August 2018

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AUGUST <strong>2018</strong><br />

Flat roof details<br />

Asbestos Advice<br />

Contractor’s Q’s<br />

Marketing mix<br />









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Editor’s Comment<br />




COVER PIC:<br />


Most industries suffer from traders looking to make quick money<br />

from cheap, imitation goods. Whether it be an imitation watch, the<br />

latest bag, trainers, or jeans, if the original is popular and<br />

expensive, the chances are someone somewhere is producing a<br />

version of it for a fraction of the price.<br />

Despite it being illegal and the proceeds often funding organised crime,<br />

those who purchase an imitation watch or fashion item do so knowing<br />

it will be an inferior version that won’t last or perform to the same<br />

standards as the original – but ultimately it won’t harm them. But can<br />

the same be said if it’s an electrical item or even worse, counterfeit<br />

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)? Counterfeit PPE is a very real<br />

problem on construction sites throughout the UK, and in his article on<br />

p.20, Gary Walpole of the NFRC addresses the issue and outlines ways<br />

to ensure you can spot such equipment and ensure your PPE performs<br />

to the right standards. As Gary explains, it’s not an area where you<br />

should look to make savings.<br />

Elsewhere in this issue, Ian Hollingworth looks at the implications for<br />

sub-contractors after the High Court found that a roofing firm that<br />

caused a fire at a school in London was not protected by a project<br />

policy (p.24); Andy King talks difficult customers and why he feels a<br />

grasp of contract law is crucial for contractors (p.26); John Mercer<br />

discusses the implications for contractors following the latest<br />

amendments to BS: 5534 (p.32); and we have the latest news and<br />

updates from the roofing, cladding and insulation sectors.<br />

Enjoy the issue!<br />

NEW<br />

A PRIC<br />


£T<br />

Matt<br />


Above: Andy Rowlands hand-cut close to 60,000 Acme double camber clay<br />

plain tiles for the roof at Quintain House. We hear his tips for clay roofs on p.44<br />




Advertising:<br />

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Commercial Manager: Jake Roxborough<br />

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AUGUST <strong>2018</strong> TC 3

Contents<br />


20 FAKING IT<br />

With Counterfeit PPE hitting sites around the<br />

UK, would you be able tell the real from fake?<br />


Drones have a number of uses on sites, but<br />

there are rules that need to be followed<br />

36 CLEAN SLATE<br />

Beware the consequences if you look to save<br />

time by not grading and sorting your slate<br />

FREE Z-CARD!<br />

From Yeoman Rainguard<br />

30<br />



Ian Hollingworth explains why contractors need to<br />

check that they are covered through project policies<br />

44<br />


Roofing’s in good hands if the BMI Group Apprentice of<br />

the Year awards is any sort of barometer<br />


John Mercer explains what roofers really need to know<br />

following the amendments to BS: 5534<br />


After hand-cutting 60,000 clay plain tiles for a project,<br />

Andy Rowlands gives his tips for the perfect clay roof<br />

52 FALL GUYS<br />

Cut to falls can be expensive, Daniel Bosworth explains<br />

how he feels you can achieve affordability<br />


Brian Mack discusses the installation issues when<br />

looking to achieve the right fastener torque for projects<br />

4 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>



Stuart Base explains how to be smart with your<br />

marketing in a competitive industry<br />


The Inspector explains how when it comes to<br />

flat roofs, the devil really is in the detail<br />


Andy King talks difficult customers, unrealistic<br />

project time-lines and so much more...<br />


Whether you’re sign writing or wrapping your<br />

van, make sure you project the right image<br />



Register now for Contractor’s Day! Plus a number of<br />

new big names have joined the list of exciting exhibitors<br />


Delays of up to 4-5 weeks have been reported on mineral<br />

wool insulation products<br />

08<br />



32<br />

TOTAL<br />


62 TOTAL<br />


66 TOTAL<br />


36<br />

AUGUST <strong>2018</strong> TC 5

Industry News<br />



The Building Safety Group (BSG) has<br />

reported a 13% rise in the number of<br />

‘Working at Height’ safety breaches<br />

recorded on construction sites. The<br />

increase is based on 10,000 site<br />

inspections conducted during the first six<br />

months of <strong>2018</strong>, comparing Q1 with Q2.<br />

BSG’s figure is also a reflection of the steep<br />

increase in fatalities resulting from workers<br />

falling from height. Statistics published by<br />

the Health & Safety Executive (HSE) show<br />

there were 35 ‘falling from height’ related<br />

deaths in 2017/18, up 40% compared to the<br />

previous year. Falls through fragile surfaces –<br />

particularly fibre cement roofs and<br />

rooflights – are said to account for the<br />

majority all ‘fall from height’ fatal injuries in<br />

the construction industry. Workers undertaking<br />

roof work and building maintenance can die or<br />

be permanently disabled when they fall through<br />

fragile surfaces.<br />

Paul Kimpton, Managing Director at the<br />

Building Safety Group, commented:<br />

“Employers have a legal duty to ensure that<br />

the ‘Work at Height Regulations 2005’ are<br />

implemented and that all activity is properly<br />

supervised and carried out by people who are<br />

competent. They are also responsible for<br />

ensuring that fall protection systems for<br />

Working at Height are regularly inspected,<br />

particularly when working in hazardous<br />

environments.”<br />


Registration is now open for Contractor’s Day, into this and perhaps overcome issues on a<br />

the new one-day exhibition and conference project, find the right product, material or tool for<br />

launched by the NFRC and Total Contractor a certain job, or network and make positive<br />

magazine, which will be held at Twickenham relationships for the future.”<br />

Stadium on 30th November <strong>2018</strong>.<br />

Matt Downs, Editorial Director of Total Contractor,<br />

Andy Dunn, Publishing Director at Total Contractor continued: “Time is precious for roofing<br />

magazine, explained: “Following the launch of the contractors and for many finding the time to<br />

website, contractors can now register for their source new products and keep up to date with the<br />

free tickets to Contractor’s Day. The event is a latest developments whilst dealing with work<br />

great opportunity for contractors to see more than commitments can be difficult. That’s why<br />

60 of the leading manufacturers, suppliers and Contractor’s Day has brought together the leading<br />

Associations from the roofing, cladding and manufacturers, suppliers and trade associations<br />

insulation sectors in one fantastic venue.<br />

for one day only in a great venue so visitors can<br />

access them all in one morning or afternoon.”<br />

“Visitors will also have the opportunity to listen to<br />

and take part in interesting debates and seminars, Contractor’s Day recently announced SIG Roofing<br />

get an exclusive update on the NFRC’s long-term as Knowledge Partner, Marley Eternit as Event<br />

accreditation push for the roofing sector, plus get Supporter and BMI Group as Skill Zone Partner, as<br />

involved with the BMI Group Skill Zone.”<br />

well as a number of new exhibitors including<br />

Carlisle Construction Materials, Danosa UK,<br />

Andy continued: “The demand for this type of<br />

Kingspan Group, Construction Materials Online,<br />

event within the roofing and cladding sector has<br />

Rockwool Group, SIGA Slate, Permavent,<br />

been highlighted by the speed that the stands<br />

Whitesales, Yeoman Rainguard, the Single Ply<br />

have sold and the number and quality of<br />

Roofing Association, the Lead Sheet Training<br />

exhibitors and show supporters we have onboard.<br />

Association and the Liquid Roofing and<br />

All these leading names from the roofing and<br />

Waterproofing Association.<br />

cladding sectors will be bringing their latest<br />

products and innovations alongside their knowhow<br />

and expertise, and visitors will be able to tap<br />

Find out more and register to visit at:<br />

www.contractorsday.co.uk<br />


Two companies have been fined more than half a Regulation 13(1) of the Construction (Design and<br />

million pounds after a site worker lost the use of Management) Regulations 2015 and was fined<br />

his legs following an incident in London.<br />

£270,000 and ordered to pay £7,025.98 in costs.<br />

Paul added: “Critically, falls from height are<br />

still one of the most common causes of<br />

injuries to employees, accounting for a large<br />

number of work-place deaths. So employers<br />

must of course take their responsibilities very<br />

seriously, not least because of the potential<br />

harm to workers but also because of the risk<br />

to the business as well as the number of<br />

working days lost.”<br />

Westminster Magistrates’ Court heard how, on<br />

5th November 2015, Mr Marcel Păduraru, a<br />

Romanian construction worker, fell onto and then<br />

through a fragile plastic skylight into a basement<br />

over three metres below. He suffered a severed<br />

spine and will not regain the use of his legs. He<br />

was 30 years old at the time of the incident.<br />

Grangewood Builders Limited of Lionel Road,<br />

Canvey Island, Essex pleaded guilty to breaching<br />

Trenchco Limited of Clewer Crescent, Harrow<br />

Weald, Middlesex pleaded guilty to breaching<br />

Regulation 15(2) of the Construction (Design and<br />

Management) Regulations 2015 and was fined<br />

£270,000 and ordered to pay £7,025.98 in costs.<br />

HSE inspector Andrew Verrall-Withers commented:<br />

“The risks relating to fragile skylights being fallen<br />

through and the simple solutions to avoid this are<br />

well known.”<br />

6 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>


A cost-effective platform to engage with hundreds<br />

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01892 732047 | www.contractorsday.co.uk<br />


Industry News<br />


Contractors are being warned of delays in<br />

delivery times of up to 4-5 weeks compared<br />

to the usual 3-5 days for popular mineral<br />

wool products used to insulate buildings.<br />

Despite UK manufacturers running production<br />

lines at full capacity around the clock,<br />

Construction Materials Online (CMO) says the<br />

industry is struggling to keep up with growing<br />

demand for glass and mineral wool products.<br />

Mineral wool and glass wool insulation is<br />

chosen for its acoustic and thermal quality.<br />

However, popular brands are reportedly<br />

dealing with increased demand which is<br />

causing long delays. Duncan Voice, Store<br />

Manager at Insulation Superstore, an online<br />

brand of Construction Materials Online<br />

(CMO), says this calls for a change of<br />

approach: “The industry needs to know the<br />

serious impact of these delays and be<br />

prepared for the wait. They need to plan<br />

ahead and buy in advance, or they need to<br />

have a ‘plan B’.<br />

“We are always upfront and honest about the<br />

extended delivery lead-times and do<br />

everything we can to deal with customers’<br />

disappointment. But some orders have been<br />

cancelled as project managers are forced to<br />

go back to the drawing board. We are here to<br />

help problem solve, so when customers are<br />

‘up against it’, in terms of time and budget,<br />

we’re able to advise alternative products we<br />

can get to them much quicker.<br />

“Luckily, there are alternatives that can be on<br />

site within days, have better performance<br />

and are easier to install, and consumers are<br />

happy with the results too. We’re seeing an<br />

upsurge in sales of sheep wool products,<br />

which although slightly higher in price, have<br />

better thermal and acoustic performance.<br />

Contractors are finding the price is offset by<br />

avoiding costly delays on site.”<br />


Leeds College of Building is celebrating after 11<br />

of its students won medals in the regional<br />

competitions of SkillBuild <strong>2018</strong> including Gold,<br />

Silver and bronze in the Roofing category for Joe<br />

Turner, Jay Webster and Kieran Langhan<br />

respectively. Delivered by the CITB, SkillBuild is<br />

the largest multi-trade competition in the UK for Leeds College of Building students with their awards.<br />

construction trainees and apprentices.<br />

whether any of the top-scoring competitors will<br />

be selected for the three-day UK SkillBuild<br />

The College attained a total of four gold, six<br />

National Final, which is held at the NEC<br />

silvers, and one bronze medal, seeing off<br />

Birmingham from 16-18 November. Winners may<br />

competition from hundreds of other construction<br />

then gain the opportunity to represent the UK in<br />

students from colleges across the UK:<br />

the international skills competitions EuroSkills<br />

Roofing: Joe Turner (Gold), Jay Webster (Silver), and WorldSkills.<br />

Kieran Langhan (Bronze)<br />

Mark Sims, Lecturer at Leeds College of Building,<br />

Carpentry: James Hattersley (Silver, Senior said: “We are so pleased with this year’s results.<br />

category)<br />

All of our students worked so hard and<br />

represented the college impeccably. They really<br />

Bricklaying: Luke Kerrigan (Silver, New Entrant<br />

did us proud! These results would not have been<br />

category), Tim Smith (Silver, Senior category)<br />

possible if it wasn’t for the dedication of each<br />

Plastering: Luke Palmer (Gold, Senior category), competitor and the staff who trained our students<br />

Ryan Lill (Silver, New Entrant category)<br />

to these high standards.<br />

Dry Lining: Jake Emery (Gold), Carla Dibb (Silver) “A special mention goes to the roof slating and<br />

tiling students who did particularly well, winning<br />

Wall & Floor Tiling: Callum Pearson (Gold,<br />

all of the top three places in their category, and<br />

Senior category)<br />

the wall and floor tiling students also took the top<br />

Students are now awaiting the decision as to two places in their category.”<br />


SR Timber is to partner with the British Heart coordinate its fundraising activities for the<br />

Foundation (BHF) to raise much-needed funds charity, which holds poignant significance for<br />

for the charity, which is the biggest independent staff.<br />

funder of cardiovascular research in the UK.<br />

“Actively supporting charities has become an<br />

The company is keen to develop a closer, longerterm<br />

relationship with the charity, having<br />

we’ve got a good track record of raising large<br />

important part of the fabric of SR Timber, and<br />

previously raised more than £5,000 in 2016 after sums of money,” said Steve.<br />

two of its team climbed Mount Kilimanjaro.<br />

SR Timber’s Trading Director Shaun Revill<br />

The partnership is a move away from one-off, explained: “I’m really proud of the team for<br />

flagship fundraising events to a more consistent coming together to support the BHF, and<br />

approach throughout the year. SR Timber has everyone’s excited about what we can do in the<br />

appointed Steve Hill to the role of Heart Monitor to coming months.”<br />

8 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>





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Industry News<br />



Following the announcement of the £420m<br />

Construction Sector Deal to boost<br />

construction through innovative<br />

technologies and modern construction<br />

methods, a new report has cautioned that<br />

a radical overhaul of the sector is needed<br />

or the UK will struggle to meet its housing<br />

and infrastructure needs.<br />

In a recent report, Off-site Manufacture for<br />

construction: building for change, the House of<br />

Lords Science and Technology Committee says<br />

that off-site manufacture (OSM) can help to<br />

increase productivity in the construction sector<br />

while reducing labour demands, improving the<br />

quality and efficiency of buildings, and reducing<br />

the environmental impacts associated with<br />

traditional construction.<br />

The Committee heard evidence that if the<br />

government is to achieve its aim of building<br />

300,000 houses a year by 2020, OSM would be<br />

the only way to meet this target, and that<br />

traditional construction methods do not have<br />

the capacity to build enough homes. The<br />

committee stated the Government must set out<br />

what conditions it will attach to the extra<br />

financial support for housing to drive the uptake<br />

of OSM and other innovative technologies.<br />

Lord Patel, Chairman of the Committee, said:<br />

“There are clear and tangible benefits from offsite<br />

manufacture for construction which make<br />

a compelling case for its widespread use. We<br />

heard evidence that OSM could increase<br />

productivity in the sector by up to 70%. The<br />

construction sector’s business models are no<br />

longer appropriate and are not supporting the<br />

UK’s urgent need for new homes and<br />

infrastructure. The construction sector needs to<br />

build more trust and create partnerships so<br />

that companies can work together to improve<br />

the uptake of off-site manufacture, and the<br />

CLC should provide the necessary leadership.”<br />


A survey by Deloitte has revealed that people in<br />

the UK have never been more addicted to their<br />

smartphones.<br />

The survey of 4,150 16-75 year-olds conducted<br />

in 2017 found that 38% admitted to using their<br />

smartphone too much, rising to half of all 16-24-<br />

year-olds. Habbits such as checking apps in the<br />

hour before we go to sleep (79% of respondents<br />

admitted to doing this) or within 15 minutes of<br />

waking up (55%); or the fact that over a third<br />

check their phone in the middle of the night show<br />

just how dependent we are on our mobile phones<br />

in this digital age.<br />

Other surveys have shown that IPhone users<br />

unlock their phones an average of 80 times per<br />

day (Business Insider 2017) which means that in<br />

an average day of usage, IPhone users check<br />

their phones six to seven times per hour, or once<br />

every ten minutes. These staggering numbers<br />

highlight how mobile phone usage has taken over<br />

our lives, but if you are checking your phone when<br />

working in a shop or an office, perhaps at worst<br />

your work output is affected, but the<br />

consequences could be very different if working<br />

on scaffolding or trying to navigate a construction<br />

site or roof.<br />

With this in mind, Total Contractor contacted Gary<br />

Walpole, Technical and Safety Officer at the<br />

Roofers have been warned to take extra care<br />

on the roads due to concerns their bad van<br />

driving could be hurting business.<br />

Experts at LeaseVan.co.uk, one of the UK’s leading<br />

suppliers of vans to tradesmen and women, say<br />

bad driving could be putting people off dealing<br />

with a company. They warned customers to ensure<br />

vans are driven courteously and that speed limits<br />

and other road users are respected at all times.<br />

A spokesman for LeaseVan.co.uk said: “Van<br />

Further reading: http://www.total-contractor.co.uk/your-callare-the-days-of-smartphones-on-site-numbered/<br />

NFRC, to find out if there was any set guidance on<br />

mobile phone usage on site. Gary explained:<br />

“There isn’t any particular guidance or policy<br />

regarding the use of mobile phones on<br />

construction sites, but you are correct in that they<br />

do pose an increasing risk, especially when<br />

working at height – operatives need to be aware<br />

of their environment and using a mobile phone<br />

greatly reduces that awareness.<br />

“Most main contractors have banned the use of<br />

mobile phones, except in designated safe zones.<br />

These sites tend to have a zero tolerance to<br />

phone usage and operatives caught are either<br />

given a warning or removed from site. The<br />

difficulty is policing mobile phone usage in the<br />

short-term repair and domestic markets.”<br />

So the next time you feel the urge to check your<br />

phone or make a call, make sure it is in a<br />

designated safe zone, or better still, wait until<br />

you’re away from site.<br />


drivers need to realise that each and every time<br />

they get behind the wheel they are an<br />

ambassador for their company. If they then tear<br />

about cutting people up, racing through traffic<br />

lights on amber and failing to stop at zebra<br />

crossings they are going to create a very bad<br />

impression for their company with other road<br />

users and the general public. Branded vans can<br />

be very powerful mobile adverts for a firm but if<br />

they are poorly driven they could actually be<br />

costing sales.”<br />

10 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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Industry News<br />


Jay Webster and Kieran Forster, two apprentices<br />

from the north of England, have been crowned<br />

Redland and Icopal Apprentices of the Year <strong>2018</strong><br />

respectively, after the BMI-backed competition<br />

culminated in two days of intense scrutiny from<br />

a panel of industry-leading figures.<br />

At a special gala dinner, the victors received a<br />

£1,000 cash prize for each of them to invest in<br />

their future, a handsome trophy for the<br />

mantelpiece plus a goody bag of high-quality<br />

roofing tools and materials. They are also entitled<br />

to support from the two industry brand leaders at<br />

BMI’s National Training Centre.<br />

Speaking just after the prize-giving (June 27th),<br />

Redland Apprentice of the Year Jay Webster, who<br />

attends Leeds College of Building and works for<br />

Yorkshire Heritage Roofing; said: “Words can’t<br />

really describe how I feel and I still can’t believe it<br />

to be honest. I became more confident as the<br />

competition went on but to actually win it tells me<br />

I’m better than I thought I was.”<br />

Kieran Forster, the Icopal Apprentice of the Year,<br />

an attendee at Newcastle College and employed<br />

by Stanley-based Hodgson Sayers, admitted it all<br />

came as a bit of a surprise: “Pure shock when I<br />

heard my name announced and I’m still in shock.<br />

I can’t believe it’s actually happened. There were<br />

guys there with more experience than me so to<br />

win it is simply amazing!”<br />

So tightly fought were the two competitions that<br />

the judges felt that each category deserved a<br />

highly commended award. On the Redland side,<br />

ex-soldier Tom Thompson, who works for AL King<br />

Roofing and studies at South West Training Group,<br />

received the accolade, while for Icopal it was Joe<br />

Burgess, a former waiter, who came out with the<br />

memorable phrase during his presentation: “I<br />

gave up a job to go into a career”, when talking<br />

about his move into roofing. Joe works for<br />

Waveney District Council and is enrolled at<br />

Eastern Region Roof Training Group.<br />

Mat Woodyatt, BMI Technical Training Manager,<br />

commented: “This has been a fantastic event –<br />

the first time we have held a competition to find<br />

the best in both roofing disciplines: pitched and<br />

flat. All 18 contestants deserve huge credit for<br />

their hard work and achievements over the last 48<br />

hours. I know the judges looked long and hard at<br />

the scoring, deliberated at length about what<br />

marks to award and genuinely found it difficult to<br />

separate participants. However, in the end there<br />

can only be two winners, so heartfelt<br />

congratulations to Jay and Kieran. Well done all!”<br />

See p.30 for more on the Apprentice of the Year.<br />


The Single Ply Roofing<br />

Association has announced<br />

the release of its latest<br />

Design Guide. Available to<br />

download free from the<br />

SPRA website, this<br />

detailed and updated<br />

guide is said to be a<br />

fantastic resource<br />

developed to support the<br />

whole of the single ply<br />

roofing industry from<br />

design and specification, SPRA’s new Single Ply Design Guide.<br />

Component Quality Standards<br />

which have in many cases<br />

been developed with partner<br />

organisations. Also included is<br />

the SPRA Homeowner Guide<br />

and SPRA Damage Protection<br />

guidance which was created<br />

last year, along with a useful<br />

Toolbox talk section to<br />

encourage education onsite<br />

and reduce post-installation<br />

issues. Perhaps something of<br />

particular interest in the<br />

to installation and aftercare.<br />

Cathie Clarke, SPRA CEO, explained: “This is the<br />

most comprehensive guide on single ply roofing<br />

that SPRA has ever produced. It has been created<br />

by the SPRA Technical Committee for the benefit<br />

of the industry and I would like to thank all<br />

members for their hard work and contribution to<br />

the sector. Complete with new Welding Guidance,<br />

the SPRA Design Guide includes a range of<br />

current climate is the SPRA Membrane Product<br />

Substitution Checklist.”<br />

SPRA says all members have the opportunity to<br />

be involved with the SPRA Technical Committee –<br />

“the beating heart of SPRA”. For more<br />

information, email enquiries@spra.co.uk.<br />

Interested in becoming a member? Full details<br />

can be found at www.spra.co.uk, or you can<br />

email: membership@spra.co.uk.<br />


SIG Roofing is celebrating a key milestone<br />

for its TRADE CLUB loyalty programme after<br />

Roofcare South West became the 2,000th<br />

company to benefit from the scheme.<br />

SIG Roofing’s TRADE CLUB was introduced<br />

to help and reward roofing contractors<br />

across the UK, giving them the opportunity<br />

to earn points and secure discounts by<br />

purchasing roofing products from any of<br />

SIG Roofing’s 120+ branches nationwide.<br />

Stuart Base, Marketing Director for SIG<br />

Roofing, said: “We introduced our TRADE<br />

CLUB programme to reward our<br />

customers for their ongoing loyalty and to<br />

enhance their customer experience. This<br />

is all about giving something back.<br />

Loyalty cards can be used at any of our<br />

branches and with access to the largest<br />

network in the UK, it means contractors<br />

can earn points wherever they are<br />

working across the country.”<br />

12 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

SEE US AT<br />







THE USA<br />


1975<br />








ZENON<br />




T: 01327 701910<br />


Industry News<br />


The Build Show, sponsored by Easy-Trim,<br />

says it is aiming to give roofers the most<br />

well-informed, forward-looking<br />

predictions, innovations and insights they<br />

need as part of UK Construction Week<br />

(UKCW), which returns to the NEC from 9th<br />

to 11th October this year.<br />

Focusing on UKCW’s theme for <strong>2018</strong> – the<br />

‘Future of Construction’ – the organisers of<br />

Build Show say it will feature the latest<br />

advancements in building products, policy<br />

and projects, all designed to help roofers stay<br />

up-to-date and one step ahead of their<br />

competitors.<br />

Exhibitors include: Aggregate Industries,<br />

Combilift, Concrete Centre, Containex, Easy<br />

Trim Roofing and Construction, Finning Cat,<br />

Forticrete, G&B North West, Gripple, Hikoki,<br />

HP, Karcher, KwikFit, OM Safety Solutions,<br />

Portakabin, Soprema, SPSenvirowall, Styrene<br />

Packaging & Insulation, Trade Point, Trimaco,<br />

and Xella.<br />

Nathan Garnett, UKCW event director, said:<br />

“For most people working in the trades,<br />

finding the time to keep up to date with the<br />

latest products and sourcing the best deals<br />

while juggling work commitments feels<br />

impossible. That’s why the Build Show is<br />

always an unmissable event for specialist<br />

trades and general builders. It brings the<br />

latest products, ideas and manufacturers to<br />

one place and is broken down into specific<br />

sections to make the search easier.<br />


Responding to the release of<br />

need is that access to skilled EU<br />

the Government's Brexit White<br />

workers will not be drastically<br />

Paper, the FMB has stressed the<br />

cut-off. We hope this will follow<br />

need for certainty and stability,<br />

closely after the publication of the<br />

and called on the Government<br />

Migration Advisory Committee<br />

to clarify its approach to<br />

report in September.”<br />

migrant workers as soon as<br />

Berry concluded: “The UK<br />

possible.<br />

construction sector is more reliant<br />

Brian Berry, Chief Executive of the<br />

than average on migrant workers<br />

FMB, said: “Despite some<br />

from Europe – at present, 9% of<br />

Brian Berry, FMB Chief Executive.<br />

pessimistic predictions, we’ve yet<br />

our construction workers are from<br />

to see any sign of the Brexit process having a the EU. In London this rises to nearly one third.<br />

seriously negative impact on the wider economy. Already, even with access to EU labour, the<br />

However, for this to continue as we approach this industry is facing an acute skills crisis.<br />

critical phase of the process, we now need to<br />

“The shortage of skilled workers is fast rising up<br />

minimise the risk of uncertainty clouding people’s<br />

the list of barriers to SME builders in their quest<br />

decision-making and spending plans and starting<br />

to grow and build more of the homes the UK so<br />

to feed through into the real economy. For most<br />

desperately needs.<br />

businesses, the Government’s White Paper will be<br />

judged on whether it manages to achieve this. “Without access to EU workers, there is a real<br />

One area in which we now need greater clarity is possibility that skills shortages will further<br />

over the shape of post-Brexit migration policy. For intensify. This will threaten the delivery of new<br />

the many construction SMEs who are currently housing and have a knock-on effect on growth<br />

facing severe skills shortages, the certainty they across the wider economy.”<br />


Global roofing, waterproofing and insulation I am pleased to work alongside so many great<br />

manufacturer IKO PLC has appointed Anthony people in the business.”<br />

Carlyle as its new Group Managing Director.<br />

Anthony moves from his position as MD of IKO<br />

Polymeric where he has spent more than 13<br />

years, having started the division in 2005.<br />

Jamie Govier, Managing Director of Easy-Trim<br />

Roofing and Construction Products, said:<br />

“This year the Easy-Trim stand will take a<br />

glimpse into the future of British<br />

manufacturing. We have come a long way, yet<br />

our journey has just begun. Join us on stand<br />

B610 to find out more.”<br />

The Polymeric business has enjoyed significant<br />

growth during this time, and the IKO Group is<br />

confident he will replicate this in his new role.<br />

He started the new position on July 2nd.<br />

Anthony explained: “I’m excited to become Group<br />

Managing Director and am looking forward to this<br />

great new opportunity and the challenges that lay<br />

ahead. IKO is a fantastic family-run company and<br />

Anthony Carlyle, Group Managing Director, IKO PLC.<br />

14 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>


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• Find leaks in wet conditions<br />

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Give our sales team a call for more information<br />

tel: 01303 278888 email: sales@buckleys.co.uk<br />


Contract Talk<br />


Being a roofing contractor isn’t just about getting the job done, it’s about how you portray<br />

yourself to your customers too. With such a competitive industry, it’s key to be smart with<br />

your marketing to achieve the best for your business. Here, Stuart Base, Marketing Director<br />

at SIG Roofing, outlines how you can do just that.<br />

Marketing your business effectively may<br />

come very naturally to some, but for<br />

roofers it may not be second nature.<br />

However, the impact that smart marketing has on<br />

roofing businesses can make a huge difference to<br />

its success. From spreading the word to<br />

increasing your online presence, these simple<br />

steps will not only help to get a better<br />

understanding of your key customers and their<br />

needs, but also your competition and what you’re<br />

up against.<br />

Spread the word<br />

It might sound obvious, but you’d be surprised at<br />

how many roofers in the industry don’t shout<br />

enough about their graft. Word-of-mouth<br />

advertising is a key player in every business and<br />

there are many ways that you can get other people,<br />

namely your customers, talking about you too.<br />

Exceeding customer expectations, becoming a<br />

more personable and friendly business or carrying<br />

out a generous act that gets people talking are all<br />

methods of triggering word-of-mouth advertising;<br />

one happy customer will inevitably steer a<br />

number of new ones your way. Generally, people<br />

almost always take recommendations from family<br />

and friends into consideration, so any steps taken<br />

to increase referrals could be massively<br />

rewarding for your business.<br />

If you’re in a position to, another strategy to<br />

consider implementing is to offer discounts to<br />

those who do spread the word about you. Money<br />

saved equals happy customers!<br />

Get online<br />

In this day and age, it’s the norm to ask Google<br />

absolutely any question that springs to mind. How<br />

to get from A to B? Google; nearest café that sells<br />

“You’d be surprised at<br />

how many roofers in<br />

the industry don’t shout<br />

enough about their<br />

graft”<br />

bacon butties? Google; local roofing business?<br />

Google! It’s for this reason that it’s crucial to<br />

ensure you’ve claimed your spot as a Google<br />

Business, which can be done within just a couple<br />

of minutes here:<br />

(https://www.google.com/business/). This means<br />

that when people Google search your business, or<br />

generally search for a local roofer in the area,<br />

your business will instantly appear in the results,<br />

consequently generating more customer leads<br />

and interest.<br />

Saying that, it’s no good having your business up<br />

on Google and no website to direct customers to.<br />

Get a valuable and professional website up and<br />

running as soon as possible, ensuring it includes<br />

all the information a customer would need and<br />

also as a tool to communicate with both existing<br />

and new customers; the value of this is<br />

immeasurable.<br />

Be social<br />

Let’s face it, the power that social media holds<br />

over people today is undeniable. It’s for this<br />

reason that as a business you need to immerse<br />

yourself in the online world. Utilising platforms<br />

such as Facebook and Twitter can really help<br />

make your business become more personable,<br />

approachable, and makes for an easy way of<br />

customers reaching out to you. Even better, you’re<br />

free to be as creative as you like, so have some<br />

fun with it!<br />

It’s important to consider that as much as<br />

customers are given the opportunity to praise<br />

your business publicly, you’ll also be giving them<br />

the chance to slate it which you’ll need to be<br />

prepared for. However, should a scenario like this<br />

occur, it’s important to resolve any issues and<br />

deal with customers quickly and in a respectable,<br />

non-argumentative manner to maintain a positive<br />

and professional reputation.<br />

Although it’s a scary concept for some, not taking<br />

advantage of social media can ultimately lead to<br />

some negative outcomes for your business, so<br />

it’s worthwhile to get on board.<br />

Keep it traditional<br />

Aside from the shiny world of social media, it’s<br />

also essential to carry out some basic yet<br />

efficient practices, too. Networking within your<br />

local area for one is worth considering – focus on<br />

building relationships not just with your target<br />

market, but perhaps other small businesses to<br />

which you could lean on one another for support.<br />

Get some attractive posters advertising your<br />

business up in your local café, or speak to your<br />

local parish about being included in their<br />

newsletters to help spread the word. It’s the<br />

simple things that are sometimes most effective!<br />

Keep track<br />

Finally, keep a concise, simple database of all<br />

your customers, past, present and future<br />

prospects. This way you’ll be able to easily keep<br />

in touch and communicate with them.<br />

Contact SIG Roofing<br />

0845 612 4304<br />

www.sigroofing.co.uk<br />

@SIGRoofing<br />

16 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

Note : Plywood Stoped Short<br />

To Ensure Linearlight Flex<br />

Can Be Slotted Through<br />

3mm Aluminium<br />

18 Plywood<br />

Wraped in Vasqueen DPC<br />

T-Section<br />

16mm Bar<br />

M10 Round<br />

Head Socket<br />

Screw BZP<br />

TITLE<br />


Is<br />

Noteest<br />

loaded weight = 1250kg (All loading weights and structural calculations to be checked by others)<br />

est weight of planter = 150kg<br />

Coordination With External Lighting<br />

To Be Reviewed With Phoenix<br />

Corners To Be Welded And Dressed<br />

Farrin<br />

Unless oth<br />

specified dim<br />

are in mill<br />

angles<br />

decimal dim<br />

± 2m<br />

Cappings - Copings - Fascias<br />

Soffits – Flashings - Bullnose<br />

Free Site Surveyed Measures<br />

01223 440044 info@lasermetals.co.uk www.lasermetals.co.uk

An Inspector Calls<br />


In ‘An Inspector Calls’, our regular monthly column, Total Contractor has teamed up with the<br />

experts at Icopal to help you achieve roofing success and avoid the common pitfalls that can<br />

often cost you both time and money.<br />

This month the Inspector goes into detail.<br />

It is often claimed that the devil is in the<br />

detail, and when it comes to flat roofing this<br />

idiom is very fitting indeed.<br />

Every flat roof will have some form of detail<br />

whether that be a drip edge, a watercheck, a<br />

parapet or a penetration etc., and it is at these<br />

details where both the manufacturer and the<br />

installing contractor must pay special attention to<br />

ensure the project is watertight and compliant<br />

with current legislation.<br />

On any flat roof the detail work will always require<br />

the most thought and consideration to ensure it is<br />

waterproofed robustly and to ensure it conforms<br />

with British Standards. This is particularly difficult<br />

in the refurbishment market as existing projects<br />

don’t always allow or facilitate compliance without<br />

huge expense and modification. It is therefore<br />

essential that the contractor seeks guidance from<br />

the manufacturer if a detail is difficult or bespoke<br />

in nature, or if a proposal in the specification does<br />

not comply with codes of practice when applied to<br />

the situation at hand.<br />

Arguably, the most relevant British Standard in<br />

flat roofing is BS 6229:2003 – ‘Flat Roofs with<br />

Continuously Supported Coverings’ and it would<br />

be prudent for any roofing contractor to<br />

familiarise themselves with this document. From<br />

a manufacturer’s perspective, this Standard<br />

influences most of the standard details it<br />

produces and stipulates the minimum<br />

requirements for flat roofs (and their associated<br />

details) across Great Britain.<br />

Common shortfalls include:<br />

1. Insufficient upstand heights (min 150mm).<br />

2. Incorrect method of termination (i.e dressing the<br />

The field membrane has been dressed up the upstand in one<br />

single continuous piece, which is against codes of practice.<br />

The upstand should be detailed separately with fully bonded<br />

membranes that should be brought a minimum 150mm onto<br />

the field membrane.<br />

detail membrane straight into the brickwork chase).<br />

3. Using field membranes at upstands / details<br />

(i.e using partially bonded membranes when they<br />

should be fully bonded).<br />

4. Taking the field membrane up the upstand.<br />

If the above items are left unaddressed, they may<br />

be omitted from the waterproofing guarantee or<br />

the entire project itself may be condemned if the<br />

work has not been installed in-line with the<br />

recommendations of the manufacturer or<br />

legislation. This can leave the client at a<br />

significant loss which is not ideal for any party<br />

involved in the contract. As a consequence, it<br />

could affect future working relationships and the<br />

opportunity for future business, so it is important<br />

all parties work together at the earliest stage<br />

possible to reduce these situations from occurring.<br />

Issues that arise at design stage are often<br />

overcome more easily as recommendations and<br />

guidance can be given before the detail or building<br />

has been constructed. When it is a refurbishment<br />

scenario however, manufacturers are limited in<br />

flexibility and may not guarantee a detail that does<br />

not confirm with codes of practice. It is also<br />

important to check the relevant product literature<br />

from the manufacturer as the individual product<br />

The upstand membrane has not been terminated correctly<br />

underneath the cill. A cover flashing or termination bar<br />

should have been installed, however the membrane was<br />

simply left un-terminated which over time has delaminated<br />

from the upstand creating a path for water ingress.<br />

may have unique application guidance associated<br />

to it too. Failing to install the product correctly<br />

could also lead to a restricted guarantee.<br />

When undertaking detail work, the contractor<br />

should also be mindful that the product is<br />

appropriate to the situation encountered. The<br />

approach and product used for the field area may<br />

be inappropriate for application on the adjacent<br />

detail, so again it is advised the manufacturer is<br />

contacted to advise accordingly. The previous<br />

article on combustible substrates should also be<br />

echoed here, as a torch-applied membrane would<br />

not be suitable on a timber upstand or a PVC<br />

rooflight kerb, and therefore an alternative<br />

approach will be required.<br />

It is essential that the contractor does not<br />

assume what that approach will be to ensure an<br />

unobstructed guarantee can be issued for the<br />

project, and to demonstrate it is in fact God that<br />

is in the details as those little things, the tiny<br />

minutia of detail, that ultimately make successful<br />

products and successful projects.<br />

Contact Icopal’s Technical Team<br />

0161 865 4444<br />

www.icopal.co.uk<br />

@Icopal_UK<br />

18 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

For fu<br />

rther inf ormation<br />

or a hire quotation call<br />

01858 410372<br />

AUGUST <strong>2018</strong> TC 19

NFRC Technical Talk<br />



By Gary Walpole, NFRC Technical Officer.<br />

Go on holiday at any time of the year and<br />

the chances are you’ll come across<br />

knock-off designer goods at some point –<br />

some of you may have even saved yourself a few<br />

pounds getting an imitation watch, shirt or bag.<br />

That’s why the trade in fake fashion is estimated<br />

to be worth $450bn – and still growing.<br />

Unfortunately, the same is true for PPE products,<br />

which are either imitating real safety equipment<br />

brands or haven’t gone through the tests to be<br />

certified as safe under European Standards.<br />

Although it’s illegal and puts money in the pocket<br />

of organised criminals,<br />

buying an imitation designer<br />

hat is unlikely to harm you,<br />

but clearly that’s a<br />

possibility if you buy a faulty<br />

safety helmet. And if putting<br />

yourself or your employees in<br />

danger isn’t bad enough, you could<br />

also be prosecuted.<br />

The trouble is, even if you’re one of the majority<br />

who is not out to save costs and cut corners on<br />

safety, spotting counterfeit PPE can be difficult<br />

Gary Walpole. NFRC Technical Officer<br />

unless you know what to<br />

look out for. Luckily, all PPE<br />

products must come with a<br />

CE (Conformité Européenne)<br />

mark and certificate that tell<br />

you they have passed all the tests<br />

and are safe to use – so if the kit doesn’t<br />

have the CE stamp of approval, stay clear. Of<br />

course, many counterfeiters will attempt to create<br />

fake CE certificates, but thankfully they are the<br />

hardest things to forge.<br />

10<br />

things to look out for on CE labels:<br />

Conclusion<br />

If you’re buying expensive PPE kit, it’s always<br />

worth asking the manufacturer or supplier for the<br />

CE Certificate before purchasing.<br />

1. CE mark should be on the product<br />

marking or labelling.<br />

2. CE mark should be in the distinctive<br />

font and be at least 5mm high.<br />

3. CE mark should be accompanied by a<br />

4-digit number for high-risk products.<br />

4. Instructions should be in English and<br />

include the manufacturer’s name and<br />

address.<br />

5. Certificate should state the name of<br />

the EU-based organisation that certified<br />

the product (notified body), along with a<br />

4-digit number.<br />

6. Certificate should contain a date and<br />

notified body signature. The stated<br />

validity period should be current.<br />

7. Certificate should include terms and<br />

conditions.<br />

“The trouble is, even if<br />

you’re one of the<br />

majority who is not out<br />

to save costs and cut<br />

corners on safety,<br />

spotting counterfeit<br />

PPE can be difficult<br />

unless you know what<br />

to look out for”<br />

8. Certificate should include a clear<br />

product description, including model,<br />

specification, and test references.<br />

9. Certificate should include a<br />

manufacturer’s name and address.<br />

10. Look for signs of tampering such as<br />

differing fonts and sizes plus colour<br />

changes.<br />

For more information refer to the British Safety<br />

Industry Federation, which runs the Registered<br />

Safety Supplier scheme. Companies that display<br />

the scheme’s logo have signed a binding<br />

declaration that the safety equipment they offer<br />

meets the appropriate standards, fully complies<br />

with the PPE regulations and is appropriately CE<br />

marked: www.bsif.co.uk/rsss/<br />

Contact the NFRC<br />

020 7638 7663<br />

www.nfrc.co.uk<br />

@TheNFRC<br />

20 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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Drones & Roofing<br />


Amy Chesseman, Waldeck’s Digital Capture Lead, outlines<br />

her top tips for working with drones on construction sites.<br />

Drones haven’t always been as prevalent as they are today, but they are now widely used across a<br />

variety of industries, and are transforming how work is done in the construction industry. Drones<br />

have a number of key uses on construction sites, for instance; surveying, gathering data and<br />

project surveillance to name a few, but getting started with drones can sometimes be challenging, so<br />

below I’ll talk you through my top tips and things to think about when leveraging drones in construction:<br />

Procedures must be followed when using drones on site.<br />

1. Consider the complete solution<br />

This is really important! With the amount of<br />

people using drones as a hobby or commercially,<br />

the number of different drones, cameras,<br />

sensors, accessories and software available is<br />

increasing rapidly, making it a difficult decision to<br />

select the right tool for the job.<br />

Ask yourself, what is it that you want to<br />

accomplish? Is it to survey an area in 3D, or is it<br />

progressive data capture to monitor real-time site<br />

progress? either way the integration of hardware<br />

and software to streamline the process needs to<br />

be considered.<br />

2. Understand rules and regulations<br />

Drone operators need to be familiar with all the<br />

Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) rules and<br />

regulations before using drones commercially.<br />

Some of the CAA rules for construction firms to<br />

keep in mind, include:<br />

• Pilots must have completed a remote pilot<br />

competency course.<br />

• Permission from Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)<br />

to fly.<br />

• Pilots must keep the aircraft in visual line-ofsight<br />

or less than 500m from the pilot and below<br />

400ft high.<br />

• Operate drones away from airports.<br />

• Operate drones away from restricted air space.<br />

3. Always think health and safety<br />

As with any task on a construction site, health<br />

and safety is of utmost importance and there are<br />

many things to think about when operating a<br />

drone on a construction site; here’s a few:<br />

• A safety procedure should be in place for all<br />

parties including flight planning and safe drone<br />

operation.<br />

• A full risk assessment must be carried out<br />

taking into account the hazards associated to<br />

drones operating, as well as site hazards such as<br />

open excavations and vehicle movements.<br />

• Have observers keeping a lookout for hazards to<br />

allow the pilot to concentrate fully on their task.<br />

• Sites should be evaluated before a flight<br />

begins, consider what and who is around you –<br />

drones cannot be flown within 50 metres of<br />

structures, vehicles or people that are not under<br />

the control of the person in charge of the aircraft;<br />

or within 150m of a congested area.<br />

• Consider a site walk before take-off to pick up<br />

any new hazards which may have appeared<br />

during the planning stage.<br />

• Always check the height of the tallest structure<br />

on site before take-off.<br />

• Always check safety features are set to the site<br />

you are on.<br />

4. You must have insurance<br />

Drone operators must have insurance that meets<br />

the requirements of EC Regulation No 785/2004<br />

and if your insurance policy does not meet this<br />

regulation, your CAA permission is invalid.<br />

With many rival companies offering drone<br />

insurance, it’s always best to compare and check<br />

exactly what is covered. Think about how many<br />

accessories you may need and the cost to replace<br />

if the policy did not include these. As well as<br />

annual insurance policies, many companies now<br />

offer ‘pay as you fly’ cover.<br />

5. Planning, planning, planning<br />

As with any project, good and appropriate<br />

planning is essential.<br />

Even if you’ve been to the site before, never<br />

assume everything will be the same, especially<br />

when it comes to cranes – they may not be the<br />

same height as your last visit!<br />

Construction sites are constantly evolving so it’s<br />

best to do a site walk before take-off to pick up<br />

any new hazards which may have appeared and<br />

ask if any new hazards may be arriving to site<br />

that day, such as a new crane or delivery of<br />

materials to be stored in the area you want to<br />

take off in.<br />

No matter how thorough your planning may be<br />

leading up to a project, always check everything<br />

on the day because airspace restrictions may<br />

suddenly be in place over your job site, solar<br />

activity may have increased and the weather<br />

forecasts may have got their predictions wrong.<br />

Ready, set, go!<br />

Contact Waldeck<br />

08450 990 285<br />

www.waldeckconsulting.com<br />

@waldeckconsult<br />

22 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

QUICK,<br />






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Images .....................................................................1<br />

Length Diagram .........................................................4<br />

Pitch Diagram ............................................................5<br />

Area Diagram ............................................................6<br />

Notes Diagram...........................................................7<br />

Penetrations Diagram.................................................8<br />

Report Summary........................................................9<br />


SEE US AT<br />

Total Roo f Area = 467.95 sq m<br />

Total Roof Facets =24<br />

Predominant Pitch = 45°<br />

Numb er of Storeys > 1<br />

Total Ridges/Hips = 84.43m<br />

Total Valleys<br />

= 17.07m<br />

Tota l Verges = 14.63m<br />

=111.86 m

Insurance Focus<br />



By Ian Hollingworth, Head of Claims for ECIC.<br />

The High Court’s recent decision that a<br />

roofing firm that caused a fire at a high<br />

school in London was not protected by a<br />

project policy has raised some serious questions<br />

over the reliance by sub-contractors on these<br />

types of insurance policies. This could expose<br />

contractors and subcontractors to higher risks –<br />

in particular smaller sub-contractors working on<br />

large contracts could be vulnerable as a result of<br />

this ruling.<br />

Traditionally, employers on larger construction<br />

projects take out a project policy to cover damage<br />

to the existing structure and possibly the contract<br />

works being undertaken by the sub-contractors<br />

appointed to work on site.<br />

“The project policy<br />

insurer dealt with the<br />

property loss, but then<br />

sought to recover their<br />

outlay from the<br />

contractor that caused<br />

the loss”<br />

As this type of policy would usually provide<br />

protection to named contractors and sometimes<br />

all contractors in the contractual chain, it<br />

provides peace of mind that in the event of a fire<br />

or some other damage caused by contract<br />

workers on site, the project policy would step in.<br />

In the event of damage to the property, the project<br />

policy insurer would simply cover the loss rather<br />

than each sub-contractor going to their own<br />

insurers to recover the cost of their own damaged<br />

contract works.<br />

This avoids lengthy and often costly litigation<br />

between various contractors who could be<br />

blamed for causing the damage<br />

to the building.<br />

The project policy avoids all of<br />

this and ensures the property<br />

and works are adequately covered<br />

to avoid lengthy delays in the<br />

completion of the construction.<br />

Terms of the sub-contract<br />

However, in a recent case, (Haberdashers’ Aske’s<br />

Federation Trust Ltd v Lakehouse Contracts Ltd<br />

and others [<strong>2018</strong>] EWHC 558 (TCC)), the High<br />

Court found roofing firm CPR wasn’t protected by<br />

the project policy because the terms of the subcontract<br />

required that they should maintain their<br />

own insurance.<br />

Usually a construction contract would contain an<br />

insuring clause requiring the individual subcontractor<br />

to take out insurance to cover their<br />

own contract works along with Employers Liability<br />

and Public Liability. This is even if there is a<br />

project policy in place.<br />

The difference with this case was that the project<br />

policy insurer dealt with the property loss, but<br />

then sought to recover their outlay from the<br />

contractor that caused the loss.<br />

This was unusual as a project policy is usually<br />

taken out in joint names – the policyholder and all<br />

sub-contractors; this previously meant the project<br />

policy insurer could not seek a recovery as<br />

essentially all sub-contractors would be considered<br />

a policyholder and covered under the policy.<br />

Notably in this instance, the Court allowed the<br />

project insurer to recover the loss from the subcontractor.<br />

This was on the basis that the main<br />

construction contract had required that the subcontractor<br />

take out their own insurance. In addition,<br />

the sub-contractor was not named at the<br />

commencement of the<br />

construction project and therefore<br />

not factored into the cover by the<br />

project policy insurer when the policy was<br />

taken out.<br />

This ruling has really called into question the<br />

effectiveness of project insurance. It has wide<br />

ramifications for contractors as they can no longer<br />

rely upon a project insurer to pick up a loss in the<br />

event of damage they have caused to a property.<br />

It’s essential, therefore, that they ensure adequate<br />

cover is taken out to cover their potential<br />

liabilities. Seeking the advice and support of an<br />

insurance broker is highly recommended.<br />

Additionally, the insurers of sub-contractors can<br />

no longer rely on the existence of a project policy<br />

to cover a loss. This could mean higher insurance<br />

claims which may have a knock-on effect in<br />

premium increases.<br />

Now, more than ever, it is important for subcontractors<br />

to understand the risks attached to<br />

their works and the potential losses they could<br />

face if they don’t ensure adequate insurance<br />

cover is in place for any eventuality.<br />

Contact ECIC<br />

0330 221 0250<br />

www.ecic.co.uk<br />

Left: Ian Hollingworth, Head of Claims<br />

for ECIC.<br />

“The insurers of subcontractors<br />

can no<br />

longer rely on the<br />

existence of a project<br />

policy to cover a loss”<br />

24 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

Contractor’s Q’s<br />



Andy King started roofing when he was 14 and used his experience and know-how to establish<br />

A L King Roofing which includes a contracting and merchant business. He is also a past-<br />

President of the NFRC and an ideal candidate for our Contractor’s Q’s...<br />

10<br />

questions for Andy King:<br />

“Make sure you have<br />

some capital behind<br />

you for that rainy day or<br />

that slow paying client”<br />

TC: What was your path into construction<br />

and to your current position?<br />

AK: My path into construction was quite simple;<br />

when I was about 14 and living in Surrey, my<br />

friend’s father was a small builder carrying out<br />

extensions, renovations and occasionally a oneoff<br />

house and I worked for him some weekends<br />

and school holidays. I enjoyed the work and<br />

wanted to learn more about construction. At 16 I<br />

went to Guilford technical college to study the City<br />

and Guilds construction technician course and<br />

passed parts 1 and 2. On leaving college I was<br />

unsure what to do so my father suggested I got<br />

some practical experience to go with the theory.<br />

Having had part of our roof retiled he suggested<br />

calling the roofing contractor that carried out the<br />

work to see if he was interested in some extra<br />

labour. Fortunately he was and I had an<br />

interview on the 5th of April 1975 (my<br />

eighteenth birthday) and started as a trainee on<br />

the following Monday.<br />

“Having had part of our<br />

roof retiled he<br />

suggested calling the<br />

roofing contractor that<br />

carried out the work to<br />

see if he was<br />

interested in some<br />

extra labour”<br />

As I mentioned, I enjoyed the work although it<br />

was hard work – everything was carried manually<br />

up ladders and lorries were unloaded<br />

manually. I remember thinking at the<br />

time that this line of work would not<br />

be for everybody, so if I could stick at it<br />

and learn the trade well, I should always<br />

have work.<br />

So I worked hard and studied my trade, with a<br />

constant desire of starting my own business one<br />

day.<br />

Having gained a reasonable practical knowledge<br />

of roof tiling and slating I became self-employed,<br />

I worked as a sub-contractor for some wellknown<br />

contractors in the area whilst trying to<br />

build my own customer base until, in my opinion,<br />

I had enough work to sustain me for a while.<br />

Some people I worked for would buy the materials<br />

and if I had to buy them I was able to use a credit<br />

card, as with no trading references it was<br />

impossible to obtain credit from builders<br />

merchants or anybody else.<br />

The business grew until it became obvious I<br />

would have to start employing people to help me<br />

as more work was coming in than I could cope<br />

with. The business has continued to grow and in<br />

the year 2000 I was able to start a roofing<br />

merchant to help the contracting side, and sell<br />

roofing products to other local roofing contractors.<br />

The business now employs 60 people and has an<br />

annual turnover in excess of £8 million with two<br />

merchant outlets and a strong contracting<br />

division.<br />

Andy King, past-President of the NFRC and<br />

Managing Director of A L King Roofing.<br />

TC: What’s your one piece of<br />

advice for those looking to start<br />

a roofing business?<br />

AK: The best advice I could give anybody wanting<br />

to start a roofing business is make sure you have<br />

some capital behind you for that rainy day or that<br />

slow paying client. Another essential thing is<br />

know your subject and learn what your rights are<br />

regarding contract law.<br />

“We are tasked with<br />

completing eight<br />

houses each week for<br />

the next thirty weeks<br />

with garages and<br />

porches added in”<br />

TC: Tell us about the current project<br />

you’re working on…<br />

AK: There are a few interesting projects we are<br />

working on at the moment but the one that stands<br />

out is one we are doing for Lovell’s in Bulford<br />

near Salisbury, Wiltshire. This is one of three<br />

developments being carried out by Lovell’s in the<br />

area and it is for military personnel returning from<br />

overseas. The main reason for this being an<br />

interesting site is the pace of build. We are tasked<br />

with completing eight houses each week for the next<br />

thirty weeks with garages and porches added<br />

26 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

Contractor’s Q’s<br />

in without further consideration. The whole site is<br />

like a production line and if any trade fails to<br />

reach its targets each week, it has quite an<br />

impact on the next trades. This site needs<br />

constant attention by my operatives and<br />

management to ensure we hit targets each week.<br />

“What could have been<br />

a good project was<br />

turned into a<br />

nightmare – somebody<br />

thought they could get<br />

a twenty four month job<br />

done in twelve months”<br />

TC: Over the years, does one project in<br />

particular stand out?<br />

AK: I have worked on many difficult projects over<br />

the years and the most common issue is time<br />

allowed to carry out the work with unrealistic<br />

completion dates. One contract in particular<br />

stands out – it was a complete refurbishment of<br />

a large building in Bath and from the moment I<br />

went to site I realised the project could not be<br />

completed within the programme set by the<br />

contractor. The result was that every trade and<br />

every manager from the contractor was working<br />

under ridiculous pressure, trying to achieve the<br />

unachievable and relationships between the<br />

contractors’ managers and all the trades was at<br />

best fraught. I struggled to get my operatives to<br />

go to site as they knew it was going to be another<br />

tough day. The contract was over twelve months<br />

late being delivered to the client and cost the<br />

contractor millions. This resulted in the contractor<br />

trying to recoup the money from the subcontractors.<br />

What could have been a good project<br />

was turned into a nightmare because somebody<br />

thought they could get a twenty four month job<br />

done in twelve months.<br />

TC: What about difficult customers?<br />

AK: Difficult customers – where do you start?<br />

Most become difficult when they are reluctant to<br />

part with any money or are trying get a reduction<br />

in cost. One particular customer stands out. The<br />

job was an extension to a large house in a<br />

desirable part of Bristol and the contract was<br />

being managed by the homeowner. It was not a<br />

big contract, but a few problems presented<br />

themselves due to the lack of construction<br />

knowledge from the homeowner. Eventually we<br />

finished the roof and presented our invoice in line<br />

with our accepted quotation and the client’s<br />

order. There must have been one hundred<br />

reasons why they did not want to pay and the<br />

process took over four months being batted<br />

backwards and forwards before it was decided to<br />

take the matter to the small claims court in<br />

Bristol. We had our day in court and the Judge<br />

listened to our side of the argument and then<br />

asked the homeowner for their version. The Judge<br />

was sceptical as to why the homeowner had such<br />

a detailed account of their dealings with a roofing<br />

contractor from the moment our estimator<br />

appeared on site to supply a quotation, to the tile<br />

delivery, and then every day we had operatives on<br />

site. We won the case and later found out we<br />

were one of the only contractors to get paid for<br />

their work and the homeowner had the majority of<br />

their extension built for nothing.<br />

TC: What’s the most frustrating thing<br />

about your job?<br />

AK: The most frustrating aspect of my job is the<br />

constant boom and bust of the Construction<br />

Industry and the difficulty that creates in building<br />

the business for the future because of the<br />

uncertainty and insecurity.<br />

TC: And the most satisfying?<br />

AK: The most satisfying part about my job is<br />

working on a contract that is well run, is on<br />

programme, affords us the correct amount of time<br />

to complete our work and looks good when it is<br />

complete. Unfortunately all these factors don’t<br />

always come together at once.<br />

TC: What’s your most important tool<br />

either in the office or on site?<br />

AK: The most important tool for any roofing<br />

contractor is a well trained workforce. A workforce<br />

“The most satisfying<br />

part about my job is<br />

working on a contract<br />

that is well run, is on<br />

programme and affords<br />

us the correct amount<br />

of time to complete our<br />

work”<br />

that is well trained technically with their trade and<br />

with health and safety and know how to conduct<br />

themselves on site. This will only enhance your<br />

reputation as a professional roofing contractor and<br />

lead to repeat business. Another important tool is<br />

knowledge of contract law. I have saved my<br />

company a lot of money by challenging the legality<br />

of a contractor’s behaviour and advising them they<br />

are breaking the law; a very useful tool to have.<br />

TC: Best social media platform for you?<br />

AK: In my opinion, the best social media platform<br />

for a company of medium size would be a good<br />

and professional website. Some smaller<br />

companies do use Facebook but I think it does<br />

depend on the size of the company and the target<br />

audience.<br />

TC: How do you feel your sector’s shaping<br />

up in <strong>2018</strong>? Any reasons to be positive?<br />

AK: I feel the roofing sector in the new build area<br />

is looking extremely healthy. Our enquiry level is<br />

high, our percentage of tenders won is stronger<br />

than normal and on a personal note, I am<br />

extremely optimistic for the next year or two.<br />

Recruitment of apprentices is good. As a<br />

company we have been starting four apprentices<br />

every year for the last three years and two or<br />

three last the course and get to finish their<br />

training. Some of the first apprentices are now<br />

mentoring the new intake and are running their<br />

own gangs, which is very pleasing.<br />

Contact A L King Roofing<br />

01225 705918<br />

www.alkingroofing.co.uk<br />

28 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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BMI Apprentice of the Year<br />

APPRENTICES SHINE AT <strong>2018</strong> FINALS<br />

The skills and recruitment issues affecting the roofing and the wider construction industry<br />

are well documented, but as the apprentices involved in the second instalment of the BMI<br />

Apprentice of the Year competition have shown, there’s plenty to be positive about when it<br />

comes to the next generation of roofers…<br />

One competition can’t change the fact that<br />

roofing is facing a perception and<br />

recruitment crisis – a recent survey by<br />

Which? found that only half of respondents<br />

thought roofers were trustworthy, whilst CITB<br />

research shows that the appeal of the<br />

construction industry as a career option for young<br />

people is low, scoring 4.2 out of 10 among 14 to<br />

19 year olds – but what a competition like the<br />

Apprentice of the Year can do is highlight that the<br />

training that is going on in colleges and the<br />

support provided from employers on site every<br />

day up and down the country is providing positive<br />

results for those pursuing a career in roofing.<br />

Total Contractor was asked to help judge the BMI<br />

Apprentice of the Year competition, which had<br />

grown this year to include the Icopal flat roofing<br />

event as well as the Redland pitched roofing<br />

competition.<br />

Flat and Pitched awards<br />

BMI Group said they received well over 100<br />

entries for this year’s competition, so the 18<br />

finalists who had made it to the two-day finals<br />

held at the BMI National Training Centre in South<br />

Cerney had already done well to make it that far;<br />

but with the mix of classroom and rig<br />

assessments, individual and group work,<br />

interviews and presentations, the hard work was<br />

only just beginning.<br />

The apprentices had all followed different paths<br />

“It links perfectly with<br />

the current push within<br />

the sector to raise the<br />

perception of roofing in<br />

the public’s eye”<br />

into roofing and came from<br />

different backgrounds; a<br />

number had been in the<br />

military, some had<br />

been waiters and<br />

others, like so many<br />

before them, had<br />

followed their fathers or<br />

other family members<br />

into the profession. But<br />

whatever experience they had<br />

gained in life, on site or at their college,<br />

the Apprentice of the Year takes<br />

these young men well and truly<br />

out of their comfort zone,<br />

testing not just their<br />

practical skills and<br />

knowledge, but also<br />

developing their soft<br />

skills and coaching<br />

them on how to interact<br />

with customers, present<br />

themselves professionally<br />

and ultimately plan and run a<br />

business. This is why the Apprentice<br />

of the Year competition has launched at the<br />

perfect time, it links perfectly with the current<br />

push within the sector to raise the perception of<br />

roofing in the public’s eye, as well as the NFRC’s<br />

& CITB’s RoofCert accreditation initiative.<br />

And these new ‘soft’ skills weren’t lost on the<br />

apprentices. Early on the first day they’re all<br />

understandably a bit nervous and tentative, but<br />

as the competition progresses with each of the<br />

four assessments beginning with a presentation<br />

from an expert in that area, you can visibly see<br />

the apprentices grow in confidence until on the<br />

final day, they are all at a level where they feel<br />

The apprentices assess the pitched<br />

roofing rig (top) and flat roofing<br />

rigs (below) for the defects<br />

assessment.<br />

confident enough to<br />

stand in front of three<br />

judges and give a fiveto-ten-minute<br />

presentation on a topic of<br />

their choice. It’s a daunting<br />

proposition for anyone, and some<br />

of the apprentices commented that<br />

prior to the competition they<br />

could not see themselves<br />

doing the final<br />

presentation; as one<br />

told me: “If you’d<br />

told me a year ago<br />

I’d be involved in a<br />

competition like this<br />

and standing up doing<br />

a presentation to<br />

strangers – I’d have said no<br />

chance.”<br />

Real confidence<br />

And that’s the great thing about the Apprentice<br />

of the Year competition, there are two overall<br />

winners – and two runners up this year because<br />

the competition was so strong – but all the<br />

apprentices learn new skills that will put them in<br />

a stronger position and give them a real<br />

confidence boost for their careers going forward.<br />

As one apprentice explained in his final<br />

presentation: “I’d like to win, but even if I don’t,<br />

I’ve learned so much in this competition. It’s<br />

given me the confidence to think about where I<br />

want to be in the future.”<br />

30 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>


Kieran Forster is the Icopal Apprentice of the Year <strong>2018</strong> Jay Webster is the Redland Apprentice of the Year <strong>2018</strong><br />

Kieran Forster was crowned Icopal Apprentice Jay Webster was crowned Redland Apprentice<br />

of the Year <strong>2018</strong>. Kieran is an attendee at of the Year <strong>2018</strong>. Jay attends Leeds College of<br />

Newcastle College and is employed by Stanleybased<br />

Hodgson Sayers. On receiving the title Roofing. On receiving his award Jay explained:<br />

Building and works for Yorkshire Heritage<br />

Kieran explained what he was feeling: “Pure “Words can’t really describe how I feel and I<br />

shock when I heard my name announced and still can’t believe it to be honest. I became more<br />

I’m still in shock. I can’t believe it’s actually confident as the competition went on, but to<br />

happened. There were guys there with more actually win it tells me I’m better than I thought<br />

experience than me so to win it is simply I was.”<br />

amazing!”<br />

Joe Burgess (above), a former waiter, who came out with a<br />

memorable phrase during his presentation: “I gave up a job<br />

to go into a career” when talking about his move into roofing,<br />

was Highly Commended in the Icopal flat roofing<br />

competition. Joe works for Waveney District Council and is<br />

enrolled at Eastern Region Roof Training Group.<br />

Tom Thompson, (above), ex-soldier who works for AL King<br />

Roofing and studies at South West Training Group, was Highly<br />

Commended in the Redland Pitched Roofing competition.<br />

Above: The winning apprentices pictured with Andy Dennis, BMI Group MD UK & Ireland. Both Kieran and Jay received a<br />

£1,000 cash prize, a handsome trophy for the mantelpiece plus a goody bag of high-quality roofing tools and materials.<br />

They are also entitled to support from the two industry brand leaders at BMI’s National Training Centre.<br />

“All the apprentices learn new skills that will put<br />

them in a stronger position and give them a real<br />

confidence boost for their careers going<br />

forward”<br />

The Icopal flat roofing judges look on as one of the<br />

candidates talk them through the defects on the rig. L-R<br />

Mark Thornton, SPRA, Matt Downs, Total Contractor<br />

magazine, and Gary Walpole, NFRC.<br />

All those involved in the BMI Aprentice of the Year <strong>2018</strong><br />

including judges, apprentices, tutors and employers<br />

attended a glittering awards ceremony at Cricklade House.<br />

The 18 apprentices with their trophies and certificates alongside Andy Dennis, BMI Group Managing Director UK & Ireland.<br />

Total Contractor would like to thank Mat Woodyatt and the<br />

team at BMI Group for putting on such a great event, as<br />

well as all the tutors, employers and apprentices for<br />

attending, and the sponsors Wincanton, Avonside Group,<br />

Buck and Hickman, Midland Lead and Scott Direct for<br />

helping make this such a great event.<br />

AUGUST <strong>2018</strong> TC 31

Perfectly Pitched<br />



In his latest column, pitched roofing expert and consultant John Mercer (pic) – writing on<br />

behalf of Imerys Roof Tiles – looks at what the amendments to BS 5534, which came into<br />

effect on July 1st, mean for contractors.<br />

When BS 5534: 2014, The British<br />

Standard Code of Practice for Slating<br />

and Tiling, was published it represented<br />

a major revision of a Standard that was first<br />

published in 1978. Not only was it completely<br />

restructured to make the Standard easy to use, it<br />

also introduced many new changes to recognise<br />

up-to-date building principles and knowledge,<br />

such as wind loads on roof tiles and underlays<br />

and, perhaps most importantly of all, minimum<br />

fixing requirements were revised to recommend<br />

that all tiles be fixed and mortar bedded<br />

components no longer rely solely on the mortar<br />

for their resistance to wind uplift.<br />

Inevitably, with such a major revision and having<br />

now had the experience of use of the Standard for<br />

a period, there are certain elements that needed<br />

to be either corrected or clarified. Hence, a<br />

second minor revision was published on 28th<br />

February and came into effect on 1st July <strong>2018</strong>.<br />

Clarification of scope of Standard<br />

Firstly, the scope of BS 5534 has been amended<br />

to make clear that it applies to the design,<br />

performance and installation of not only new<br />

build pitched roofs and vertical cladding; it also<br />

applies to re-roofing work, including repairs to<br />

existing slate or tiled roofs.<br />

However, in contrast, the scope states that some<br />

elements of BS 5534 may not be appropriate for<br />

some old slate or tile roofs – for example, where<br />

traditional and / or reclaimed materials are used.<br />

This is particularly important for historically or<br />

architecturally important buildings. In these<br />

cases, advice should be sought from the local<br />

planning authority and appropriate conservation<br />

organisation and all parties should<br />

agree on the specification. A<br />

common example is where it<br />

would be aesthetically<br />

undesirable for such a building to<br />

have a dry ridge system or even<br />

visible ridge tile mechanical fixings.<br />

“Baby ridge and hip<br />

tiles are only<br />

recommended for use<br />

with double lapped<br />

plain tiles and should<br />

overlap the top course<br />

of tiles by at least<br />

65mm”<br />

Installation of baby ridge & hip tiles<br />

Following the introduction of the requirement to<br />

mechanically fix all ridge and hip tiles in the 2014<br />

revision to BS 5534, it has been found that,<br />

practically, this can be difficult to achieve when<br />

installing some small section ‘baby’ ridge tiles.<br />

Therefore, in this latest revision, there is new<br />

advice for the use of baby ridge tiles. Firstly, they<br />

are only recommended for use on low level roofs<br />

up to 3m high, such as bay windows and porches.<br />

Secondly, baby ridge tiles may be mortar-bedded<br />

only – i.e without additional mechanical fixings –<br />

so long as the correct mortar mix is used as<br />

specified in BS 5534 and the self-weight of the<br />

ridges is sufficient to resist wind loads. Baby ridge<br />

and hip tiles are only recommended for use with<br />

double lapped plain tiles and should overlap the top<br />

course of tiles by at least 65mm.<br />

New reference to BS 8612<br />

BS 8612, the new British<br />

Standard for dry fix products,<br />

was published in January this<br />

year. Although well publicised,<br />

there has been some confusion<br />

about when it actually comes into effect.<br />

As a new Standard, there is no ‘grace period’<br />

which means that BS 8612 really came into effect<br />

the moment it was published, albeit as a<br />

voluntary Standard. However, the latest version of<br />

BS 5534 now states that “dry fixed ridge, hip and<br />

verge products should conform to BS 8612”.<br />

Illustration shows air permeable underlays & wind loading.<br />

New definition of air permeable underlay<br />

In previous editions of BS 5534 air permeable<br />

underlays were not defined. Therefore, in this<br />

latest amendment, an air permeable underlay is<br />

now categorised as one that has an air<br />

permeability of not less than 20m³/m².h,<br />

measured at 50 Pa.<br />

This now enables manufacturers and suppliers of<br />

these underlays to define their product in<br />

accordance with BS 5534.<br />

Note that this stated figure for air permeability<br />

relates to wind uplift resistance rather than<br />

condensation control and the roofer or designer<br />

32 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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should follow the underlay manufacturer’s<br />

installation guidance to ensure harmful<br />

condensation does not occur in the roof space.<br />

New definitions for ceiling types<br />

In this latest amendment to BS 5534, the<br />

previous term ‘well-sealed ceiling’ has been<br />

replaced with new definitions of a ‘continuous<br />

ceiling’ and a ‘discontinuous ceiling’. This enables<br />

each to be defined in a clearer, more technical<br />

manner as the type of ceiling has implications for<br />

the control of condensation in the loft space as<br />

well as the wind uplift resistance of unsupported<br />

underlays. A continuous ceiling; i.e one that has<br />

an air permeability of 30mm² per square metre or<br />

less, will require less or even no roof space<br />

ventilation, depending upon the roof construction<br />

and product types. Also, an underlay with an<br />

uplift resistance of 1600 N/m² or more can be<br />

used in conjunction with a continuous ceiling<br />

within all geographical zones within the UK<br />

(provided other criteria are met). By contrast, a<br />

discontinuous ceiling – i.e one that has an air<br />

permeability of more than 30mm² per square<br />

metre – will require more ventilation in the loft<br />

space and the underlay must have a wind uplift<br />

resistance of not less than 1900 N/m² to be used<br />

within all UK geographical zones (again, subject<br />

to other criteria being met).<br />

New wind loading ‘shielding factor’ for<br />

air permeable underlays<br />

It has long been understood that a proportion of<br />

the wind loading on roof tiles is actually borne by<br />

the substrate – i.e the underlay or sarking – this<br />

is known as the shielding factor. However, recent<br />

research has shown that air permeable<br />

underlays, by their very nature of allowing air to<br />

pass through them, share less of the wind load<br />

under certain conditions, meaning that a higher<br />

proportion of the wind load is then borne by the<br />

roof tiles. More research is required to better<br />

understand the exact consequences of this, but in<br />

the meantime, a new ‘Shielding Factor’ value has<br />

been included in this latest edition of BS 5534 to<br />

allow for the lesser load being taken by air<br />

permeable underlays. In practice, this means that<br />

the tile manufacturer must take this into account<br />

when calculating roof tile fixing specifications. So<br />

since July, you’ll now see a new question about<br />

the underlay type on tile manufacturers’ fixing<br />

request forms.<br />

All Imerys tiles, fittings and accessories fully<br />

comply with the requirements of BS 5534 and<br />

BS 8612. Also, all fixing specifications carried<br />

out by Imerys from July 1st take into account air<br />

permeable underlays where applicable.<br />

Contact Imerys Roof Tiles<br />

www.imerys-roof-tiles.com<br />

@imerys<br />

@johnmercer3<br />

Below: An image of an Imerys Beauvoise roof.<br />

34 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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Slate Roofs<br />



Time-pressured roofers can be tempted to overlook grading and sorting when carrying out a<br />

natural slate roofing project. To do so is a mistake says Ged Ferris, of Cembrit, and below he<br />

offers his top tips to get your slate project right first time.<br />

1. Preliminary work<br />

It must be stressed that the overall appearance of<br />

a finished roof is dependent on the preliminary<br />

work undertaken before any slates are even fixed.<br />

This process starts on the drawing board of the<br />

architect and continues through the erection of<br />

the building to roof level, the accuracy of the<br />

timberwork to support the roof covering, the<br />

felting and battening of the roof and the<br />

preparation before any slating starts.<br />

2. Take a little time<br />

Good workmanship is the foundation of a<br />

successful natural slate roofing project. A project<br />

that is well planned and executed will prove<br />

rewarding for the roofing contractor and client<br />

alike. However, a project that is ill-thought-out<br />

and hurriedly executed is likely to generate<br />

disputes, both in the short and the long-term.<br />

Taking a little extra time to do the work according<br />

to the codes of practice can quite literally pay<br />

dividends!<br />

3. Grade & sort – even preholed<br />

slates<br />

The process of grading and<br />

sorting is essential, even if the<br />

slates are pre-holed. A common<br />

misconception is that pre-holed slates<br />

are already graded and sorted. This is most<br />

definitely not the case.<br />

“A project that is illthought-out<br />

and<br />

hurriedly executed is<br />

likely to generate<br />

disputes, both in the<br />

short & the long-term”<br />

4. Look to existing guidance<br />

There is guidance readily available to anyone who<br />

is in any doubt as to the correct procedures to<br />

follow. Key advice is contained in Clause 4.3 in the<br />

BS 8000-6:2013 Code of Practice for slating and<br />

Left: Ged Ferris, Cembrit. Below:<br />

Cembrit’s Glendyne Natural Slate.<br />

tiling of roofs and claddings. This<br />

standard applies to all types of<br />

natural slate, regardless of origin or<br />

grade. It has two main recommendations:<br />

• Sort slates into 3 or 4 groups of equal thickness.<br />

• Lay slates of equal thickness in any one course,<br />

with the thicker end (if any) at the tail. Slate the<br />

roof with the thicker slates in the lower courses<br />

and the thinner slates in the upper course.<br />

Ensuring you follow these two steps will go a long<br />

way to preventing problems further down the line.<br />

If these steps are ignored and a thick slate is laid<br />

next to a thin one, the overlapping slate in the<br />

course above will lie at an angle. The knock-on<br />

effect will be ‘bird-mouthing’, compromising of<br />

the weather and wind uplift resistance and<br />

possible cracking of the slates in the upper<br />

courses. So, a good grading and sorting session<br />

prior to laying any slates will be time well spent.<br />

In short, the best quality products, the most<br />

imaginative building designs and the most<br />

progressive construction techniques can all be<br />

compromised through poor detailing and<br />

inadequate workmanship. Nothing can beat<br />

expertise in any field and BS 8000, if followed by<br />

competent and conscientious practitioners, should<br />

result in a problem free construction project.<br />

Contact Cembrit<br />

020 3372 2300<br />

www.cembrit.co.uk<br />

@CembritUK<br />

36 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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Training Day<br />



Demand for BMI’s pitched roofing training is on the rise. We signed up to a course at its<br />

National Training Centre to find out why...<br />

is a sure-fire winner for roofing<br />

contractors,” declares Alastair Blant,<br />

“This<br />

Technical Trainer – Pitched; waving<br />

around a silver-coloured clip with a long tail. “They<br />

try it once and then keep on coming back for more.”<br />

The clip in question is a Kro-Clip, used to secure<br />

small, cut tiles at hip details on a pitched roof.<br />

Alastair is based at the BMI National Training Centre<br />

in South Cerney near Cirencester. Set up by Redland<br />

– now part of BMI Group – 35 years ago, the centre<br />

provides both pitched and flat roof training to a<br />

variety of external customers and internal staff<br />

members.<br />

Traditionally the mix of trainees has been around<br />

30% roofers and 70% other customers, such as<br />

merchants, local authorities and housing<br />

associations. However, in the last few years that<br />

split has moved to 50:50 as more contractors<br />

recognise the value of upskilling their workforce.<br />

“There is a changing attitude towards training in<br />

the roofing sector,” says Alastair, who had trained<br />

47 roofing contractors<br />

the week before we<br />

attended a course at<br />

the centre.<br />

“Contractors want to<br />

be seen to be more<br />

professional and<br />

training is the main way<br />

– if not the only way, to<br />

upskill.”<br />

Green to Red<br />

BMI is the only pitched roofing manufacturer to<br />

provide the two-day CITB and NFRC recognised<br />

Basic Competency Programme in pitched roofing.<br />

This allows roofers to convert from a Green<br />

labourer’s card to a Red experienced worker one,<br />

on the understanding that they will be working<br />

towards an NVQ over the following three years.<br />

Alastair and his colleagues provide a range of roof<br />

training through the centre, with 1,500 people<br />

coming through the doors every year. They also<br />

train at other BMI sites<br />

and at customers’<br />

sites, offices or<br />

merchant premises.<br />

Our course was a<br />

two-day basic<br />

introduction to pitched<br />

roofing. However, with<br />

Icopal also being part of BMI<br />

Group, the centre gives basic and<br />

advanced training in a variety of flat roofing<br />

technologies too, including bitumen, single ply<br />

and a variety of hot and cold applied liquid<br />

technologies.<br />

Courses are designed to add extra value to the<br />

BMI customer relationship and equip decisionmakers<br />

and influencers with information,<br />

including the many benefits of BMI systems.<br />

Classroom and workshop sessions<br />

The two-day basic roofing course combines<br />

alternating classroom and workshop sessions.<br />

Alastair, with an engaging delivery style that<br />

would not be out of place on the stage, manages<br />

to inject elements of history, geography, geology<br />

and an unending supply of roofing anecdotes into<br />

the more expected course content.<br />

Alastair’s snippets of history – all roofing<br />

relevant – included the march of the Roman<br />

empire into Britain, the use of roof tiles as ballast<br />

on merchant boats and air pollution during the<br />

industrial revolution. His stories from the field,<br />

gleaned from BMI technical colleagues and<br />

course attendees, ranged from horror stories of<br />

badly-installed roofs and miscalculations, to an<br />

explanation of why we have Dutch pantiles on the<br />

east coast of England.<br />

38 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

The 12 people on our<br />

course came from a<br />

range of backgrounds<br />

including counter staff<br />

from building and roofing<br />

merchants, component<br />

suppliers to BMI, and<br />

sales and marketing<br />

Above: With Icopal also being part of the BMI Group, the<br />

people from within the<br />

centre gives basic & advanced training in a variety of flat<br />

group. Theoretical roofing technologies.<br />

subjects included the<br />

basics of roofing terminology, through to recent updates in British Standards<br />

and a brief introduction to estimating for roofs.<br />

BS 8612<br />

One of the newest additions to the course materials is information on BS<br />

8612 Dry-fixed Ridge, Hip, Verge and Valley Systems for Slating and Tiling,<br />

which was published earlier this year. As well as a classroom session<br />

covering the Standard, we got the opportunity to install Redland’s new dry<br />

verge – which Alastair informed us was the first new verge which meets and<br />

exceeds the requirements of the new Standard – in the workshop. Other<br />

practical activities included laying a concrete pantile roof and exercises with<br />

plain tiles and slate.<br />

Eye opener<br />

For many of the people attending the course, the workshop sessions were a<br />

real eye opener. “To get up and do the practical side of it has been really<br />

good”, said Andrew Perrett, an Assistant Manager for Bence which has three<br />

branches supplying roofing materials and products. “It’s given me more<br />

understanding of what goes into the process. It may seem like a simple<br />

process but there are lots of things that can easily go wrong.”<br />

The updates on Standards and the grounding in estimating were also<br />

particularly useful according to Andrew: “People do come in and ask for<br />

advice, even those that have been doing it for years,” he says. “I’ve got a<br />

better insight now.”<br />

As our fellow trainees left the training centre armed with their pocket guide to<br />

the Redland range and The Redland Book guide to roofing, Alastair explained<br />

that his role was to ensure that roofs are installed with attention to detail and<br />

a proper understanding of the products and how they should be used: “We<br />

don’t teach people how to be roofers; we teach them how to be better roofers<br />

and how to be better sellers of roofing systems.”<br />

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Contact the BMI National Training Centre<br />

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AUGUST <strong>2018</strong> TC 39

Modern Roofs<br />



By Richard Bishop (pic), Category Manager for Roof, Wienerberger.<br />

If you ask yourself what the basics are we all<br />

expect from a roof, it would be to keep the<br />

weather out and the heat in. But the truth is<br />

that modern roofs have to do so much more. They<br />

need to be able to breathe to prevent<br />

condensation build up, handle unpredictable<br />

weather extremes, expand in the heat, and<br />

contract in the cold – all without letting in water<br />

or breaking.<br />

“Concrete has become<br />

the main product<br />

driving the UK pitched<br />

roofing market, with<br />

designs coming in all<br />

shapes and sizes<br />

For all this to be possible,<br />

contractors require high<br />

performance products and the<br />

right installation techniques.<br />

In anticipation of the impending<br />

cold and wet winter, we wanted to<br />

look at how modern roofs are designed to<br />

cope with less than perfect weather conditions.<br />

The apex shape<br />

Although we’ve had an unusually warm and dry<br />

summer, British weather can be unpredictable<br />

and we’re prone to our fair share of rainfall. The<br />

amount of water that pours out of our skies is the<br />

reason why the pitched apex roof is so prevalent<br />

when it comes to UK homes. This shape was<br />

designed to allow rainwater to run off effortlessly,<br />

keeping the occupants and<br />

contents of the building dry.<br />

It’s no accident that roofs are<br />

shaped as an apex, it is the most<br />

natural shape to allow water<br />

drainage. In fact, the latest flat<br />

roofing trends have to cope with ponding and<br />

water egress in entirely different ways, but the<br />

traditional British home still uses a strong, stable<br />

apex allowing space for a room in the roof or just<br />

a good old fashioned storage space.<br />

Flashing solutions<br />

Lead is the traditional flashing and waterproofing<br />

option for the UK but there are other options.<br />

Modern alternatives such as our Koraflex Plus offer<br />

the same look and workability as lead and<br />

40 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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Modern Roofs<br />

feature excellent UV & temperature resistance.<br />

A traditional gable-to-gable roof has no inner<br />

details, but the minute you put on an extension or<br />

have an L-shaped roof then we need to think<br />

about waterproofing the angles, the hip or the<br />

valley. Leaky chimneys are a common problem<br />

area so flashing the intersection between the<br />

chimney and the roof is always recommended.<br />

Tile shapes<br />

Clay pantiles have been around for about 400<br />

years now and have long proved themselves to be<br />

an extremely efficient form of weatherproof roof<br />

covering. In early methods of clay production<br />

there was very little control during firing over the<br />

final shape of a product. This meant that the<br />

design of a roof tile was such that it had to be<br />

weathertight whatever its final shape. The shape<br />

of a traditional pantile is a wonderful testimony to<br />

early roof tile designers! Not only do they keep the<br />

water out but the gaps around the tiles minimise<br />

the suction effect of the wind, helping to prevent<br />

wind damage. Modern clay tiles have been<br />

designed to include far more weatherproofing<br />

features, such as top interlocks and weather<br />

barriers. Besides pantiles we find plain tiles and<br />

large format flat tiles, pressed tiles and double<br />

roman tiles, all having a unique place according<br />

to location and planning.<br />

Material Choice<br />

Using materials such as clay or concrete gives a<br />

roof a longer life expectancy and will also ensure<br />

the roof is fireproof and able to handle any<br />

temperature the weather throws at it.<br />

Concrete has become the main product driving<br />

the UK pitched roofing market, with designs<br />

coming in all shapes and sizes. Clay roof tiles<br />

are, however, more of a premium roofing option,<br />

offering greater longevity and a colour that lasts,<br />

and I’d say actually improve with age and<br />

weathering. Slate is another great weatherproof<br />

roof covering, whereas slate effect clay roof tiles<br />

can be a less expensive alternative.<br />

Wet weather problems<br />

Efflorescence is a naturally occurring<br />

phenomenon caused by water in the form of rain,<br />

condensation or dew penetrating into the pores of<br />

concrete tiles and dissolving lime. The solution<br />

diffuses to the surface of the product, the water<br />

then evaporates and leaves behind a white film of<br />

lime. Since the lime content of the concrete can<br />

vary and the weather conditions obviously differ,<br />

the level of efflorescence can also fluctuate<br />

considerably.<br />

The same chemical process which brings the lime<br />

to the surface of a tile carries on, enabling it to be<br />

degraded and washed away by the rain, so that<br />

eventually the efflorescence disappears by<br />

itself – usually in a matter of months. Unlike<br />

some manufacturers, we treat the surface of all<br />

our concrete tiles with an acrylic polymer<br />

coatings to not only minimise the formation of<br />

efflorescence, but to give stronger and longer<br />

lasting colours.<br />

In conclusion, the wet weather can bring with it a<br />

host of problems for roofing contractors and their<br />

customers. However, when armed with high<br />

performance products and accessories alongside<br />

roofing know-how, there’s no need to be concerned<br />

about our famous wet weather returning.<br />

Contact Wienerberger<br />

0845 303 2524<br />

www.wienerberger.co.uk<br />

@wienerbergeruk<br />

Koraflex Plus comes with a 15 year guarantee.<br />

42 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

SEE US AT<br />




The Lincoln clay pantile features fl exible open gauge<br />

technology with a new fl at batten locator.<br />

Shaped with an elegant s-curve design and thin leading<br />

edge, the clay pantile is engineered for pitches as low<br />

as 17.5°, for fast and simple fi tting across a variety<br />

of installations.<br />

And of course, Lincoln clay pantiles fully comply with<br />

BS 5534 and NHBC Standards.<br />

Discover more smart thinking (and order free samples) at<br />

marleyeternit.co.uk/lincoln<br />

Or call us on 01283 722588<br />

Marley Eternit. The roof system others look up to.

Clay Plain Tiles<br />



Roofing contractor Andy Rowlands had to hand cut almost 60,000 Acme double camber<br />

clay plain tiles to create the award-winning, dramatic curved roof of Quintain House. In this<br />

article, Andy and the tile’s manufacturer Marley Eternit give their top tips for creating the<br />

perfect clay roof.<br />

Andy’s installation tips:<br />

•Provide a designated cutting area with<br />

adequate dust suppression, usually water – if<br />

you’re cutting a lot of tiles, it makes it much easier<br />

and safer to have one area that is set aside with<br />

the right equipment and PPE for cutting.<br />

• Preparation is everything – when working<br />

with clay plain tiles, you need to plan out the<br />

roof carefully in order to reduce the amount of<br />

cutting you need to do. Time spent at the<br />

beginning will prevent hassle later on. Also<br />

consider using tile and a half as well as<br />

standard size tiles to give you more flexibility<br />

when setting out the roof.<br />

• Creating curves – I get asked a lot about how<br />

we created the curved roof on Quintain House.<br />

We used a double camber tile as it lends itself<br />

more to the curved roof because of its latitudinal<br />

camber. I would say though that it takes many<br />

years of roofing expertise and craftsmanship to<br />

be able to create a curved roof of this nature!<br />

“Plan out the roof<br />

carefully – time spent<br />

at the beginning will<br />

prevent hassle later<br />

on”<br />

• Battens – The ‘snake-like’ shape of the roof at<br />

Quintain meant we couldn’t use a traditional<br />

approach to battening. So we had to precisely cut<br />

each batten to give us the ability to curve and<br />

bend it. Entire lengths of batten were reduced<br />

from 25mm thickness down to 13mm / 12mm /<br />

9mm / 8mm to promote the bending effect. We<br />

then layered the ‘thinner’ battens on top of each<br />

other to provide the necessary height required.<br />

• Waterproofing – The Quintain roof had a pitch<br />

of just 21 degrees in some areas which posed<br />

challenges when it came to waterproofing. Where<br />

the roof fell outside BS 5534 parameters, we had<br />

to create an EPDM rubber gutter to channel the<br />

water to the lowest point of the curve to allow the<br />

water back over the tile and then make its way<br />

down the roof in the traditional manner.<br />

• Check manufacturer guidelines –<br />

Manufacturers will not usually guarantee roof<br />

coverings fixed outside of their guidelines, so<br />

speak to the architect or designer if you think<br />

there will be an issue.<br />

Left: Andy Rowlands hand cut close to 60,000 Acme double<br />

camber clay plain tiles for the stunning roof at Quintain<br />

House.<br />

44 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

Marley Eternit’s advice:<br />

• Use the right tools – As Andy has shown,<br />

cutting clay plain tiles doesn’t need to be difficult,<br />

as long as you use the right tools.<br />

While the traditional method<br />

is a scribe and hammer,<br />

or pincers, you can<br />

use power tools that<br />

are specifically<br />

designed for a<br />

hard material,<br />

such as a<br />

diamond tipped<br />

masonry disc<br />

cutter. These must be<br />

used with appropriate<br />

dust suppression.<br />

• PPE is paramount – If you need to<br />

cut tiles, do it in a well ventilated area to avoid<br />

the inhalation of dust. Avoid dust inhalation by<br />

using cutting equipment fitted with dust<br />

extraction or suppression and always wear<br />

goggles, protective clothing, ear defenders and an<br />

approved respirator when mechanically cutting<br />

tiles.<br />

• Get the right blend of tiles – When using clay<br />

plain tiles, we recommend taking tiles and mixing<br />

them up from at least three pallets.<br />

This will enhance the<br />

appearance of a roof and<br />

add a charm and<br />

character you would<br />

expect from a high<br />

quality clay roof.<br />

• Think about<br />

the fittings –<br />

Purpose made<br />

fittings will ensure a<br />

stunning finish and<br />

also reduce the time spent<br />

making a site-formed mitred<br />

hip, for example. We offer a range of ridge<br />

and hip options, and also valley tiles, arris hips<br />

and bonnets which enhance the visual<br />

appearance of a clay tiled roof.<br />

• Valleys and bonnets – If you’re going to use<br />

valley or arris hip tiles, check the specification as<br />

ours come in a variety of internal angles to suit<br />

“Purpose made fittings<br />

will ensure a stunning<br />

finish and also reduce<br />

the time spent making<br />

a site-formed mitred<br />

hip, for example”<br />

various roof pitches. Getting the correct product<br />

first time reduces delays on site and ensures a<br />

perfect finish, so ask our Technical Advisory team<br />

if you’re unsure which one you need.<br />

Top: The snake-like shape of the roof at Quintain House<br />

meant Andy and the team couldn’t use a traditional<br />

approach to battening, so each batten was precisely cut to<br />

give the team the ability to curve and bend it. Left: Cutting<br />

clay plain tiles doesn’t need to be difficult so long as you use<br />

the right tools.<br />

Contact Marley Eternit<br />

01283 722 588<br />

www.marleyeternit.co.uk<br />

@MarleyEternit<br />

AUGUST <strong>2018</strong> TC 45

Apprenticeships<br />


Julian Gomez, Director of Marketing at CUPA PIZARRAS, discusses the importance of<br />

supporting the next generation of roofers in light of recent apprenticeship figures.<br />

The government’s target to build a million<br />

new homes by 2020 has put a huge amount<br />

of pressure on those within the roofing<br />

industry to deliver on this ambitious target. A<br />

growing skills gap – particularly within the slate<br />

roofing industry – that is developing due to a lack<br />

of new apprentices and the increasing amount of<br />

experienced roofers retiring, poses a risk that this<br />

target might never be met.<br />

As of April <strong>2018</strong>, the UK government introduced<br />

the Apprenticeship Levy, which significantly<br />

changed the structure of the apprenticeship<br />

funding system. The Levy encourages employers<br />

who have annual wage bills over £3 million to<br />

invest in apprenticeship programmes and to raise<br />

additional funds to improve the quantity of<br />

apprentices taken on.<br />

Despite this, a report recently released by the<br />

Office for National Statistics (ONS) has<br />

highlighted that apprenticeship starts between<br />

<strong>August</strong> 2017 and March <strong>2018</strong> have decreased by<br />

28% compared with the same period for the<br />

previous academic year.<br />

With most businesses putting this decrease down<br />

to the Apprenticeship Levy overcomplicating the<br />

system, others say that the levy funding does not<br />

cover the high cost of training in technical fields.<br />

This is particularly the case for those lower down<br />

in the supply chain, such as sub contractors, who<br />

can only receive up to 10% of the Levy funds<br />

passed on by larger firms.<br />

Manufacturer support<br />

This skills shortage has a knock-on effect on<br />

manufacturers too. No matter how high quality a<br />

product is, it is only ever as good as its<br />

installation, meaning a skilled workforce is<br />

crucial to ensuring a quality build. In light of this,<br />

manufacturers are playing an increasing role and<br />

looking to support apprentices and training in<br />

whatever way possible.<br />

Recognising this, throughout <strong>2018</strong> CUPA<br />

PIZARRAS has put a great emphasis on<br />

supporting apprentices within the slate roofing<br />

industry, through product and tool supply as well<br />

as apprentice and award sponsorships.<br />

At the beginning of <strong>2018</strong> the company committed<br />

to supporting a group of apprentices from<br />

Lincolnshire-based, roofing company, The Roofing<br />

Corporation. The support includes providing all<br />

three apprentices with CUPA PIZARRAS’ natural<br />

slate for training purposes, slate roofing tools,<br />

CUPA PIZARRAS’ branded clothing and an all<br />

expenses paid week trip to the company’s<br />

headquarters in Spain.<br />

The visit to Spain provided the apprentices with<br />

an overview of how CUPA PIZARRAS’ slate is<br />

quarried and produced, through a visit to one of<br />

the company’s 16 quarries, La Medua – the<br />

biggest natural slate quarry in the world. This<br />

was followed by a trip to one of CUPA PIZARRAS’<br />

22 transformation centres where they watched<br />

the extracted pieces of slate being sawed, shaped<br />

and bevelled. In addition to this, they also got to<br />

meet the CUPA PIZARRAS marketing team and<br />

the Sales Director to get a full understanding of<br />

the company’s position and commitment to<br />

developing future apprentices.<br />

Additionally, CUPA PIZARRAS also sponsored the<br />

Roof Slating and Tiling heats of the CITB’s<br />

SkillBuild competition <strong>2018</strong> – one of the largest<br />

multi-trade competitions in the UK for<br />

construction trainees and apprentices. We<br />

supplied over 4,000 of the company’s natural<br />

slates to ensure that the young roofers competed<br />

with the best quality materials, as well as polo<br />

shirts and caps for all competitors to wear.<br />

With most employers tied up with the ins and out<br />

of the Apprenticeship Levy, manufacturers have a<br />

vital role to play in supporting apprentice schemes<br />

and awards with the future generations of roofing<br />

contractors. Ultimately, any progressions we<br />

continue to make in the production of slate will not<br />

make any difference if there isn’t someone there<br />

with the skills to install it.<br />

CUPA PIAZARRAS is supporting apprentices from The Roofing Corporation and took them to a quarry and its HQ in Spain.<br />

Contact CUPA PIZARRAS<br />

01312 253 111<br />

ww.cupapizarras.com/uk<br />


46 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

SEE US AT<br />




A roof represents exciting opportunities<br />

for architects and property developers.<br />

If you are on top of a tall building and looking out over the<br />

urban landscape, you will see a lot of unutilised space.<br />

Architects and property developers can no longer afford to<br />

use the roof just to keep the rain and snow out and protect<br />

your contents.<br />

Using the roof for other functions creates additional values.<br />

These values not only allow for increased profits, but also<br />

add value to society at large and for the people living in<br />

and around these buildings.<br />

The roof can be a place where people can spend recreational<br />

time, grow flowers and encourage wildlife. The roof can<br />

also be utilised to solve other tasks that could be profitable<br />

for the building project, such as generating electricity with<br />

solar panels or taking control of heavy rainfall.<br />

Protan has developed a unique BlueProof roofing solution<br />

to avoid creating dead space on top of a building, enabling<br />

use that space for water attenuation. That is both smart<br />

and sustainable. The BlueProof system works equally well<br />

for new buildings and refurbishment projects, and can be<br />

combined with recreational areas, eco-friendly features<br />

and energy production.<br />

Protan BlueProof – coming to a roof near you soon.<br />

Safe<br />

Sustainable<br />

Cost effective<br />

Space efficient<br />


Opinion: Recruitment<br />


Our future built environment is in the hands of our construction workforce, yet the industry<br />

itself is struggling to address its current skills shortage. Philip Fergusson, Managing Director<br />

at NCTS, a specialist training provider to the roofing sector, outlines why he feels skills and<br />

learning programmes are key to a flourishing building trade and workforce.<br />

Whether you’re a property owner or a<br />

contractor, employing tradespeople with<br />

the requisite skills to undertake a<br />

particular building project is of paramount<br />

importance.<br />

Poor workmanship could lead to a raft of issues<br />

which prove extremely costly to correct. There’s<br />

also a question of safety; builders who are not<br />

fully-trained in tasks they are assigned to carry<br />

out could be putting a building’s structural<br />

integrity at risk and in-turn, the health and<br />

wellbeing of the occupants. Incorrectly installed<br />

wall insulation, for instance, is liable to lead to<br />

damp and mould, which if left untreated could<br />

cause respiratory problems in those exposed to<br />

such areas.<br />

On-site health and safety is also compromised<br />

by the presence of insufficiently-trained<br />

workers. An entire team of roofers, for example,<br />

could be at risk of injury or worse by a single<br />

employee whose erroneous work practices are<br />

caused by a lack of understanding of HSE<br />

guidelines.<br />

A blue CSCS card should be seen as a badge of<br />

honour for site employees who carry one. It<br />

informs a client or contractor that they have<br />

achieved a construction-related NVQ or SVQ level<br />

2, or completed an employer-sponsored<br />

apprenticeship. Enrolling on a Basic Competency<br />

Programme (BCP) or an On-Site Assessment and<br />

Training (OSAT) course, both of which are offered<br />

by NCTS, is a first step to achieving a Level 2<br />

NVQ and an industry-recognised qualification.<br />

Such certification provides peace of mind for the<br />

client that their building project is in safe,<br />

experienced hands.<br />

Evolve or dissolve<br />

Construction materials and<br />

practices are continuously<br />

evolving. As a consequence,<br />

those who fail to adapt to<br />

industry change and learn new<br />

skills risk being left behind.<br />

Confidence boost<br />

An industry-recognised qualification is not only<br />

looked upon favourably by a potential employee;<br />

it instils huge confidence in the holder.<br />

An NVQ or CSCS accreditation represents<br />

personal achievement and can act as a useful<br />

bargaining tool for the recipient when it comes to<br />

negotiating a salary or applying for a promotion.<br />

The importance of qualifications should never be<br />

underestimated in giving candidates a personal<br />

and professional lift.<br />

Taking the initiative<br />

According to several recent reports, the UK<br />

construction industry will need approximately<br />

400,000 new workers every year until 2021 to<br />

meet the demand for new building projects. In the<br />

roofing industry, some experts are predicting that<br />

we will have a shortfall of some 100,000 skilled<br />

crafts people over that period and every trade<br />

sector is reporting a similar story. An alarming<br />

forecast, particularly with the government<br />

announcing plans to build 300,000 new<br />

properties per year to help solve England’s<br />

affordable housing crisis. Never has there been a<br />

greater need for companies such as NCTS, which<br />

is taking the initiative and doing its utmost to<br />

‘skill-up’ the workforce of tomorrow.<br />

The current construction skills shortage is due to<br />

Philip Ferguson, Managing Director at NCTS.<br />

workers retiring or leaving the<br />

industry and not being<br />

replaced. Therefore, a new<br />

generation needs to be<br />

encouraged to take up tools and<br />

join the sector if the country’s future<br />

building needs are to be met. This,<br />

however, will not be an easy task. In short, many<br />

of today’s youngsters feel a career in construction<br />

is a bit beneath them. In industry surveys carried<br />

out to ascertain a teenage perception of a<br />

construction-based career, building work meant<br />

low wages, lack of gender diversity and job<br />

security, and ‘being outdoors and getting dirty’.<br />

The construction industry urgently needs to sell<br />

itself to young people as a viable, fulfilling, longterm<br />

career option.<br />

One of the ways the building trade could become<br />

a more attractive proposition to potential new<br />

starters is to promote the training programmes<br />

that currently exist within the industry.<br />

Youngsters need to know that the support is in<br />

place to help them progress a building career<br />

that will not only be enriching in terms of the<br />

worthwhile work they will be carrying out, it<br />

could earn them a very good living that will stand<br />

them in good stead for the rest of their lives. The<br />

message needs to be driven home – there has<br />

never been a better time to begin a career in<br />

construction.<br />

Contact NCTS<br />

01480 501 011<br />

www.ncts.org.uk<br />

@NCTS_2017<br />

48 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>


Flat Roofing<br />


IKO Polymeric enjoyed a very successful night<br />

at this year’s SPRA Awards winning five<br />

awards with their projects demonstrating the<br />

best use of Single Ply. Working with DVC Roofing,<br />

the company was the winner of Best Detailing<br />

Award for their Goosecroft Lane project, a<br />

residential building based in Northallerton.<br />

This complex, multi-slope pitched roof is a great<br />

example of what can be achieved with good<br />

planning and a highly-trained workforce. Aesthetics<br />

were the key; therefore every single detail had to be<br />

spot on with no tolerance for short cuts.<br />

DVC Roofing’s installation team made sure that<br />

every element of the roof build-up was installed<br />

as neatly as possible to give the roof a crisp and<br />

neat finish on the standing seams. Tongue and<br />

groove type OSB deck, adhered vapour control<br />

layer and insulation coupled with careful loading<br />

of boards ensured a consistent bond and<br />

provided the roof with a superb finish.<br />

As well as being the winner of the Best Detailing<br />

category, IKO Polymeric was also highly<br />

commended in four other award categories: Best<br />

Innovation with Hinkley Point C Power Station<br />

Temporary Accommodation, Best Refurbishment<br />

and Best Sustainability with North Hertfordshire<br />

District Council (NHDC), and finally Best Safe<br />

Working with Rock House Sen School.<br />

IKO Armourplan was the choice of single ply<br />

membrane for all these winning projects and<br />

ticked many different boxes to match the specific<br />

requirements of each project.<br />

For the Hinkley Point C Power Station, IKO<br />

Polymeric worked with Marksman Roofing to<br />

produce prefabricated roofing sheets to<br />

waterproof a 10,000m² roof. 44 identical roof<br />

modules were manufactured offsite with<br />

Armourplan PSG membrane and shipped to the<br />

site for final installation. The modular<br />

manufacture methods provided up to 50%<br />

Contact IKO Polymeric: www.ikopolymeric.com<br />

reduction in the schedule compared to traditional<br />

build, assured levels of quality and minimal<br />

environmental impact.<br />

Working with Delomac Roofing, IKO Polymeric also<br />

showed great initiative with the refurbishment of<br />

NHDC Offices. The ‘Zero Defects on Handover’<br />

target was achieved through successful supply<br />

chain cooperation and potential waste to landfill<br />

has been dramatically reduced by retaining the<br />

existing deck and using woodwool as a<br />

contributor to the required thermal upgrade.<br />

And lastly, thanks to NRA Roofing’s attention to<br />

Health & Safety issues during the installation of<br />

the pitched roof at Rock House SEN School, IKO<br />

Polymeric closed the night with five awards.<br />


Perfect Finish Coatings (PFC), one of the<br />

biggest waterproofing contractors in the<br />

Gulf region with its HQ in UAE, Dubai, is<br />

proud to announce that it is expanding to Europe<br />

and initially starting operations in the UK. After<br />

establishing in Cambridge, PFC was chosen to<br />

carry out main waterproofing works at Thematic<br />

Districts on the Expo 2020 site, Dubai. The project<br />

was partially funded by English financial<br />

institutions, so PFC was perfectly matched to<br />

implement these works, having presence in the<br />

UK and UAE, as the UK presence was a<br />

requirement from the Expo authorities. Currently<br />

PFC has reached more than 1,000,000m² of<br />

successfully installed membrane, with a similar<br />

area of roofing to follow.<br />

Having a very successful track record of projects<br />

with big UK construction players like Laing<br />

O’Rourke, Kier, Balfour Beatty, Mace International,<br />

Maclaren, Khansaheb interserve, plus many more<br />

for more than 10 years in the UAE, the team at<br />

PFC is very confident of providing value in the UK<br />

market.<br />

A spokesperson for PFC explained: “We have<br />

strong project managers and engineers in our<br />

team, consisting of English and professionals<br />

from other countries, and we can involve them as<br />

well as a locally employed team in England in<br />

executing various complex projects.<br />

“The UAE has the presence of all well-known<br />

international construction chemicals<br />

manufacturers, and we at PFC have approved<br />

applicator certificates from all major brands like<br />

Sika Sarnafil, BASF, MAPEI, Fosroc, Kingspan and<br />

Stirling Lloyd, to name just a few. We have full<br />

support from their management to enter the UK<br />

Contact PFC: www.pfc-gulf.com<br />

market. We at PFC can execute any complex<br />

project using any known waterproofing system,<br />

starting from membranes like TPO, PVC and<br />

bitumen, to liquid spray applied Polyurea<br />

systems, brigde deck waterproofing and hot melt.<br />

“We are excited to make such an important step<br />

in the development of PFC globally and start our<br />

operations in Europe, and especially in the UK.<br />

We are looking forward to building relationships<br />

with main contractors and clients in the UK, and<br />

to show our strength and experience in delivering<br />

big complex waterproofing projects.”<br />

50 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

passionate about slate<br />

one name<br />

SEE US AT<br />

As the UK’s leading merchant of roofing products<br />

and services, we supply industry leading ranges<br />

of roofing slate, setting the benchmark in natural<br />

slate with our SIGA Natural Slate.<br />

SIGA carefully manages every step of the journey from the quarry<br />

to the roof, bringing you:<br />

■ Consistency of quality and supply<br />

■ Complete traceability<br />

■ Choice and variety<br />

■ Warranties up to 75 years<br />

With a wide range of accessories and fittings, including:<br />

www.sigroofing.co.uk<br />


Visit your local SIG Roofing branch for more info or find<br />

out more at www.sigroofing.co.uk<br />




Flat Roof Falls<br />



By Daniel Bosworth, Design Manager at SIG Design & Technology.<br />

Cut to Falls is often the most expensive part<br />

of the roof system and we’re often asked<br />

how to achieve affordability. It might be<br />

possible to reduce costs by engaging in<br />

consultation and / or discussion with specialists<br />

at an early design stage to investigate<br />

alternatives and their benefits and impacts on<br />

methodology, buildability, sequencing and<br />

interfaces.<br />

As roofing designers, we enjoy the challenge of<br />

making roofs work harder and be more cost<br />

efficient. There is a balance to consider between<br />

the product cost per square or cubic metre, the<br />

labour input and the time or sequencing benefits<br />

associated with each of the options.<br />

“As roofing designers,<br />

we enjoy the challenge<br />

of making roofs work<br />

harder and be more<br />

cost efficient”<br />

Falls are introduced into a concrete flat roof<br />

mainly by:<br />

• Putting the fall in the structure.<br />

• Putting the fall in a screed.<br />

• Putting the fall in the insulation.<br />

While each roof is different, if you can introduce<br />

falls in the structure, this can be the simplest,<br />

most cost-effective option.<br />

1. Introduce falls in the roof structure<br />

if possible<br />

If you can put falls into the flat roof structure<br />

rather than rely on screed or tapered insulation,<br />

do so. Falls in structure are usually very easy<br />

with precast concrete roofs, with<br />

steel frame and metal decking,<br />

and with many timber structures.<br />

So why don’t all roofing projects<br />

put the falls in the structure?<br />

It may be for ease of initial design,<br />

but this can lead to issues during<br />

installation.<br />

Height clashes with door thresholds or reduced /<br />

non-compliant upstand heights at parapets which<br />

can cause delays, cost time and money, and<br />

achieve a sub-standard result.<br />

It might be a misunderstanding of the term “flat”,<br />

but we sometimes need to explain to customers<br />

that there are minimum falls required by BS<br />

6229:2003, even if manufacturers are happy to<br />

“accept” zero falls.<br />

Or it may just be an oversight. However, if the<br />

holistic approach of detailing all interfaces based<br />

on 100% compliance is undertaken early enough,<br />

then costs, time and mistakes can all be<br />

minimised.<br />

2. Screed is heavy<br />

Laying a screed over a flat roof structure to<br />

introduce falls is sometimes a simple practical<br />

solution. However, screed is a heavy, dense<br />

material, and therefore requires consideration in<br />

the structural calculations. It may impact on<br />

overall design.<br />

Installed by wet trades, standard screeds can<br />

have drying times in excess of 100 days. Even<br />

quick drying screeds require a minimum of<br />

approximately four hours and often substantially<br />

longer. Consider the pros and cons of using<br />

screeds within your project.<br />

Daniel Bosworth is Design Manager at<br />

SIG Design & Technology.<br />

3. But tapered insulation<br />

can also be expensive<br />

Manufacturers of tapered insulation<br />

argue that it costs less per m² than<br />

screed. Insulation is much lighter than screed<br />

and therefore may save on structural costs. It is<br />

also quicker to install and allows for the creation<br />

of falls and satisfying the thermal performance of<br />

the roof.<br />

However, tapered insulation isn’t always going to<br />

be the cheapest option. In a large roof with very<br />

long runs, or in a complicated roof, tapered<br />

insulation can be less attractive and is not<br />

always the best use of space either.<br />

“Screed doesn’t only<br />

serve the purpose of<br />

introducing falls, it also<br />

acts as a smoothing<br />

surface, evening out<br />

the bumps in concrete<br />

beam and plank roof<br />

constructions”<br />

Consider the bigger picture<br />

By omitting the screed layer at a school in<br />

Twickenham, SIG Design & Technology was able<br />

to save our client thousands of pounds in costs<br />

caused by the additional weight and drying time,<br />

and time for the wet trades to install it. We were<br />

only able to do this by being asked to undertake<br />

“value engineering” at an early stage by the design<br />

team and were happy to do so to ensure<br />

52 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

Go Further with SupaLite<br />

SupaLite design &<br />

manufacture more<br />

than just roofs?<br />

It’s true, we are the market leader in lightweight replacement<br />

conservatory roofs, but we are experts in much more.<br />

Our revolutionary FLAT ROOF ORANGERY is installed within<br />

hours with amazing thermal properties. Our LANTERNS are the<br />

most stylish available, and our VERANDAS are proving to be a<br />

very popular and extremely flexible choice.<br />

U-Value<br />

as low as<br />

0.15<br />

W/m 2 K<br />

SupaLite Tiled Roofs<br />

Flat Roof Orangeries<br />

Modular<br />

Design<br />

Lanterns<br />

Elegant Verandas<br />

Every SupaLite product<br />

is precision made to<br />

ensure a perfect fit for<br />

any configuration.<br />


SupaLite will optionally facilitate building control on your behalf<br />


Designed for ultimate performance<br />


10 year guarantee as standard<br />

01772 82 80 60<br />


Flat Roof Falls<br />

the right outcome for everyone.<br />

Screed doesn’t only serve the purpose of<br />

introducing falls, it also acts as a smoothing<br />

surface, evening out the bumps in concrete beam<br />

and plank roof constructions.<br />

We also worked with the concrete plank<br />

manufacturer to increase both the accuracy of the<br />

manufacturing tolerances of the planks used to<br />

create the roof structure, and of the installed<br />

planks, sufficient that screeding was no longer<br />

necessary.<br />

The requirement to improve dimensional<br />

tolerances in the concrete planks had a minor<br />

influence on their cost, but were far offset by the<br />

savings in time and money omitting the screed.<br />

Involve your roofing designers early<br />

Whatever your flat roof problem, give the task to<br />

“Screed is a heavy, dense material, and therefore<br />

requires consideration in the structural<br />

calculations. It may impact on overall design”<br />

Above and below: SIG Design & Technology’s client undertook a major building programme at a school in Twickenham which<br />

totalled over 2000m² and spanned four different roofs, as well as requiring two different finishes from IKO. By improving the roof<br />

structure, SIG Design & Technology was able to save the client thousands of pounds.<br />

dedicated specialists early in the design process.<br />

They might save you money you can put to better<br />

use elsewhere in the building.<br />

SIG D&T has put together an eight step guide to<br />

identify the challenges and ensure that a roof’s<br />

design meets a building’s requirements.<br />

Our know-how is just part of the service that is<br />

provided free to customers. Visit:<br />

Contact SIG Design & Technology<br />

0844 443 4778<br />

www.singleply.co.uk/perfectroof/<br />

@SIGDesignTech<br />

54 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

LIQUID<br />






HOT MELT<br />




EXPERT<br />





0330 058 0668 I info@soprema.co.uk<br />


Blue Roofs<br />


5TH FACADE”<br />

Daniel Ashley, Managing Director of Protan UK, talks blue roofs and the company’s new<br />

offering...<br />

Ok, don’t knock the weather, if it didn’t<br />

change once in a while 9/10 of people<br />

couldn’t start a conversation! With the<br />

recent severe weather warnings and floods in the<br />

UK there is a lot to talk about, so let’s wade<br />

through some of the issues!<br />

crime and flooding! It’s not just urbanisation, but<br />

pipe capacities and impermeable surfaces. There<br />

are two solutions; a) Upgrade the pipe system or,<br />

b) Temporary storage of rainwater. Either way we<br />

need good, efficient and sustainable solutions for<br />

both the existing and future situation.<br />

Climate change in the UK<br />

Over the past 100 years the intensity of UK<br />

precipitation has increased during winter, and to<br />

a lesser extent also during spring and autumn.<br />

This has been accompanied by more frequent<br />

spells of very wet weather and an increase in<br />

total precipitation, at least during the last 40<br />

years.<br />

There is now a one-in-three chance of record<br />

rainfall hitting parts of England and Wales each<br />

winter according to a new Met Office study which<br />

highlights the risk of major flooding as the climate<br />

warms. The researchers warned that global<br />

warming would change the risk of<br />

extreme weather and suggested<br />

politicians should bear this in mind<br />

when planning to protect the public,<br />

businesses and infrastructure. With<br />

this in mind, at Protan we have<br />

introduced a new product in the UK;<br />

BlueProof.<br />

Problems with urbanisation<br />

We have to face the facts; the world<br />

population is going to rise from 7<br />

billion to 9 billion by 2050!<br />

Population growth, coupled with climate change<br />

is going to cause a big problem for our cities, with<br />

fewer than 20 cities of 1 million or more people a<br />

century ago to 450 cities today! With increasing<br />

urbanisation comes problems of density,<br />

inadequate infrastructure, pollution, congestion,<br />

Protan UK also stock a complete<br />

range of accessories to offer a<br />

total solution.<br />

Water attenuation<br />

There are existing and well know attenuation<br />

solutions; Attenuation tank, Rain beds,<br />

Attenuation pipes and Green Roofs<br />

(intensive/extensive)<br />

But at Protan we believe there is also a different<br />

way of managing rainwater: utilise the 5th Façade<br />

and control the water where it hits first!<br />

So, what is a blue roof? It’s a new way of holding<br />

back storm water.<br />

Protan BlueProof is a roof that is designed<br />

specifically to store water from rainfall. A blue<br />

roof coupled with storm water<br />

collection (rain water harvesters,<br />

etc.) has a number of benefits<br />

which include: rainwater<br />

attenuation to mitigate runoff<br />

impacts and storage for reuse<br />

(toilet cisterns, washing machines<br />

etc.).<br />

Blue Roofs can; a) include open<br />

water surfaces, b) storage within or<br />

beneath a porous media modular<br />

surface or c) below a raised decking<br />

surface or cover.<br />

A Blue Roof is calculated to its bearing load<br />

capacity and its designed flow-rate to meet<br />

design requirements.<br />

The roof is installed and the water is temporarily<br />

Blue roofs address rainfall at the point of contact.<br />

stored on the roof and is gradually released into<br />

the sewer system. Therefore a blue roof is a roof<br />

system which allows rainwater to build up on the<br />

roof, reducing or potentially eliminating the need<br />

for other attenuation methods.<br />

BlueProof<br />

Protan has designed a special membrane for use<br />

in blue roof application; Protan BP. Protan BP is<br />

designed to be extra robust with its extra strong<br />

textile layer, giving higher tensile strength<br />

properties compared to other manufacturers. To<br />

complement the Protan BP membrane, Protan UK<br />

also stock a complete range of accessories to<br />

offer a total solution.<br />

Contact Protan UK<br />

01925 658 001<br />

www.protan.co.uk<br />

@ProtanUK<br />

56 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

Easy-Trim are proud to announce that we are BS8612<br />

compliant on our range of Dry Fix Products. We didn’t<br />

want you to just take our word for it though so instead<br />

we have assured full compliance through rigorous,<br />

independent testing by the Building Research<br />

Establishment – BRE, a world leading, independent<br />

research & testing centre.<br />

Ridge Roll<br />

Manufactured with a<br />

hydrophobic mesh that allows the<br />

roof to breathe whilst repelling water<br />

Batten Straps<br />

Fleixible straps which<br />

wrap around the batten<br />

for improved stability<br />

Ratchet Clips<br />

These flat profile ratchet clips<br />

incorpore more teeth for rapid<br />

installation<br />

Unions<br />

Manufactured from high<br />

grade polypropylene &<br />

colour matched to the tile<br />

of your choice<br />

What’s In Your Box?<br />

We’re BS 8612 Compliant....is your Ridge Kit?<br />

t 0845 034 6008 f 0845 034 6010<br />

12B Metcalf Drive, Altham Industrial Estate, Altham,<br />

Lancashire, BB5 5TU, Great Britain<br />

www.easy-trim.co.uk<br />

Manufacturing Business of the Year<br />

& High Growth Business of the Year

Roofing Updates<br />

For further info on all these roofing updates and more, visit www.total-contractor.co.uk<br />


Klober has put its Uni-Click and Contract dry verges through a variety of tests to demonstrate how both comply with BS 8612.<br />

BS 8612 Dry-fixed Ridge, Hip, Verge and Valley Systems for Slating and Tiling defines tests to determine mechanical resistance to<br />

wind load and shows how specifiers should use data from these tests to verify whether a product is suitable or not, given the<br />

wind exposure of the location under consideration.<br />

The Standard also sets down a test for ridge-roll products to measure whether they can meet the profile of the roof tile at ridges and<br />

hips without breaking or splitting. A third test checks whether roof verges shed the water away from the surface of the wall to avoid<br />

staining and damp issues. Under the watchful eye of technicians at the company’s technical centre, both verge types were put through their paces. For the water<br />

leakage test both verge types were laid on the rain-screening rig in accordance with the manufacturer’s laying instructions using Redland Mini Stonewold concrete<br />

tiles at a batten gauge of 335mm (75mm headlap). They were tested in accordance with the standard, this being a pitch of 22° and a flow rate of 2l/min for a<br />

period of 10 minutes. For the wind load test an upward force was exerted on the tile adjacent to the verge via a wire attached to the tile. The force is increased<br />

slowly to replicate wind gusts and to test the mechanical fixing of the verge. In both cases the dry verge products easily performed to the satisfaction of the<br />

Standard. In fact, in the mechanical resistance test, the tile adjacent to the verge snapped while the verge remained firmly fixed! www.klober.co.uk<br />


To facilitate the growing demand for rooflights, Coxdome has enhanced its stock range of<br />

off-the-shelf rooflights to permit speedy delivery within 24 hours if required to its<br />

merchants network across the UK.<br />

Coxdome has become one of the leading brands associated<br />

with quality rooflight solutions. Manufactured in PVCu and glass<br />

the systems have myriad opportunities to provide individual<br />

rooflight and roof glazing architectural designs.<br />

“Coxdome has been a popular choice amongst architects, specifiers and builders for many years due<br />

to its reliability and availability,” said Jim Lowther, Head of Sales. “We felt that it was important to<br />

expand the choice to our existing and prospective customers via our reliable supplier network so that<br />

we could ensure the highest quality rooflights were easily available.” www.coxdome.co.uk<br />


Prater is currently delivering a complete roofing package for the Centre Buildings of the<br />

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).<br />

Prater was appointed by Mace and the project is part of a £120m<br />

redevelopment programme due for completion in April 2019.<br />

Work is already underway and Prater’s scope of works includes installing inverted waterproofing<br />

systems to all terraces and roof levels. In addition, a number of finishes including Moordale<br />

Paving, and both green and brown roofing will help the building to achieve its requirement for a<br />

clear, sustainable focus. As part of the roofing package, Prater will also provide a variety of<br />

bespoke planter systems for a number of terrace levels. www.prater.co.uk<br />


The National Domelight Company (NDC) has launched a new website showcasing its extensive<br />

range of smoke vents, making it even easier to find the right solution for your project.<br />

NDC has launched a new website www.smokevent.co.uk<br />

With 50 years of experience, the NDC team keeps up-to-date with the latest regulatory changes<br />

to advise you on the most suitable solution for your development and ensure compliance. NDC’s<br />

smoke vents – also referred to as ventilation rooflights or automatic opening vents (AOVs) – are<br />

stocked in the UK for fast delivery. The range includes four NDC brands: Astroglaze, Solarglaze,<br />

Stardome, and Thermodome, plus units supplied by Coxdome. www.smokevent.co.uk<br />

58 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>


Forming part of the Brett Martin Mardome Rooflight range, the fully-certified Mardome Trade Smoke Vents deliver<br />

maximum fire safety by allowing smoke and heat to escape, whilst bringing natural ventilation and an<br />

abundance of natural light into both new build and refurbished buildings.<br />

Allowing specifiers to source both rooflight and smoke vent products from a single supplier, Mardome Trade<br />

Smoke Vents are individual polycarbonate dome rooflights intended for installation on flat or low pitch roofs of all<br />

modern building types to provide natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilation and comfort.<br />

Tony Isaac, at Brett Martin, commented: “With a fire safety strategy a critical requirement in all buildings,<br />

Mardome Trade Smoke Vents provide essential smoke clearance in the event of a fire, reducing heat build-up<br />

and allowing occupants time to evacuate the building. This system also provides natural ventilation<br />

and delivers significantly more natural daylight into the spaces beneath the rooflight.”<br />

www.brettmartin.com<br />

Top: Smoke Vent Tall Kerb without<br />

Wind Deflector. Left: Smoke Vent with<br />

DF Kerb.<br />


The Autumn Workclothes Brochure from Snickers showcaes the superb new clothing styles coming your way to<br />

make working in cooler weather so much easier and comfortable.<br />

There’s 37.5 high-tech undergarments, plus jackets, trousers and accessories added to the RUFFWork, FLEXIWork and<br />

ALLROUND clothing families for both professional craftsmen and women, as well as the range of Hi-Vis garment<br />

collection for maximum safety and wellbeing.<br />

The clothes deliver superb functionality, comfort, protection and are equipped for any task. www.snickersworkwear.co.uk<br />


Cembrit, is now offering an impressive 75-year durability guarantee for its Glendyne<br />

natural slate range.<br />

Glendyne is a high-quality slate that combines top performance with all the inherent beauty of<br />

natural slate, making it the natural choice for specifiers and roofers. “Free from oxidising metallic<br />

inclusions, clays, carbonates or weaker seams, the natural strength of Glendyne is enhanced by<br />

selection techniques that choose the best quality rock to produce the finest, most durable roofing<br />

slates,” commented Ged Ferris, Marketing Manager for Cembrit. www.cembrit.co.uk<br />


Employing the Redland SpecMaster service has enabled Wigan Metropolitan Borough<br />

Council (MBC), which manages and maintains 22,000 homes, to benefit from a 15-year<br />

guarantee and avoid costly extras when it re-roofed 40 properties on one of its estates<br />

in Kitt Green.<br />

The scheme was completed with the 50 Double Roman tile in<br />

Tudor Brown and Innofix Clips used to fix the tiles.<br />

This professional specification not only avoided unsightly and expensive detailing, but also<br />

accelerated the roofing programme through introducing the Innofix Clip, the award-winning tile<br />

fixing developed by the company. www.innofixclip.co.uk<br />

AUGUST <strong>2018</strong> TC 59

Roofing Updates<br />

For further info on all these roofing updates and more, visit www.total-contractor.co.uk<br />


MAC Roofing dominated this year’s IMA Awards at a luncheon held at the IoD, London, in June.<br />

The IMA (Intelligent Membrane Association) is BMI’s network of Icopal-approved contractors, and this year<br />

members vied for awards across six product categories. MAC Roofing picked up three awards in the Eco Activ,<br />

Single Ply and Liquid Waterproofing categories for projects at Alexander Palace, the Menai Science Park in<br />

Bangor and the R7 mixed-use building in Kings Cross, London.<br />

The IMA Awards were held at the Institute of Directors<br />

Mitie Tilley (Bristol), Tandragee Roofing and Avonside (Worthing) won the Reinforced Bitumen, Green Roof and FTP/Decra Metal Tiles categories respectively.<br />

Mitie Tilley (Bristol) achieved a high quality installation at 800 Aztec West in North Bristol, Tandragee Roofing secured its win with IQ Elgin Place, a new build<br />

student accommodation project while Avonside (Worthing) completed the Cowfold Community & Sports Pavilion to top its category. Mitie Tilley’s Mitch<br />

Ashmead picked up the Craftsman of the Year award most notably for his very detailed work on the 800 Aztec West project.<br />

This year there was an additional award for an outstanding contribution for services to the IMA. This went to Neil Harrison, the IMA Chairman, in recognition of<br />

over 22 years of service and dedication to the association and the roofing industry in general. www.icopal.co.uk<br />


Firestone Building Products’ RubberGard EPDM single ply roofing membrane is set to<br />

ensure fashion fans enjoy a dry and comfortable shopping environment after a roof<br />

refurbishment at Matalan’s Killingworth Centre store in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne.<br />

DAR Roofing was brought in to carry out a roofing refurbishment after the original plastic<br />

roofing membrane had lost its elasticity and started to split causing leaks, and having used<br />

Firestone’s RubberGard EPDM membrane on previous largescale retail environment projects,<br />

DAR recommended the same approach for the Matalan store. www.firestonebpe.co.uk<br />


Chalkstring has launched its innovative cost control software giving sub-contractors the<br />

tools to maximise margin, take on more construction projects with the same resource,<br />

improve productivity and reduce waste.<br />

The cloud-based software enables users to price, deliver and control all the financial and<br />

operational aspects of a project, both off-site and onsite through one programme. Chalkstring<br />

also streamlines activities like variation orders and automates manual processes such as<br />

generating applications for payment. www.chalkstring.com<br />


CUPA PIZARRAS’ CUPA 18 roofing slates have been used on four buildings of Berkeley’s<br />

The Waterside regeneration development.<br />

CUPA 18 has a smooth matt surface and is known for its strength<br />

and durability.<br />

Located on the site of the former Royal Worcester porcelain factory, the development has strict<br />

planning requirements. The natural slate product was chosen for its appropriate appearance to<br />

integrate with the industrial Victorian architecture in this location. CUPA 18 slate was chosen<br />

for the roofing of blocks 12, 15, K1 and K2 of the most recent stage of project, which has been<br />

progressing in phases over the last decade. www.cupapizarras.com/uk<br />

60 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

Innovative upgrade & refurbishment solutions for profiled fibre cement or metal roofs & cladding<br />

SEE US AT<br />

Fragile roofs are only unsafe<br />

if you walk on them.<br />

Replace rooflights and sheets from below with Fixsafe.<br />

Figures published by the Health & Safety Executive show that falls through fragile roof<br />

materials caused over one quarter of fatal accidents in the construction industry.<br />

Fixsafe addresses the problem and is playing a major role in reducing this statistic.<br />

Fixsafe allows sheets to be replaced from below, eliminating the need to access fragile<br />

roofs and thereby greatly increasing site safety. By removing the requirement for costly<br />

safety netting, roof staging or external scaffolding, on-site time is reduced and access<br />

equipment costs are minimised.<br />

Replacing rooflights from below is an HSE recommended method and complies with<br />

Regulation 9 of the Work At Height Regulations 2005. Protect your roofers and yourself and<br />

your team by repairing or replacing rooflights and roof sheets with Fixsafe.<br />

We also offer: • Insulated rooflights for energy-saving upgrades and refurbishment<br />

• Lightweight over-roofing for cost-effective roof refurb with minimal disruption.<br />

For details, please call us on 01543 687300 or visit www.filon.co.uk<br />

Filon Fixsafe allows replacement rooflights<br />

or roof sheets to be installed from below,<br />

avoiding the need to access fragile roofs<br />

Filon Products Ltd, Unit 3 Ring Road, Zone 2, Burntwood Business Park, Burntwood, Staffs WS7 3JQ

Fastener Tech<br />


In the latest instalment of his series of articles looking at the key issues concerning fixings<br />

for roofing and cladding projects, Brian Mack, Technical Business Development Manager at<br />

EJOT UK, looks at the installation issues concerning correct torque for self-drilling or selftapping<br />

fasteners.<br />

As original manufacturers, we are asked on a<br />

daily basis about correct installation torque<br />

for a self-drilling or self-tapping fastener –<br />

torque being the rotational force applied to the<br />

fastener. Sounds simple enough, but when you stop<br />

to consider the sequence of installation stages that<br />

one single high performance fastener is designed to<br />

deliver, then a greater depth of understanding is<br />

beneficial to all involved.<br />

A self-drilling fastener installs through all of the<br />

operational stages described above, and the<br />

torque required is different at the drilling stage,<br />

tapping stage, run-through and finally the<br />

tightening stage. The component materials that<br />

the fastener is installing and the substrate – plus<br />

any sealants can all influence these variations of<br />

installation torque. The dynamics and variability<br />

– even within the same application – simply calls<br />

for knowledge-driven control by the installer for<br />

the fastener to then deliver the long-term<br />

performance benefits that it was designed to do.<br />

Setting an installation gun to a tightening torque<br />

that may be lower than the tapping or drilling<br />

torque is a typical example. This is especially the<br />

case for applications such as the installation of<br />

composite panels, where the tightening torque of<br />

the washer against the panel face is much lower<br />

than the generated drilling and tapping torques.<br />

So how do we legislate for these variables and<br />

what tools can aid correct installation?<br />

Manufacturers’ guidance is the first port of call.<br />

This will generally include laden speed (the speed<br />

of the installation tool when a load is added) and<br />

the end load, (the load placed upon the<br />

installation tool during the installation process),<br />

and most importantly that the fastener is<br />

installed by depth – depth<br />

being how far the fastener is<br />

installed. This is usually<br />

gauged by the compression<br />

of the EPDM of the bonded<br />

washer. This level of control<br />

can be achieved initially by sight;<br />

observing the reaction of the washer as it<br />

seats against the installed material. Many screw<br />

guns are, or can be, supplied with a depth<br />

sensing nose piece. These can be set to ensure<br />

the correct compression of the washer and<br />

therefore the optimum clamping load of the<br />

fastener in application.<br />

Accurate installation<br />

There are a wide range of electric and battery<br />

powered tools on the market, therefore checking<br />

the performance and speed of these is<br />

imperative. A screwgun should be selected with a<br />

speed suggested by the fastener manufacturer<br />

and suitable for the drive tools – with a clutch to<br />

disengage the drive. A tool that can be supplied<br />

with depth sensing nose pieces that works with<br />

the clutch will ensure fast, accurate installation.<br />

A torque set installation tool can only be used in<br />

applications where the repeatability of the<br />

application is constant and where the installation<br />

tool’s torque setting parameters are in suitable<br />

increments. As you can imagine this is very<br />

limited and requires in-depth torque analysis of<br />

the application to locate the correct torque<br />

setting.<br />

Left: Setting the nose is achieved by<br />

pushing the fastener into the drive<br />

socket as far as the socket will go,<br />

retracting it back into the body of<br />

the screwgun. The nose-piece is<br />

then adjusted so that the outer<br />

edge of the washer is visible.<br />

Impact drivers are finding their way onto<br />

construction sites and may give the impression<br />

that they can quickly install self-drilling and selftapping<br />

fasteners with ease.<br />

However, the torque generated by such<br />

tools is at least 10x – and in some instances as<br />

much as 100x – higher than that required to<br />

install the fastener. In short, the installation<br />

torques cannot be calibrated and matched to the<br />

parameters of the fastener. This can lead to<br />

excessive stresses within the fastener and<br />

stripping of the fastener in the application. It can<br />

also reduce the back-out / break-loose torque to<br />

very low figures – reducing clamping loads and<br />

even compromising the long-term performance of<br />

the application. Therefore they should be avoided.<br />

The same applies for the setting of through-bolts<br />

and concrete anchors in general, as the<br />

maximum torque generated by such tools can<br />

range from 40Nm to 950Nm. These types of<br />

anchor require a calibrated torque wrench set to<br />

the manufacturer’s recommendations.<br />

The message here is clear; when selecting an<br />

installation tool, select the optimum one to suit<br />

the installation parameters of the fastener type<br />

specified, and carefully follow the manufacturer’s<br />

installation instructions. Manufacturers have a<br />

depth of knowledge – if you need advice, talk to<br />

the technical team!<br />

Contact EJOT UK<br />

01977 687 040<br />

www.ejot.co.uk<br />

@EJOTUK_Building<br />

62 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>


Project Focus<br />



Total Contractor hears how collaboration helped this project run smoothly...<br />

Roofdec has chosen rainscreen support and<br />

fastening solutions from SFS for major<br />

new building projects as part of its record<br />

£9m cladding contract for the Thorpe Park Leeds<br />

retail and leisure development.<br />

The new retail and leisure park is a key part of a<br />

126,000m² mixed-use development which is said<br />

to be one of the most significant projects of its<br />

kind in east Leeds for decades.<br />

Working with main contractor GMI Construction,<br />

who have been instrumental in the Thorpe Park<br />

Leeds project since it started in 1999, Roofdec<br />

was tasked with installing a mix of roofing and<br />

cladding elements for the development’s new<br />

retail units, cinema and other leisure facilities.<br />

Roofdec’s contract involved 26,000m² of roofing,<br />

with an external envelope utilising highspecification<br />

cladding including the Kingspan<br />

Benchmark Karrier system and<br />

granite and limestone<br />

rainscreen. In addition,<br />

4,500m² of<br />

aluminium<br />

rainscreen<br />

and 3,000m²<br />

of stainless<br />

steel panels<br />

complete<br />

the contract,<br />

plus column<br />

casings<br />

together with<br />

other areas of<br />

Rodeca and aluminium<br />

plank systems.<br />

Two Nvelope rainscreen support systems were<br />

used for the façade installation. The Nvelope NV1<br />

system supports Tiles International (TI) 20mm<br />

“We are delighted to<br />

have been appointed to<br />

help in the<br />

construction of a<br />

number of major new<br />

buildings here and<br />

partner with the<br />

Nvelope & SFS teams”<br />

Granite and Jura Beige Limestone panels, which<br />

works in conjunction with a TI horizontal carrier<br />

rail. This back frame configuration minimises the<br />

number of brackets needed per square metre for<br />

greater efficiency without compromise. NV1 is<br />

also used to install Sotech Optima TFC rainscreen<br />

panels, which are finished in Anodised Regency<br />

Gold and Polished Stainless Steel.<br />

Additional elevations feature 12mm<br />

Marley Equitone Natura<br />

rainscreen which was<br />

installed using the<br />

Nvelope NV3<br />

support<br />

system. This<br />

provided a<br />

secret-fix<br />

solution for<br />

excellent<br />

visual appeal<br />

of the finished<br />

façade.<br />

The high degree of<br />

adjustability of both NV1<br />

and NV3 enabled Roofdec’s<br />

installers to achieve a superior quality installation<br />

Above: Installation of cladding using the Nvelope rainscreen<br />

support system on one of the buildings which form the new<br />

Thorpe Park Leeds retail and leisure park.<br />

with minimum hassle. All Nvelope support<br />

systems are ‘designed for architects and built for<br />

installers’, which means they enable architectural<br />

visions to come to life without complexity and<br />

deliver long-term integrity to match the design life<br />

of the building envelope.<br />

For the fixing of key elements of the façade, high<br />

performance austenitic stainless steel fasteners<br />

were specified. Here SFS products were selected,<br />

including fasteners featuring a durable gold<br />

powder-coated finish to complement the stunning<br />

façade panels which are visible from the nearby<br />

M1 motorway. Additional SFS stainless steel<br />

fasteners were used to attach cladding panels<br />

with a mirrored finish, again to deliver optimum<br />

aesthetics.<br />

Roofdec Managing director Jon Barnes Jnr said:<br />

“Thorpe Park Leeds is a significant development<br />

which is important for the future economic<br />

development of Leeds and the wider city region.<br />

We are delighted to have been appointed to help<br />

in the construction of a number of major new<br />

buildings here and partner with the Nvelope and<br />

SFS teams to deliver a high quality result for the<br />

client.<br />

“It really has been a team effort from the<br />

architects, design, supply shain, management<br />

and obviously the operatives installing the<br />

various complex specifications throughout the<br />

project. It is a credit to everyone involved at the<br />

standard of quality achieved and certainly one all<br />

parties can be proud of.”<br />

Contact SFS<br />

0113 2085 500<br />

www.sfsintec.co.uk<br />

@SFSintec<br />

64 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>


The first external fully adhered vapour permeable air barrier with full BBA certification has been installed as a<br />

solution for airtightness, weather protection and breathability at the new administrative headquarters of the<br />

Royal College of Pathologists in London.<br />

The Wraptite air barrier system from the A. Proctor Group is the only selfadhering vapour permeable air barrier certified by<br />

the BBA and combines the important properties of vapour permeability and airtightness in one self-adhering membrane. This<br />

approach saves on both the labour and material costs associated with achieving the demands of energy efficiency in buildings. Designed by architects Bennetts<br />

Associates the new £15 million eight-storey building on Alie Street in Whitechapel will become the new home for the college and features a double-height reception<br />

area, flexible office space, a library, meeting and conference rooms and a 200-seat auditorium. Gilbert-Ash has been chosen to build and manage the project which<br />

aims to reach BREEAM Excellent assessment.<br />

Cladding contractor Windell installed the Wraptite System as an external air barrier and alternative to a traditional standard breather membrane. The use of a<br />

standard membrane would have required mechanical fixing and provided some challenges given the concrete structure of the building. As an alternative,<br />

Wraptite self-adhesive membrane was applied externally, quickly and easily to the external envelope in continuous pieces. www.proctorgroup.com<br />


The Hultafors Group – which owns Snickers Workwear, Solid Gear Safety Footwear and Hultafors Tools – has<br />

acquired Hellberg Safety.<br />

Hellberg Safety is a specialised supplier of PPE Equipment which includes highly advanced hearing protection<br />

products, face protection and communication solutions for personal protection. David Clark, Managing Director of the<br />

Hultafors Group UK, said: “We are delighted with this acquisition given that Hellberg PPE products complement the<br />

Snickers Workwear and Solid Gear Safety Footwear product portfolios perfectly – in particular the recently extended<br />

Snickers Workwear Hi-Vis working clothes range.” www.hellbergsafety.com<br />

Wraptite was used at the Royal College of<br />

Pathologists in London.<br />


New coffee table-style brochures showcasing Welsh Slate products for interior as well<br />

as exterior applications have been launched by the leading UK manufacturer.<br />

Available through www.welshslate.com, the eight-page brochures dispel the myth that Welsh<br />

Slate is just about roofing, with stunning photographs proving the product’s versatility for a wide<br />

range of uses. The exteriors brochure features copings and sills, as used at the ME Hotel in London,<br />

walling and cladding as used at the National Waterfront Museum, and many prestige private<br />

properties, paving, and roofing as used at York Racecourse and St Mary Abbots Church, London.<br />


CA Group Limited, one of the UK’s leading metal roofing and cladding systems<br />

manufacturers and installers, has invested in an EHT VarioPress bending machine from<br />

TRUMPF. Ordered to introduce higher levels of flexibility, the EHT VarioPress has reduced<br />

the number of processes required in the production of several key components.<br />

CA Group has invested in an EHT VarioPress bending machine.<br />

In line with a programme of ongoing investment in the latest technologies, CA Building<br />

Products, the company’s manufacturing division, was looking for a suitable press brake to<br />

produce the next generation of products at its Bishop Auckland facility. www.trumpf.com<br />

AUGUST <strong>2018</strong> TC 65

PIR Boards<br />


By Kevin Bohea, Commercial Director at Recticel Insulation.<br />

The average UK household spends around £1,230 on fuel bills each year which can be up to 50%<br />

more than necessary due to the lack of energy saving measures being implemented in the home.<br />

Poor insulation is a major contributor to domestic energy wastage. To help combat this, the<br />

construction industry is increasingly turning to rigid foam PIR panels. Below I’ve listed five key benefits<br />

of insulation boards.<br />

“The panels are light<br />

and easy to transport<br />

as well as being simple<br />

to install”<br />

Closed cell structure<br />

•PIR insulation board has a closed cell structure<br />

that means it doesn’t absorb water. This allows<br />

the thermal performance and reliability of the<br />

panel to be retained over time. The panels are<br />

light and easy to transport as well as being<br />

simple to install, helping save on-site labour<br />

costs.<br />

Structural strength<br />

• Unlike fibrous insulation which can deteriorate<br />

over time when damp sets in, PIR insulation’s<br />

structural strength enables a consistent<br />

performance that will last the lifetime of a<br />

building, negating costly repairs and maintaining<br />

its thermal and soundproof qualities.<br />

Versatility<br />

• PIR insulation is also renowned for its flexible<br />

qualities, providing the ideal solution for a range<br />

of applications such as floors,<br />

walls, pitched and flat roofing.<br />

Secure fit<br />

• PIR solutions, such as our<br />

Eurowall+, feature a tongue-andgroove<br />

joint on the board’s four<br />

sides to ensure a tight, secure lock. It means<br />

Eurowall+ board increases protection against<br />

wind-driven rain which can cause other poorlyfitted<br />

products to deteriorate over time.<br />

Maximise space<br />

• Although mineral-based insulation is fairly<br />

flexible – it can be manipulated around wall ties,<br />

etc. – its propensity to degrade over time,<br />

particularly if damp sets-in, means rigid PIR<br />

board is increasingly seen as a preferable cavity<br />

insulation option. It has a long-term cost benefit,<br />

too. For mineral wool to attain the same level of<br />

Left: Kevin Bohea, Recticel Insulation.<br />

thermal performance as Eurowall+<br />

board, it’s estimated 150mm-thick<br />

insulation would need to be<br />

installed, resulting in an accordant<br />

increase in the cavity wall size.<br />

Once the cavity width increases, wall-tie lengths<br />

have to be lengthened and window and door<br />

lintels expanded – the whole building process<br />

becomes more costly.<br />

With developers looking to fit as many homes<br />

onto allocated plots as possible, maintaining a<br />

100mm cavity in new buildings has become a<br />

necessity. Eurowall+ 90mm PIR board not only<br />

helps to achieve a 0.18 U-value in a 100mm<br />

cavity, the 10mm air gap makes for a less<br />

inconvenient fit for bricklayers when it comes to<br />

installing the insulation.<br />

Eurowall+ was used by Mentmore Homes in Gerrard’s Cross.<br />

Contact Recticel<br />

0800 085 4079<br />

www.recticelinsulation.co.uk<br />

@RecticelInsulUK<br />

66 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>


Insulation Updates<br />


Chris McGee, Managing Director at Lasercut.London Ltd, attended the FFX show earlier this year to<br />

purchase a Multi-Talent kit.<br />

He explained: “Regretfully FEIN wasn’t my first choice, however alternatives offered plug-in tools and the<br />

price was hard to justify for the potential usage it would see in my hands. After borrowing a FEIN product<br />

from a friend, I knew I had to add one to the ranks, so I decided to visit the FFX show in Kent with my 3-<br />

month-old boy.<br />

“I had a great chat to the FEIN team, and after testing I knew that the 12v Multi-Talent Kit was the right<br />

one for me. The Starlock system wowed me, as it was so easy to change cutters so quickly, and I could see how snuggly the tool held the piece, so I knew it<br />

would cut smoothly, and I purchased a ‘Best of E-Cut pack’ with it too!<br />

The Best of E-Cut pack is FEIN UK’s first ‘official’ value pack for its UK customers, offering an assortment of the best cutters that can be used commonly on<br />

typical applications faced by tradespeople ‘on the job’. This year, FEIN UK is proud also to have announced the launch of four more additional value packs.<br />

www.fein.com/en_uk/<br />


Isover’s Metac range of insulation has recently been tested to show that it can achieve<br />

outstanding noise reduction within pitched roof rafter applications. Independent testing, by the<br />

University of Salford, has found that in addition to excellent thermal performance, Metac can<br />

achieve a reduction of up to 49dB for externally generated airborne sound.<br />

Sarah Buchanan of Isover said: “Our 2 in 1 acoustic and thermal insulation solution, Metac,<br />

offers housebuilders the opportunity to add value and improve the acoustic performance of the<br />

houses they build, without adding additional cost.” www.isover.co.uk/metac2in1<br />


RAVATHERM UK has boosted the environmental credentials of its POLYFOAM extruded<br />

polystyrene (XPS) insulation, achieving a BRE Certified Green Guide rating of A+ for all<br />

products manufactured at its Hartlepool factory.<br />

POLYFOAM XPS was the first extruded polystyrene<br />

product range to be independently assessed by BRE.<br />

The insulation has already achieved a BES 6001: Responsible Sourcing of Construction<br />

Products certification and has been issued Product-Specific Type 111 Environmental Product<br />

Declarations (EPDs) through BRE’s EN 15804 EPD Verification Scheme for products in the<br />

POLYFOAM Extra and Standard range. www.ravatherm.co.uk<br />


Thanks to a pioneering approach from ROCKWOOL that is based on acoustic performance<br />

test data and use of its BBA approved A1 rated RAINSCREEN DUO SLAB insulation<br />

product, the new Crowne Plaza and Holiday Inn Express at London Heathrow Terminal 4<br />

will be providing visitors with a peaceful and tranquil stay when it opens later this year.<br />

Using test results from its Rainscreen Acoustic Reference Guide, and working closely with SD<br />

Samuels, ROCKWOOL was able to demonstrate the exceptional performance capabilities of its<br />

150mm RAINSCREEN DUO SLAB product for the hotel development project. www.rockwool.co.uk<br />

68 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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Brand Livery<br />



Before you choose sign writing or wrapping for your van livery, there are a few steps to take<br />

to make sure you project the right image for your company...<br />

It’s often said that people make snap<br />

judgments on character within seconds.<br />

While some impressions may be correct,<br />

others will be well off the mark. This means it’s<br />

imperative to ensure that anyone coming into<br />

contact with your company gets the right idea –<br />

first time; second chances rarely come along.<br />

Most think that building a business image<br />

requires the use of large design agencies and the<br />

costs that come with them. However, with a little<br />

thought you can do the job yourself and bring in<br />

the experts when you really need to.<br />

Your image<br />

Before you can do anything, you need to<br />

establish what the image is that you want to<br />

project. By way of example, banks want to be<br />

seen as conservative, IT companies want to be<br />

seen as innovative while you, as a roofer,<br />

clearly want to be seen as being reliable and<br />

competent.<br />

Know your customers<br />

It’s important to have an understanding of your<br />

potential customers so that you can build an<br />

image that matches how they view themselves.<br />

For this you need to know who your targets are,<br />

who they presently use and their typical budget.<br />

There’s no point marketing yourself as a highend<br />

roofer if the locality is cash strapped and<br />

you don’t travel; and if you’re aiming to serve<br />

large commercial clients your image will need<br />

“If you’re aiming to<br />

serve large<br />

commercial clients,<br />

your image will need to<br />

be different to that of a<br />

roofer working for<br />

home owners”<br />

to be different to that of a roofer working for<br />

home owners.<br />

Rivals<br />

You need to understand who your rivals are. Are<br />

they successful or struggling? Why are they in<br />

their position – what does their image say about<br />

them? Is it reputation, service range or price? Try<br />

and find the elements of their image that makes<br />

them successful and build on it, putting on a<br />

unique spin.<br />

So, if a rival focuses on, say, good installations,<br />

you need to do the same but build a reputation<br />

for returning promptly to fix any issues – word<br />

of mouth is both powerful and free. Certainly<br />

don’t attempt to meet the rival or their image<br />

head on – you’re unlikely to win if you’re a<br />

start-up.<br />

Building your image<br />

Next, you need a well-designed logo as this is<br />

the cornerstone of your identity since it’ll appear<br />

on your vans, website, cards and invoices, as<br />

well as on advertisements. As a graphical<br />

device it needs to convey the image that you<br />

want to project and as such, you will need<br />

70 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

SEE US AT<br />

Polyroof, in conjunction with industry trade associations including the<br />

LRWA and CITB, pioneered the Basic Competency Programme aimed at<br />

upskilling applicators of liquid applied roofing systems. Since its launch<br />

we’ve seen nearly 70 roofing operatives successfully complete the course<br />

and qualify to apply for a 3 Years Red Experienced Worker CSCS card.<br />

1<br />

2<br />

3<br />

Attend and successfully complete the BCP Training<br />

programme at Polyroof or a regional trainiong centre<br />

Receive your BCP Certificate with your unique BCP number<br />

Register for and pass the Working at Heights CSCS test at<br />

any approved body (if you don’t already have it)<br />

4 Apply for the 3 Years Red Experienced Worker Card<br />

If you’re a liquid roofing contractor looking for a more knowledgeable,<br />

competent and multi-skilled workforce then we’re here to help.<br />

0800 801 890 training@polyroof.co.uk<br />


Brand Livery<br />

professional help. Remember, your company<br />

name might not make it immediately obvious<br />

what you do.<br />

While some graphic designers are very expensive<br />

to work with – you can make savings. Although<br />

the large graphic design studios will cost more,<br />

there are plenty of freelance graphic designers<br />

that will work on either an hourly or per job rate.<br />

You'll find plenty via Google.<br />

While it might appear to be an expense, don't<br />

skimp on a logo. Saving pennies here will cost far<br />

more in the long run because of the poor image a<br />

badly designed logo will communicate.<br />

Like any professional that you work with, be they<br />

an accountant, lawyer or designer, the better the<br />

brief the better the end result. In particular, you<br />

need to think about taglines, the use of colour,<br />

typefaces and the graphics employed.<br />

Taglines<br />

A tagline is a simple and catchy phrase that helps<br />

to set you apart from the rivals. Here you need to<br />

think about the key element of the image that is<br />

to be projected that will most appeal to your<br />

customers. A good tagline is a one-liner made up<br />

of six or seven words about the image. The tagline<br />

will help a designer with the rest of the brief.<br />

Colour<br />

Most aren’t colour blind so think about the<br />

colours to be used – blue, grey, darker greens<br />

tend to be quieter, more mature and conservative.<br />

On the other hand, reds, yellows, oranges and<br />

other bright colours tend to suggest pioneering,<br />

trendsetting, and creative. Look at the dominant<br />

colours in pharmacy logos – they say it all. What<br />

colours are appropriate to the image you've<br />

selected? Take advice but don’t be swayed by<br />

colours that you might like personally but that<br />

contradict your intended image.<br />

Typefaces<br />

The way the words are printed are important too.<br />

Consider the different and formal typefaces used<br />

on the web, in books and in newspapers – they’re<br />

“Liveries should be<br />

simple – too much<br />

clutter can be<br />

confusing and your<br />

message can be lost”<br />

very different to the simple alphabet handwriting<br />

typefaces used in party invitations, on tickets and<br />

in some adverts.<br />

Graphics<br />

The role of a designer is to be good at producing<br />

good graphical representations of the message<br />

that you want to convey. In using a (strong)<br />

graphic element in your logo, make sure that it is<br />

easy to understand. More importantly, ensure that<br />

any logo used gets your message across even if<br />

customers don’t necessarily understand the<br />

graphic itself.<br />

Use it everywhere<br />

Try to integrate your logo colours, typefaces and<br />

graphics into less obvious parts of the business.<br />

If your main logo colour is blue, then it should be<br />

part of your clothing – say a polo shirt or sweat<br />

top, and even internal furnishing and decorating<br />

schemes if you have premises. You need to<br />

subliminally use the image everywhere where<br />

your target customers might see it. If you have<br />

staff, make sure that they buy into the image<br />

you’ve created – what it’s trying to project, the<br />

values it represents and how it’s integrated into<br />

your business.<br />

Use it on your van<br />

Liveries should be simple – too much clutter can<br />

be confusing, and your message can be lost. Stick<br />

to easily identifiable images, names or logos and<br />

strong complementary colours and contact details<br />

should also be kept to a minimum with just a<br />

website address and contact number. The back of<br />

the van is often thought of as the best place for<br />

this information as it gives those travelling behind<br />

you the best chance of capturing the details.<br />

Some companies specify what area they are<br />

based in if they travel across a large area and<br />

want to attract customers far and wide.<br />

According to the Daily Telegraph, one study found<br />

that as many as 40% of tradespeople prefer their<br />

commercial vehicle to remain anonymous.<br />

Builders were the least likely to brand their vans,<br />

with 53% choosing not to, while 83% of roofers<br />

were happy to broadcast their job.<br />

When it comes to branding your van, there are<br />

two methods to consider; sign writing or<br />

wrapping.<br />

Sign writing used to mean an artist using paint<br />

and brushes, but now the same effect can be<br />

achieved with stencilled adhesive lettering on the<br />

panels of the van. The other method is a full or<br />

partial vehicle wrap with vinyl.<br />

This protects the paintwork method while turning<br />

the van into a mobile hoarding. Some firms are<br />

known to buy a white van as they hold value<br />

better but then immediately brand-wrap it to<br />

preserve the paintwork. Wraps have the added<br />

benefit of being easily replicated in the event of<br />

damage and are scalable and consistent if<br />

applying across multiple vehicles.<br />

The two methods achieve very different results,<br />

and the costs can vary widely in design and<br />

complexity, but as a rough guide, job-prices.co.uk<br />

found in a survey that a self-applied DIY<br />

signwriting to a medium-sized van (based on two<br />

to the rear doors, four to each side of the van, one<br />

to the front bonnet – logo incorporated into a<br />

basic design with text, phone number and web<br />

address) would cost £225+VAT; professional<br />

signwriting would cost £525+VAT; while a full<br />

wrap would cost £1500+VAT. Of course, these<br />

prices will vary according to size of the van and<br />

complexity of the wrap.<br />

Summary<br />

Spending some time and effort creating the right<br />

logo and image will pay handsome dividends. The<br />

key is to make your firm stand out and while cost<br />

can be saved by thinking things through first, you<br />

will need to engage a professional.<br />

72 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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74 TC AUGUST <strong>2018</strong>

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