June 1 - Going Green


June 1 - Going Green

Cape Fear’s

Going Green

your guide to local eco-friendly resources



Pender County Festival Keeps

Focus Local

Wilmington Earth Day Festival

www.GoinGGreenPublications.com Spring 2011


Douglas Tallamy on

why it matters

Native Azaleas

Photo Contest Winners

Volume 4 Issue 1

Letter from the Editor

I budget just a few dollars every year for new

plants for my yard. A couple years back I was excited

to bring home columbine plants from a big box store:

three full, robust-looking hybrids with blue flowers I

thought would look pretty along my front walk. Later,

at a Hobby Greenhouse Club sale, I bought three

native columbine plants (aquilegia canadensis) and

planted the whole lot in the same bed. Taller and more

delicate, these natives were overshadowed by the

showy blue hybrids.

In autumn I cover all my beds with a mulch of

leaves to protect the plants from winter’s cold and

drought. That next year, the hybrids came out again,

and bloomed, although they remained a rather

stunted little clump all season. The natives reappeared,

a little taller and a little fuller than before. And at their

base I noticed tiny columbines, babies started from

the seeds the mother plants dropped the year before.

This year, the natives are back in full bloom, and not a

trace of the sterile hybrids can be seen.

My corner lot sees a lot of traffic, so I have been

reluctant to invest much in plantings along the

sidewalk strip. Whatever I set out is vulnerable to

being trodden on, driven over, mowed under, or

buried under necessary utility work. But my native

plants, after eons of learning to adapt, have learned to

handle even the roughest handling, and come back

each year even stronger.

So one at a time, instead of buying the showy

hybrid exotics, I have been putting in local plants:

Native columbine blooming in

the author’s yard, April 2011.


butterfly-weed and

American beautyberry,

false indigo, Joe Pye weed,

Echinacea, parsley and

fennel. Not only do they

feed the local bees and

butterflies, come spring

I know they will emerge

from their leafy mulch even

stronger than before. The

native clematis is blooming

now, and I can’t wait to see

my first caterpillar of the


— Valerie L. Robertson



3 A Call for Backyard Biodiversity

8 Your Ecological House

Sustainable Forestry—Ancient Oaks and Green Homes

9 Wilmington Tree Awards

10 It Starts With Me

11 Earth Day 2011—Local Celebrations

11 90 Days to Earth Day

12 Earth Day Guide: Pender County Earth Day at Poplar Grove

13 Earth Day Guide: Wilmington Earth Day Festival

at Hugh MacRae

15 Wild Bird & Garden Nature Photo Contest Winners

16 Andy Wood— The Naturalist’s Corner: Simple Questions,

One Simple Answer: We Need to Pick Up After Ourselves

17 Portrait of an Artist: Charlie Rawls

18 Food & Business News

22 On the Road

❧ ❧ ❧

Front Cover: A native azalea (Rhododenron canescens) in full bloom attracts

a Tiger Swallowtail butterfly to a Wilmington yard. One of this plant’s common

names is Southern Pinxterbloom.

Photo by Cary Paynter

Cape Fear’s Going Green is a quarterly publication promoting eco-friendly

resources and lifestyles in the Lower Cape Fear River Basin.

Publisher & Editor in Chief: Valerie Robertson

Sister City: Eugene, Oregon (Voted “Greenest City” 2006 by The Green Guide)

Eugene Contributing Editor: Mary Robertson

Advisors & Editorial Contributors: Gene Ayscue, Michelle Bridges, Jennifer

Butler, Nicole Carpenter, Shannon Culpepper, Frank Headley, Mitzy

Jonkheer, the Kuuskoski family, Adeline Robertson, Douglas Tallamy, Philip

S. Wenz, Charley Winterbauer, Andy Wood.

Cape Fear’s Going Green

Going Green Publications

P. O. Box 3164

Wilmington, NC 28406

(910) 547-4390


Cape Fear’s Going Green is available by subscription or on our Web site.

Print copies are available at more than sixty area eco-friendly businesses

and locations, including:

Angela’s Pepper-Pickled Foods, B + O Design Studio, Old

Growth Riverwood, Pomegranate Books, Port City Java,

Progressive Gardens, Sambuca, Sapona Green Building Center,

Tidal Creek Co-op, UNCW, WHQR, and the Shelton Herb Farm

booth at area farmers’ markets.

Editorial: If you have story ideas or calendar items to suggest, email us at

editor@goinggreenpublications.com, or call (910) 547-4390.

Advertising information: Email ads@goinggreenpublications.com.

Cape Fear’s Going Green is distributed free through Brunswick, Columbus,

New Hanover, Onslow, and Pender counties. If you have a business and

would like to receive multiple copies for the public to pick up, please

contact us.


A Call for Backyard Biodiversity

Acclaimed author and ecologist Douglas

Tallamy explains the reasons behind the

decline of native flora and fauna, and

how we can work to reverse it from our

own backyards.

by Douglas Tallamy

You have probably never thought

of your property as a wildlife preserve

representing the last chance we have to

sustain plants and animals that were once

common throughout the U.S. But that is

exactly the role our suburban and urban

landscapes are now playing—and will play

even more in the near future.

If this is news to you, it’s not your fault.

We were taught from childhood that the

plantings in our yards are made mostly

for beauty; they allow and encourage us

to express our artistic talents, to have fun,

and to relax. And whether we like it or not,

the way we landscape our properties is

seen by our neighbors as a statement of

our wealth and social status.

But no one has taught us that we have

forced the plants and animals that evolved

in North America (our nation’s biodiversity)

photo by Cary Paynter

In addition to serving as nectar plants to feed butterflies and moths, this

Coastal or Dwarf Azalea (Rhododendron antlanticum) is a host plant for

the Azalea Sphinx Moth. Because butterflies and moths are very limited in

which plants their caterpillars can eat, planting larval plants is even more

important than planting nectar plants.


to depend more and more on humandominated

landscapes for their continued

existence. We have always thought that

biodiversity was “happy somewhere out

there in nature”: in our local woodlot,

or perhaps our state and national parks.

We have heard nothing about the rate

at which species are disappearing from

our neighborhoods, towns, counties, and

states. Even worse, we have never been

taught how vital biodiversity is for our

own well-being.

We Have Taken It All

The population of the U.S., now over

304 million people, has doubled since

most of us were kids, and continues to

grow by roughly 8,640 people per day. All

of those additional souls—coupled with

cheap gas, our love affair with the car, and

our quest to own ever larger homes—

have fueled unprecedented development

that continues to sprawl over 2 million

additional acres per year (the size of

Yellowstone National Park). We have connected

all of our developments with four

million miles of roads; their paved surface

is five times the size of New Jersey.

Somewhere along the way we de-

cided to convert the forests that used

to cover our living

and working spaces

into huge expanses

of lawn dotted with

a few small, mostly

nonnative trees. So

far we have planted

over 62,500 square

miles—some 40

million acres—in lawn.

Each weekend we

mow an area eight

times the size of New

Jersey to within an

inch of the soil and

then congratulate

ourselves on a job well


And it’s not as if

those little woodlots

and “open spaces” that

we have not paved

photo by Douglas Tallamy

The native Alternate Leaf Dogwood is able to provide

nourishment and habitat to many insect and

bird species, such as the kingbird above.

over are pristine. Nearly all are secondgrowth

forests that have been thoroughly

invaded by alien plants like autumn olive,

multiflora rose, bush honeysuckle, privet,

Oriental bittersweet, buckthorn, and

Japanese honeysuckle. More than 3,400

species of alien plants have invaded over

200 million acres of the U.S.

To nature lovers, these are horrifying

statistics. I stress them so that we can

clearly understand the challenge before

us. We have turned 54 percent of the lower

48 states into a suburban/urban matrix,

and 41 percent more into various forms of

agriculture. That’s right: We humans have

taken 95 percent of nature and made it


But does this matter? Are there

consequences to turning so much land

into the parklike settings humans enjoy?

Absolutely, both for biodiversity and for

us. Our fellow creatures need food and

shelter to survive and reproduce, and

in too many places we have eliminated

both. State Natural Heritage Centers have

estimated that as many as 33,000 species

of plants and animals in the U.S are now

imperiled—too rare to perform their role

in their ecosystem. These species can

be considered functionally extinct. The

songbirds that brighten spring mornings

have been in decline since the 1960s,

having lost 40 percent of their numbers so

far. One hundred twenty-seven species of

(continued on page 4)


A Call for Backyard Diversity – continued

What to Plant Where

Certain native staples are essential to any

forest restoration within the suburban/urban


• New England: Sugar maple, white pine,

and paper birch

• Mid-Atlantic: White oak, American

beech, river birch, and red maple

• Midwest: Bur oak, honeylocust, and


• Deep South: Live oak, loblolly pine, and


• Northwest: Douglas-fir, yellow cedar,

and beaked hazelnut

However, diversity is the real key to restoring

native plant communities.

In New England, for example, consider

replacing Norway spruce with Atlantic white

cedar, or northern white cedar underplanted

with native hawthorns and alternate-leaf

dogwood. These plants produce abundant

bird food in the form of insects and berries.

In mid-Atlantic states, sycamore is valuable

in riparian restorations and biological corridors

through suburban backyards, despite

its susceptibility to early season anthracnose.

Also consider one of the hickories

- shagbark for rich, welldrained soils, and

pignut, shellbark, or mockernut for upland

plantings. The conifer conundrum in the

mid-Atlantic states can usually be solved

with eastern redcedar, a wonderful evergreen

that can be an accent plant anchoring

a suburban home, an effective, fast-growing

screen, or a formal alley bordering a long


Midwest oak-savannah ecosystems can

benefit from adding understory plantings of

bottlebrush buckeye, rough dogwood, pawpaw,

and wafer ash. Wafer ash, incidentally,

is the primary host for the giant swallowtail

butterfly, while pawpaw is the sole host for

zebra swallowtails. And disease-resistant

American elms are now available for urban

restorations east of the Mississippi.

In the Deep South and Southeast, sourwood,

the southern sugar maple, and water

oak are valuable additions to native plant

communities, as well as abundant groupings

of native azaleas like pinxterbloom,

flame, and pinkshell azaleas. We hope that

we can soon liberally plant disease-resistant

American chestnuts in the piedmont and

mountainous regions of the South as well.

In drier areas of the Pacific Northwest,

consider adding Garry oak and western

hemlock to street and riparian plantings,

underplanted with Pacific dogwood, blue

elderberry, and moosewood viburnum

when appropriate.


neotropical migrants are in steep decline.

In fact, a survey of our nation’s bird populations,

commissioned by former President

Bush, has found that one-third of our

nation’s birds are endangered.

Why We Need Biodiversity

For most of us, hearing such numbers

triggers only a passing sadness; few

people feel personally threatened by the

loss of biodiversity. Here’s why you should.

Biodiversity losses are a clear sign that our

own life-support systems are failing. The

ecosystems that support us—that determine

the carrying capacity of the earth

and our local spaces—are run by biodiversity.

It is biodiversity that generates

oxygen and cleans water, creates topsoil

out of rock, buffers extreme weather

events like droughts and floods, pollinates

our crops, and recycles the mountains of

garbage we create every day.

And now, with human-induced climate

change threatening the planet, it is biodiversity

that, if given half a chance, will suck

that carbon out of the air and sequester

it in living plants. Humans cannot live as

if they are the only species on this planet.

Why? Because it is other species that create

the ecosystem services that are so essential

to us. Every time we force a species

to extinction, we are encouraging our own

demise. Despite the disdain with which we

have treated it in the past, biodiversity is

not optional.



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Parks Are Not Enough

I am often asked why the habitats we

have preserved within our park system

are not enough to save most species from

extinction. Years of research by evolutionary

biologists have shown that the area

required to sustain biodiversity is pretty

much the same as the area required to

generate it in the first place. The consequence

of this simple relationship is

profound. Since we have taken 95 percent

of the U.S. from nature, we can expect to

lose 95 percent of the species that once

lived here unless we learn how to share

our living, working, and agricultural spaces

with biodiversity. Ninety-five percent of all

plants and animals! Now there is a statistic

that puts climate-change predictions of

extinction to shame.

And studies of habitat islands with

known histories, such as Barro Colorado

Island in the Panama Canal and Ashdown

Forest in England, suggest that these

predictions are accurate. Species are lost

in the same proportion in which a habitat

is reduced in size. The good news is that

extinction takes a while, so if we start sharing

our landscapes with other living things

soon, we should be able to save much of

the biodiversity that still exists.

Redesigning Suburbia

What will it take to give our local

animals what they need to survive and reproduce

on our properties? Native plants,

and lots of them. This is a scientific fact

deduced from thousands of studies about

how energy moves through food webs.

Here is the general reasoning: All animals

get their energy directly from plants,

or by eating something that has already

eaten a plant. Insects are the group of

animals most responsible for passing

energy from plants to the animals that

can’t eat plants. This fact is what makes

insects such vital components of healthy

ecosystems. So many animals depend

on insects for food (e.g., spiders, reptiles,

amphibians, rodents, and 96 percent of

all terrestrial birds) that removing insects

from an ecosystem spells its doom.

But that is exactly what we have tried

to do in our suburban landscapes. For over

a century we have favored ornamental


A Call for Backyard Diversity – continued

landscape plants from China and Europe

over those that evolved right here. If all

plants supported wildlife equally, that

would be fine. But every plant species

protects its leaves with a mixture of nasty

chemicals that makes them distasteful at

best, and downright toxic at worst. With

few exceptions, only insect species that

have shared a long evolutionary history

with a particular plant lineage have

developed the physiological adaptations

required to disarm the chemical defenses

in their host’s leaves. They have developed

over time to eat only the plants with those

particular chemicals.

When we present insects from

Pennsylvania, for example, with plants that

evolved on another continent, chances are

those insects will be unable to eat them. We

photos by Douglas Tallamy

The spicebush swallowtail featured

above relies on native speices such as

those in the Eupatorium family, like

the pink Joe-Pye in the garden at right,

for both food and reproduction.


used to think this was good. Kill all insects

before they eat our plants! But a plant that

cannot pass on the energy it has harnessed

cannot fulfill its role in the food web.

We have planted Kousa dogwood, a

species from China that supports only a

few insect herbivores, instead of our native

flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), which

supports 117 species of moths and butterflies

alone. In hundreds of thousands

of acres, we have planted goldenraintrees,

ginkgos, and dawn redwoods from China

instead of one of our beautiful native oaks,

and in doing so we have lost the chance to

grow and support 534 species of caterpillars,

all of them nutritious bird food. My

research has shown that alien ornamentals

support 29 times fewer animals than do

native ornamentals.

Plants Matter

In the past we have ignored the vital

role plants play in our landscapes. Plants,

of course, are the only organisms that

capture energy from the sun and turn it

into the simple sugars and carbohydrates:

the food that supports nearly all the food

webs on earth. Every time we bulldoze a

native plant community, we are reducing

the amount of food available for our fellow

creatures. In fact, the amount of life that

can exist in an area is directly proportional

to the amount of vegetation in that area.

Because plants have physical structure,

they also provide housing for animals.

We can no longer landscape with

aesthetics as our only goal. We must also

consider the function of our landscapes if

we hope to avoid a mass extinction that

we ourselves are not likely to survive. As

quickly as possible, we need to triple the

number of native trees in our lawns and

underplant them with the understory and

shrub layers absent from most managed

landscapes. Homeowners can do this

by planting the borders of their properties

with native trees such as white oaks

(Quercus alba), black willows (Salix nigra),

red maples (Acer rubrum), green ashes

(Fraxinus pennsylvanica), black walnuts

(Juglans nigra), river birches (Betula nigra),

and shagbark hickories (Carya ovata).

(continued on page 6)


A Call for Backyard Diversity – continued

Those trees should be underplanted

with woodies like serviceberry

(Amelanchier canadensis), bottlebrush

buckeye (Aesculus parviflora), arrowwood

(Viburnum dentatum), hazelnut (Corylus

americanus), and blueberries (Vaccinium


Studies have shown that even modest

increases in the native plant cover on

suburban properties raise the number and

species of breeding birds, including birds

of conservation concern. As gardeners and

Cape Fear Audubon Society’s

Bird-Friendly Habitat Award Program


Dr. Douglas W. Tallamy

author of

Bringing Nature Home

Thursday, May 12, 2011

7:00 - 8:30 p.m.

lecture with book-signing to follow

Books will be available from Pomegranate Books

Northeast Branch

New Hanover County Public Library

1241 Miltary Cutoff Rd., Wilmington

(910)409-5160 • nsbuck@charter.net


stewards of our land, we have never been

so empowered to help save biodiversity

from extinction, and the need to do so has

never been so great. All we need to do is

plant native plants!

This article originally appeared in the

Autumn 2009 issue of American Forests


Douglas Tallamy is professor and chair of

the Department of Entomology and Wildlife

Ecology at the University of Delaware.

Program is free and open to the

public. Come learn how important

your backyard is to the birds!

(Seating is first come, first served.)

Sponsored by:

Friends of the New Hanover County

Public Library

North Carolina Native Plant Society

Growing Wild Nursery

Secret Gardener

Cape Fear’s Going Green

North Carolina Coastal Federation

Toxic Free NC

B + O Design Studio

Sustainable Design Collaborative

Progressive Gardens

A Natural Approach

and jobs in the emerging home retrofi t


During the on-site training sessions,

trainees will be able to apply the techniques

they learn in the classroom to

existing homes. These green retrofi ts are

Cape being performed Fear Audubon through a Society’s


with Wilmington Area Rebuilding

Bird-Friendly Ministries (WARM), Habitat a non-profi Award t organiza-


tion that performs repairs on the homes of

economically To encourage disadvantaged people to convert individuals. their

yard Additional (habitat) togrant one that partners is more are suitable Building

for Performance our wildlife, Specialists Cape Fear (BPS) Audubon and Sapona is

giving Green Building awards toCenter. those that BPS will meet provide the Bird-

Friendly instruction, Habitat energy Criteria. audits Visit and the project Cape

Fear management Audubonfor Society’s the retrofi webts. atSapona http:// will

www.capefearaudubon.org act as purchasing agent and and materials go to the

conservation supplier. tab to get more information

on how to participate in this program.

General registration is now open. The

There is no cost to participate and you will

complete list of workshop topics and dates

be doing something for the environment.

is posted below:

See Vol. 3, Issue 1 of Cape Fear’s Going

May 12 – Building Science/ House

Green, available online, for articles on


rebuilding native habitat.


Green Rooftops

Green Walls

See green roofs at



Earth Day Edition 2010

Cape Fear’s Going Green


Book Club!

We discuss everything from

currents to classics.

Come join us at 7pm at

Old Books on Front Street

249 No. Front Street

May 3: Douglas Tallamy’s

Bringing Nature Home

in preparation for his lecture May12

call (910)547-4390 for details





visit w




is a no

the m








and o
























B.W. Wells: Pioneer Ecologist

Special Exhibit Now Open

Explore the breathtaking nature

photography of ecologist B.W. Wells and

discover his passion for the flora and fauna

of the Lower Cape Fear region. Inspired

in 1920 by the beautiful wildflowers of

Pender County’s Big Savannah, Wells

dedicated himself to documenting North

Carolina’s native plants. In this exhibit, the

story of Wells’ efforts to preserve the Big

Savannah is told through a wealth of stunning

Dogwood photographs Alliance he took to document

his Nonprofi research. t works to educate people about the

importance of forests and the negative envi-

Free ronmental with paid impacts Museum of business-as-usual admission. Cape paper

Fear production. Museum Having admission achieved is free systemic for New change

throughout the paper industry through public

campaigns against offi ce super stores--the

Propagation largest retail paper Workshop sellers in the U.S.--they June 5

are now addressing protection for Southern

forests Alistair and forests Glen, owner all over of the Growing world. Wild

Nursery www.dogwoodalliance.org

in Pender County, will teach techniques

for the propagation of Southeast

Earth Day Alliance

Coast Organizers native of the plants. Lower The Cape workshop Fear Celebration will

be of Earth Sunday, Day. June 5, from 2-4 p.m. and is

sponsored www.wilmingtonearthday.com

by the SE Coast chapter of the

NC Native Plant Society.

Electric Vehicle Automobile Association

(EVAA) Pre-registration – Coastal Carolinas is required, / Wilmington and

workshop Local chapter is limited provides toe-mail 20 participants.

of current







Center, 4099 S.

www.eaaev.org or e-mail: pagepaterson@mac.



Street, Wilmington.

For details, visit www.ncwildflower.org

(continued on page 14)

or email lara@ncwildflower.org.

Harvesting Rain Water can help you:

• Save money and energy

• Preserve precious resources

• Meet your sustainability goals

Call or visit us today to find out what

Rain Water Harvesting can do for you:



Residential • Commercial • Industrial

1608 928 No. Queen 4th Street, Wilmington, NC





solar, wind and low-flow fixtures,

dwarf palmetto

continued from page 10

Events at Cape Fear Museum

shrubby palm makes a dramatic specimen

or focal point with its bold, evergreen

Hanover foliage and County strong residents architectural the first form. Sunday One of

every of my month. favorite ways to use this plant is by

mimicking nature and planting dwarf pal-

Energy Quest

metto in large groups under the shade of







10 a.m.

it creates

to 4 p.m.

a beautiful

and Radiant. enchanting Chemical. eff ect. Nuclear. It can even be

Mechanical. used as a low Motion. hedge, Gravitational.

where it makes a

Thermal. striking backdrop Electrical. for Discover other plants. different

types of energy and how we use them

For wildlife, dwarf palmetto’s greatest

to do things for us – light and heat our

asset is its evergreen leaves, which provide

homes, bake cakes, freeze water, move

year round cover for all types for animals.

cars, play music and more. Visit hands-on

Masses of tiny white fl owers blossom on

science stations to experiment and explore

long spikes up to seven feet tall in late

green technologies with local scientists.

spring, attracting a variety of insect polli-

Last ticket sold at 2:30.

nators. The fl owers are followed in summer

$3 by Museum green pea members; sized fruit $5 that nonmembers. ripen and turn

Memberships black in late summer available and on event fall and day. serve as

a valuable food source for migrating birds.

Overall, dwarf palmetto is a hardy and

adaptable plant that should be grown

more often in area landscapes for both

its beauty and toughness. Wherever it is

Growing Wild Nursery

found, in the wild or planted in landscapes,

Burgaw, NC

this dramatic small palm creates a vibe

that is partly tropical, partly primeval, and

is always eye catching. For me, whether it

Specializing in Native Plants

of the Coastal Plain ca ca

is grown in gardens or viewed and appreciated

in the wild, dwarf palmetto will

always be one of the many plants unique

and special to our small corner of the

Visit us at the Farmers’ Market,

check website for dates and times


Alistair world. Glen, owner of Growing Wild Nursery, sells

locally-propagated native plants at Riverfront

Market Alistair Saturday Glen is owner mornings. of Growing Wild

Nursery, which specializes in nursery-propa-

Phone 910.200.2112 ����

gated native plants of the Atlantic coastal

plain. Learn more ARCHITECTURE

about plants native to our

area at: www. growingwildnursery.net.







Mr. & Mrs.








(910) 622-7379


Free in Home Estimates

Fully Licensed and Insured

205 Serving PRINCESS New Hanover STREET and Surrounding Areas

June 1

is the deadline for our

Summer 2011 issue


or call (910)547-4390

WILMINGTON, NC WILMINGTON, 28401 NC 28401 www.b-and-o.net www.b-and-o.net [910] [910] 251-2707


Spring 2009

Green C ean



your first cleaning

Non-Toxic Biodegradable All Natural

Send us your environmental news:


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Local Farmers!

Buy Local


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Farmers Market

Market & Water Streets




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Farmers Market

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your ecological house

Sustainable Forestry—Ancient Oaks and Green Homes

by Skip Wenz

While he was touring England, a friend

of mine visited a famous university with

a dining hall that was built in the late

Middle Ages. Peeking into the building, he

observed workmen hoisting an enormous

wooden beam toward the high, vaulted


He asked if the roof was being repaired,

but was told that it was not. The

workmen were simply replacing the old

oak support beams as a matter of preventive

maintenance, in case undetected

wood worms had attacked them and

dangerously weakened the structure. “We

replace them every 400 years or so, just to

play safe,” a workman said.

The workman went on to explain that

while the cost in today’s currency of the

huge replacement beams could make such

work prohibitively expensive, that was not

a problem for the university because it had

its own woods—a small oak forest that it

maintained for the provision of high-quality

timber for structural repair and the

replacement of paneling, bookcases and

so on.

Each oak in the forest was planted

and shaped by pruning to meet a specific

need, and measurements of the trees’

growth were recorded and passed down

from generation to generation. Today’s

ca ca l l us us today today


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replacement beams were planted about

500 years ago, and their replacements, to

be installed about AD 2,400, were planted

a century ago.

It’s hard to imagine a better example

of sustainable forest management and

building maintenance: careful, multi-generational

planning; an ongoing commitment

to use renewable resources; respect

for the institution’s history—it’s all there.

But it’s also true that such exemplary

management is practiced in a very limited

setting, where the resources are carefully

controlled, the intent is applauded

and the financial incentives are built-in.

What lessons can ordinary builders and

homeowners take from this cultivation of

ancient oaks?

The university groundskeepers who

planted the dining hall’s replacement

beams five centuries ago knew that wood

had been used in construction from time

immemorial, and believed that it always

would be. Their investment in the future

felt secure because they had faith that

succeeding generations would continue

their practice of developing this renewable


As it turned out, they were investing in

a self-fulfilling prophecy. As each succeeding

generation saw the benefits of sustainable

forestry when the university’s trees

were harvested and put to use, it also saw

the need to plant new trees.

The fact that the world’s future

supply of affordable, high-quality wood

is seriously threatened can cause us to

feel hopeless and give up on the future.

Alternatively, we can follow the example

of the university’s forest managers and

invest in our own future and that of

generations to come: we can support and

promote sustainable forestry practices

and, where appropriate, grow our own


Fortunately, it’s relatively simple to

support sustainable forestry practices.

The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) sets

standards for and licenses and monitors

participating forest industries worldwide.

FSC works with small and large companies,

and its standards ensure high conservation

values and promote biodiversity,

integrated pest and disease management

and socially beneficial forestry.

FSC-certified products are available

in most parts of the U.S., and although

they cost a little more than ordinary forest

products, there is no “greener” way to

spend your project dollars.

If you think you’ll own your property

for a few decades, planting hardwood

trees could be one of the best investments

you can make for you and your heirs.

Today, one large slab (slice) from a

mature walnut tree can sell for $500 to

$1,000. The trunk alone can yield a dozen

such slabs, and the rest of the tree can be

sold for paneling, veneer and furniture


As your tree grows, it will act as a

carbon sink, provide shade, shelter and

walnuts, and make a home for birds.

(The walnut is just one of many valuable

hardwood trees. Check with your local

Extension Service to determine the right

trees for your property.)

There is no guarantee that growing

trees and promoting sustainable forestry

will ensure that future generations have

adequate supplies of wood—that’s up to

them. But at least you can feel good about

showing a little faith in the future at your

ecological house.

© Philip S. Wenz, 2011

Philip S. (Skip) Wenz is a freelance writer

specializing in ecological design issues. He

was a general contractor, residential designer,

teacher and writer in the San Francisco Bay

Area. In the early 1990s he founded, and for

ten years directed, the Ecological Design

Program at the San Francisco Institute of

Architecture. He also teaches “Creating Your

Ecological House,” at Berkeley’s Building

Education Center and wrote the book,

Adding to a House (Taunton Press, 1995).

Skip now lives with his wife, Pam, in Corvallis,

Oregon and divides his time between various

writing projects and retrofitting his older

home to be more environmentally friendly.

He may be reached by email through his Web

site at www.your-ecological-house.com.

urban trees

City of Wilmington 2011 Tree Awards

Every April the City of Wilmington Tree Commission

presents awards recognizing outstanding tree preservation,

outstanding landscapes and outstanding commitment to

tree maintenance. At an awards ceremony held in April, the

Commission recognized three properties in four categories

(UNCW won awards in two categories).

The City of Wilmington Tree Commission acknowledges

these award winners for their outstanding commitment to

preserving the ecological health and enhancing the beauty

of Wilmington. Wilmington trees can be nominated in any

of nine categories from November through February of

each year. Details on the this and other programs of the

Wilmington Tree Commission can be found on the City of

Wilmington website: www. www.wilmingtonnc.gov.

This live oak on Chestnut Street was a main consideration when

re-designing the property entrance. Site design focused on reworking

an angled walkway to allow the live oak’s low branch

to remain intact, arching over the sidewalk. The design complements

the tree with an architectural statue, shade-tolerant

plants and low maintenance selections.

Located in the center

of UNCW’s three original

campus buildings

are 18 Southern

Live Oaks planted

as small seedlings in

1960. These trees create

the perfect frame

for campus-related

activities such as

graduation as well

as a regular filming

location for One Tree

Hill. The Live Oak Allee

with its beautiful

wide-spread crowns

is an inspiring sight,

with abundant cover

and food source for

local wildlife.


2011 Tree Award Winners

Outstanding Tree Preservation

1716 Chestnut St.

Owner: Dorothy Rankin & Lee Lowrimore

Site Designer/Arborist: David Donahue

Landscape Architect: Native Landscapers

Outstanding Functional Design

Lumina Station II

Owner: Lumina Station, LLC

Landscape Architect: Donna Clemmons

Site Designer: Wrightsville Beach Landscaping

Lumina Station II was designed

around a variety of

unique land development

challenges including being a

former landfill. Storm water

runoff is directed to a retention

pond that is a focal point with

pedestrian bridges & landscaping

that incorporates existing

Live Oaks, Red Maples,

Magnolias as well as water

tolerant Birch trees & Weeping

Willows. Visitors and tenants

are drawn to porchways

overlooking the water where

they can enjoy a local beaver,

several snack-begging turtles

and the occasional heron.

Outstanding Use of Native Trees

Design/Style Appropriate to History & Significance of Site

UNCW Campus Quadrangle

(Historic Core)

Site Design & Landscaping: UNCW Landscape Services

Arborist: Karen Tobiassen

Superintendent: Robert Warren

The remarkable girth

of the oak trees in

UNCW’s Live Oak Allee

can be credited

to the efforts of an

early caretaker, who

for decades applied

chicken manure as

fertilizer. Oak trees of

this age would normally

measure two

or two and a half feet

in diameter, while

these measure four

feet across.

community news

It Starts With Me

It started…well, with

her. Danielle Richardet, a

Wrightsville Beach mother of

three, decided she had to do

something. She and her husband

Aaron, like many parents,

hope to leave their children a

better world. And wanted to

teach them they can have an

effect on their environment.

They loved their walks on the

beach, but the amount of trash

there seemed endless. Inspired

by “The Daily Ocean,” a blog

authored by Sara Bayles who

picks litter off Santa Monica

beaches in 20-minute increments,

chronicling what she

collects and posting the results

online, Richardet began taking

her three young children out

for their own 20-minute forays.

They select a different beach

10 www.goinggreenpublications.com

access each trip and fan out,

pails in hand, to pick up the

debris others have left behind.

One glaring difference

from the California project?

The cigarette debris—almost

nonexistent in Santa Monica,

where smoking on the beach is

banned. “Cigarette litter on our

local beaches is a nightmare,”

says Richardet, noting cigarette

butts comprise 40% of the litter

that washes up on local beaches,

creating not only unsightly

litter but releasing toxins into

the environment and choking

wildlife. Although she and

her family pick up all the litter

they find on their trips, they

have begun logging the high

numbers of cigarette butts they

find. As of this week, the count

stood at 16,627. Richardet is

We’re Looking for a Few Good Leaders to

Explore, Enjoy and Protect the Planet

Cape Fear Group of the Sierra Club

For the Greater Wilmington Area

We need to protect the environment…for our future through

• Development of environmental and conservation programs

• Addressing issues such as Titan Cement and Offshore Wind

• Endorsement of political candidates

• Outings and special events for members and the community

The NC Sierra Club is looking for leaders who can bring

A variety of skills and backgrounds to

Develop and grow our group

• An ability to work cooperatively with others as part of a team

• The experience or perspective needed for the team to

accomplish its work

• A willingness to commit the time needed to participate in the

work of the leadership team

• An ability to follow through on commitments

For more information contact NC Sierra Club Chapter Chair

Ginny Kloepfer at vkloepfer@suddenlink.net

photo by Danielle Richardet

On Day 58, April 23, 2011, this is the 15 lbs 13.6 oz of litter collected. It includes

335 cigarette butts, 23 caps or lids, 22 straws, 11 plastic bottles, 4 zip lock

bags, 4 plastic spoons, 5 pairs of shoes, and sand toys. (All shoes and clothes

Richardet removes from the beach are donated, and recyclables recycled.)

encouraging local officials to

consider a smoking ban on the

beaches; lacking that, she says

education, signage and proper

receptacles could help cut

down on the cigarette litter.

Richardet’s idea was

selected as a winner by the

Brita FilterForGood Film

Project. Award-winning filmmaker

Destin Cretton created

a short film about the project,

which premiered at January’s

Sundance Film Festival and will

air on the Sundance Channel

through June.

Has gaining a national

audience changed Richardet?

Her blog chronicles the ups

and downs—some days

kindred spirits find her via the

internet and the Brita award,

and a small enthusiastic team

combs the beach. Other days

it’s just her and her kids. But

Richardet’s tone remains

optimistic. She now encourages

beachside restaurants to

be more mindful of single-use

items, drink cups and straws

in particular. She prints up fact

sheets and talks to the managers,

posting links to encourage

plastic bag bans. Most days

you can still find her, twenty

minutes at a time, sifting

through the sand to pick up

what others have left behind.

At Richardet’s blog, entitled

“It Starts With Me,” you can

follow her adventures in saving

the planet.


Earth Day 2011

Pender County


Poplar Grove Plantation


April 30

10am - 3pm

Come to Poplar Grove for our

Second Annual celebration of

renewable and sustainable resources!

The Pender Earth Day Festival

focuses on local businesses and local

community participation.

www. Penderearthday.org



See Page 12 for Program

11 www.goinggreenpublications.com

Our area offers two celebrations this

year, on Saturday, April 30. The times are

staggered, so if you want to do it all, you

can start your festivities at Poplar Grove

and wind up at Hugh MacRae.

Earth Day was created in 1970 to

promote environmental awareness

and to encourage progressive action

around the world. It is officially

celebrated every year on April 22,

although individual communities

around the world and in our region

host celebrations throughout the

month of April. These festivals are

just one way we celebrate the Earth

and renew our commitment to

building to a greener, healthier, more

sustainable planet.

Ocean Cure’s 90 Days to Earth Day

Elementary school teacher and surf

instructor Kevin Murphy has a powerful

belief in our ocean’s ability to help heal

people. Along with his love of the ocean

comes a desire to preserve our environment.

In this spirit, three years ago he

pioneered an environmental movement

called “90 Days to Earth Day,” which challenges

students in grades K-12 to collect

photo by Valerie Robertson

The winner of this year’s challenge documented

her trash-collecting experiences in this speciallydesigned

photo album.

as much trash as they can from January

22 through April 22. “This fosters a desire

for children to get outside and make a

positive impact on the environment,”

says Murphy. “I believe in conservation,

activism, and education when it comes to

saving our fragile environment.”

On Earth Day 2011, April 22, Clean

Energy Events and Mellow Mushroom

helped sponsor an event to celebrate the

conclusion of this year’s trash collection

competition. Sixteen-year-old Megan

Durns was the winner for a third year. Her

prize? An eco-friendly surfboard made by

Scott Taylor of pawlonia wood, finished

without the use of traditional fiberglass.

And the satisfaction of know she’s making

a difference.

Learn more about Ocean Cure, the

non-profit dedicated to providing surf

camps to medically fragile and at-risk

youth, at www.oceancureinc.org. See also

www.cleanenergyevents.org and www.


Wilmington Earth

Day Festival

Hugh MacRae Park


April 30

12pm - 6pm

Come to Hugh MacRae Park

for Wilmington’s annual Earth

Day Celebrations and learn how

you can help “Clear the Air” in our


www. WilmingtonEarthDay.com



See Page 13 for Program

photo by Valerie Robertson

Kevin Murphy (left) presents the grand prize to

Megan Durns, a surfboard made and contributed

by Scott Taylor (right) of Engrain Designs.

Pender County Earth Day Festival April 30, 2011

Pender County’s 2nd Annual Earth

Day Festival 2011 is being held at Poplar

Grove Plantation, on route 17 just north of

Wilmington. There will be vendors, exhibits,

music, a beer/wine tent and children’s

activities. This event will be free to the


Our festival celebrates our local businesses,

products, services and ways of

living that help better care for our natural

resources. Pender Earth Day Festival is

proud to be an all-female committee

composed of Pender business owners,

organization and community leaders.

The Pender Earth Day Festival focuses

on local community participation in all

areas from the Pender High School , JROTC

Opening Ceremony, Scout troops for litter

sweep in the Abbey Nature Preserve,

Pender student volunteers for face

painting, t-shirt sales and Do-it-Yourself

Tie Dye Center, and student bands for


We have FREE EVENT PARKING, environmentally

friendly and local vendors,

music that includes: “Lisa and Galen,

Award Winning Jazz Duo” and Stump

Sound Ramblers, The Doug McFarland

One, healthy lunch by Quartermaster’s

Restaurant, snack vendors including Kona

Ice, Kid’s Eco-Zone, bounce houses by The

Party Hoppers, art, chair massage, Mother

Earth Beer and our very own Pender

County Bannerman Wine.

Our committee represents local businesses,

organizations and government

entities: Core Focus Pilates and Physical

Therapy, Dolphin After-School Enrichment

Program, Quartermaster’s Restaurant,

Pender County Parks and Recreation,

Pender County Soil & Water Conservation,

and Town of Surf City Parks and Recreation.

Pender County Earth Day

Festival Committee


910-233-8594 or 910-297-1346

Facebook: “Pender Earth Day”


1 www.goinggreenpublications.com


• 10 am – Color Guard Ceremony by Pender

High School JROTC

• 10:15-11:15 – Pender County Student

Musicians by Galen Hunsucker instructor

• 11:15-12:30 – Lisa and Galen “International

Jazz Duo “

• 12:30-1:30 – The Doug McFarland One

• 1:30-3pm – The Stump Sound Ramblers


• 11 am – “Controlling & Preventing

Stormwater Runoff in your Yard” by the NC

Coastal Federation

• 11:30 am –“ Natural Gardening “by the

Pender County Master Gardeners

• 12 pm – Pender Watch

• 12:30 pm – Pender Soil & Water

• 1 pm – Walking Meditation


• Do-it-Yourself Tie Dye Center

• Walking Meditation: 1pm “Healing Self-

Healing Earth”

• Raffle Drawings All Day

Raffle Grand Prize: Kayak

• Hourly door prizes


Face Painting

Arts & Crafts

Bounce Houses


Island Snow Concessions

Kona Ice

Luna Pops

Quartermaster’s Restaurant


Bannerman Winery

Wolfman Beer

Mother Earth Beer

Parks and Recreation


Dolphin After-School Enrichment Program


Herring’s Outdoor Sports


Kona Ice of Coastal Carolina, LLC


NC Big Sweep of Pender County


Pender County Parks & Recreation


Quartermaster’s Restaurant


The Party Hoppers





Coastal Eco-Leisure & Buck Stove

Core Focus Pilates

Emily’s Treasures

Go Girl Green

Going Green Publications

Hampstead Trash & Recycling

Inis Spa

Island Girl Glass

Janet Nestor: Author of Pathways to

Wholeness: A Mindfulness Guide Book

Jones-Onslow EMC

Kathy/Alana Leonard

Mid-Atlantic Great Dane Rescue League

Nature’s Select

Nature’s Way

NC Big Sweep-Pender County

NC Coastal Federation

Pender County Master Gardeners

Pender Watch Conservancy

Precise Lawn

Rare & Different Tunes

Sand & Sea Treasure

Southeastern Energy Corp

Too Many Purses

Wilmington Earth Day Festival April 30, 2011

Wilmington’s Earth Day celebration is a

family-friendly event designed to encourage

children to become more aware of

our planet. This year’s festival features live

entertainment, local and organic foods,

and a kid’s “Eco-zone” tent area with takehome

craft opportunities.

Although their main focus is the annual

Earth Day celebration, the Wilmington

Earth Day Alliance works throughout the

year to raise awareness about environmental

issues within the Wilmington community.

With this year’s theme, “Clear the

Air,” organizers hope to focus attention on

how air pollution standards will affect the

quality of life for all. (See box for details.)

FREE Shuttle



Due to the extremely

limited parking, you

are encouraged to

utilize a satellite parking

area. To accommodate

the assumed

5,000+ Festival

attendees, the Earth

Day Alliance has

arranged FREE shuttle

service (sponsored

by WAVE Transit). The

FREE trolley service to

the satellite parking is

available from 11:30-

6:30 at the Cinema

6 parking lot next to

Tidal Creek.

WAVE Transit will also

have one of their new

hybrid buses on display

during the event

for people to see.

1 www.goinggreenpublications.com

Music & Live Entertainment

Multiple bands will be featured throughout

the day, including a headliner. All entertainment

is FREE to the public!

12:00p Mike Blair and the Stonewalls

1:30p Raphael Namé (Brazilian Music)

2:00p Ilad

3:30p The Tree Guy (Mark Herbert)

4:00p Rayland Baxter

Food & Beverage

Food, beer and other beverages are available

for purchase, including organic selections

produced locally in and around the greater

Wilmington area. Among the great selections

are offerings from these area favorites:

• Empire Distributing

• Fat Tire Beer

• Luna Pops

• Mellow Mushroom


• RH Jeffries

• Rita’s Italian Ice

• Tidal Creek Coop Cooperative Market

Kids’ EcoZone Area

Pet Policy

Please be aware that the County Parks do

not allow dogs at this event, as food is being


More About Our Theme

The Wilmington Earth Day Alliance chose “Clear the Air” as this

year’s Earth Day theme to help bring attention to air quality in the

area. Many residents enjoy blue skies and sunny days at the beach,

yet increased pressure on our air quality is making it likely the area

may soon be downgraded.

The Clean Air Act and Amendments of 1990 determine air quality

standards, and require the EPA to set standards for six common air

pollutants. The EPA revised these in June of 2010; under the new

sulfur dioxide guidelines, the New Hanover area may be in danger

of being designated a “nonattainment area,” the first in the state to

receive such a label. A nonattainment area is one where air pollution

levels persistently exceed EPA standards or that contribute to

poor air quality in a neighboring area.

There are many sources of sulfur dioxide, but the primary culprit

is burning coal—in our area, to produce electricity. Progress

Energy’s coal-fired Sutton Power plant is scheduled to be replaced

by a natural gas-fired plant in 2014.

In July of 2011 the EPA Is considering lowering admissible levels

for primary ozone. The major sources of ground level ozone are

motor vehicle exhaust and industrial emissions. Learn more about

air quality and how you can affect it by visiting:

http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/ EPA website

http://daq.state.nc.us/ NC Department of Air Quality

http://nccoast.org/index.asp NC Coastal Federation


The Ability Garden

Airlie Gardens

Cape Fear Community College Sustainability

Technologies Program

Cape Fear’s Going Green

Cape Fear Green Building Alliance

Cape Fear Public Utility Authority

Community Compliance

Cape Fear River Watch

The Cape Fear Volunteer Center

Carolina Green Building

City of Wilmington Stormwater Services

Clean Air Lawn Care

Clean Energy Events

Coastal Carolina/ Wilmington Electric

Automobile Association

DAK Americas, LLC

Ecocential Energy, LLC

Falun Dafa

FARM (Farm Animal Rights Movement)

The Full Belly Project

Green Baby Diaper Service

Green Brand Sportswear

Humanists & Freethinkers of Cape Fear

Keep America Beautiful of New Hanover


Kids Making It

Lovey’s Natural Foods and Café

Luna Pops

Muddy Muse Pottery

The Nature Conservancy

NC Coastal Federation

NC Coastal Reserve and National Estuarine

Research Reserve

NC GreenPower

NC Oyster Shell Recycling Program (DMF)

NH Soil and Water Conservation District


Rita’s Italian Ice

Shaklee Independent Distributor

Sierra Club (Cape Fear Group)

Signature Solar

SouthEastern Cedar Oil Industries

Stewardship Development Award Program

Stop Titan Action Network

Tidal Creek Cooperative Food Market

UNCW Department of Environmental Studies

WaveCrest Mattress Recycling

Wave Transit

WB Surf Camp

West Pender Rail Trail


Wilmington Cartmen

Wilmington Yoga


Wrightsville Beach

Sea Turtle Project

nature events

NC Native Plant Society Events

Orchid Walk at Green Swamp

with David McAdoo

Saturday, May 21, 2011

(9 A.M. - 4 P.M. Feel free to leave early.)

The SE Coast Chapter of the NC Native

Plant Society and the Triangle Orchid

Society will host a walk with orchid expert,

David McAdoo. We will visit Green Swamp

and nearby areas.

Cape Fear’s

Want to find a

green event?

your guide to local eco-friendly resources

Want to tell the world

about yours?

Be sure to check our

Online Calendar


Life in Trolldom

1 www.goinggreenpublications.com

Meet at 8:45 am at the Hardee’s in

Supply (corner of Hwy 211 & US 17). The

field trip begins at 9 a.m. and includes

Green Swamp and nearby areas. We will

end around 4 p.m. We’ll be within sight

of highways so anyone wishing to leave

earlier can do so easily.

Please bring insect repellent, hat,

good hiking boots, suncream, water, snack

and lunch. Be prepared for hot, muggy

weather. Ticks and chiggers are as plentiful

as the flowers!

Expect to see the following orchids in

bloom: Bearded Grass Pink (Calopogon

barbatus), Pale Grass Pink (Calopogon

pallidus), Grass Pink (Calopogon tuberosus

& maybe some var. alba), Small Spreading

Pogonia (Cleistes bifaria), Spreading

Pogonia (Cleistes divaricata), Rose Pogonia

(Pogonia ophioglossoides) and Grassleaf

Ladies’Tresses (Spiranthes praecox).

Additionally, there will be an opportunity

to see plants of Epidendrum magnoliae

(used to be E. conopseum). This is

the only epiphytic (non-terrestrial) orchid

in North America that grows outside of

Florida. North Carolina is the northern limit

of its range. B.W. Wells Savannah Walk

Field Trip to B.W. Savannah

Sunday, June 12, 2011

Dr. John Taggart, Assistant Professor

of Environmental Studies at UNCW, will

lead a morning field trip to B. W. Savannah.

This is the culminating activity for his

Introduction to Plant Identification classes

and will focus on identifying native plants.

You do not need to have taken the class to

join us. The Savannah is noted for orchids

such as Pale Grass-Pink (Calopogon pallidus)

and Rosebud Orchid (Cleistes divaricata),

carnivorous plants and interesting

grasses. Details to be announced.

For more information on NC Native

Plant Society events, or to view photos of

past plant walks, visit http://www.ncwildflower.org/index.php/chapters/secoast/.

Sign up for events or learn more by emailing

Cary Paynter at cary@ncwildflower.org.

Summer Camp at Cape Fear


Beginning June 14

Summer Shorts: Eco Adventures

Tuesdays, Wednesdays & Fridays in June

Investigate the creatures and ecosystems

of the Lower Cape Fear. Examine different

types of animal furs, play a habitat

survival game, and create a Venus’ flytrap

model to take home.

Eco Adventures is a one-hour handson

adventure for groups of 10 or more

children and their adult chaperones.

Appropriate for children ages 5 to 14.

Fee charged. Pre-registration required. To

register, call (910)798.4362.


Wild Bird & Garden Nature Photo Contest

There were twenty-one adult entries

and four kid entries in the First Annual

Nature Photo Contest sponsored by Wild

Bird & Garden. Entries were displayed in

the store so the public could vote for their

favorites; photos were also judged by

local photographers Chuck Carmack, Mark

Jones and Garold Carlisle.

Katharine Frazier won both the popular

vote and the judges’ vote for the kids

category. She is very interested in birds,

attends bird walks at Airlie Gardens, and

did a science project last year on birds and

their diets in relation to beak size.

All first-place winners received a 20pound

bag of bird seed. Adults received

a gift certificate to Wild Bird & Garden;

the Kids prize included a gift certificate to

Learning Express.

Thank you to the judges as well as all

of those who entered and who voted.

Bluebirds Talking - Stacey Burrell

1st Place Popular Vote - Adults

The picture was taken in my own backyard on September 19, 2010 at the 6

pm feeding. I used a Sony DSC-HX1 Cyber-shot that I am still learning how to

use. My photography experience ended after taking a class in high school.

After about 25 years, I got interested in growing plants that attracted butterflies

to take pictures of them. Then, after a conversation with a co-worker

telling me how her husband set out meal worms to attract bluebirds to their

property, I thought I might give it a try.

After a few pointers from Jill at Wild Bird and Garden, she fixed me up with

worm cup, stand, and live meal worms and told me to be patient— they

would find it in a couple of weeks. About two weeks later, I had bluebirds

visiting, playing, eating, bathing and posing for pictures in my backyard, and

have had them ever since.

1 www.goinggreenpublications.com

Wild Bird & Garden owner Jill Peleuses presents

Katharine Frazier with her 1st-place prize.




G &




Imagine the Possibilities

in Your Backyard

Wild Bird & Garden

Hanover Center

3501 Oleander Drive

Wilmington NC 28403



Hummingbird - Katharine Frazier

1st Place & Popular Vote Kids Category

Type of Camera Used: Canon SX10 IS

This past summer I was sitting outside on our back

porch, just watching the birds. I heard the little

hum and chip of a hummingbird nearby, so I got

the camera ready. This little guy appeared and I

just started taking tons of pictures, hoping some

would turn out. This looks like a black & white picture,

but it’s not - the light allowed me to catch the

silhouette of the hummingbird pretty well. I love

how you can see the detail of the feathers on the


Sat., May 22:

Painted Bluebird


Workshop Start Workshop

getting ready for the

9:15-10:30 Saturday, 2nd Annual a.m. Nature Photo

Native April 9, Plant 2011

Contest, coming in Fall 2011!

Sale 9:15-10:30 2:30–4:30 am


Wild Bird Garden

Cooper’s Hawk - Jo Wilkins

1st Place judge’s Vote – Adults

Thank you for allowing me to enter the photo contest. After being encouraged

by my friends and family, I gathered up enough courage to enter. What

a surprise to hear that I had won.

andy wood—the naturalist’s corner

Complex questions, one simple answer: we need to pick up after ourselves

by Andy Wood

photo by Andy Wood

This nesting box has one side removed to show nesting

material chosen by the chickadee, which includes

a layer of moss covered by shredded cigarette filters.

The above picture reveals a Carolina

Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis) nest in a

rural part of Pender County, where one

would expect to see few cigarette filters.

And yet, the nest includes frayed filters

(far right front), along with bits of fibrous

insulation, fresh moss, pine straw, mammal

hair and other natural materials. This

mixture of anthropogenic (human origin)

and nature’s materials is common with

chickadee nests. However, after witnessing

several chickadee nest failures over the

past several years, I have begun wondering

if there is a connection between chickadee

nestling survival and the presence of

cigarette filters; owing to the fact that used

filters contain large amounts of nicotine, a

toxic compound with a long history as an

effective insect and mite pesticide.

I’ve long been interested in nicotine

as a pesticide, probably because my father

conducted research in the late 1950s to

prove spider mites develop resistance to

nicotine at the genetic level.

I recall as a kid, an experiment one

of my brothers conducted on mosquito

larvae in a jar of water. It was a simple

demonstration to show why I should not

Visit http://itstartswithme-danielle.

blogspot.com to see how local resident

Danielle Richardet is making a difference

every day by cleaning up area beaches just

20 minutes at a time. To date she and her

family have picked up 16,627discarded

cigarette butts. See also page 10.

1 www.goinggreenpublications.com

smoke cigarettes. He blew a bit of smoke

into the jar, closed it up and we watched in

rapt interest as the larvae quickly died. My

brother, now a curator with a New England

historic museum, recently told me that

he sometimes finds bits of tobacco inside

pockets and between layers of old fabric

artifacts. In the 18th century, tobacco was

placed in folded fabrics during storage as a

deterrent to moths and other fabric-eating

insects. “Not as sweet as lavender, but does

the job good as cedar,” he says.

Nicotine as an effective poison

prompted an aquatic scientist in the 1990s

to examine the potential biohazard of used

cigarette filters in freshwater ecosystems.

The research involved placing used cigarette

butts in different volumes of water

containing live Daphnia, Crustaceans

related to shrimp and lobsters. The study

found that, when soaked in two gallons of

water, enough nicotine and other toxins

leached out of one used cigarette filter

to kill Daphnia outright. Because small

fishes and other aquatic animals depend

on Daphnia for food, this easily replicated

study proves that improperly discarded

cigarette filters pose a threat to ecosystem


Getting back to the chickadee nest

containing used cigarette filters, I wonder if

there is a connection between the presence

of used filters and resulting egg and

nestling mortality. I have seen nestling

chickadees fledge in seeming good health

despite having been raised in a nest with

used cigarettes, but I have also found

chickadee nests with a full clutch of dead

eggs nestled in a fluffy cup of shredded

cigarette filters. So this is an issue that

clearly needs more investigating.

There may even be a selective advantage

for chickadees living with cigarette

filters: if the nicotine acts as a pesticide to

bird lice, mites and ticks without killing the

chicks or parents, their overall health may

be enhanced, but there is likely a fine line

between “the treatment being worse than

the ailment.”

The scientific process is essential to

help answer such complex questions. We

know from centuries of use as a pesticide

that nicotine is poisonous to wildlife, and

to humans. We know from recent studies

of used cigarette filters in water that filter

contents are harmful to ecosystem health,

beginning near the bottom of the food

pyramid, upon which higher life forms


The first Earth Day, celebrated in 1970,

drew attention to air and water pollution,

endangered species, and litter. These

issues are still with us. With the expansion

of plastics as a replacement for paper and

glass containers, the lifespan of today’s litter

far outlasts the people who generate it.

Cigarette filters may seem inconsequential

until you consider some 360 billion cigarettes

are smoked in this country each year.

Over five trillion cigarettes are smoked

worldwide. Today, cigarette filters are

the most common item collected during

organized beach cleanups.

Discarded cigarette filters may seem a

trivial subject for discussion in light of our

other global challenges—including climate

change, energy issues, water shortage,

wars and social unrest. But there are many

acts each one of us can perform daily to

help improve our global condition. Paying

attention to the little things, like improperly

discarded cigarette filters, can help us

ensure we are not overloading our planet.

Andy Wood is Education Director of Audubon

North Carolina, and is author of Backyard


Proceeds from the book support his work to

protect two critically endangered species of

freshwater snails, both endemic to southeast

North Carolina. His commentaries can be

heard every other Monday on WHQR 91.3FM.

Chickadees are opportunistic nest-builders, and will

incorporate anything they find into their homes.

eco-friendly art

Portrait of an Artist: Charlie Rawls

by Mitzy Jonkheer

I collect birdhouses. I

have one on every fence

pole in my yard. So when a

friend told me about Charlie

and his unique birdhouses, I

contacted him, eager to see

his work. He brought a collection

of his newest designs

over to my studio and I was

pleased to see that they were

constructed from reclaimed

lumber with roofs made from

the rusty metal of old sheds.

People come to green

living in all sorts of ways. For

some it’s a conscious choice;

for Charlie Rawls it was

more a rambling evolution

of choices. Charlie retired

in 2008 from twenty years

in the logging business

and settled in the country,

converting the old tobacco shed out back

to a workshop.

His journey from logger to recyclist

began when he started building simple

houses to attract birds to his yard, carefully

researching what different birds prefer,

and building to suit. Around that time, a

friend was tearing down an old barn and

offered to give Charlie the wood if he

would help. These materials were free and

Charlie liked the rustic look they added to

his creations. Soon, neighbors and friends

were asking Charlie for his houses, and so

began his business.

I gave Charley an old board from a red

barn. He made it into a lovely birdhouse

with a tin roof.

You can find “Charlie’s Birdhouses”

Wednesdays at the Poplar Grove Farmers

June 1

is the deadline for our

Summer 2011 issue

Send your news to:


or call (910)547-4390

1 www.goinggreenpublications.com

photo by Mitzy Jonkheer

Charlie Rawls recycles old materials to create distinctive houses for

birds, bats and butterflies.

Market 8am-1pm, and at local fairs around

town on weekends. Look for Charlie and

his lovely wife, Renée. Or give him a call at

(910)640-7538. He builds houses for birds,

butterflies and bats, and takes custom


Mitzy Jonkheer is a local artist and metalsmith.

Born in Wilmington, raised on the

Cape Fear, her studio is located between the

two at 4410 Wrightsville Avenue.


Sat., May 22:

ild Painted Bunting

ird Workshop

9:15-10:30 a.m.

G Native Plant

Sale 2:30–4:30

Imagine the Possibilities

in Your Backyard

Wild Bird & Garden

Hanover Center

3501 Oleander Drive

Wilmington NC 28403





ild Habitat

ird Program


arden July 23, 2011

9:15-10:30 am

Wild Bird Garden



������������� �� ������



� �� ���� �� ������





Share your

green initiative news!

Send your green news to


Your body is mostly water.

Did you know that cancer and most other diseases thrive in acidic

environments but cannot survive in an alkaline environment?

Kangen water is




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Oxidation Reduced

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1 www.goinggreenpublications.com

Alkaline ionized water is likely the

simplest and most effective way to

alkalize, hydrate, detoxify and

mineralize the body. It is

also one of the most powerful

antioxidants on the planet.

“Kangen water changed my life. I tried the water before

I purchased a system. And you should too.” − David

Slaughter, cancer survivor and Kangen distributor

food & business news

Brooklyn GreenSpace: New

Urban Container Garden

April 17 marked the kick-off of

downtown Wilmington’s first community

container garden. The brainchild of

Courtney Matheson, Donna Uguccioni and

Nina Bays, neighbors hope to unify and

beautify the Brooklyn Arts neighborhood

through community gardening. All planting

is being done in 18-gallon Rubbermaid

tote containers, on a donated strip of land

between 6th and 7th streets, behind the

houses that front Brunswick Street. Visit

the GreenSpace page on Facebook to see

photos or to sign up for a season.

Birch Creek Community Garden

Residents of Birch Creek have always

enjoyed a community garden in the sense

of having a common area planted for the

enjoyment of all residents of Birch Creek.

Now, a resident may also choose to have a

plot of their own in a community garden


Gardening with Compost Tea

Evan Folds had an article published in

Urban Garden Magazine or February 10,

2011. His article, “Breeding Microbes with

Compost Tea,” explains how we can use

beneficial biology by breeding microbes

and deploying them to work in our gardens.

The article is available at http://urbangardenmagazine.com/2011/02/breeding-microbes-with-compost-tea/.


Is your body alkaline or acidic?



Call David at 910-619-2039 to



CFCC Designs Solar Ovens

Members of the Issues in Sustainability

Technologies class at Cape Fear Community

College have been working on solar ovens

in conjunction with Paul Wilkes’ Ministry

Home of Hope in India. The class was

divided into four teams, and challenged

to design a solar oven that could be made

by Indian women, at little or no cost, from

materials that are readily available to them.

The resulting ovens were put through their

paces in a solar oven competition at the

north campus on April 7, 2011.

photo by Valerie Robertson

John Alexander (left), Kathy Webber, and Chris

Rooney created the winning entry in the Solar

Cooker contest. Students in Cape Fear Community

College’s Issues in Sustainability class, they were

challenged to design and build a cooking device

that could be made by women in India, and that

would be effective in cooking food using only the

power of the sun. Paul Wilkes, whose Hope of India

project inspired the program, was one of three





design + installation

Let the SUN

heat your water

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(910)443-3184 catch the sun.

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online advancedsolar.biz



Wilmington, NC 28405

Suite 130

Road, Dairy Old 308

After merging with South Kerr

Avenue and crossing South College

Road, the bikeway passes through the

Two Events Celebrating the


food & business news

Ann Street Bicycle Boulevard Grand

Opening Celebration

Celebrate the opening of the fi rst bicycle

boulevard in North Carolina with Mayor

Bill Saff o on April 17, 2010 at 10:00 a.m.

at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Community

Center on So. 8th Street.

River to the Sea Ride

Take part of a free group bicycle ride from

downtown Wilmington to Wrightsville

Beach and back on May 1 at 8:30 a.m.,

starting at the foot of Market Street in

downtown Wilmington.

Sibyl Mitchell-Simmons, Nicole Carpenter 340 and Goodman Meg Shelton Road, built Leland this hightunnel

greenhouse during a workshop at the Carolina Farm Stewardship


Association Annual Conference, held in Winston-Salem in December, 2010.

1 www.goinggreenpublications.com

To reach the downtown Wilmington

trailhead, follow U.S. Highway Beach 74 and toback

on May Information 1 at 8:30 a.m., above provided Park courtesy Avenue and of an immedi

starting at the foot of Market Street in

ward Wilmington; take the

the park driveway. The bikew


Wilmington www.rivertoseabikeway.com.


DOWNTOWN exit. Proceed south on

Avenue. Follow the bicycle R

North 3rd Street. Take a right onto Market Selling a green product?

Street and follow west to Riverfront Park.

Parking is available on-street or in the We’ll fi nd Herbs you green • Vegetables buyers!

city of Wilmington parking deck located Cape Fear’s Going Natives Green

at Market Street and North 2nd Street. Ad Sales: Butterfly & Bee Plants

The bikeway begins at the foot of Market (910)547-4390

Street at Water Street. Follow the bicycle

340 Goodman Road, Leland

Route 1 signs.


To reach the Empie Park parking area, June 10

follow U.S. Highway 76 to Independence

Year-Round • M-Sat 8-5

Boulevard northbound. Take a right onto

is the deadline for our

Park Avenue and an immediate left into Summer 2010 issue

web page: LocalHarvest.org

the park driveway. The bikeway is on Park Editor@goinggreenpublications.com

Avenue. Follow the bicycle Route A Century 1 signs. Farm






Friendly Business

Herbs • Vegetables


Butterfly & Bee Plants

Year-Round • M-Sat 8-5

First Farmer Distribution Center in Southeastern

N.C. Opened at Historic Burgaw Depot March 22

web page: LocalHarvest.org

In collaboration with the University of North Carolina

Wilmington A Century and the Farm Town of & Burgaw Bird Friendly Depot Authority, Business Feast

DownEast celebrated the opening of its Southeastern North

Carolina Earth Day (SENC) Edition FOODS 2010Processing

and Distribution Center on

March 22 at the Historic Train Depot in Burgaw.

For the first time in Southeastern North Carolina, a food distribution

center will help small local farmers remain marketable in a

global economy. Funded by the Golden LEAF Foundation and the

N.C. Tobacco Trust Fund Commission, the center is designed to

encourage and support the local food economy, while preserving

the area’s rural cultural and agricultural heritage.

Community members and food businesses alike attended

the grand opening celebration, which also marked the launch of

the Pender County 10% Campaign, a statewide initiative aimed

at keeping $3.5 billion food dollars in N.C.’s economy. (See www.

nc10percent.com for details.) New Hanover and Brunswick counties

had celebrated their 10% Campaign launches earlier in the


As the demand for local fresh food increases, small farmers

are challenged to provide the necessary volume of quality

produce and delivery options required by area businesses. SENC

FOODS, a program of Feast DownEast, plans to pool local farmer

products and resources and provide a method of distribution to

restaurants, grocers, schools and other institutions in N.C.—making

fresh local food more readily available to the region and

“bridging the gap” between farmers and consumers.

“We see this partnership as win-win and a great opportunity

to help support our mission of building a viable food industry

in Pender County,” said Martin Beach, chairman of the Depot


Earth Day Edition 2010

Mike Bryand

Hand packed in small batches

using only local produce







Pickled okra, collards, cucumbers, and more!

Available at local farmers’

markets and at our kitchen:

2105 Carolina Beach Road

1 Block North of Legion Stadium

M–F, 9:00–4:00

(910) 343-8103


Cape Fear’s Going Green


usiness news

Actuary Alan Jameson uncovers

a plot that threatens to blow the

life insurance industry sky-high!

Follow his adventures in this

elegantly-plotted murder mystery.

“A gripping, fast-paced story”

“I could not put it down”

“Cloaked with mystery”

Read the latest from the former

Chief Actuary of the Social

Security Administration.

Now available for your Nook or Kindle

fr om Barnes & Noble or Amazon


Th e Silver Pendant

by Haeworth Robertson

Venture Books • Washington, DC

Buy it today:

Old Books on

Front Street

Follow us on


0 www.goinggreenpublications.com

Lovey’s Natural Foods and Café Expands

In response to customer comments

that there wasn’t enough room at Lovey’s

Natural Foods and Café, this spring, owners

Marie Montemurro and Karen Stewart

expanded into an additional storefront,

quadrupling their floor space. They moved

the salad bar, rearranged the layout, and

made the aisles a little bigger to make it

more shopper friendly.

The counter is bigger; they added

another register and you can now pay in

the front or the rear of the store. They’ve

expanded the hot bar and the cafe menu,

added 11 salads to the salad bar, and now

have areas to feature gourmet cheese,

prepared foods, and a bakery case.

Montemurro says, “We are fortunate

that we were able to expand, that we had

the need to expand.” Owners and staff

alike pride themselves on their customer

service, spending as much time as needed

to ensure every customer finds just what

he or she needs. They take the health

Thinking about Earth Day.

every day.


commentary by

Andy Wood, Education Director

for Audubon North Carolina



Science Friday

Fridays 2 – 4 p.m.

On air at 91.3 OnLine at whqr.org

In person at

254 N. Front St., Wilmington

and well-being of their customers seriously,

and special order items every week,

whether food or supplements, health

or beauty items. A monthly gluten-free

group meets there some months. Anyone

can shop at Lovey’s, but memberships

and three different flyer programs allow

savings on items purchased.

In spite of all the improvements,

some things never change. The salad bar

items are still sold by weight. And, adds

Montemurro, “We have the best chicken

soup in town.”

Lovey’s is located at 1319 Military Cutoff

Road, in Wilmington. (910)509-0331.

Progressive Gardens Becomes

Drop-Off Location for


Progressive Gardens is now a drop-off

location for the upcycling/recycling ecocompany

TerraCycle! TerraCycle turns your

once un-recyclable trash into new products,

and in doing so will donate $0.02 to a

local school for every piece collected. The

list of items they accept is very specific,

and grows all the time. Below is a sample

of the items you can bring in:

• Candy Wrappers - Mars (Skittles, Starburst,

M&M’s, Snickers)

• Scotch Tape - Plastic dispensers, roll cores

• Elmer’s Glue- Bottles & glue stick tubes

• Neosporin Tubes

• Huggie’s Brand Diapers- Plastic packaging,

wipes boxes

• Lunchables - Plastic holders

The list of acceptable items is growing,

and is too long to list here. Call Progressive

Gardens at (910)395-1156 or drop in to

bring your articles or to see the complete

list of items accepted currently. The store is

at 6005 Oleander Drive in Wilmington.

June 1

is the deadline for our

Summer 2011 issue

Send your news to:


or call (910)547-4390

education & business news

Holistic Dental Center Opens

Tristan W. Hamilton, D.D.S., has opened

Port City Dental Center at 4622 Oleander

Drive in Wilmington (near Oleander and

College Road). The new center uses only

mercury-free restoration materials, and

offers holistic dentistry and nutritional

counseling in addition to a full spectrum

of dental services. Learn more at www.

portcitysmiles.com, or call (910)399-1127.

Tiny House Listings

Fans of the tiny house movement will

enjoy a new website started by tiny house

enthusiast Steven Harrell.

Hoping to connect people who recognize

the benefits of living in a small home,

Harrell started Tinyhouselistings.com for

anyone wishing to buy, sell or rent small

house properties that are under 1,000

square feet in size.

Harrell lives in a 36' houseboat with his

wife Rhiannon and chihuahua “Mako” in

Wilmington, NC.

The tiny house movement is being

popularized by Jay Shafer, author of The

Small House Book. Background and small

home plans can be found at www.tumbleweedhouses.com.

Greenfield LakeFest May 21

Cape Fear River Watch will be hosting

the 1st Annual Greenfield LakeFest on

Saturday, May 21. It will be a fun, familyfriendly,

educational event. The event will

include land-based eco tours, water-based

eco tours, paddle boat races, presentations,

various booths focusing on water

quality, wildlife (including live reptiles and




1 www.goinggreenpublications.com

other animals), kid’s activities, music and

much more.

The goal of the festival is to create

awareness of the importance of Greenfield

Lake as a historical landmark and an

important wetland serving as habitat to a

vast array of wildlife, including alligators,

and a natural filter of stormwater runoff

before it is shed into the Cape Fear River.

There will be no entry fee (just a fee

for boat rides and eco-tours). Plans are still

in the works, so check the Cape Fear River

Watch website (cfrw.us) or Going Green’s

online calender of events (www.goinggreenpublications.com)

for up-to-date

information, or call Cape Fear River Watch

at (910)762-5606. Rain date will probably

be May 28.

Graduate School News

Bonnie Monteleone has successfully

defended her thesis, “The Plastic Ocean

Project: An Exploration of Plastic Pollution

in the Ocean Subtropical Gyres,” in UNCW’s

Graduate Liberal Studies Program.

Josh Tuttle,

Coordinator for

the Southeastern

North Carolina

Food Systems

Program (now

Feast Downeast),

has been accepted

into the PhD Public

Sociology program

at George Mason

University and

will be leaving for

Fairfax, Virginia.

Buying or Selling, Going

Green in Real Estate Has

Never Been So Easy

Green Teen Program

A Green Teen group has started at

the downtown Wilmington branch of the

New Hanover County Public Library. It

meets monthly from 4:00-4:45 p.m. and

the group will either do a craft project,

look at various new books teens can use

to help make the world greener or discuss

a book everyone in the group has read.

In the first meeting, in March, the group

recycled paper to make bowls that teens

could take home. Contact Mary Kleinfeldt

at MKleinfeldt@nhcgov.com for more


Author Speaks at CFCC

Jonathan Estes, author of the book

Smart Green, spoke on April 12 at the

Sustainability Technologies program

at Cape Fear Community College in

Wilmington. The program offers a two-year

Associates Degree focusing on energy use,

building science and renewable energy

technologies. Estes’ book, Smart Green, has

been adopted as part of the lead instructor’s

Issues in Sustainability course.

Choice Caregivers, Inc.

Compassionate care for

your special needs

• long-term care

• short-term assistance

• postoperative or new mother care

• medication monitoring

• relief for family or other caregivers

• accompaniment to appointments

• meal preparation

• assistance with daily living

• supplemental assistance in nursing home

• alternative setting care at vacation site

• short-term care for special-needs visitors

Call us today to learn how

we can help you


on the road

Sixty UNC–Wilmington Students Attend PowerShift 2011

In April, sixty students from UNCW

made a trip to our nation’s capital to be

a part of Power Shift 2011, the largest

organizing training in history. More than

10,000 students and community leaders,

representing every state in the country,

were present. North Carolina was the

second most represented, with over 400

students present to bring grassroots

organizing power back to their campuses

and communities.

Power Shift is a biennial national

conference held with the purpose of

uniting and training students who stand

for environmental and social justice. There

were workshops, panels, and trainings

covering topics such as building a clean

energy economy, politics in relation to the

environmental movement, and sustainability

on college campuses.

Al Gore, Van Jones, EPA administrator

Lisa Jackson, and 350.org founder Bill

McKibben were just a few of the influential

speakers that came to address the large

turnout. The weekend ended with a march

of about 2,000 people of all ages to the

Going Green’s

Environmental Book Club meets

the first Tuesday of the month.

Come join us!

7pm, Old Books on Front Street








Wrightsville Ave.


local metalsmith




contributed photo

Shown are all the students from universities across North Carolina, the second highest represented state

at the 2011 Power Shift, who are now part of the NC Student Energy Network.

U.S. Chamber of Commerce, BP lobby

headquarters, and the GenOn facility.

UNCW student Megan Johnston

summed up the intent of the youth

environmental movement by saying, “We

must work to stop large corporations who

are sacrificing our Earth in favor of profit

and work with our elected representatives

to make choices that protect our


Learn more about Power Shift 2011 at


Learn how you can

usiness news

The Turtles Are Coming! Art

Project Is Here

As a fundraiser for The Karen Beasley

Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation

Center, Surf City Art Guild has launched 21

fiberglass turtles that will travel through

the Cape Fear area. The opening reception,

titled “The Turtles Are Here!,” was the

kick-off for a 21-turtle migration of sponsored

turtles through the area, which will

culminate in an auction at the Assembly

Building in Topsail Beach to be held on

September 30.

The turtle center is under construction

in Surf City, North Carolina, and is due

to be completed late this summer. The

“Turtles Are Coming!” art project will help

them raise some of the $200,000 they still

need in order to fund the building.

Learn more about the project at www.

surfcityartists.com, or email them at

surfcityartists1@gmail.com. Learn about

the Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and

Rehabilitation Center at www.seaturtlehospital.org.

1st Crawl Environmental Festival—

Saturday, May 14th , 2011

Oak Island

Parks & Recreation

Department invites

you to join in on

this one-of-a-kind

great environmental

festival at

Middleton Park,

Oak Island, featuring

live entertainment,


speakers on sea

turtles, sea birds,

and marine rescue,

photo by Michelle Bridges

A new hatchling makes its way across the beach.

along with kids’ games and rides, arts & crafts, food, and both an

individual and team Turtle Triathlon.

The event will highlight the work being done in our community

to save our natural marine and other resources. The concert

will be headlined by The Cosmic Groove Lizards, along with other

bands. The Team Turtle Triathlon will start at 8am and the festivities

at the park will begin at 10am.

For more information on any of the festival events, or to apply

for a booth at the festival please contact (910)278-5518 or www.



Sustainable Saturdays at Cape Fear Green Building Alliance

Cape Fear Green Building Alliance

(CFGBA) will launch a series of workshops

for the public at the Building Performance

Training Center beginning Saturday,

May 7, 2011. The hour and a half long

Sustainable Saturday sessions will educate

homeowners in energy efficiency basics,

providing helpful hints on how to save

money with green home improvements.

Courses offered are:

• May 7 The Home as a System

• May 14 Sealing the Building Envelope

for Energy Savings

• May 21 Taking Advantage of Incentives

for Energy Improvements

• May 28 The Ins and Outs of


June 4 Focusing on Energy - HVAC,

Lighting, Water Heating and


June 11 Focusing on Energy:


June 18 Indoor Air Quality

June 25 Water Resources and


Sustainable Saturdays are FREE for

CFGBA members and $10 per class for

non-members. The sessions will be held at

9 and 10:30 a.m. with seating limited to 30

participants, and will be on a first-come,

first-served basis. Visit www.cfgba.org for

more details, or call the CFGBA office at


Coming this


Cape Fear’s Going Green




Details to be announced at Paw Jam

May 7, 2011, or call (910)547-4390.

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