unbiased and scholarly valid as possible,

while leaving room for different interpretations

of historical facts...”

These intentions are generally laudable.

At the same time, I would like to

make a few remarks. Firstly, the Russian

participants in the dialog, with all

due respect for their courageous position,

have quite limited opportunities for

influencing the political situation. Secondly,

it is noteworthy that the Ukrainian

side was represented by very highly

regarded experts, but mostly belonging

to a particular discipline, namely religious

and confessional history. Were

“secular” humanities scholars to join

them, it would have strengthened dialog!

Thirdly, we would like to see more specific

statements, especially regarding the

“periodization of the national consciousness

formation of the Ukrainians

and Russians,” which was approved

during the meeting, still reflecting the

influence of myths about the “common

history.” However, we will believe that

the first step has been made! It is merely

the first one, though.

Historians from Ukraine, Russia,

and France state that it is necessary

to bring the war in eastern Ukraine to an end

CAIN AND ABEL: BROTHERS FOREVER

Sketch by Viktor BOGORAD

■ COMMENTARY

Heorhii KOVALENKO, rector, Open Orthodox

University of Saint Sophia the Wisdom:

“It is necessary to pay attention to what sociologists

call ‘the other Russia.’ These are not the

people who now form the government of the

Russian Federation, and not the people who support

that government. If you read the text of the

final document of a meeting involving intellectuals

from Russia, Ukraine, France and other European

countries, then you will see that it calls

things by their right names. The war is called a

war, and occupation is called occupation. The document

also mentions the need for equality-based

relations, and hence respect for the territorial integrity

and sovereignty of Ukraine. These are the

basic positions on which a dialog with us can be

built. I would remind you that European countries

were the initiators of this meeting.

“We may well fail to understand everything

at once, and it may seem to us that the present situation

between Germany and France is not that

similar to ours. However, several centuries of war

preceded a successful dialog between these countries

which started in the 20th century. And this

dialog between them started, oddly enough, in

1932. That is, even before World War II, historians

from France and Germany began to try to

write a common history together, featuring a common

view of the two nations’ historical events.

This process was completed only in the 1960s.

They showed us in France a joint German-French

history textbook which was issued in 2006. There

is also some experience of dialog between Germany

and Poland. The dialog process in the Balkans is

still going on.

“That is, this process can be quite lengthy.

But if we want not just another truce, but a true

peace, then we have to start a dialog. Today’s war

uses the images and myths of the past. We need

to ‘de-mine’ our history. And we discuss peace not

with those who want to kill us, but with that stratum

of Russian society that opposes it.”

Interviewed by Valentyn TORBA, The Day


4

No.35 JUNE 7, 2018

TOPIC OF THE DAY

WWW.DAY.KIEV.UA

By Maria PROKOPENKO, The Day

Vadym Svyrydenko and I are speaking

at the Soccer Federation of Ukraine.

He has just come back from a

workout at Bannikov Stadium. This

stadium hosted Invictus Cup soccer

matches a week ago. Wounded war veterans

from various regions took part in this

tournament held on Vadym’s initiative. For

Svyrydenko, who has been the president’s

authorized representative for rehabilitation

of the wounded, shell-shocked, crippled or

otherwise injured ATO participants for

almost 18 months, the development of

veterans’ sport is a top priority.

Vadym’s story is quite well known. Mobilized

in August 2014, he served as a medic at

the 128th Independent Mountain Assault

Brigade of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. He

was wounded in February 2015 in a battle near

Debaltseve, when Balu checkpoint soldiers

were trying to break out of encirclement. The

evacuation team came under terrorists’ fire,

the surviving soldiers got on an Ural truck,

but the latter hit a mine. Vadym was in hiding

for three days in a 20-degree frost without

eating. Three of his comrades froze to death,

and he was severely frostbitten. “DNR” militants

took him prisoner on February 20.

He was given first aid in Donetsk and

then turned over to the Ukrainian

side as a seriously wounded one.

Vadym had his hands and feet

amputated in a Kyiv burn

center. But he learned to

use US-made prosthetic

feet and hands.

Vadym is also known for

many victories in international

competitions. He twice participated

in the Washington Marine Corps

Marathon and won a prize in 2016. In September

2017 he won bronze in indoor rowing

at the Invictus Games, an international competition

for the wounded, injured or sick

armed forces personnel and their associated

veterans. “I was going to win silver, but the

prosthesis came unfastened and fell out,”

Vadym says smiling.

It was the first time Ukraine took part in

this competition organized by Prince Harry.

It was held in Toronto, and 15 Ukrainian competitors

won as many as 14 medals. The world

media were awash with the photograph of

Harry with Ukrainian athletes. Den’s editorin-chief

Larysa Ivshyna commented on this as

follows: “Prince Harry of the Windsors and

the Invictus of the Monomakhs.”

We in fact began the conversation with the

Invictus Games. We also talked about rehabilitation

of the military in Ukraine and the

US and about what we have already learned in

this field.

● “PRINCE HARRY IS A MODEL

OF HUMANITY, NOBLENESS,

AND CONCERN”

“The Invictus Games is also a rehabilitation

of sorts,” Vadym says. “It is an international

competition in six sports, where competitors

are divided into categories, depending

on their capabilities. Each can choose up

to three sports. The main aim is to show not so

much the result as your undefeatableness –

you have overpowered yourself and live a fullfledged

life.

“Don’t forget that Prince Harry, who organized

the Invictus Games, is a military himself

and was once wounded. He saw other

wounded guys. Sport means rejuvenation, so

why not launch an international project, when

the military from various countries come together

and encourage one another, and states

then chart new programs? It is a wonderful

event, and we should develop this kind of national

projects.”

Incidentally, did you watch the wedding

of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle?

“I surely did. I am not indifferent to his

destiny because he has really changed our life.

And it is very important to me what his further

life will be like, whether or not the Invictus

Games will continue. So we watched and

kept track of it – it is an interesting worldwide

event. It is an example of humanity, nobleness,

and concern, when one wishes to do

public good on the global level.”

● “COMPETITIONS KEEP OUR SPORT

PROSTHETICS GOING AHEAD”

In addition to the Invictus Games, you

took part in the Marine Corps Marathon…

“Yes, twice.”

Was it easier to run the marathon for a

second time?

“Our goal was to run 10 kilometers. We

were to show Ukraine from the best side. So

we were to run all the 10 kilometers and clock

the best time. It was pleasant to run. It was a

very great event: veterans and relatives of the

power lifting and athletics. This is being done

to make a major high-quality project and hold

veterans’ competitions in various sports.

These are some of the rehabilitation trends the

president of Ukraine supports.”

Could you single out the sports that are

used more often for rehabilitation?

“Today, veterans go in for such team

sports as soccer, sitting volleyball, and

wheelchair basketball, and individual

sports, such as archery, indoor rowing, and

shot put. There are a lot of sports, and no

barriers should be set up. There is no such

word as ‘no’ in US rehabilitation centers. If

an ex-soldier comes and says: ‘I did it and I

want it,’ the American rehabilitator answers:

‘OK.’ They never turn down a redead

came there; it is remembrance. When

you run wearing a T-shirt that reads ‘Ukrainian

Army,’ everybody can see that you represent

this very army, and there’s a war going

on in Ukraine now, there are veterans, wounded,

and killed in action. When people see this,

they come up to and thank you for fighting for

your homeland.

“These competitions keep our sport prosthetics

going ahead – funds have been allotted

for this at last. Together with the Ministry of

Social Polices, we have drawn up some legislative

acts, and guys can procure sport prostheses

at the state’s expense now.”

How could the games influence prosthetic

development?

“You see, there are a lot of guys who

need artificial limbs, which gave impetus to

ordinary prosthetics. But nobody cared

about sport prosthetics. A couple of years

ago, when we came back from the US, we

showed prostheses of this kind. Volunteers

began purchasing them for the boys, and we

began participating in marathons both

abroad and in Ukraine. For example, our

Yevhen Koval organizes Games of Heroes

CrossFit competitions. Ordinary prostheses

cannot withstand this load. That’s why

sport prostheses came on the agenda. But

this required altering the law and teaching

our prosthetists. We received prosthetists

from the Netherlands and from Ottobock

[well-known German firm. – Author]. They

are holding now seminars for our prosthetists.

The Ministry of Social Policies has

already allotted funds for sport prostheses

to be made at the state’s expense. But it took

several years to do this job.

“We’ve take a step forward in the development

of the veterans’ movement. The boys

who were wounded and have to use artificial

limbs and wheelchairs are the undefeated, for

they want to live, go in for sport, and work.

And sport is a motive force of this all.

“In my opinion, as I myself underwent rehabilitation

and actively practice sport today,

sport is the most effective thing for the boys

who were wounded and want to go on living

actively. They thus rejuvenate both physically

and mentally.”

● “IN THE U.S. REHABILITATORS NEVER

TURN DOWN A REQUEST”

Veterans’ competitions are also emerging

in Ukraine. You mentioned the Games of Heroes

and Strength of the Nation. Is this

enough?

“There is also the national stage of the Invictus

Games, and we want to expand soccer

competitions. We will hold a regatta on June 9

and are planning to hold a marathon in

Ukraine, are keen on developing wheelchair

hockey and establishing the National Council

for Sport Rehabilitation of Ukraine’s Defenders.

This nongovernmental league is the

pipeline now. It will unite the associations of

various summer and winter sports, including

How to become “undefeated”

Photo by Artem SLIPACHUK, The Day

Vadym

Svyrydenko

speaks of rehabilitation

through sport and veterans’

movement

in Ukraine

quest. Maybe, we can do it immediately or

maybe, we will think it over and do it some

time later. In the US, an all-out effort is

made to rehabilitate a person for a fullfledged

life, for the family.”

● “WE SHOULD OPEN REHABILITATION

INSTITUTIONS FOR ALL”

I read in one of your interviews that

things were different in Ukraine at least a

couple of years ago. When you came to an

American hospital, you were surprised because

they asked you to put on the prosthesis

by yourself, which you were not taught to do

in Ukraine.

“When artificial hands were made for me in

Ukraine, nobody told me how to use them. It is

a major drawback. Artificial limbs are made,

but too few therapists and rehabilitators can

teach you how to use them. When I came to the

US, I showed my prostheses. They told me to

take them off. I did it. Then they say: ‘Put them

on.’ But I don’t know how. They showed me,

and I learned to do it in three minutes. It is the

job of rehabilitators called occupational thera-


WWW.DAY.KIEV.UA

py. There is also physical therapy. These specialists

study for several years on the basis

of a special curriculum, it costs a pretty penny,

but the system works and develops.

“I don’t think we need to invent something

new – we just should put the world’s

achievements into practice. This is of benefit

not only to ATO fighters, but also to

other people who met with an accident or

suffer from certain diseases. Every hospital

must have a rehabilitation division.

“In general, we need centers of comprehensive

and psychological rehabilitation –

one has already opened in Klevan, Rivne

oblast. The state invested about 25 million

hryvnias in it, and it works effectively. It

is colossal work which produces a positive

effect for the boys, for they can see the result

of rehabilitation.

“There is a small rehabilitation center

for people with amputations in Irpen. But

it also caters to the military, while it’s necessary

to establish this kind of institutions

for all. The process is underway, albeit at a

slow pace. A lot of agencies are dealing

with this, but you can’t possibly train a rehabilitator

overnight. Yet people come to

us from abroad, we go abroad to study, and

we are creating a new system of training.”

● “REGIONAL CHIEFS MUST CREATE

CONDITIONS FOR VETERANS’

SPORT”

You have been the president’s authorized

representative for rehabilitation of

ATO veterans for almost 18 months. What

do you think are your main achievements

in this period?

“Firstly, the law on the rehabilitation

of ATO veterans is in the offing. We can’t

develop rehabilitation without this because

all protocols are to be signed. The bill will

go through parliament, there will be

changes and amendments, but the document

is basically ready. The establishment

of a rehabilitation center in Klevan is not

an achievement of our office only – a lot of

agencies worked on this. The Irpen center’s

construction is underway.

“Incidentally, there is a presidential decree

on rehabilitation through sport. All

regional chiefs must create conditions for

ATO veterans – with or without serious

wounds – to train and rehabilitate. The

idea is to set up gyms and swimming pools

and attract coaches and specialists.”

As for coaches, they also need special

skills to take into account psychological

moments, etc. Do you have professional

trainers?

“They really need special skills. Last

year, when we were training for the Invictus

Games, I and other guys wore artificial

limbs, and trainers were a bit afraid of us

at first. They were concerned about how to

train us, read a lot, and were learning. This

produced a result.”

● “PRACTICE SHOWS THAT A

SPECIAL MINISTRY IS TO DEAL

WITH VETERANS’ PROBLEMS”

It is planned to establish a ministry for

veterans’ affairs in 2019. Are you involved

in this process?

“This matter is being coordinated in the

parliamentary committee for veterans.

They hold panel discussions, frame concepts

and a strategic plan. I hope this ministry

will appear in 2019, which will enable

us to help veterans more effectively in legal,

medical, and sport-related issues.

“There are over a million veterans in

Ukraine today. Among them are participants

in not only the ATO, but also in the

Afghan and other wars. Practice shows that

a special ministry is to deal with their problems.

We examined the American, Canadian,

and Croatian experience. For example, the

Croats established a ministry for veterans’ affairs

several years after the end of the war [the

Croatian war was over in 1995. – Author]. At

that time, helping veterans posed an acute

problem, and there were a lot of suicides.”

Read more on our website

TOPIC OF THE DAY No.35 JUNE 7, 2018 5

The objective: to destroy Ukraine...

By Natalia PUSHKARUK, The Day

On the eve of his visit to Vienna,

Russian President Vladimir Putin

gave an interview to the Austrian

ORF channel on June 5, during

which he answered a number of

questions, some of them concerning Ukraine.

In response to a remark by the anchor

Armin Wolf that after the release of the conclusions

of the Joint Investigation Team, nobody

believed anymore the Russian Federation’s

denials of involvement in the downing

of the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 over

Ukraine, Putin complained that Russian experts

were denied access to the investigation.

As for the annexation of Crimea, the leader of

the Russian Federation said that, in his opinion,

“there are no such conditions and there

can never be” under which the peninsula

would return to Ukraine. He once again repeated

that Crimea “gained independence

through the free will of the Crimeans expressed

in an open referendum, not as a result

of an invasion by Russian forces.” When the

anchor said that “there is no one who would

recognize that vote, there is no one who would

recognize the annexation,” Putin replied:

“Your arguments sound completely unconvincing,

because no one has to recognize the

will of citizens residing in a certain area.” In

general, Putin gave a detailed account during

this conversation of how the occupation of

Crimea had been taking place. As for

Ukraine’s NATO aspirations, the Russian

president noted that this was not the only

problem, recalling the language law as well

and adding that it was important for Russia

that no military installations appear on the

territory of Ukraine that could threaten the

security of his country. It is worth noting that

Putin’s interlocutor Wolf argued his rather

uncomfortable questions to Putin in a quite

professional manner, as indicated by the

leader of the Russian Federation’s irritated

response: “If you do not like my answers, then

do not ask me questions.”

Putin’s visit to Vienna prompted sharp

criticism of the Austrian government within

the country over its actions that undermine

the united European stance on Russia. The

protesting bodies have included the NEOS

party and the human rights organizations Forum

for Religious Freedom Europe and Human

Rights without Frontiers, Die Presse

writes. In addition, another concerning development

was Austrian vice-chancellor Heinz-

Christian Strache’s call on the eve of the visit

for lifting sanctions imposed on the Russian

Federation, as he argued that they hurt the

Austrian economy.

● “RUSSIA IS TRYING TO SPLIT THE EU

THROUGH ITS PROPAGANDA,

MONEY, BRIBERY”

The Day asked director of the Institute for

Foreign Policy Studies Hryhorii PEREPE-

LYTSIA what conclusion should be drawn

from the statements of the Russian president,

and why Austria, against the background of a

consolidated position of the West with regard

to Russia, still invited Putin to visit.

“The ultimate objective of the war that

Russia has launched against Ukraine is the destruction

of Ukraine as a state. Putin mentioned

several issues related to that.

“For example, he recalled history and said

that ideologues of Ukrainian independence,

whom he considers nationalists, stated the

need to establish a sovereign state which

would be independent of Russia as early as in

the 19th century, but at the same time, many

of them spoke about the need to maintain good

relations with Russia. In this context, the

Russian president calls into question the very

need for the existence of a Ukrainian state independent

of Russia by quoting Ukrainian nationalists

who are considered fascists in Russia.

Under what conditions can we establish

good relations with Russia? Of course, it will

An Austrian journalist infuriated Putin and made

him tell the truth. Will they hear it in Europe?

be when the Ukrainian state will be formed on

a federal basis. He stresses the same idea, only

repackaging it so that it is attractive to the

Western world, and especially to Austria:

whatever happens, Russia must dominate in

this region and determine itself what form of

government should Ukraine have – federal,

confederal, or as part of Russia.

“He then spoke about the conditions for

ending the conflict: it will happen if we accept

the terms of the so-called Russian World, that

is, if the Ukrainians come back to that entity,

because the recently passed language law is

discriminatory, it violates the right of ethnic

minorities to use other languages. That is,

Putin does not recognize the fact of the existence

of the Ukrainian language as a national

one, but considers it as a factor of hostility to

Russia. Thus, the Russian president denies us

national identity and culture.

“It is all subordinated to the main objectives

of the Russian war on Ukraine: the destruction

of Ukraine as an independent sovereign

state and the prevention of a revival of

the Ukrainian national identity, formation of

the Ukrainians as a nation. He then comes

back to the claim that ‘we are all Russians,

full stop.’ This is a diplomatic formulation of

the Russian war objectives.

“Interestingly, when asked by the journalist

whether Russia would be satisfied if

Ukraine declared itself neutral and abandoned

its NATO aspirations, Putin’s answer was:

‘This is one of the problems, but not the only

one.’ Russia’s problem is that Ukraine is an

independent and sovereign state and that the

Ukrainians are becoming a full-fledged European

nation.”

The Austrian government was criticized

over Putin’s visit. Why did this visit become

possible at all?

“The pro-Russian sentiment prevails in

Austria. This country is politically oriented towards

liberal views and social democracy, socialists

have always been popular there. Accordingly,

they are committed to partnership

and close ties with Russia. Even the statement

of the vice chancellor that it is time to lift sanctions

imposed on Russia is very telling in itself.

“Russia is trying to split the EU with its

money, bribery, funding of right-wing and

left-wing radical parties and political forces,

and total propaganda which is very skillfully

tailored to the sentiments of European countries’

populations. Russia is engaged in a

strong but, unfortunately, successful subversive

effort, aimed at changing the very sentiments

of a given population. For example,

many supporters of the so-called Russian

World in the Netherlands or Austria see in

Russia an alternative development path for

Europe. Although they themselves do not visit

Russia and do not see what the real situation

there is, propaganda still does its job.

Thus, Russophile enclaves appear within the

EU, and Austria is one of them. That is why

Putin decided to visit Austria. I think that he

will then go to Greece, Italy – that is, the

countries where the Russocentric sentiment is

very popular both with the population and

with politicians, especially those from populist

parties.”

President of France Emmanuel Macron

visited Russia earlier, and Nord Stream 2 is

being built. Does this indicate that Russia is

succeeding in splitting the West, after all?

“Yes, this is a direct indication that the

Russian hybrid war brings big dividends to

Russia. As a result of such propaganda and

bribing of Western politicians, populists have

entered the Italian parliament; in Germany, a

third of seats in the parliament have been taken

by the pro-Russian party Alternative for

Germany. Angela Merkel’s standing has been

severely undermined, and this explains her

depressed appearance at a meeting with Putin

in Sochi, or at least it was evident at the press

conference. That is, to a large extent, Russia

has succeeded in undermining the Western

world from within. For example, look how

Russia interfered in the US election, thus calling

into question the legitimacy of President

Donald Trump. Since European countries

have mostly parliamentary political systems,

Putin acts through legislative and presidential

elections there. For example, look at

Frank-Walter Steinmeier, whose pro-Russian

sympathies were obvious to everyone, especially

since he belonged to Gerhard Schroeder’s

generation and team, and the latter has

been effectively bought by and is now serving

Russia’s Gazprom. That generation of business-connected

politicians is easily bribed

with Russian money or preferential treatment.

We can also look to other examples, like

Silvio Berlusconi’s party or Marin Le Pen’s

party, which has a significant representation

in the French parliament. In this way, climate

is changing in favor of Russia. Even head of

the European Commission Jean-Claude

Juncker says that it is necessary to lift sanctions

imposed on Russia, to renew the partnership,

to rely on Russia, because it is large,

while Europe is small and has to take into account

the interests of the Russian Federation,

to find a compromise, and the Russian Federation

has its legitimate interests in Ukraine as

well. He hints that Ukraine is a traditional

sphere of influence of Russia and that they

must take that into account.

“All these examples show that Russia is

winning this hybrid war. And one of its objectives

is the destruction of the enemy society

from within. And we are seeing how Russia is

destroying Europe and the EU from within by

changing popular sentiments, changing the

interests of politicians.”

● “WE MUST BECOME STRONG!”

What is the way out of this situation?

How should Ukraine and Europe act to protect

their interests?

“We must become strong! It is necessary to

carry out a firm strength-based policy, just

like Russia does.

“For example, look at the situation with

our prisoners. We catch Russian saboteurs

and spies and then ask Russia when it will like

to take them back. At the same time, Russia

catches our citizens, detains them on totally

fabricated charges, and sentences them to

prison terms of 12 or 20 years, as in the cases

of Roman Sushchenko and Oleh Sentsov.

Which Russian saboteur has been jailed for

20 years? Another example is the situation

with FSB operatives who were detained in

Kherson, with the court ruling that their trespassing

of the Ukrainian border and operations

on our soil amounted to mere hooliganism.

In my opinion, such spies and saboteurs

should be given life sentences, not exchanged.

Then the Russian FSB and Russian saboteurs

would feel less enthusiastic about organizing

terrorist attacks and acts of sabotage. For

now, they perceive Ukraine as their own turf

and operate freely here. Why do we not have a

strict counter-intelligence regime? Why do

our courts, at best, subject saboteurs to house

arrest, and at worst, acquit them outright?

According to the rules applicable in wartime,

the judges themselves should be tried for that

according to the military tribunal rules. Since

such conditions are neither present nor likely

to appear in this country, all our enemies feel

free to act here.”


6

No.35 JUNE 7, 2018

CULT URE

WWW.DAY.KIEV.UA

The lofty and the lowly

The Kyiv History

Museum hosts

Anastasia

Podervianska’s

exhibit

“High-Tech Textile”

By Olesia AVRAMENKO

Photos by Mykola TYMCHENKO, The Day

The exposition shows textile canvases and overcoats

manually embroidered by the artist and designed

together with Lili Bratus. Also on display are brand-name

wigs. Anastasia Podervianska was born to the family of

well-known artists Les Poderviansky and Svitlana

Lopukhova in 1978. This became quite a challenge for the

talented girl. Apparently, children of famous people always

come across the existential problem of feeling their

uncommonness and difference from parents, the choice of their

own way, and the sad necessity of proving that you are not they.

For a famous name only helps in the beginning and then

becomes an obstacle to overcome.

● COLLAGE AS A CONSCIOUS

GAME WITH OBJECTS

Anastasia turned from a fragile

little girl into a no less fragile but, at

the same time, a strong and beautiful

person who perceives the world openly

and reacts to it assertively and creatively

in various situations. She can

enchant you with feminine attractiveness

and artistry by making photo

compositions in the shape of postcards,

express her opinion in a picturesque

and collage-style way about very

intimate and, at the same time, historic

events in the project “Dream of a

Butterfly Heterocera,” or sink deeply

in the rhythms of a locality and “catch

the inimitable rays of sunlight in combination

with color, and feel the emotions

of discovery again” when traveling

across Ukraine (“Mediterranean

Ukraine”). She can also hit back physically

as a daughter of her father (one

of the first kung fu masters in

Ukraine), winning the European traditional

wushu championship in Tbilisi

last year. What an integrative nature,

isn’t it? Now it is clear what brought

about this demeanor, a discreet grace

of movements and unconstrained postures,

a convincing expression, and determination

to blaze her artistic way.

Collage, as a deliberate game with

objects, elements, and senses, has been

accompanying Podervianska in all her

artistic lifetime. This is a provocative

and insidious type of creation, for it

seems to be very simple – just put together

as many elements as possible.

But, by contrast with a homespun

thing, a piece of art conveys not only

the idea, not only the process, but also

the quality of expression and, what is

more, the result that contains an uncommon

integrative image. Podervianska

creates her own cosmos, combining

nontraditional components unexpectedly

but harmoniously. The

combination of elements that differ in

the time and technique of making is so

natural in Podervianska’s compositions

that you can understand the inscrutable

integrity of existence which

can digest and put together foreign

bodies in a new expression. After all,

we have, as usual, a cocktail, a mixture,

a combination of the most unexpected.

But, for some reason, the expressions

and images the artist begets

impress deeply and open up new meanings

to those who can not only look,

but also see and reflect.

● FIGURATIVE PICTURES

The depth of impression and emotional

richness of a work make themselves

felt gradually, for they are

caused by innermost moments and motions

in the “life” of compositions

filled with overt and covert meanings.

The “Country Horror” project displays

extremely sensitively and acutely

the childish, naive, primary, and,

hence, untarnished world-view and

spiritual reactions of an individual

who is not alienated from earth and nature

bodily, spiritually, or mentally.

This quality clearly shows in Heorhii

Bulashev’s incomparable “Ukrainian

People in their Legends, Religious

Views and Faiths” published in 1909.

Podervianska’s original textile “illustrations”

to this book became a mighty

series of valuable pictures that overgrew

the primary source, subtly complementing,

not defying, it. The artist

applied her own technique of collage.

She thinks in terms of art but uses not

so much paints as colored patches, organized

elements of folk embroidery,


WWW.DAY.KIEV.UA

CULT URE No.35 JUNE 7, 2018 7

ornaments of old-time ethnic attire,

hand- or factory-made lacing, and

prints borrowed from modern

clothes or decorative fabrics.

For example, a carpet from the

flea market, a plaid on the home sofa,

or a burlap on the floor of a Hutsul

house easily serve here as the basis

of a picture. Since the Renaissance,

painters have willingly used

imprimatura to reach a harmony of

colors in the future picture. What

serves as imprimatura in Podervianska’s

works is the grounding with an

already marked drawing, colors,

thematic scenes, and texture, which

determines the appeal of the overall

composition and the vibes of spectators’

reactions. Reflecting on every

element or detail, the artist imparts

a new coloring and meaning to it.

The picture thus assumes a general

semantic tonality which is consonant

with the content and emotional

poignancy of the concept.

Collage became especially popular

at the turn of the 21st century

owing, to a large extent, to the information

boom in all the spheres of

human life, excessive production,

and the emergence of new materials

and technologies. This is why collage

as such became extremely multifaceted.

Podervianska continues to follow

the line of semi-archival, semidomestic

collage rich in the layers of

profound meanings, as was once typical

of Sergei Parajanov’s collages.

While some are making showcase

dumps of mass-consumption rags

and speak of environmental danger,

some are putting up decorative billboards,

and some are weaving carpets.

Podervianska is creating figurative

genre pictures.

In each of her works, the young

artist shows the way the canvas

“submerges and surfaces” and invisibly

compels the spectators to follow

all the phases of her discoveries

or probable expressions. This sincere

and perhaps even naive trust in

the spectator helps the artist very

much to open up because it is always

about the innermost. And, to

achieve this, the artist uses a detailed

spiritual narration, rather

than trendy minimalist formulas,

with emphases and certain mystery.

Such nostalgic and heartfelt narratives

for adults, shown in the style

of medieval chronicles or a country

horror novel, may otherwise resemble

the light ironic prose that hides

deep affection for the object (“Overcoat:

a Portrait”).

The objects “Overcoat: a Portrait”

(2017), displayed for the first

time in the White World Gallery,

show the copies of the best-known

works by world-famous celebrities

manually embroidered by Podervianska

on the overcoats designed and

sewn by Lilia Bratus. To make a copy

of a great master for the first time is

apprenticeship, next time it is impertinence,

and later it is deliberate

research and a dialog with the

Teacher, especially if you do this

with different materials, applying

unexpected techniques, taming the

idea and filling it with a new content.

These portraits are no longer just

portraits but a sight for sore eyes, a

talisman for one who wears this apparel,

a piece of exotics, and an extravaganza.

The experience of working

as stage designer, particularly in

making costumes for the grotesque

theatrical productions of her father

Les Poderviansky helps the artist

turn clothes into a piece of art. This

resulted in the collection of a bit

grotesque haute couture. But, to tell

the truth, haute couture models almost

always tend to be grotesque because

they resort to exaggeration in

order to emphasize the idea.

The “New Icon” series (2017),

made in cooperation with Tetiana

Rusetska and displayed at the

Voloshyn Gallery, shows the artist’s

detached and attentive look at the

transformation of the purpose of a

traditional icon in the mind of a contemporary,

when it sometimes turns

from an instrument of religious cult

into just an amulet, a picture, which

an ordinary citizen uses as an ornament,

a part of his humdrum life,

complemented with “non-canonical”

texts and images, comic captions,

and topical thematic lines.

“Adventures in a City” (2018),

displayed for the first time in the

Triptych Art Gallery, is also manually

embroidered on textile. The

combination of elements, surprisingly

heterogeneous in time and

technique, is so natural that you become

aware of the unfathomable value

of existence that can digest foreign

bodies and express them in a

new dimension. As a result, we get a

cocktail, a mixture of the most unexpected

things that impress deeply

and open up new meanings to those

who can not only look, but also see

and reflect. The canvas “Endearments”

on the cover of an album

seems to have been grown out of this

urban saga and prompted the author

to think of a new series of pictures.

The lofty and the lowly, the

naive and the professional, the highly

confidential and the profane –

this strong cocktail of Anastasia

Podervianska’s compositions will, of

course, turn your head on closer examination.

You will get drunk without

wine and walk around crazy of

the surprising feeling that your

heart touched something innermost.

■ The exhibit will remain open

until June 20.

Olesia Avramenko is an art critic

Convert Dnipro into a center

of classical music!

An Austrian businessman initiated

the creation of the Friends of the

Dnipro Philharmonic Society charity

By Vadym RYZHKOV, The Day, Dnipro

Austrian businessman Thomas

Brunner initiated the

creation of the Friends of

the Dnipro Philharmonic

Society charitable project,

which intends to revive the temple of

music. Brunner’s initiative did not

appear by accident, since he has

maintained close links with Ukraine for

a decade and a half. The Austrian

arrived in this country as a

representative of a well-known company.

Later he came to be engaged in

agricultural business. Brunner’s family

acquired a defunct livestock operation

in the Cherkasy oblast, leased land,

bought equipment, and furnished

pigsties with the latest technology.

Brunner patented his method of

producing environmentally clean meat

without the use of antibiotics and

named it Tymoshivka after a Ukrainian

village.

However, the Austrian is engaged

not only in family business in

Ukraine. He met here his “other

half” – the beautiful Olha from

Dnipro. Both Thomas and Olha are big

fans of classical music. Soon after

coming to know each other, the Austrian

businessman invited the girl to a

concert at the Dnipro Philharmonic

and was shocked by the squalor of the

premises. “I grew up in the Austrian

city of Linz and have adored classical

music, which is eternal and very much

liked in Austria, since I was a child,”

Brunner told us. “On visiting the

Dnipropetrovsk Philharmonic for the

first time in 2017, I was fascinated

with amazing music being performed

within its walls and... astonished by

the terrible condition of these walls.”

From that moment on, Thomas was

Photo from the website LATIFUNDIST.COM

fired up by a dream to create the

Friends of the Philharmonic Club,

which would help to enrich this center

of culture and, at the same time, the

whole city. Moreover, he was aware of

such an example. “My hometown of

Linz was an industrial city, similar to

Dnipro, only 40 years ago,” Brunner

recalled. “But the local authorities

dreamed of changing the city’s appearance,

turning it into a cultural

center. It all began with the construction

of a grand concert hall of the philharmonic

on the bank of the Danube.

The Linz Society of Music Lovers was

established that united businessmen

and philanthropists. This society contributed

to the creation of a number of

cultural facilities that influenced the

city’s life. Now Linz is a very beautiful,

comfortable city, one of European

capitals of classical music.” Similarly,

the Austrian businessman dreams of

uniting residents of Dnipro, from ordinary

citizens and businesspeople to

representatives of the regional authorities,

in preserving, reconstructing,

and developing the philharmonic.

In addition, the idea itself of reviving

the Philharmonic was quickly picked

up by residents of the city on social

networks.

The first meeting of philanthropists

and the philharmonic’s team

took place in February this year. It

was then, after the concert of a symphony

orchestra, that they outlined

plans for the future. In the near future,

they intend to restore the old

building of the philharmonic which

turned 100 not a long time ago, enable

musicians to get internships in Austria,

and provide them with official

accommodation. And finally, they aim

to hold Ukraine’s first open-air concert

of classical music, and in the long

run, to establish a large-scale international

festival of classical music in

Dnipro.

Director of the philharmonic Ihor

Khynich is very pleased to have public

support. He recalls his first encounter

with the Austrian businessman.

“When Brunner first came here, to

the philharmonic, he was horrified by

the conditions in which one of the

country’s best orchestras had to perform.

From that very moment, he has

been inspired with the idea of helping

us. Gradually, he managed to create

the Friends of the Philharmonic Club,

which will help transform our culture

center in the future,” Khynich said.

The director agrees that assistance

from philanthropists would help with

many issues. Although, it should be

noted that the regional budget allocates

some money as well. For instance,

it disbursed 23 million hryvnias

for the reconstruction of the philharmonic

in the last two years, according

to the director. It was enough

to fund preparation of a project for

the reconstruction of the facade of the

historic building, and the large concert

hall is to be repaired as well. But

these funds are clearly not enough to

modify the philharmonic as a whole.

“Our building is a nationally significant

monument of architecture, it was

built a century ago as the building of

the Public Assembly at the expense of

philanthropists. And the desire to

unite businesspeople and officials to

promote development of the philharmonic

today is a bridge linking the

past and the present through a philanthropic

tradition,” Khynich believes.

The Austrian businessman himself

says that after the first charity

concert that was held by the Friends

of the Philharmonic Club, it became

clear that there were many like-minded

people in the city who were ready

to unite to promote preservation, reconstruction,

and development of the

philharmonic. “Dnipro is a very large

and rich city. In Europe, classical music

is prominent in such cities. To attain

a deeper understanding of the

challenges in this field, we began to

communicate more with ordinary citizens

as well as conductors and musicians.

Also, we began to exchange

ideas with leaders of cultural life,

philanthropists and businesspeople,

city and regional authorities, discussing

how to support and develop

the cultural center. I would like to

note that during these conversations,

I was very pleasantly surprised at how

many people wanted and were ready

to help us. Now our goal is to bring together

as many like-minded people

from different walks of life as possible,

who understand what good classical

music is and will be able to help it

develop,” he said.

They have chosen two ways of expanding

the circle of philanthropists:

almost everyone can chip in, with minimum

contribution set at 100 dollars

a year for a private individual or

150 dollars for a family couple. For a

large organization, this contribution

should be no less than 5,000 dollars.

On becoming a member of the club,

everyone receives a reward – the right

to attend exclusive concerts, and thus

becomes a participant in the development

of the philharmonic. The society

resolved to attract major sponsors

through advertising. Another option

was proposed by the philharmonic itself

for people who are ready to follow

charity events, buy tickets and attend

concerts. One of such charity concerts,

called the “Revival of the Philharmonic,”

took place just a few days

ago. It allowed the institution to earn

62,000 hryvnias. These funds will be

distributed to cover the immediate

needs – a foyer reconstruction project

and the purchase of a grand piano.


8

No.35 JUNE 7, 2018

TIMEO U T

WWW.DAY.KIEV.UA

Freedom, Georgian and Ukrainian style

BEZO GRIGOLIA, “STAIRS,” 1991

The Kyiv National

Art Gallery displays

Soviet-era nonofficial art

By Hanna PAROVATKINA

Photos by Ruslan KANIUKA, The Day

The exhibit is being held as part

of the Kyiv Art Week. Curators

invited Georgian and Ukrainian

nonconformist artists to take

part in this project. Gela Dumbadze,

Ambassador of Georgia to

Ukraine, is the guest of honor.

It will be recalled that the latest

large-scale exhibit, that of Niko Pirosmani’s

works, was held at the National

Art Museum of Ukraine as far back

as 2006. And now we can meet Georgian

artists again. Two good exhibits

have opened at the National Art

Gallery as part of the Kyiv Art Week,

a festival of contemporary art. One is a

multimedia installation, “After: Museum,”

in a small ground-floor hall.

The other, “To Find and not to Let

Go,” has combined works by Kyivan

and Georgian artists. Curators Maria

Vtorushyna and Nino Chanturia invited

to the international project only

the artistic families that were engaged

in nonconformist and unofficial art in

the former USSR. Freethinkers in the

two Soviet “republics” were victimized

for refusing to obey the state, but

they still stood their ground in art.

In “To Find and not to Let Go,”

Ukraine is represented by the works of

two artistic families: Vladyslav Mamsikov

with Iryna Herasimova and

Volodymyr Melnychenko with Ada

Rybachuk.

Works by Mamsikov, a “living

classic” of Ukraine, who painted in the

style of “tough realism,” are rather

well known (his large-scale solo exhibit

was held in Kyiv a few years ago).

But I am not sure that Herasimova’s

oil paintings have ever been exhibited

at all. She created her works under the

influence of Western avant-garde –

Giorgio de Chirico and Pablo Picasso.

The small size of their canvases shows

that they were intended to be displayed

at unofficial exhibits in residential

apartments. Fantastic, worthy of the

world’s best museums, sculptures by

Melnychenko and Rybachuk, authors

of the famous “Wall of Remembrance”

(incidentally, this Kyiv Art Week

started with the unveiling at Baikove

Cemetery of a fragment of the huge

sculptural composition poured over

with concrete in the 1980s on communist

party bosses’ orders), complete

the exposition of stagnation-era

Ukrainian avant-garde. Even today,

the works of Melnychuk and Rybachuk

create an unbelievable impression.

You feel the same when you examine a

Pinzel. You can also notice the influence

of Ukrainian baroque tradition on

our contemporary sculptors.

“Why have I chosen pictures by

precisely these Georgian artists for

the Kyiv exhibit? Because they are,

first of all, my family. You see, I have

become a curator and broken with the

family tradition,” Nino CHAN-

TURIA, the curator of the exposition’s

Georgian part, said, not without

self-irony, to The Day.

We came to a conclusion that modern-day

Georgia and Ukraine are taking

a very similar attitude to art –

ADA RYBACHUK, VOLODYMYR MELNYCHENKO, “THE KING AND THE JESTER,

AFTER SHAKESPEARE. IN MEMORY OF MEMBERS OF THE ANTIFASCIST

COMMITTEE. ACTORS MIKHOELS AND ZUSKIN”

contemporary art is in vogue in both

countries, especially among young

people. “The first Tbilisi Art Fair, a

biennale and a fair of contemporary

art, has just finished. It was surprisingly

representative and fine,” Nino

said proudly.

As Chanturia and I found out in

the conversation, the impact of Revaz

and Leri Chanturia, Karlo and Bezo

Grigolia on the history of Georgian

contemporary art is as strong as that

of Mamsikov Sr. is on the culture of

today’s Ukraine. Like our living classic,

these Georgian artists need no additional

publicity, for their names

have become a brand, a guarantee of

the highest class in art. Therefore, it

is particularly interesting to compare

the painting and sculpture of Ukrainian

“seventiers” with that of their

Georgian counterparts. While Kyivan

artists deliberately turned to the traditions

of Ukrainian folk painting and

applied some techniques of postwar

Western art, their colleagues in Tbilisi

created non-figurative, symbolic

canvases and sculptures. We can say

that Chanturia and Grigolia became

late-20th-century Georgian cubo-futurists.

The Tiflis-born Vladimir Mayakovsky

and Ilya Zdanevich may have

been painting very similar pictures if

they had lived until the present time.

Meanwhile, sculptors “on the hills of

Georgia” knew very well the names of

Alberto Giacometti and Henry Moore

even in the 1970s. Wood- or stonecarved,

the works of Georgian “living

classics” strike you with inner harmony

and an amazing, surprising sensation

of freedom, which unmistakably

“infects” all those who were lucky to

mingle with intellectuals of Georgia,

the most beautiful (after our Ukraine,

of course!) country. But why only with

intellectuals, after all?

By Svitlana AHREST-KOROTKOVA

Photos by Mykola TYMCHENKO,

The Day

Entering its 47th year, the Kyiv

Molodist International Film

Festival moved to spring, as if

coming back to its origins. Apart

from the choice of season, it

demonstrates its striving for renewal

through ideas, locations, layout of noncompetitive

programs and events. The

latter include educational, commercial,

and cultural programs.

The first gift offered by the cultural

program is a mini-exhibition and the

Black-and-white film

launch of a new book by Oleksandr

Dubovyk, entitled A Bouquet and released

An exhibition has

by Sofia Publishing House. It took place

during a master class created by the Utkin

opened as part of the

couple, which had become a mecca not only

for the Kyivan intelligentsia.

Molodist 2018 Festival.

The hero of the occasion himself, I

mean Dubovyk, is not only a painter known

Oleksandr Dubovyk has

far beyond Ukraine whose works grace the

launched a new book

best museums of the world and private collections

as well as the creator of a mysterious

and polysemantic sign of bouquet, but

also the author of multi-dimensional books

entitled Word and Word-2. The new book

offers an aesthetic reading experience in

the highest sense of the word, which is organically

combined with a philosophical reflection

on the drawings.

The origins of the birth of this strange

book are lost in the mystery of New Year’s

Eve, when Dubovyk received as a gift a

notebook with black pages which was

bound as a book. Armed with a white

marker, it was this book that the artist

filled with reflections, poems, drawings.

Already at the end of January, he showed

this “homemade trifle” to his friends.

They stated in unison, like a chorus, that

it needed to be published! The endeavor was

not easy and not that cheap, not to mention

the complexity of the process itself. However,

could it really stop or

scare away Dubovyk’s muse,

inspiration, and energizer, I

mean his wife Iryna?! Meanwhile,

director general of the

festival Andrii Khalpakhchi

immediately realized how

this book launch would add to

his new concept.

“Life is a sum of moods,”

the artist says, “if something

is perceived as an insight, it

means that reality is inspired.

And to experience time as a

vivid event means to live.

And at the purely spiritual,

human level, we simultaneously

see, hear, perceive, recall,

and think about the future,

and all this is combined

into one block, called ‘the

present.’ However, A Bouquet is a continuous

concept flow, not only a self-sufficient

monad which is ready to explode, similarly

to a bomb, with new knowledge and performances,

and it is contained in itself. The

whole culture is a bouquet, something

that is concentrated in this ‘bomb.’ And

this bouquet, it turns out, is not the only

one of its kind.”

At the book launch, fellow artists,

art critics and journalists, diplomats, the

festival’s international jury and its guests

tried to solve the riddle of the black-andwhite

bouquet. Volodymyr Solianyk created

jazz improvisations that organically

complemented visual perception. And now,

Dubovyk’s book is available for every willing

reader. Believe me, it will fill your life

with new symbolism.

“THE LOVE FOR 12 ORANGES”, 2013

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