Enthralled Magazine Vol 1 Issue 7 - Velocity


Enthralled is a magazine for authors, writers and those of us in love with words. This month's issue is themed "velocity"

Volume 1 Issue 7 August 2018

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e n t h r a l l e d m a g a z i n e

Editor: Susan Day

Contributors: RJ Simon, Harold Shipston,

Barbara Avon, Ellwyn Autumn, Nicole Strickland,

Matt B, Tienny, Indigo Bunting, JR Workman.

Layout & Graphic Design: Susan Day

Additional Articles: Susan Day

Images: Stock Photo Secrets

Editorial enquires:




Subscribe / Donate:


Published In: Dunolly, Victoria, Australia,

August 2018

Privacy Policy:

We value your privacy. If you have supplied

enthralled magazine with your social media

contacts we will publish them with your

permission only. Your details will not be shared

with any third parties. Every article published in

enthralled magazine is for the benefit of our

contributors and subscribers only.

A word or two about words…

Contributions made to this publication came from all over

the world. So as not to get bogged down or begin a trans-

Pacific war on words, the editor has made the decision to

leave each article in its original format. You will see

different forms of English used in different articles. This may

to some seem inconsistent, but we believe in the

universality of the written form, and wish to engender a

wider tolerance of its use.


This month’s theme is velocity.

“speed, rate, swiftness, haste,”

enthralled magazine creat

writers to share their ideas a

they can speak and be he

enthralled to empower, edu

all writers and authors with

and more. While its initial

few people, each issue will

from writers and author

es a place for authors and

nd journeys. A place where

ard. It will be the role of

cate, inspire and challenge

articles, news, tips, advice

creation was the idea of a

be a collaboration of ideas

s from across the globe.

Welcome to the latest issue of enthralled magazine.

Well, what an amazing collection of stories, poems and articles we

have for you this month. Once again, our regular contributors and our

special guests have blown me away with their perceptions of what it

means to write and be an author, as well as, their enduring talent.

As you begin to dive into this month’s issue, you’ll notice that the

poems and short stories are mingled in with the other articles and

titbits. The idea was to present a richer smorgasbord of delightful

snippets for you to devour.

What do you think of the cover pic this month? I am a bit of a revhead,

and couldn’t resit the excitement and fury this image evokes. I

would love to hear what it inspires you to write about. Can you smell

the petrol fumes or feed off the adrenaline of driving fast? Don’t

forget to send us your written piece to our Facebook page.

Some of you may know that I own a vintage store in the small

country town where I live. It’s name is Thrifty on Broadway (the

name of the main street), and this month I will be hosting a

story-sharing event. The idea is bring along an item that you

treasure, and share the backstory to it. It should be a lot of

fun and those of you who live in the area might consider

dropping in. There are more details on the Thrifty on

Broadway Facebook Page. It has always interested me to

learn of the stories that ordinary household items hold. I’ll

share some of those stories with you next month.

Just a reminder, in order to make this magazine free forever,

please consider a donation. Every bit helps, and is much


Well, that’s enough from me; stay enthralled and enjoy.

- Susan Day, Editor

from the editor



14 I Opened a Book: Poem

40 Tips for Non-Fiction Writers

62 The Importance of Being Controversial:

Jane Austin Style

66 I Never Had a Dad: A Poem

52 From Tax to Tall Tales: An Illustrator’s Journey

48 101 Blog Post Ideas for Authors: Part 4

22 Tarnagulla: A Poem

28 A Fool, I Shall Be...

61 Lost in the Cave: A Poem

16 Who Can Contribute to the Arts?

36 Horsin’ Around With Monkeys: A Story

68 Quiz - Commonly Confused Words

34 Contribute to Our Special “Blue” Issue

regular features

72 What Did You Make of Last Month’s Cover?

70 Word of the Month - Nimiety

74 Your Turn to Write - This Month’s Cover

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Julia Donaldson, Author


Can Contribute to the Arts?

Who Can Contribute to the Arts?

By RJ Simon

The arts, with so many different styles, mediums, and genres,

there is so much scope for creativity we really are limited only

by our imaginations.

There is no right or wrong in the arts. No, the arts are made rich by variety, it is

the variety that makes them appealing to everyone, there is something for everyone,

and no one is left out.

Who can contribute to the arts? I honestly believe everyone can.

For example, readers and writers both contribute to the arts in their own ways.

Together we can explore all manner of things.

It’s a rather magical collaboration if you think about it.

I for one, have been known to stroll about the grounds of great houses and

eavesdrop on private conversations in the corners of ballrooms during dances I

wasn’t formally invited to... A lady in a white dress who died in 1817 sneaks me

Who Can Contribute to the Arts?

in through a sieve of marks less than a millimetre thick that she left behind.

I would never have known the Bennet's had she not pointed them out nor

would I have ridden in a horse-drawn carriage to Pemberley! Maybe that lady,

Jane, has acted as your tour guide at some stage too?

Either way, if you’re reading this it’s likely that you either are a writer, you want

to be a writer, or you are for some reason or another interested in the writing

industry. Maybe you have a piece you should be working on, but you needed to

stop for a reading break? If so thank you for reading here.

RJ Simon is a full member of both the Society of Children’s

Book Writers and Illustrators, and the Australian Society of

Authors. RJ is also a member of the Children's Book Council of

Australia, and a regular contributor to Enthralled Magazine.

You can tweet at her on twitter here: https://twitter.com/

RJ_Simon_Books or visit her website here: http://


Tarnagulla: A Poem by Harold Shipston


It's a place full of memories.


The Peppercorn and Grey gum have been there all my life.

And the plum tree in the garden is such a pleasant sight.

The roses, they are in full bloom, and the Jonquils a delight.

I see them in my memory as I lay here tonight.

I hear the cracking of the axe as Iron bark is split,

and I can see my father’s smile, as he stands over it.

He rolls his sleeves, spits to his hand, to gain a firmer grip,

Then swings with ease and drives the axe, another block is spilt.

The old tin shed is rusty, and it leans a little bit,

and its rabbit traps and fishing rods, add character to it.

The door no longer swings free, and the window has long gone, but the memories it

holds inside, will, in my mind, live on.

I see vegies in the garden, and the fruit trees with their loads, and the back lane

where I learnt to ride…. just a dusty gravel road. Our mulberry tree, yes, mine and

Dons, it was the place to be!, when we were chased by sisters, what a treasured


Oh, how I miss that childhood smell of Grandma’s smoky stove. And I can see her

tending it, in its tiny little cove.

She wears her floral apron, and she checks the billy’s hot,

and I can see her at the door, saying,, “Dinner’s ready all you lot!!”

Yes, I can see us sitting there, her food was always great!!,

and I knew that we’d get ice cream, if we ate everything on our plate. And my

mum had a saying, to us it’s almost fabled, “Sit up straight, stop fidgeting, and

get your elbows off the table!!”

In the evening at the fires hearth, sit, Dad and Gran and Mum, talking grownups

talk, Like, “See Mr Holt is gone.”

While I’d doze off to lazy sleep, when my day was done,

Just to wake up in the morning light, ready for more fun.

A little country cottage, and a happy healthy life,

That’s where all my thoughts wander to, as I lay here tonight . I know I’ve been

a lucky man, now it’s my turn to be. The one that makes the memories, for my

children, to one day see.

If they lay in bed one night, and reflect back on their life,

and smile a smile of happy thoughts, Then I too,

May have got it right.

Harold Shipston Facebook

Images from Tarnagulla, Victoria, Australia

If you are enjoying

Enthralled Magazine

at this very moment, make sure you don’t

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A Fool, I Shall Be...

A Fool, I Shall Be...

by Barb Avon

Anne Rice,

the celebrated


Author, has

said, "To

write something,


have to risk making a fool of yourself".

Let me rework this so that it reads:

"There is only one way to write and

that is with courage and a unique

voice that readers will judge."

Some readers may deem you a

fool. Some may consider you a genius.

Whichever the case, write something

that you'll be remembered for.

To leave ordinary behind, you have to

choose the path that takes you to

something extraordinary, even if that

path is laden with finger pointers on

the sidelines. Let them mock in jest.

Nothing incredible has ever been

invented or discovered by following

rigid rules. If you "write outside the

box", you may risk making a fool of

yourself, but so what?

A genius lies underneath. Fools are


Ordinary writers fade into the background.

Being a writer, is not easy. Sharing

your writing is akin to standing on a

bridge with one foot dangling above

the icy waters below but you have no

intention of jumping.

Here's the happy part: No reader, no

matter their opinion, will have the

strength to push you over the

edge. As long as you stay true to

yourself, their opinion is just that: one

person's opinion.

For this same reason, I don't solicit

the help of Beta readers. If Joe likes

my story but Tammy doesn't, do I

change for Tammy? Stick with

Joe? Or stay true to myself? The answer

is obvious.

What happens if you wrote something

magnificent, but curmudgeon

Paul, an old, crusty, Bible-thumping,

ex-professor tells you that it needs to

be "cleaned up".

What happens if, begrudgingly, you

take Paul's advice only to regret it for

the rest of your writing life? What

happens if a different author coincidentally

publishes your idea because

they had the courage to do so and

the story goes viral? You may want

to jump off that bridge, after all.

Be a fool. Stay a fool. It's a great

club to join. I plan to keep that

membership for a lifetime.

I'd rather risk being a fool, than risk

being forgotten.

So what does it mean to be a

fool? It's hard to explain but let me

put it this way. You know that idea

that you think is too stupid, weird,

sexy, outrageous, controversial or

plain ol' dumb? Yeah....write that.

My latest book is actually a novella

based around Christmas. It's a horror.

There are expletives in it. There

are scary parts in it. There are even

sexy bits in it. My husband asked me

lovingly, "Aren't you afraid that people

will think you are being blasphemous?"

I told him that no, I am not

afraid. Besides, if they think that, let

them. If they ask me, though, I will

tell them that I am a religious person

who has the utmost respect for sacred

things. But guess what? What I

write isn't representative of who I

am. If I write about drowning kittens

does the reader think I go around in

real life drowning kittens? I'm also an

Author. A FICTION author and that

gives me every right to be - you

guessed it - a fool. If I can't convince

the reader of that, then I guess they

are a fool, too.

I say, "Welcome to the club."

Barbara Avon is a Canadian author and regular

contributor to enthralled magazine.

Meet Barbara Avon Online -

Barbara Avon

On Twitter - Barbara Avon

On Facebook - Barbara Avon

Barbara was awarded FACES Magazine - Female

Author of the Year 2018


Be part of our special edition series…

We are always trying to think, and of course

write, outside of the box here at enthralled.

While we welcome stories and poems, the

first purpose of enthralled is to educate and

inform authors and writers. The articles

publish in each issue are chosen to help

those of us who love to write to go one

better, and to further our creative journeys.

But, who doesn’t like a good story or

inspirational poem, right?

With that in mind, we have decided to put

together a collection of short stories and

poems. And, already many talented writers

have sent their contributions in.

Just som

“blue” im

get y


The theme is simple so those of you who

would like to contribute can take any

direction your writing muse inspires you to.

If you are interested please send your

contribution to Susan at


Our first theme is “blue” so pop that in the

subject box.

The rest is up to you.


e cool

ages to



Horsin' Around With Monkeys

By Ellwyn Autumn

It takes a great deal of skill to ride a monkey. I should know. I've ridden one.

Unlike most horses, I seemed to be a natural at it. Mother was so proud the first

time I jumped on a monkey's back and coaxed it into a steady jog around the


I remember it as if it were only yesterday.

The sun was shining so bright that day, the trees, outlining the fringes of the

court, were in full bloom. The air was warm and filled with the scent of roses

from my mother's garden.

There were some in attendance who weren't as happy as Mother.

My friends were so jealous, but I didn't care, everyone else was on their feet

applauding my grand achievement.

Shortly after, Mother entered me and my monkey in tournaments. We had to

jump over great, big walls and weave in-and-out of mazes with sharp turns. At

the end of each tournament, we were awarded ribbons and trophies taller than


My reputation as a skilled monkey rider spread far and wide. Newspapers wrote

stories about me with headlines in big, black letters on the front page. Universities

asked me to give commencement speeches at their graduation ceremonies.

I was even invited to meet the Queen of England and the President of the United


Tomorrow, my monkey and I will do something no one has done before. We

are going to blast off to the moon.

Once we arrive, we're going to the surface, and riding all the way around it 100

times without stopping.

I'm not sure what we'll do after that, any suggestions?

Ellwyn Autumn: Children and YA Author

Ellwyn Autumn lives with her family in

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She is a certified

teacher, an avid book lover, and enjoys

eating chocolate. She began writing

when she was seven years old and has

every intention to keep doing so.

Check out her website - Ellwyn Autumn

Tips for Non-fiction Writers

Tips for Non-fiction Writers

by Nicole Strickland

Writing my very first

non-fiction book was

one of the most exciting

endeavors I have

accomplished in my 39

years. Ten years later, I am proud to

say that I have published six nonfiction

works with future ones in development.

Each phase of the book

writing process can seem daunting

and tedious; however, once you develop

a seamless system that works

well, you will be on your way to

smooth sailing.

It’s important to stay true to who you

are as a person and author and realize

that you can create something

entirely original for your audience.

After writing six manuscripts, I can

now better recognize my own unique

“voice.” Once you recognize yours,

you will find the entire research, development

and writing process to be

more fun and enjoyable. Remember

that you, the writer, are the best advocate

for your book.

Here are some salient tips that can

apply to many authors:

Get Rid of Procrastination:

Clearly set attainable goals. For example,

you can notate on your calendar

that you will write 500 words per

day or write one chapter per week.

Create a healthy writing space with

minimal interruption and while there,

study your creative patterns.

Are you more creative in the morning

or at night? Do you write better with

some calming music or in complete

silence? Discover what little idiosyncrasies

work for you and implement

them in your writing repertoire.

Develop an Outline:

This is a very important step. While

you don’t need a completed table of

contents; having an organized outline

is crucial as it will help keep your

thoughts / sections of the book more


It’s also beneficial for timeline purposes

as well. For example, you can

designate to work on two or more

sections of your outline each day. An

outline or table of contents will help

you to remain authoritative and in

command as well.

Understand the Book Proposal Process:

The book proposal process is as

equally important to the entire project.

It gives you a front row seat as

to why your book stands out among

the rest of the competition.

A properly constructed proposal can

give you many more choices among


Research and understand all the

components of each publisher’s book

proposal process. There are many

sections that are universal across the

board, such as 1) table of contents or

outline, 2) target audience, 3) about

the author, 4) a list of competing titles,

5) content overview, etc.

However, one publisher may require

something in its proposal that anoth-

er doesn’t require, so it’s up to you to

understand the process for each publisher

you submit to.

Perhaps, the most important step in

writing a book proposal is to explain

why your book is relevant in today’s

competing marketplace.

Even if there are many titles similar to

what you are developing, be creative

in explaining why yours stands out.

Just Write:

While it’s nice to have an outline or

developed table of contents, please

don’t feel restricted to write in the

exact order of your outline or table of


Write what comes up at that very moment

as you can always go back later

on and developmentally edit the content.

Some of my best writing occurs when

I get that sudden “urge” to write.

Whether it is at 8:00 a.m. or midnight,

if your creative juices are flowing, it’s

best to open up your laptop and type


Don’t worry about flow or substantive

editing as that can come later. After

you are finished, save your work and

come back to it the next day.

You may be surprised at what else

you think of to add or change. Furthermore,

make sure to save your

written material in a variety of ways.

Be Critical:

Place yourself in the shoes of your

audience. Ask yourself what you look

for in successful non-fiction writers.

Re-read your manuscript several

times. Have other trusted individuals

read your book and take notice to

their constructive feedback.

Read a lot of non-fiction books. In

doing so, you will discover and take

note of the many reasons you prefer

one book over the other.

Humans love to hear and share memorable

stories, so be creative in how

you relay your narrative. Implement

strategies in your writing that will

appeal to the emotions of your readers.

They will continue to turn page

after page if they discover that your

unique author “voice” and style of

writing appeals to their everyday life.

Love Your Editor:

Always remember that your editor is

there to help your book reach success.

Thus, don’t get all twisted and

bent out of shape if he or she offers

suggestions. You may not agree with

advised changes that need to be

made, but at least listen to what your

editor suggests because, like you, he

or she is also an advocate for your


I see too many authors arguing with

their editors over petty things – this

tense energy will ultimately translate

to the page, causing some readers to

turn away. Your editor is there to

make your book shine; thus, create a

harmonious relationship with him or


Research Publishers:

Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.

Take the time to research various

publishers. At first glance, you may

find a publisher that seems perfect

for your book; however, after exhausting

other outlets, you may discover

that others may better suit your


Talk to other colleagues and acquire

their particular publisher recommendations

and the specific reasons why

they chose to sign with a particular


You can devise a pros and cons list

for various publishers, which can

make the selection process a little


Once you have definitively decided to

go with a particular choice, please

make sure that you understand every

component of your author contract. I

cannot express how vitally important

this is. Don’t ever be afraid to approach

your publisher with questions

about your contract.

I accomplished one of my life’s goals

by writing my non-fiction books. If I

can do it, you can, too. If you have a

particular idea for an intriguing book

concept, then shoot for the stars.

Don’t let anyone interfere or try to

stop you. As always, my best wishes

for you as an author. I look forward

to seeing your book(s) on the shelves

one day.

Nicole Strickland is a paranormal researcher, author,

writer and public speaker from San Diego,

California. She is the founder and director of the

San Diego Paranormal Research Society (SDPRS);

co-host of the “Spirits of the Adobe” tours at the

Rancho Buena Vista Adobe; and writer for various

magazines, including Paranormal Underground

Magazine and Let’s Talk Magazine.

Check out her website:

Nicole Strickland

San Diego Paranormal Research

Spirited Queen Mary

Part 4

Blog Post Ideas for Authors - Part 4

This article was created by Get Online Fast

This is our final look at ideas that you can use to increase the content on your

website. It’s important to inspire your site’s visitors with content that matters.

Content that will have them coming back time and time again, and content that

inspires them to want to purchase your book.

Educating and engaging your visitors is one thing, but blogging day in day out

on a regular basis is another, and usually means a lot of commitment and hard


Authors have a tough gig getting their books noticed. There are literally

thousands of books published each day, and you need to be able to stand out

and be noticed.

One way to do this is to provide great content that attracts the right kind of

visitors and turns them into buyers, fans, and then maybe friends.

When you start out blogging it seems easy enough. You just begin writing

about your books and the writing process, right? But, after awhile your

inspiration and ideas wane and it becomes more and more difficult.

So, to help you as much as possible we have put together 101 Blog Post ideas

for authors.

Click the links for Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3

76. Name your top 10 all-time favorite books and why you love them.

77. What sports would your characters play, and why?

78. Share pictures of the town/city/location that inspired the setting of your books.

79. Talk about specific locations featured in the book and why they were included.

80. Have fans contribute or vote on your next book cover & feature it on your blog

81. What is your protagonist’s favourite colour, planet and fruit?

82. Share a picture of your writing space and talk about some unique or special things

you have within it.

83. Share specific struggles you face when writing and how you have (or are trying to)

work through them

84. If you are a self-published author share how you went about that process, and

why you chose it.

85. If you are working on a new book introduce your readers to a new character or

locations that will be featured: ask for feedback.

86. What are your characters favourite takeaway food?

87. Come across something unique in your research? Tell your fans about it.

88. Share the most valuable writing tips you have received from other authors

89. What elements from your life were weaved throughout your book/s

90. Why do you keep on writing?

91. What type of computer do you use?

92. What writing software do you use?

93. Do you write longhand?

94. Do you use a flowchart or mind map to plot out ideas?

95. What kind of pen do you use? Does the colour matter?

96. Did your research lead you to speak to a specialist? Share that story.

97. Are your characters based on friends or family? Why?

98. Would your characters follow a particular sporting team? If so, which one and


99. If your characters were in the Olympics what sport would they participate in?

100. Is your book historical fiction? Write about what life was like then. Share special

details within your research, food they ate, how life was different, etc.

101. List the worst books you’ve ever read and explain why you didn’t like them.

From Tax to Tall Tales: An

Illustrator’s Journey

From Tax to Tall Tales: An Illustrator’s J

world through visual narrative is what

I love most.

(All images used with Matt’s permission.

Please respect his intellectual

property and ask before using them -

contact details are at the end of this

article, thank you, Ed)

by Matt B

After 18 years working at the Australian

Taxation Office, I resigned from

my job and journeyed down the rabbit

hole into the wonderful world of

illustrating and writing children’s stories.

It wasn’t until I had my first child that

I knew for certain that I wanted to

write and illustrate for children.

They have such vivid imaginations

and fears and to tap into it and help

them to understand the complex

I have written and illustrated two picture

books, inspired by my children -

Ariana and Liam.

‘Monsters in My Garden’, was published

in October 2016 and was

quickly followed by ‘Dun Dun Did It!’

in February 2017.

The concept for my first book came

when at two-years-old, Ariana told us

there were monsters in her garden.

I thought it sounded like a really

good book so I wrote the title down

and then forgot about it.

Then when she was four-years old

she said it again. Dad there are still

monsters in my garden, so my wife

Anthea and I asked if these Monsters

were nice and happy or funny and

goofy, the idea was to allay her con-


cerns by making it a fun experience

so we made up a raft of different

monsters, when we were don and I

thought ‘OK, that’s a story’.

Once Monsters in My Garden had

been published, Liam then asked

where his book was, if his sister had a

book he should have one too.

So I wrote a story about his imaginary

dinosaur friend Dun Dun, who he

used to blame for everything.

If Liam did something wrong, or

broke something, he used to say, ‘It

wasn’t me, Dun Dun did it’. Every parent

who reads Dun Dun did it! Always

relate to it, I often get feedback saying

their child did this or that just like

in the book, it is so funny.

My greatest passion is to inspiring

kids, especially if I can encourage

them to pick up a book and read.

Creating engaging artwork is one way

I can achieve this goal.

Being able to see kids open up, to

see pure emotion and joy once they

see my pictures is what it’s all about.

I believe children should be exposed

to reading as young as possible. The

earlier kids get reading, the earlier

they get comfortable with it and enjoy

it and the better chance they will

be lifelong readers down the track.

I also runs workshops for local

schools kids teaching them the drawing

process in a simplified, engaging

and sometimes hilarious way,

I do this at no charge as it is my way

to give back to the community.

The foundational workshops show

kids that even the most complex image

or object can be constructed using

three simple shapes.

The lessons learned in these foundational

illustration sessions are not

limited to drawing. The process is

directly transferable to life skills in

general, teaching young children how

to approach complex problems, and

chunk the information into manageable

pieces, breaking it down into the

basic elements or issues, to better

understand the problem and then

move forward.

It also provides another avenue for

children to express themselves, especially

children with learning or processing

difficulties such as Irlen’s Syndrome,

dyslexia, ADD or ADHD.

Highlights for me this year:

I was honoured to be asked to be a

presenter at the Children’s and Young

Adults (CYA) Writers Conference in

Brisbane this year to regale the audience

with my story of success since

attending last year’s conference for

the first time ever.

I have illustrated five picture books in

the last 12 months and am currently

working on two new picture books I

have written.

I was an interviewed by Mitch Bowler

from Pencil Kings (Canada) about

being a freelance illustrator for children’s

picture books, you can listen

to it on Pencil Kings

My goal for this year is to start writing

and illustrating my own stories

for larger publishers like Penguin

Random House, Affirm Press, Harper

Collins, Scholastic or Wombat books.

That is the dream at least!

When not wrestling wild BUNYIP’s in

the Australian outback, Matt B spends

his time writing and illustrating children

picture books, such as ‘Monsters

in My Garden’ and 'Dun Dun did it!'.

Matt B is passionate about the environment

having studied a Master’s

degree in Environmental and Business

management and has tertiary

qualifications in Education, Project

Management and Information Technology.

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Lost in the Cave: A Poem


Lost on the sea

Hide inside the cave

A perfect shelter from the rain

Slowly waiting for the rain to stop

Rest from paddling boat

Alone watching the rain stop

By Tienny Website

The Importance of

Being Controversial

Image Source

The Importance of Being Controversial

The Importance of Being Controversial

– Jane Austin’s Early Critics Debate

Her Books’ Moral Worth

And you thought your critics were

harsh. Considered harmless and fun

today, read on to find out what Jane

Austen’s literary critics thought of her


At the time Jane Austen's novels were

published – between 1811 and 1818

– English literature was not part of

any academic curriculum. In addition,

fiction was under strenuous attack.

Certain religious and political groups

felt novels had the power to make so

called immoral characters so interesting

young readers would identify

with them; these groups also considered

novels to be of little practical

use. Even Coleridge, certainly no literary

reactionary, spoke for many when

he asserted that "novel-reading occasions

the destruction of the mind's

power. “

These attitudes towards novels help

explain why Austen received little

attention from early nineteenth century

literary critics. (In any case, a

novelist published anonymously, as

Austin was, would not be likely to

receive much critical attention). The

literary response that was accorded

her, however, was often as incisive as

twentieth century criticism.

In his attack in 1816 on novelistic

portrayals "outside of ordinary experience,"

for example, Scott made an

insightful remarks about the merits of

Austen's fiction. Her novels, wrote

Scott, "Present to the reader an accurate

and exact picture of ordinary

everyday people and places, reminiscent

of seventeenth – century Flemish


Scott did not use the words "realistic

probability” in judging novels. The

critic, Whitely, did not use the word

realism either, but he expressed

agreement with Scott's evaluation,

and went on to suggest the possibilities

for moral instruction in what we

have called Austen's realistic method.

“Her characters,” wrote Whitely, “Are

persuasive agents for moral truth

since they are ordinary persons so

clearly evoked that one must feel an

interest in their fate as if it were our

own moral instruction,” explained

Whitely, “is more likely to be effective

when conveyed through recognizably

human and interesting characters

then when imparted by a sermonizing


Whitely especially praised Austen's

ability to create characters who

"mingle goodness and villainy, weakness

and virtue, as in life they are always

mingled." Whitely concluded his

remarks by comparing Austen's art of

characterization to Sicken's, stating

his preference for Austin's often anticipated

the reservations of twentieth-century


An example of such a response was

Lewes' complaint in 1859 that Austen's

range of subjects and characters

was too narrow. Praising her verisimilitude,

Lewes added that nonetheless

her focus was too often upon

only the unlofty and the common


Twentieth-century Marxists, on the

other hand, were to complain about

what they saw as her exclusive emphasis

on a lofty upper-middle class.

In any case, having been rescued by

some literary critics from neglect and

indeed gradually lionized by them,

Austen's steadily reached, by the mid

-nineteenth century, the enviable pinnacle

of being considered controversial.

Taken from: Test Practice Net

"I Never Had a Dad"

A Poem by J. R. Workman

One of the hardest things I’ve ever been through is never having a dad.

How am I supposed to teach myself what it truly means to be a man?

Where were you when I needed you father?

You were never here and that hurt me so bad.

I would have looked up to you, dearly, you would have been my favorite man.

You would have meant the world to me and I would have been your biggest fan.

But you abandoned me and my mother and that I will never understand.

All I ever wanted, was someone to look up to, someone to teach me how to fix

cars and use my hands.

Someone to talk to and give me advice when I was feeling down and sad.

But I have been all by myself for years and it is so difficult to become the way

that society demands.

People often wonder why I struggle so much and they can never understand.

But not having a father in my life is largely the reason why I am the way, I am.

I have to dig deep inside myself and find the strength

I can, even though this is hard for me because I never had a dad.

Quiz - Commonly

1. She worked harder (than, then) she had ever worked before.

2. If I had known your number, I would (have, of) called.

3. The bingo game has (all ready, already) started.

4. (Whose, Who's) shorts are hanging from the flagpole?

5. Justin has (alot, a lot) of problems.

6. The program changes will not (affect, effect) you.

7. What is your (principal, principle) reason for moving to Chicago?

8. (Whose, Who's) hiding in your closet?

9. Last year Becky (lead, led) the league in goals.

10. Get your facts first, and (than, then) you can distort them as much as you


11. The (affects, effects) of climate change are already appearing in places from

Miami to Alaska.

12. There cannot be a crisis next week: my schedule is (all ready, already) full.

Confused Words

13. Computers are being called on to perform many new functions, including

the consumption of homework (formally, formerly) eaten by the dog.

14. Kate (implied, inferred) that she had a good alibi, but Jack (implied, inferred)

otherwise from her nervous behavior.

15. Critics are predicting that the TV series CSI won’t last much longer because

(fewer, less) people are watching it these (days, daze).

16. Although the recording (device, devise) was primitive, (you're, your) voice

came across clearly.

17. I was (conscience, conscious) after the collision but (to, too) frightened (to,

too) move.

18. (Quiet, Quite, Quit) was restored, and the judge (preceded, proceeded) with

the case.

19. Following the ice storms, (there, their, they're) (maybe, may be) a plague of

locusts and a swarm of frogs.

20. The handle was (lose, loose) and could (have, of) fallen off at any moment.

Answers: Page 76



1: excess, redundancy

Did you know?

There's no scarcity of English words for too much of a good thing—words

like overkill, plethora, superfluity, surfeit, surplus, and preponderance, to name a

few. In fact, you might just feel that nimiety itself is a bit superfluous. And it's

true - English speakers have never found much need for it, though it has been

part of our language for over 450 years. For reasons long forgot, we borrowed it

from Late Latin nimietas, a noun taken, in turn, from the Latin adjective nimius,

meaning "excessive." If nimiety appeals to you but you'd like it in adjective form

look no further than its only English relative: nimious, also from nimius, means

"excessive, extravagant," and is even rarer than nimiety.


As she organized the potluck lunch, Julie offered suggestions for dishes that

were still needed so that we wouldn't end up with a dearth of salads or

a nimiety of desserts.

Like all good haunted houses, it hovers atop a hill surrounded by large gnarled

oak trees. There are broken windows with little fragments in the jambs, like

transparent teeth. There is an iron fence; a graveyard in the back; and

a nimiety of ghosts. — Richard Bangs, The Huffington Post, 6 Dec. 2017

Your Turn:

Our challenge to you is to insert the word ‘”nimiety” into your next piece of

writing or randomly use it in a post and share it with us - Facebook Page.


Write about our cover

photo - responses

The Sun

The Wind

The Air

I Am Alive

Indigo Bunting

I knew I should have tied the ladder to the roof!

Susan Day

A teenage girl asked her mother, "Mommy, I want to have a

squirrel as my pet."

"You can have one if a squirrel is willing to go near you," mother


She brisked toward the grass. Stretching forth her hands and


Awaiting for a squirrel going near her.

East wind blows towards her.

"It feels so cooling," thinks the teenage girl.


your turn...

Write about our cover photo...

What an amazing image. What does it remind you of? Speed?

Velocity? Racing? Does it make your heart race? Do you feel

empowered or perhaps overwhelmed by such an image?

Tell us what images or ideas it races into your mind.

Send your submission to our Facebook Page. A selection will be

chosen for next month’s publication.

Enter Here


1. She worked harder than she had ever worked before.

2. If I had known your number, I would have called.

3. The bingo game has already started.

4. Whose shorts are hanging from the flagpole?

5. Justin has a lot of problems.

6. The program changes will not affect you.

7. What is your principal reason for moving to Chicago?

8. Who's hiding in your closet?

9. Last year Becky led the league in goals.

10. Get your facts first, and then you can distort them as much as you please.

11. The effects of climate change are already appearing in places from Miami to


12. There cannot be a crisis next week: my schedule is already full.

13. Computers are being called on to perform many new functions, including

the consumption of homework formerly eaten by the dog.

14. Kate implied that she had a good alibi, but Jack inferred otherwise from her

nervous behavior.

15. Critics are predicting that the TV series CSI won’t last much longer because

fewer people are watching it these days.

16. Although the recording device was primitive, your voice came across clearly.

17. I was conscious after the collision but too frightened to move.

18. Quiet was restored, and the judge proceeded with the case.

19. Following the ice storms, there may be a plague of locusts and a swarm of


20. The handle was loose and could have fallen off at any moment.

Nordquist, Richard. "Review Quiz: Commonly Confused Words." ThoughtCo,

Jun. 30, 2016, thoughtco.com/review-quiz-commonly-confused-words-1689950.

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