MODEL OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
Organizing is, by theory of management, another basic function of management. Safety at work is a
situation that enables the normal flow of business processes and the functioning of business
systems, and thus better economic results. Safety at work is a condition that is achieved by the
implementation of measures and safety rules at work. Furthermore, occupational safety is a set of
professional and scientific methods, measures and procedures aimed at protecting workers from
various causal factors that arise in the process of work, which result in the creation of safe working
conditions. Safety at work is applied and the science of mutual the adaptation of man and work as
part of the process of production or other forms of activity, and for the protection of man". Causes of
injuries at work and other health disorders can be divided into four groups of factors: 1) personal
factors, 2) factors of work organization, 3) factors of production processes and the working
environment, and 4) sociological factors. Work Safety is part of the organization of production
functions as part of business processes and business functions. For the continuous improvement of
the occupational safety situation in the business system, it is therefore particularly important to
systematically and effectively organize work safety. This is also pointed out by Petersen in his
"systematic approach to security management", linking scientific methods and techniques of
management to "security management techniques" (Petersen, 2003). Organizational sciences can
also be in the function of contributing to safety at work, which Bourrier (2005) points out through the
"association of organizational design and organizational development and safety at work".
Empirical research is focused on the organization and work of occupational safety and health
services in business organizations in Netherlands and the issues of the work of an independent
occupational safety expert in medium-sized business organizations that bring results from business
practice to a number of organizational aspects from the position of expert protection at work.
Through the "Occupational Safety and Health Scheme" with an employer employing more than 200
workers, I try to set a model of occupational safety systems in large business systems, stressing the
special importance of the workplace protection service in large companies, and can be concluded
that protection at work and organization of work safety at work is a continuous process that requires
constant updates and corrections in order to constantly improve OSH. This study proposes model
for designing and guiding the workplace protection service and sets up a practical model of
occupational safety and health services with the basic parameters of the design of the occupational
safety and health service, following the current legal requirements for the organization and work of
the workplace health service, with the application of managerial principles.
Lack of theoretical model of the process of organizing protection at work in the business system.
The aim of the research is to contribute to the improvement of the safety system at work by
modeling the process of organizing occupational safety in the business system.
On the principles and functions of modern management of business systems and process approach
to management and legal requirements for work safety for organizing it is possible to set a general
theoretical model of the process of organizing protection at work in business system.
From the set goal and the hypothesis of the research, the following research tasks arise:
1) Analysis of the principles and functions of the management of business systems and the process
2) Analysis of legal requirements for organizing occupational safety in the business system.
3) Modeling the process of organizing protection at work in the business system.
1) Analysis method: analysis of theory and analysis of practice.
2) Descriptive (descriptive) method (method of observing and describing the phenomenon): study of
documentation - regulations.
3) General system theory: systemic analysis.
4) Modeling method: process model, process flow diagram.
Analysis of the principles and functions of business system management and process management
approach. The basic functions of modern business system management are: 1) planning, 2)
organizing, 3) managing human resources, 4) managing, 5) controlling. These basic functions of
management are realized at all levels of management (the highest, middle and lower levels), and
the specific features of the realization of functions by individual levels of management depend on:
goals, content, time dimension, context and environment, orientation, types of decisions, conditions
and decision making , and others. Through all the basic functions of management, the joint roles of
management are realized, which are: information, interpersonal and decision-making roles.
Coordination is the very essence of management (Harrinton, 2001). Organizing, as the second basic
function of management, includes: 1) organizing process, 2) designing an organization, and 3)
organizational culture. The purpose is to organize the achievement and continuous improvement of
the efficiency and efficiency of the organization, and consequently of the overall management.
Organizing the process, and the organization is the state, or the result of the organizing process.
Thus each organization is created, maintained and innovated in the process of organizing. The
process of organizing, when more precisely determined, consists of: Identification and classification
- all necessary activities and activities in the organization; Grouping - identified activities in the
narrower and wider organizational units; Assigning grouped jobs to a manager - who has the
authority to oversee the implementation of these activities; Horizontal and vertical coordination - in
the organizational structure.
According to Weihrich and Koontz (1988), "the principles of delegating authority and division into
organizational units are the fundamental truths of the organizational process," and among other
principles that deal with the process of organizing, and by whose application managers gain a sense
of proportion or measure of the overall organizational process: balance, flexibility and leadership
relief. A modern approach to management seeks to optimize the business system as a whole, and it
can be achieved "only on the basis of a new organizational paradigm that starts from the efficiency
and effectiveness of the process within the organization, but also beyond those of the existing
organizational structure." The process can in its essence be defined as a series of logically related
activities from which it consists, with clearly defined inputs and outputs from the process. In the
context of business, the business process with its activities uses certain business resources
(human, material, financial, weather, information, etc.) in order to satisfy the needs of users in the
widest sense. Exit the process achieves this goal, while achieving "new value". Reorganization as a
continuous improvement of an organization on the principles of a process management approach
can be based on the concept of "business process reengineering" that Hammer and Champy (1993)
formally define as "fundamental reflection and radical redesign of business processes to achieve
dramatic improvements in critical contemporary success factors such as are cost, quality, service
and speed. "
In accordance with management theory and categorization of basic functions and process of
management of business systems, it is also possible to establish in the system of work safety in the
business system five basic processes: 1) Safety and Occupational Safety Planning Process 2)
Occupational Safety Management Process 3) Human Resource Management Process occupational
safety resources 4) Occupational safety management process 5) Process of safety and safety at
work. The process of organizing occupational safety is another basic process in the occupational
safety system in the business system, which is preceded by the process of safety and safety
planning at work, followed by other established processes. The business system makes,
considering its specificity, a series of subsystems and a number of basic and accompanying
business processes. The security system is a subsystem of the business system, and its function is
to constantly improve the safety of people, property and the environment in the business system,
which also enables business safety. The safety system at work is a subsystem of the security
system in the business system. The process of organizing occupational safety and health is a
component of the first-level safety system at work, and then at a higher level and overall security in
the business system. He also has a specific position in the business system model because it needs
to have back links with all basic and accompanying business processes in the business system in
order to fulfill all organizational requirements for protection at work in all processes, subsystems and
organizational units of the business system.
Petersen, D. (2003). Techniques of Safety Management: A System Approach. Des Plaines:
American society of safety engineers.
Bourrier, M. (2005). The Contribution of Organizational Design to Safety. European Management
Journal, XXIII, 1.
Harrinton, H. J. (2001). Business Process Improvement. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Weihrich, H. & Koontz, H. (1988). Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Hammer, M. & Champy, J. (1993). Reengineering the Corporation: A Manifesto for Business
Revolution. Business Horizons, vol. 36, issue 5, 90 - 91.