atw 2018-09v3

inforum

atw Vol. 63 (2018) | Issue 8/9 ı August/September

the Ostrovets nuclear power plant,

which is close to the Lithuanian

border, an “overall positive” review,

following a site investigation that took

place in March.

The stress tests are meant to ensure

nuclear power plants comply with

strict criteria established by the International

Atomic Energy Agency and

were established by the European

Commission and Ensreg as a direct

reaction to the earthquake and

tsunami that caused the shutdown of

the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear station

in Japan in March 2011.

The peer review team, which

reviewed an earlier stress test report

prepared by Belarus, comprised of 17

members, two representatives from

the EC and three observers: one from

the IAEA, one from Russia and one

from Iran.

The team praised the Belarusian

authorities for complying with the

review, even though Belarus had no

obligation to do so because it is not an

EU member state.

Following the Fukushima-Daiichi

accident, the EU carried out stress

tests of all its nuclear power plants

and also invited interested non-EU

countries to take part in the exercise.

In a detailed report, Ensreg

addressed three main areas: the site’s

resilience to extreme natural events

like earthquakes and flooding; the

capacity of the plant to respond to

electric power outages and loss of

heat sink; and severe accident

management.

According to the findings, the site

is resistant to earthquakes, flooding

and extreme weather, although the

investigators warned that seismic data

was not fully available and called on

the regulator to make sure run-off water

cannot enter safety-related buildings.

There are two 1,109-MW Russian

VVER-1200 reactor units under construction

at the Belarusian nuclear

station. Construction of Unit 1 began

in November 2013 and of Unit 2 in

April 2014.

The final peer review report is

online: https://bit.ly/2NnOixf

| | europa.eu, www.ensreg.eu,

www.dsae.by

Japan: Approval of energy

plan paves way for reactor

restarts

(nucnet) Nuclear reactor restarts in

Japan have become more likely after

the government approved an energy

plan today confirming that nuclear

power will remain a key component of

Japan’s energy strategy.

The plan, known as the Basic

Energy Plan, calls for a nuclear

share of around 20-22% by 2030. The

nuclear industry group, the Japan

Atomc Industrial Forum (Jaif) has

said about 30 reactors must be

brought back online to meet the

target.

Japan shut down all 42 com mercial

nuclear reactors after the Fukushima-

Daiichi accident. According to the

International Atomic Energy Agency,

the country’s nuclear share in 2017

was about 3.6%. Before Fukushima,

Japan generated about 30% of its

electricity from nuclear and planned

to increase that to 40%

Nine units have been restarted in

Japan since the Fukushima accident.

They are: Ohi-3, Ohi-4, Genkai-3,

Genkai-4, Sendai-1, Sendai-2, Ikata-3,

Takahama-3 and Takahama-4.

The energy plan also strengthens

the government’s commitment to

giving renewables such as solar and

wind power a major role in energy

generation.

The plan, which charts the nation’s

mid- and long-term energy policy,

marks the fifth in a series that is

required by law to be reviewed about

every three years.

The plan also maintains a reliance

on coal-fired thermal power as a

485

NEWS

| | Editorial Advisory Board

Frank Apel

Erik Baumann

Dr. Maarten Becker

Dr. Erwin Fischer

Carsten George

Eckehard Göring

Florian Gremme

Dr. Ralf Güldner

Carsten Haferkamp

Dr. Petra-Britt Hoffmann

Christian Jurianz

Dr. Guido Knott

Prof. Dr. Marco K. Koch

Dr. Willibald Kohlpaintner

Ulf Kutscher

Herbert Lenz

Jan-Christian Lewitz

Andreas Loeb

Dr. Thomas Mull

Dr. Ingo Neuhaus

Dr. Joachim Ohnemus

Prof. Dr. Winfried Petry

Dr. Tatiana Salnikova

Dr. Andreas Schaffrath

Dr. Jens Schröder

Norbert Schröder

Prof. Dr. Jörg Starflinger

Prof. Dr. Bruno Thomauske

Dr. Brigitte Trolldenier

Dr. Walter Tromm

Dr. Hans-Georg Willschütz

Dr. Hannes Wimmer

Ernst Michael Züfle

Imprint

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Im Tal 121, 45529 Hattingen, Germany

Phone: +49 2324 4397723

Fax: +49 2324 4397724

E-mail: editorial@nucmag.com

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